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What is the rational basis of mental illnesses
What is the rational basis of mental illnesses
What is the rational basis of mental illnesses
What is the rational basis of mental illnesses
What is the rational basis of mental illnesses
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What is the rational basis of mental illnesses

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Summary: Mental illnesses often mean breakdown of mental equilibrium caused by inadequately compensated mental stresses which can originate from any source and not only sexual deprivation. This may …

Summary: Mental illnesses often mean breakdown of mental equilibrium caused by inadequately compensated mental stresses which can originate from any source and not only sexual deprivation. This may lead to a vicious cycle which can be often broken by various therapeutic interventions.

Author: Dr Mahesh C. Jain is a practicing medical doctor and has written the book “Encounter of Science with Philosophy – A synthetic view”. The book begins with first chapter devoted to scientifically valid concept of God and then explains cosmic phenomena right from origin of nature and universe up to origin of life and evolution of man. The book includes several chapters devoted to auxiliary concepts and social sciences as corollaries to the concept of God. This is the only book that deals with subject matter of origin of nature and universe beginning from null (Zero or nothing). This article is inspired by author’s understanding of `nature.
Visit:http:// www.sciencengod.com
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http://www.sciencengod.com/what-is-the-origin-of-wants-and-desires.html

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  • 1. What is the rational basis of mental illnesses?Summary: Mental illnesses often mean breakdown of mental equilibrium causedby inadequately compensated mental stresses which can originate from anysource and not only sexual deprivation. This may lead to a vicious cycle which canbe often broken by various therapeutic interventions.In the article “What is the origin of Wants and Desires?” it has been pointed outthat many of our motivations or wants and desires are beyond biological needsand can only be explained on the basis of universal instinct to exist, evolve anddiversify.But even that is not enough. Besides being a part of a universal scheme, we allexist as individuals or discrete entities having unitary organization, in a state ofdynamic equilibrium aimed at keeping our identity and integrity and meeting ourgoals and objectives. Besides this, a desire for self-expression and self-realizationlurks deep inside every individual inspired by the individuality. All the above,collectively, constitutes individuality or personality of the individual and is therational basis of inter-individual differences.Universal instincts coupled with personality or individuality collectivelyapproximate what Sigmund Freud has referred to as ‘Id’. But to be effective, this‘Id’ has to be duly supported by appropriate structure and function i.e. brain andmind. Mind is defined as the function of brain. But brain and mind have theirorigin in genome and all the necessary cellular and biochemical machinery thatgenome creates through regulated gene expression. Therefore, all our behavior,sentiments and intellect have a material basis as detailed above and anymalfunctioning of any of the components directly or indirectly involved in keepingthe mental equilibrium can precipitate mental illnesses. Neurophysiologists areprogressively discovering material/biochemical correlations of mentalfunctioning.Since, in order to satisfy the universal instinct to exist, everything has to exist in astate of dynamic equilibrium having internal as well as external harmony so thatall the inherent conflicts and contradictions (Dialectical materialism) are in a state
  • 2. of effective resolution. This need for harmony inspires ethics, morals, laws (evenmanmade), a sense of justice, a sense of fair and unfair or a sense of right andwrong. Even need for an order and system is at least in part determined by thisuniversal Law of Harmony. Much of the religion is inspired by the need to keepharmony with in individuals as well as with in human society. This is what hascorresponds to Super-ego of Sigmund Freud.To keep harmony and to meet individual satisfaction a large number of conditionswith inherent contradictions and conflicts have to be satisfied all the time.Inherent contradictions and conflicts often demand intellectual resolution whichmay require at times resetting the fulcrum or state of dynamic equilibrium. Thismay be done consciously in humans but in all others it is done subconsciously.This is what corresponds to ‘Ego’ of Sigmund Freud.Sigmund Freud for the first time recognized role of subconscious in determinationof human behavior and causation of mental illnesses and even devisedPsychoanalysis as the technique to unearth subconscious phenomena. ButSigmund Freud failed to appreciate true significance and scope of subconscious innature and universe. Further he failed to appreciate that even in the domain ofPsychology, most of the needs are satisfied subconsciously only. Nature anduniverse until the evolution of self-awareness or voluntary consciousness inhumans have managed all their affairs subconsciously only. VoluntaryConsciousness or self-awareness is only a minute fraction of whole ofconsciousness that permeates this universe. No doubt that voluntaryconsciousness is the highest level in the natural hierarchy of consciousness. It notonly makes consciousness aware of itself but also allows action at a distance to itsbearers.Universal instincts assisted by consciousness actively and aggressively work toattain their ends and this motivational drive has been variously described byothers including Sigmund Freud as libido or energy presumably because this iswhat gets the things done. However it is a misconception to call it as energy, sinceit is not the same as energy as understood in Physics. What we may call as libidodirects utilization of energy for various ends but is not energy in itself.
