Regional and Neighborhood Development: Planning the Evolution of Our Suburbs A Special Presentation to the  USGBC Fox Vall...
<ul><li>What I Will Talk About: </li></ul><ul><li>Where Are We Today in Terms of Regional Growth? </li></ul><ul><li>What A...
Far Chicago Suburbs
<ul><li>Acknowledgement: Ours Is A Suburban Nation  </li></ul><ul><li>(In A Capitalist Democracy) </li></ul><ul><li>From 1...
Implications for the Future… http://www.latimes.com/news/printedition/opinion/la-op-kotkin6-2008jul06,0,1038461.story Resp...
Implications for the Future… <ul><li>My view: To survive/thrive in the future: </li></ul><ul><li>Suburban regions will nee...
Why Do the Suburbs Need to Evolve? <ul><li>I. Economic Challenges: </li></ul><ul><li>Housing Over-Supply  </li></ul><ul><l...
Climate Change: “Re-Order” Regional Growth Patterns <ul><li>Recommendations from </li></ul><ul><li>the Past and other Stat...
Climate Change: Reduce Total Vehicle Miles Travelled Typical Recommendations:  1. Reduce Total Miles of Travel, 2. Encoura...
Climate Change: New Mobility Technology 2010 2020 2040 2030 <ul><li>New Mobility Technology  </li></ul>Toyota FCHV in 2015...
Suburban Evolution with New Urbanism <ul><li>New Urbanism: A 20+ year old Planning and Urban Design Discipline </li></ul><...
NU Design Principles for Suburban Neighborhoods <ul><li>Create Inter-connected Street Network Between Neighborhoods </li><...
Adopt not just a tax-revenue-based land-use policy… Key NU Design Principles But also an Urban Design Policy...Allow Boule...
Key NU Design Principles For better traffic circulation  and less traffic congestion,  avoid/minimize cul-de-sacs  and dea...
Suburban Evolution with New Urbanism: Example 1 Harbor Town, Memphis, TN: Variety of Residential Types Mixed-Uses Connecte...
Suburban Evolution with New Urbanism: Example 2 New Town at St. Charles, MO: Innovative Variety of Residential Types Mixed...
Suburban Evolution with New Urbanism: Example 3 Legacy Center, Plano, Texas Town Center on street grid Commercial, Office,...
Suburban Evolution with New Urbanism: Example  4 Addison Circle, Addison, Texas: Close to suburban train station Primarily...
Suburban Evolution with New Urbanism: Example 5 Southlake Center, Southlake, Texas: Central Civic Space: Foreground to Vil...
Suburban Evolution with New Urbanism: Example 6 Plano TOD, Texas:  New downtown/TOD at a DART station Moderately dense Nei...
Public Support for Transit Not Sure:  3%   Maintain/Repair Existing Roads,  Highways,  Bridges:  50% Improve  Transit: 31%...
Federal Legislative Initiatives: Livable Communities Act <ul><li>The Livable Communities Act will: </li></ul><ul><li>Creat...
New Urbanism Regulations: Form-Based Codes <ul><li>Relatively New Regulation Tool in Illinois </li></ul><ul><li>Based on A...
<ul><li>Focus on Quality of the Built Environment for Public Realm </li></ul>Project Credit: Dover Kohl & Partners Public ...
<ul><li>Predictable Placement and Bulk of Buildings </li></ul><ul><li>PREDICTABILITY of massing </li></ul><ul><li>and bulk...
Form-Based Codes/Regulations <ul><li>An Integrated Code with Standards for:  </li></ul><ul><li>Thoroughfares, Frontages, B...
Form-Based Codes/Regulations <ul><li>Based on Adopted Community Vision </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed Uses </li></ul><ul><li>Pres...
Closing Remarks <ul><li>Future of Suburbs : </li></ul><ul><li>Assumed to Evolve Given Economic, Energy and Climate Challen...
Thank You! Mahender Vasandani Chairman, Education and Outreach Committee CNU-Illinois President M Square | Urban Design Ph...
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Regional And Neighborhood Development Planning The Evolution Of Suburbs Usgbc 27aug09

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A special updated presentation to USGBC on the evolution of suburbs

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  • ….
