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Whether or not perpetual motion exists?
 

Whether or not perpetual motion exists?

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Author: Dr Mahesh C. Jain is a practicing medical doctor has written the book “Encounter of Science with Philosophy – A synthetic view”. The book begins with first chapter devoted to ...

Author: Dr Mahesh C. Jain is a practicing medical doctor has written the book “Encounter of Science with Philosophy – A synthetic view”. The book begins with first chapter devoted to scientifically valid concept of God and then explains cosmic phenomena right from origin of nature and universe up to origin of life and evolution of man. The book includes several chapters devoted to auxiliary concepts and social sciences as corollaries to the concept of God. “What is modernity?” is in line with author’s understanding of nature.
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    Whether or not perpetual motion exists? Whether or not perpetual motion exists? Document Transcript

    • Whether or not Perpetual Motion ExistsSummary: Physicists have traditionally held that nothing exist perpetuummobile. However this is contrary to observations because any particle rangingfrom Photons to Galaxies and even higher formations has to be perpetuallymobile to keep its existence.In my school days, I was taught that nothing stands perpetually mobile and this isin accordance with 2nd Law of Thermodynamics. This was explained to be becausethe inevitable energy flow accompanying mobility is always associated withentropy. This entropy manifests in different forms in different domains such asfriction, viscous drag, resistance of an electric conductor etc. It results in loss ofenergy and consequential loss of mobility and hence the above stated statement.But imagine, if Earth were to lose its energy in its motion around Sun, withinalmost no time, gravitational pull of Sun is bound to lead to gravitational collapseof earth into Sun and hence Earth would not be able to keep its existence formore than a brief period of time. This must be true of all celestial bodies includingStars, Galaxies and even Comets and Asteroids.If gas particles in Brownian motion were to lose their energy after each and everycollision (taking place approximately @ 109 per second) in compliance of Law ofConservation of Linear Momentum, soon gas particles after losing their energywould liquefy (since in a gas its kinetic energy is a measure of its temperature andlowering of temperature of a gas results in its liquefaction). Liquid particles againbeing in Brownian motion shall lose their energy and turn in to solids. Thereforein this universe gases and liquids will have only transient existence. But it iscontrary to observations.Same is true of Photons. If Photons travelling along a straight line were to sufferspace drag and therefore were unable to conserve their energy in their cosmicsojourn, than a change in identity and character of any Photon is inevitable. ForPhotons, Planck’s law states E = hf. Therefore following loss of energy due tospace drag, a change in frequency (f) is inevitable, h being a universal constant.Since identity and character of any Photon are determined by its frequency,
    • hence the above statement. In such a situation Photons can’t keep their existencefor billions of years which is normally subject only to absorption by a materialparticle. In that case a Photon would no longer be representative of its source andso Astrophysicists would lose scientific validity of their observations.This is true for stable subatomic particles as well i.e. electron, proton andneutron. This argument is equally valid for atoms, molecules and all otherparticles displaying Brownian motion. In case of electrons Physicists haveemployed such terms as rest mass, rest energy and rest charge knowing fully wellthat an electron is never in a state of rest in ordinary sense of the term.Perpetual motion is a mandatory condition for existence of any particle, whetherof energy or matter or both.Any particle in motion conserves its mass, energy and momentum to the extent ofits perpetual motion. Energy necessary to sustain perpetual motion is generallyknown as free energy of the particle. A particle in perpetual motion only, is in itsbasal state. Each and every particle has a tendency to return to its basal state andto conserve its basal state. A particle even at 0°K shall conserve its basal state orfree energy or sustain its perpetual motion.A particle in perpetual motion only, being devoid of any Newtonian motion is in astate of ‘Deemed Rest’ for the purpose of laws of physics since in this stateconservation of mass, energy and momentum is absolute. According to Newton’s2nd law, absolute conservation of its momentum by a particle implies nounbalanced external force acting on the particle and hence no acceleration andhence a state of ‘Deemed Rest’ – An axiomatic concept like the concept of point,line and plane in Geometry.Perpetual motion may be linear as in case of Photons, rotatory as in case ofcelestial bodies, electrons, along a zig-zag path as in case of Brownian motion andoscillatory as in case of Photons and other subatomic particles, atoms, moleculesetc. Therefore almost all types of regular motion can be seen in perpetuallymobile particles but the exact type of perpetual motion seen is dependent uponnature of the particle.
    • Briefly stated any particle to keep its existence has to be perpetually mobile andthis is a mandatory condition for any particle to keep its existence. Perpetualmotion of Photons, stable subatomic particles, atoms, molecules, colloid particles,celestial bodies and even galaxies and higher formations can’t be refuted.Hence perpetual motion is a material reality and Physicists have misguidedthemselves in believing that nothing exist perpetuum mobile. Author: Dr Mahesh C. Jain is a practicing medical doctor has written the book“Encounter of Science with Philosophy – A synthetic view”. The book begins withfirst chapter devoted to scientifically valid concept of God and then explainscosmic phenomena right from origin of nature and universe up to origin of lifeand evolution of man. The book includes several chapters devoted to auxiliaryconcepts and social sciences as corollaries to the concept of God. It is pertinentto mention that the book contains a chapter devoted to the concept of ‘Rest’ inPhysics.Visit: http://www.sciencengod.com http://www.sciencengod.com/clipboard/