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Darwinism versus endemic flora and faun1
Darwinism versus endemic flora and faun1
Darwinism versus endemic flora and faun1
Darwinism versus endemic flora and faun1
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Darwinism versus endemic flora and faun1

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Summary: Darwinism is the leading theory about mechanism of Biological Evolution. However facts of geographical distribution of species and varieties do not support such a view point. …

Summary: Darwinism is the leading theory about mechanism of Biological Evolution. However facts of geographical distribution of species and varieties do not support such a view point.
Author: Dr Mahesh C. Jain is a practicing medical doctor and has written the book “Encounter of Science with Philosophy – A synthetic view”. The book begins with first chapter devoted to scientifically valid concept of God and then explains cosmic phenomena right from origin of nature and universe up to origin of life and evolution of man. The book includes several chapters devoted to auxiliary concepts and social sciences as corollaries to the concept of God. This is the only book which deals with origin of nature and universe from null or Zero or nothing. Chapter 30 of the book is about Evolution of Life wherein author has worked out a new theory about evolution of life.
Visit:http:// www.sciencengod.com
http://curatio.in

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  • 1. Darwinism versus Endemic Flora and FaunaSummary: Darwinism is the leading theory about mechanism of BiologicalEvolution. However facts of geographical distribution of species and varieties donot support such a view point.Darwinism says that evolution advances by accumulation of random variationshaving a bearing on struggle for survival. Evolutionary divergence of populationsinto species and varieties is facilitated by dispersal of parental stock into largegeographical area from the point of origin and subsequent isolation. According toDarwinism isolation facilitates divergence of variations along different phyleticlines leading to speciation. Therefore according to Darwinism AllopatricSpeciation is the commonest mode of speciation.Species and varieties may have cosmopolitan distribution or endemic distribution.For the cosmopolitan species and varieties it can be easily said that theyoriginated at some point and then spread to the entire geographical areaoccupied by them. But generally cosmopolitan species are naturally divided into alarge number of geography specific varieties on the basis of large number ofdefinitive and deterministic variations. Variations between two different varietiesof the same species can’t always be accounted for due to natural selection andstruggle for survival. For example color of human skin has no bearing on humansurvival in different geographies, yet there are profound geography relatedvariations. It is possible to differentiate 9 subspecies of Giraffe endemic todifferent areas in geographically continuous African Continent. All the variationsamong different varieties can’t be explained on the basis ofDarwinism. http://www.wickedgiraffe.com/category/types-of-giraffe/. Most ofthe subspecies can be differentiated on the basis of their coat color. But it is notpossible to link variations in coat color to survival of various subspecies ingeographically continuous but sharply demarcated territories. If Darwinism is truethen gradual variations should have occurred in accordance with somegeographically identifiable gradient and should have contributed toadaptedness/adaptability of the species/variety to its ecosystem andenvironment.This is true of almost all the cosmopolitan species having large number ofvarieties. Geographical Indication varieties of large number of species of flora andfauna are well known. For example Darjeeling tea has its famous, naturally
  • 2. occurring quality and flavor only if grown in Darjeeling. Neither Darjeeling teagrown elsewhere has the same quality and flavor nor does any other tea varietygrown in Darjeeling have the renowned quality and flavor. How can one relatequality and flavor of Darjeeling tea to Darwinian struggle for survival? Therefore itis self evident that all the traits of any species or variety of flora and fauna can’t tobe attributed to Darwinian struggle for survival. This includes definitive anddeterministic characters which are immune from statistical variations. Hencepopulation genetics or genetic drift can’t explain differentiating or distinctivevariations among species and varieties.Endemism is the ecological state of being unique to a defined geographic location,such as an island, nation or other defined zone, or habitat type; organisms thatare indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere.Endemic types or species are especially likely to develop on biologically isolatedareas such as islands because of their geographical isolation. But endemic specieswith restricted geographical distribution are known to occur without anygeographical isolation from the main land.According to the World Wildlife Fund, the following ecoregions have the highestpercentage of endemic plants: · Fynbos (South Africa) · Hawaiian tropical dry forests (United States) · Hawaiian tropical rainforests (United States) · Kwongan heathlands (Australia) · Madagascar dry deciduous forests (Madagascar) · Madagascar lowland forests (Madagascar) · New Caledonia dry forests (New Caledonia) · New Caledonia rain forests (New Caledonia) · Sierra Madre de Oaxaca pine-oak forests (Mexico) · Sierra Madre del Sur pine-oak forests (Mexico)
  • 3. · Luzon montane rainforests (Philippines) · Luzon rainforests (Philippines) · Luzon tropical pine forests (Philippines) · Mindanao montane rain forests (Philippines) · Mindanao-Eastern Visayas rain forests (Philippines) · Palawan rain forests (Philippines)Occurrence of various endemic species in sharply defined geographical areas withor without isolation is against Darwinian gradualism over an immense period oftime. In the case of unique species endemic to various islands Darwinism raisesthe question of source of ancestral species. No amount of dispersal, migrationand isolation can explain evolution of species endemic to various islands in theworld.Hence Darwinism is unable to explain place related discontinuous, discrete,deterministic variations in flora and fauna across the globe. Organisms generallydo not vary across some geographically determined gradients to which notionsof continuity over immense period of time and gradualism can be applied. Author: Dr Mahesh C. Jain is a practicing medical doctor and has written thebook “Encounter of Science with Philosophy – A synthetic view”. The book beginswith first chapter devoted to scientifically valid concept of God and then explainscosmic phenomena right from origin of nature and universe up to origin of lifeand evolution of man. The book includes several chapters devoted to auxiliaryconcepts and social sciences as corollaries to the concept of God. This is the onlybook which deals with origin of nature and universe from null or Zero ornothing. Chapter 30 of the book is about Evolution of Life wherein author hasworked out a new theory about evolution of life.Visit:http:// www.sciencengod.com http://curatio.in

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