  • Major findings: public support for transit is evident no matter what the question…
  • And now there is going to be federal level initiative to provide grants to communities to plan to be New Urban…
  • And now let me turn to Form-Based Codes…
  • Regional And Neighborhood Development Planning The Evolution Of Suburbs Usgbc 27aug09

    1. 1. Regional and Neighborhood Development: Planning the Evolution of Our Suburbs A Special Presentation to the USGBC Fox Valley Chapter Mahender Vasandani Chairman. Education and Outreach Committee, CNU-Illinois August 27, 2009
    2. 2. <ul><li>What I Will Talk About: </li></ul><ul><li>Where Are We Today in Terms of Regional Growth? </li></ul><ul><li>What Are the Implications of the “Big Challenges” for </li></ul><ul><li>Evolution of Suburbs? </li></ul><ul><li>Why the Suburbs May Need to Evolve? </li></ul><ul><li>Are There Any Preferred Growth Options? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What Can We Learn from the Cities? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New Urbanism Offers Some Key Answers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Specific NU Examples Suitable For Suburbs </li></ul><ul><li>Overview of Form-Based Codes/A NU Implementation Tool </li></ul><ul><li>Q & A </li></ul>
    3. 3. Far Chicago Suburbs
    4. 4. <ul><li>Acknowledgement: Ours Is A Suburban Nation </li></ul><ul><li>(In A Capitalist Democracy) </li></ul><ul><li>From 1950 to 2000: 90% of metropolitan growth in the Suburbs </li></ul><ul><li>By 2000: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>60% of metro jobs in the Suburbs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Suburb-to-Suburb job commutes 2X Suburb-City commutes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>From 1970 to 2000: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Total Housing Units Increased 9% </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Suburban Housing Units Increased Almost 100% </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Questions: </li></ul><ul><li>Is This All Good? All Bad? Or, Are There Pros And Cons? </li></ul><ul><li>What Are the Implications for Future Regional Growth? </li></ul>Where Are We Today?
    5. 5. Implications for the Future… http://www.latimes.com/news/printedition/opinion/la-op-kotkin6-2008jul06,0,1038461.story Response Depends on One’s Perspective on the Age-Old Debate: Suburban demand will remain strong Many suburbs will not survive More car use = More pollution; More congestion Less car use = Less pollution Single, isolated uses force car travel for all needs A mix of uses within walking distance Car-dependent travel; limited route options Multiple transportation modes and route options Living closer to suburban jobs keeps travel miles low Living + working in City is the only way forward; More sustainable Suburban living is good/better City living is good/better The “Leinbergers” The “Kotkins” vs.
    6. 6. Implications for the Future… <ul><li>My view: To survive/thrive in the future: </li></ul><ul><li>Suburban regions will need to: </li></ul><ul><li>Provide for all transportation options: </li></ul><ul><li>Cars, Trains, Buses, Bicycles and Pedestrian-ways </li></ul><ul><li>Extend Existing Commuter Service to Outlying Suburbs </li></ul><ul><li>Start the new Metra “STAR” Line </li></ul><ul><li>Suburbs will need to: </li></ul><ul><li>Allow mixing of uses </li></ul><ul><li>Allow diversity of housing options/housing types </li></ul><ul><li>Allow moderately higher densities </li></ul><ul><li>Allow street connectivity </li></ul><ul><li>Allow multi-functional streets/boulevards </li></ul><ul><li>Create compact and walkable neighborhoods </li></ul><ul><li>Create great places </li></ul><ul><li>…… Become More Urban (“New Urban”) </li></ul>
