Physics without foundations in natural phenomena
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Physics without foundations in natural phenomena

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Summary: Till date Theoretical Physics has been built upon description of Fixed Stars by ancient astronomers. However in 1718 it was reported that Fixed Stars have proper motion. This naturally ...

Summary: Till date Theoretical Physics has been built upon description of Fixed Stars by ancient astronomers. However in 1718 it was reported that Fixed Stars have proper motion. This naturally invalidates entire edifice of Theoretical Physics.
Author: Dr Mahesh C. Jain is a practicing medical doctor and has written the book “Encounter of Science with Philosophy – A synthetic view”. The book begins with first chapter devoted to scientifically valid concept of God and then explains cosmic phenomena right from origin of nature and universe up to origin of life and evolution of man. The book includes several chapters devoted to auxiliary concepts and social sciences as corollaries to the concept of God. This is the only book which deals with origin of nature and universe from null. Several chapters of the book are devoted to physics.
http://www.sciencengod.com
http://curatio.in

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Physics without foundations in natural phenomena Physics without foundations in natural phenomena Document Transcript

  • Physics Without Foundations In Natural PhenomenaSummary: Till date Theoretical Physics has been built upon description of FixedStars by ancient astronomers. However in 1718 it was reported that Fixed Starshave proper motion. This naturally invalidates entire edifice of Theoretical Physics.For the purpose of this discussion, Physics can be divided into two streams, one isExperimental Physics and the other is Theoretical Physics. Experimental Physics isconcerned with facts and their interpretation whereas Theoretical Physics isconcerned with rational basis of Experimental Physics and integration ofExperimental Physics into one comprehensive theory. So, it not only attempts tofind rationally, origin of mass and gravity but also has evolved the ill foundedbelief that Laws OF Physics are all sufficient to explain the entire naturalphenomena. This is despite the fact that Physicists have never concernedthemselves with Biological Phenomena and Consciousness, except fantasizingeffect of time travel upon living matter.In the domain of Theoretical Physics, Newton, Ernst Mach, Einstein and in presenttimes Stephen Hawking are among the most dominant personalities, having setthe ground for others to follow.Newton needed to define absolute frame of reference in order to rationalizeNewtonian Mechanics. He assumed that the so called Fixed Stars such as NorthPole Star are the bodies at absolute rest in absolute space and so provideabsolute frame of reference. He concluded that in other reference frames eitherat rest with respect to the fixed stars or in uniform translation relative to thesestars, Newtons laws of motion were supposed to hold. In contrast, in framesaccelerating with respect to the fixed stars, in particular frames rotating relativeto the fixed stars, the laws of motion did not hold in their simplest form, but hadto be supplemented by the addition of fictitious forces, for example, the Coriolisforce and the centrifugal force. However, he failed to appreciate that this assumption is self-contradictory to hisLaw of Gravitation. Phenomenon of gravity forbids existence of any Fixed Star inany absolute space in any absolute frame of reference. Moreover, Newton neverexplained the mechanism/ cause effect sequence that will force a rigid body on
  • Earth to move along a straight line under the influence of distant Fixed Stars andin accordance with his Law of Inertia.Ernst Mach (1838–1916) formulated Mach’s Principle which says “Local physicallaws are determined by large scale structure of the universe”. But he was notcomfortable with notion of Absolute Space and therefore he recommendedremoval of all mention of Absolute Space from Law of Inertia, and it would thenbe explained as follows: Every body maintains its velocity, both in magnitude andin direction, as relative to Fixed Stars as long as no forces act upon it.Mach gave no reason for his principle. He never explained as to why local physicallaws should be determined by large scale structure of the universe. In author’sopinion it is wild and weird and a blatant misinterpretation of observed facts. It isantithetical to hierarchical structure of nature wherein rules vary from onehierarchical level to another.Einstein (1905) under the influence of Mach’s Principle concluded: Since light raysare travelling in gravitational field, so they are bound to get deflected on accountof their travel in accelerated frame of reference. But gravitational field isdetermined by curvature of space produced by presence of material bodies. Thiscurvature of space determines Geodesic Lines or the paths of material bodies aswell as light rays. This whole conception further leads to notion of time-spacecontinuum or Four Dimensional Space.So Einstein’s anticipation of gravitational deflection of light is rationally groundedin notion of Fixed Stars, absolute space and absolute frame of reference. There isno doubt that gravitational deflection of light is a proven fact but in author’sopinion this is a case of correct anticipation but for wrong reasons. Such are thewonders of Science.There is nothing much needed to say about Stephen Hawking except that he haselaborated upon foundations of Physics as detailed above. In author’s opinion, hisanticipation of gravitational collapse of Universe into Black Holes is not foundedin reality.
  • Ancient astronomers referred to various stars as Fixed Stars, since they wereunable to observe their motion in relation to a geographical locus. However in1718 Edmund Halley announced his discovery that Fixed Stars are not fixed buthave proper motion. The Fixed Star with largest known proper motion isBarnard’s star. Since Newton lived up to 1927, so he should have revised hisnotions in his life time but unfortunately the Newtonian Legacy continues till dateeven though in a slightly modified form, as detailed above.From the above account, it can be readily seen that the notion of Fixed Stars uponwhich rests the entire edifice of Theoretical Physics in naturally invalid. Hence,Theoretical Physics as it stands today is without foundations in naturalphenomena.In my book “Encounter of Science With Philosophy – A Synthetic View” I havediscussed the concept of rest in Physics (Chapter-11) and evolved the concept ofDeemed Rest that does not rely upon notion of Fixed Star, absolute space andabsolute frame reference; and to which Laws of Physics are naturally valid.Author: Dr Mahesh C. Jain is a practicing medical doctor and has written thebook “Encounter of Science with Philosophy – A synthetic view”. The book beginswith first chapter devoted to scientifically valid concept of God and then explainscosmic phenomena right from origin of nature and universe up to origin of lifeand evolution of man. The book includes several chapters devoted to auxiliaryconcepts and social sciences as corollaries to the concept of God. This is the onlybook which deals with origin of nature and universe from null. Several chaptersof the book are devoted to physics.http://www.sciencengod.comhttp://curatio.in