  • 3. So, our motivations, dreams, fantasies, idiosyncrasies, personal preferences,whims and fancies, actions are principally determined, directed and managed bysubconscious. We have only a minimal control on our own actions. Prudence andpragmatism is a state of mind and its resultant action where our actions aregrounded in comprehensive reality whether internal or external. A prudent andpragmatic mind is amenable to reason. Therefore in a prudent and pragmaticstate of mind, role of unrealistic elements in driving our action is adequatelyregulated leading to a state of harmonious existence and optimum utilization ofour resources. But a sick mind may refuse to see reason.An individual has to cope with conflicts and contradictions all the time sinceconflicts and contradictions are inbuilt in nature. Inherent conflicts andcontradictions often demand intellectual resolution either subconsciously or atthe level of self-awareness. Therefore for any individual, existence is the result ofa dynamic equilibrium. Nothing exists in a state of static equilibrium. This dynamicequilibrium demands perpetual management to keep existence, to maintainpeace and tranquility and to keep body, mind and soul harmony.Different individuals show differing sensitivity, predisposition and resilience todifferent disequilibrating factors (mental stresses). Individual’s sensitivity to aparticular factor may vary from being hypersensitive to insensitive. This sensitivitycan be altered by mental training. Sensitivity and response to various disturbingfactors is conditioned not only by universal instincts but also by innatepersonality, cumulative experiences and other material factors influencingbehavioral, emotional and intellectual responses.A particular behavior may be normal in one set of circumstances but not so inanother set of circumstances. Therefore, various behavioral responses requirecontext dependent interpretation. Hence, at times line of distinction betweenmentally healthy and mentally ill is exceedingly thin and its identification isdependent upon subjective experience of the observer.Normally, in accordance with universal instinct to exist (Sigmund Freud describedthis as instinct to life) mind tries to keep its dynamic equilibrium or Zero state butif the mental stress far exceeds the ability of mind to cope, a mental breakdown
  • 4. occurs and mental illness is precipitated. Same mental stress can precipitatedifferent mental illnesses in different individuals. Once mental breakdown occurs,it may lead to a vicious cycle leading to progressive deterioration of mental state.In a sick mental state, mind may refuse to see reason.In coping with mental stress two options are generally available. In repression the conflict is buried deep inside the psyche without any effectiveresolution. It acts as a time bomb waiting to explode. Sigmund Freud identifiedunderlying repression as the reason behind most of mental illnesses involvingsudden outburst of repressed emotions. He particularly emphasized significanceof repressed sexuality as the cause of most of mental illnesses. However this isnot completely correct. All types of deprivations and repressed emotions canprecipitate mental illnesses.The other option involves resetting or shifting or modifying the fulcrum or thestate of dynamic equilibrium so that the individual is able to keep his dynamicequilibrium despite existence of mental stresses in the environment. This can befurther improved by mental training. Often a proper understanding of mentalstresses helps and this is precisely the reason for effectiveness of Freud’sPsychoanalysis.Armed with improved understanding of mental stresses, mind in line withuniversal instinct to exist tries to restore its dynamic equilibrium. Therefore within any individual, there will always be compensated mental stresses that shapepersonality of the individual. But uncompensated mental stresses in a state ofrepression can precipitate mental illnesses any time.Sigmund Freud has been wrong in laying undue emphasis upon sex as theprincipal cause of repression. Any unsatisfied, uncompensated demand can be acause of repression. Hence reasons for mental illnesses may be as wide andvaried as human wants and desires.Summing up, mental illnesses may be viewed as the result of failure of normalcompensating mechanisms concerned with maintenance of mind’s state of
  • 5. dynamic equilibrium leading to a vicious cycle which can often be broken byvarious therapeutic interventions.Author: Dr Mahesh C. Jain is a practicing medical doctor and has written thebook “Encounter of Science with Philosophy – A synthetic view”. The book beginswith first chapter devoted to scientifically valid concept of God and then explainscosmic phenomena right from origin of nature and universe up to origin of lifeand evolution of man. The book includes several chapters devoted to auxiliaryconcepts and social sciences as corollaries to the concept of God. This is the onlybook that deals with subject matter of origin of nature and universe beginningfrom null (Zero or nothing). This article is inspired by author’s understanding of`nature.Visit:http:// www.sciencengod.com http://www.sciencengod.com/clipboard.htm

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