    7. 7. Why Do the Suburbs Need to Evolve? <ul><li>I. Economic Challenges: </li></ul><ul><li>Housing Over-Supply </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial Oversupply </li></ul><ul><li>Implications: </li></ul><ul><li>Limited/Slow Short-term Growth Potential; Extended Growth Time-lines </li></ul><ul><li>II. Energy Security/Climate-Change Challenges: </li></ul><ul><li>Over-dependence on high-carbon fossil fuels/GHG Emissions </li></ul><ul><li>Over-dependence on cars as sole form of mobility </li></ul><ul><li>Implications/ Policy Questions: </li></ul><ul><li>” Re-Order” Growth Patterns? </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce Total Car Travel? </li></ul><ul><li>New Mobility Technologies? </li></ul><ul><li>III. Community Character Challenge: </li></ul><ul><li>Little Attention to the Public Realm/Urban Form </li></ul><ul><li>Implication: </li></ul><ul><li>Better Character and Quality of Life Can Provide Key Market Advantages </li></ul>
    8. 8. Climate Change: “Re-Order” Regional Growth Patterns <ul><li>Recommendations from </li></ul><ul><li>the Past and other States: </li></ul><ul><li>Create Growth Boundaries/ </li></ul><ul><li>Stop Suburbanization </li></ul><ul><li>Limit Infrastructure Spending </li></ul><ul><li>In Chicago Metro Area: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Re-ordering” Virtually </li></ul><ul><li>Impossible for Historical </li></ul><ul><li>and Political Reasons </li></ul><ul><li>Most Strategies and </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits Possible at </li></ul><ul><li>Local Level </li></ul><ul><li>LEED-ND </li></ul>2010 2020 2040 2030 <ul><li>“ Re-Order” Growth Patterns </li></ul>Chicago Metro: Over 100 Years of Growth Source:
    9. 9. Climate Change: Reduce Total Vehicle Miles Travelled Typical Recommendations: 1. Reduce Total Miles of Travel, 2. Encourage Higher Density Living 3. Encourage Live-Work Units 4. Encourage People to Live Close to Work 5. Build TODs 6. Avoid Car Trips <ul><li>Trip-length shortening </li></ul><ul><li>not as beneficial as </li></ul><ul><li>cutting down on number of trips </li></ul><ul><li>-- Joe Cortright, Impresa Consulting for “CEOs for Cities” </li></ul><ul><li>California SB 375 Example </li></ul><ul><li>STAR LINE and TODs will cut down on auto trips </li></ul><ul><li>By increasing walkability New Urbanism will help achieve Trip Avoidance. </li></ul>2010 2020 2040 2030 <ul><li>Reduce Total Travel Miles </li></ul>
    10. 10. Climate Change: New Mobility Technology 2010 2020 2040 2030 <ul><li>New Mobility Technology </li></ul>Toyota FCHV in 2015 “ Shockingly Low Price” Honda FCX Clarity: 2009 New Alternate Zero-Emission Fuels and Alternate Vehicle Technologies* My Crystal Ball ???!!! <ul><li>In Another Generation: </li></ul><ul><li>NMT use wide-spread </li></ul><ul><li>Less serious concern with GHG </li></ul><ul><li>emissions/pollution </li></ul><ul><li>3. Little change in locational decisions </li></ul><ul><li>4. More cars on limited capacity roads </li></ul><ul><li>MORE TRAFFIC CONGESTION </li></ul><ul><li>MORE NEED FOR WALKABLE, MIXED-USE COMMUNITIES with </li></ul><ul><li>TRANSIT OPTIONS </li></ul>-Toyota Motors www.autobloggreen.com July 20, 2009 article Image source: www.discoveryresources.com NMT Evolution! (*”Since VMT are not projected to decrease significantly in the near or long-term in the Chicago region, CMAP’s strategies to promote alternative fuels are important to help save energy and mitigate GHG and criteria pollutions” – Volpe Center, U.S. DOT -- October 2008 Action Strategy Paper on Climate Change and Energy)
    11. 11. Suburban Evolution with New Urbanism <ul><li>New Urbanism: A 20+ year old Planning and Urban Design Discipline </li></ul><ul><li>NU learns from the virtues of existing and past cities. </li></ul><ul><li>NU helps create: </li></ul><ul><li>Compact, Connected, Walkable, Diverse Neighborhoods with Mixed-Uses </li></ul><ul><li>Quality Public Realm and High Quality of Life </li></ul><ul><li>Distinct Transportation Solutions </li></ul><ul><li>New Codes and Tools for Implementation </li></ul>Examples from City of Chicago: Neighborhoods and Boulevards
    12. 12. NU Design Principles for Suburban Neighborhoods <ul><li>Create Inter-connected Street Network Between Neighborhoods </li></ul><ul><li>Create Neighborhoods with Centers with Mixed-Uses within Walking Distance of Most Residents </li></ul><ul><li>Locate Neighborhood Centers with Exposure and Access to Major Arterials </li></ul><ul><li>Allow A Variety of Residential Types </li></ul><ul><li>Allow Moderately High Densities </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on Urban Design along with concerns with land-use, transportation, finances and services </li></ul><ul><li>Help Create Quality Places/Stay competitive in market place </li></ul><ul><li>Evolve as a Suburban Community…Become More Urban – “New Urban” </li></ul>
    13. 13. Adopt not just a tax-revenue-based land-use policy… Key NU Design Principles But also an Urban Design Policy...Allow Boulevards with Multiple Transportation Modes, Mixed-Uses and/or Multiple Residential Types (maybe not this dense) along Boulevards
    14. 14. Key NU Design Principles For better traffic circulation and less traffic congestion, avoid/minimize cul-de-sacs and dead-end streets as they promote greater car dependence Instead, allow well-connected network of streets that may or may not be in rectilinear grids
    15. 15. Suburban Evolution with New Urbanism: Example 1 Harbor Town, Memphis, TN: Variety of Residential Types Mixed-Uses Connected Neighborhoods Boulevard System Strong Sense of Place
    16. 16. Suburban Evolution with New Urbanism: Example 2 New Town at St. Charles, MO: Innovative Variety of Residential Types Mixed-Use Center/Civic Center Integrated/Creative Stormwater System High-quality Public Realm/Sense of Place
    17. 17. Suburban Evolution with New Urbanism: Example 3 Legacy Center, Plano, Texas Town Center on street grid Commercial, Office, Hotel, Restaurants, Townhomes, Condominiums/Apartments Central Civic Space/Sense of Place
    18. 18. Suburban Evolution with New Urbanism: Example 4 Addison Circle, Addison, Texas: Close to suburban train station Primarily Residential with Townhomes and Apartments Major Open Space Central to Plan Moderately High Density High Quality of Space/Strong Sense of Place
    19. 19. Suburban Evolution with New Urbanism: Example 5 Southlake Center, Southlake, Texas: Central Civic Space: Foreground to Village Hall Surrounded by Mixed-Use Shopping + Offices, Entertainment, Restaurants and Townhomes Major Innovation from Single-Use Shopping Center (as initially proposed) Highly Successful Community Destination/Community Pride
    20. 20. Suburban Evolution with New Urbanism: Example 6 Plano TOD, Texas: New downtown/TOD at a DART station Moderately dense Neighborhoods with Mixed-Use Shopping Economic Development/Transit Ridership Increase/Sustainable Model
    21. 21. Public Support for Transit Not Sure: 3% Maintain/Repair Existing Roads, Highways, Bridges: 50% Improve Transit: 31% Expand/Improve Roads: 16% Build New Roads: 20% Improve Public Transportation: 47% Build Walkable Communities: 25% Not Sure: 8% Build commuter rail, light rail and subways: 75% Build highways and freeways: 20% Not Sure: 5% 1 3 2 <ul><li>Survey Questions*: </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation Priorities of Federal Government </li></ul><ul><li>Best Long-Term Solutions to Reduce Congestion </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation Approach to Accommodate Growth </li></ul><ul><li>*January 2009 Growth and Transportation Survey by Hart Assoc. </li></ul><ul><li>As reported in “Common Ground” Summer 2009, </li></ul><ul><li>Published by National Association of Realtors </li></ul>
    22. 22. Federal Legislative Initiatives: Livable Communities Act <ul><li>The Livable Communities Act will: </li></ul><ul><li>Create competitive planning grants to create long-term plans </li></ul><ul><li>Create challenge grants that towns and regions can use to implement these long-term plans </li></ul><ul><li>Establish a federal Office of Sustainable Housing and Communities at the HUD and oversee </li></ul><ul><li>the Livable Communities grant programs; </li></ul><ul><li>Establish a federal Interagency Council on Sustainable Communities to coordinate federal </li></ul><ul><li>sustainable development policies. </li></ul><ul><li>August 6, 2009: Senator Christopher Dodd introduced a </li></ul><ul><li>Livable Communities Act that will help communities: </li></ul><ul><li>Mitigate traffic congestion </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce greenhouse gas emissions </li></ul><ul><li>Cut down on fuel consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Protect open space </li></ul><ul><li>Build affordable housing </li></ul><ul><li>Revitalize existing main streets and urban centers </li></ul>
    23. 23. New Urbanism Regulations: Form-Based Codes <ul><li>Relatively New Regulation Tool in Illinois </li></ul><ul><li>Based on A Community Vision </li></ul><ul><li>Focus is the Public Realm (Form and Quality of the Outside Built Environment) </li></ul><ul><li>Place-specific to Retain Existing Character </li></ul><ul><li>Several Urban Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Graphic/More Comprehensible </li></ul><ul><li>Predictable Urban Form and Character </li></ul><ul><li>Different from Conventional Zoning Regulations </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>FBCs more concerned with Urban Form, Less with Use </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>FBCs facilitate mixing of uses </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not concerned with F.A.R.s, Densities and Lot Coverages </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Allow administrative approval of projects </li></ul></ul></ul>
    24. 24. <ul><li>Focus on Quality of the Built Environment for Public Realm </li></ul>Project Credit: Dover Kohl & Partners Public realm influenced by the architecture of buildings; the proportions of the size of public places to building heights and the amenities in the public places Form-Based Codes/Regulations
    25. 25. <ul><li>Predictable Placement and Bulk of Buildings </li></ul><ul><li>PREDICTABILITY of massing </li></ul><ul><li>and bulk of future projects </li></ul><ul><li>Less public concern about </li></ul><ul><li>bulk and other impacts </li></ul><ul><li>Potential benefit: </li></ul><ul><li>Streamlined project review </li></ul><ul><li>process </li></ul><ul><li>Good for developers too </li></ul>Project Credit: Dover Kohl & Partners Form-Based Codes/Regulations
    26. 26. Form-Based Codes/Regulations <ul><li>An Integrated Code with Standards for: </li></ul><ul><li>Thoroughfares, Frontages, Building Types, Public Spaces, </li></ul><ul><li>Landscaping – All Linked to a Regulating Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Typically Easier to Comprehend and Administer </li></ul>
    27. 27. Form-Based Codes/Regulations <ul><li>Based on Adopted Community Vision </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed Uses </li></ul><ul><li>Prescribe (What Is Desirable) </li></ul><ul><li>Predictable Building/Urban Form </li></ul><ul><li>(Bulk Limits regardless of Lot Size ) </li></ul><ul><li>Vision of Built Form Predetermined based on </li></ul><ul><li>Site Development Capacity Analyses </li></ul><ul><li>(Max. Heights, Bulk); Retain existing or </li></ul><ul><li>create new character </li></ul><ul><li>Power of Place </li></ul><ul><li>Based on Abstract Land Use and </li></ul><ul><li>Zoning Categories </li></ul><ul><li>Segregated/Isolated Uses </li></ul><ul><li>Proscribes (What Is Not Allowed) </li></ul><ul><li>Unpredictable Building Bulk/Form </li></ul><ul><li>(F.A.R.s and Densities by Lot Size) </li></ul><ul><li>Unpredictable Character </li></ul><ul><li>Rarely Any Sense of Place </li></ul><ul><li>FBCs </li></ul><ul><li>Conventional/Euclidian </li></ul>
    28. 28. Closing Remarks <ul><li>Future of Suburbs : </li></ul><ul><li>Assumed to Evolve Given Economic, Energy and Climate Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Evolution Will be Essential for Survival/Revival/”Thrival” </li></ul><ul><li>New Urbanism Offers Key Answers for Suburban Evolution </li></ul><ul><li>NU Design Principles Should be Part of a Suburban Community’s Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Quality Places and Quality of Life Will be Market Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Form-Based Codes/Regulations Provide an Effective Tool </li></ul><ul><li>to Create Mixed-Use Centers and Achieve Community Vision </li></ul>
    29. 29. Thank You! Mahender Vasandani Chairman, Education and Outreach Committee CNU-Illinois President M Square | Urban Design Phone: 630.845.1202 Email: mgv@msqre.com

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