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Regional And Neighborhood Development Planning The Evolution Of Suburbs Usgbc 27aug09
Regional And Neighborhood Development Planning The Evolution Of Suburbs Usgbc 27aug09
Regional And Neighborhood Development Planning The Evolution Of Suburbs Usgbc 27aug09
Regional And Neighborhood Development Planning The Evolution Of Suburbs Usgbc 27aug09
Regional And Neighborhood Development Planning The Evolution Of Suburbs Usgbc 27aug09
Regional And Neighborhood Development Planning The Evolution Of Suburbs Usgbc 27aug09
Regional And Neighborhood Development Planning The Evolution Of Suburbs Usgbc 27aug09
Regional And Neighborhood Development Planning The Evolution Of Suburbs Usgbc 27aug09
Regional And Neighborhood Development Planning The Evolution Of Suburbs Usgbc 27aug09
Regional And Neighborhood Development Planning The Evolution Of Suburbs Usgbc 27aug09
Regional And Neighborhood Development Planning The Evolution Of Suburbs Usgbc 27aug09
Regional And Neighborhood Development Planning The Evolution Of Suburbs Usgbc 27aug09
Regional And Neighborhood Development Planning The Evolution Of Suburbs Usgbc 27aug09
Regional And Neighborhood Development Planning The Evolution Of Suburbs Usgbc 27aug09
Regional And Neighborhood Development Planning The Evolution Of Suburbs Usgbc 27aug09
Regional And Neighborhood Development Planning The Evolution Of Suburbs Usgbc 27aug09
Regional And Neighborhood Development Planning The Evolution Of Suburbs Usgbc 27aug09
Regional And Neighborhood Development Planning The Evolution Of Suburbs Usgbc 27aug09
Regional And Neighborhood Development Planning The Evolution Of Suburbs Usgbc 27aug09
Regional And Neighborhood Development Planning The Evolution Of Suburbs Usgbc 27aug09
Regional And Neighborhood Development Planning The Evolution Of Suburbs Usgbc 27aug09
Regional And Neighborhood Development Planning The Evolution Of Suburbs Usgbc 27aug09
Regional And Neighborhood Development Planning The Evolution Of Suburbs Usgbc 27aug09
Regional And Neighborhood Development Planning The Evolution Of Suburbs Usgbc 27aug09
Regional And Neighborhood Development Planning The Evolution Of Suburbs Usgbc 27aug09
Regional And Neighborhood Development Planning The Evolution Of Suburbs Usgbc 27aug09
Regional And Neighborhood Development Planning The Evolution Of Suburbs Usgbc 27aug09
Regional And Neighborhood Development Planning The Evolution Of Suburbs Usgbc 27aug09
Regional And Neighborhood Development Planning The Evolution Of Suburbs Usgbc 27aug09
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Regional And Neighborhood Development Planning The Evolution Of Suburbs Usgbc 27aug09

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A special updated presentation to USGBC on the evolution of suburbs

A special updated presentation to USGBC on the evolution of suburbs

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  • ….
  • Major findings: public support for transit is evident no matter what the question…
  • And now there is going to be federal level initiative to provide grants to communities to plan to be New Urban…
  • And now let me turn to Form-Based Codes…
  • Transcript

    • 1. Regional and Neighborhood Development: Planning the Evolution of Our Suburbs A Special Presentation to the USGBC Fox Valley Chapter Mahender Vasandani Chairman. Education and Outreach Committee, CNU-Illinois August 27, 2009
    • 2.
      • What I Will Talk About:
      • Where Are We Today in Terms of Regional Growth?
      • What Are the Implications of the “Big Challenges” for
      • Evolution of Suburbs?
      • Why the Suburbs May Need to Evolve?
      • Are There Any Preferred Growth Options?
        • What Can We Learn from the Cities?
        • New Urbanism Offers Some Key Answers
      • Specific NU Examples Suitable For Suburbs
      • Overview of Form-Based Codes/A NU Implementation Tool
      • Q & A
    • 3. Far Chicago Suburbs
    • 4.
      • Acknowledgement: Ours Is A Suburban Nation
      • (In A Capitalist Democracy)
      • From 1950 to 2000: 90% of metropolitan growth in the Suburbs
      • By 2000:
          • 60% of metro jobs in the Suburbs
          • Suburb-to-Suburb job commutes 2X Suburb-City commutes
      • From 1970 to 2000:
          • Total Housing Units Increased 9%
          • Suburban Housing Units Increased Almost 100%
      • Questions:
      • Is This All Good? All Bad? Or, Are There Pros And Cons?
      • What Are the Implications for Future Regional Growth?
      Where Are We Today?
    • 5. Implications for the Future… http://www.latimes.com/news/printedition/opinion/la-op-kotkin6-2008jul06,0,1038461.story Response Depends on One’s Perspective on the Age-Old Debate: Suburban demand will remain strong Many suburbs will not survive More car use = More pollution; More congestion Less car use = Less pollution Single, isolated uses force car travel for all needs A mix of uses within walking distance Car-dependent travel; limited route options Multiple transportation modes and route options Living closer to suburban jobs keeps travel miles low Living + working in City is the only way forward; More sustainable Suburban living is good/better City living is good/better The “Leinbergers” The “Kotkins” vs.
    • 6. Implications for the Future…
      • My view: To survive/thrive in the future:
      • Suburban regions will need to:
      • Provide for all transportation options:
      • Cars, Trains, Buses, Bicycles and Pedestrian-ways
      • Extend Existing Commuter Service to Outlying Suburbs
      • Start the new Metra “STAR” Line
      • Suburbs will need to:
      • Allow mixing of uses
      • Allow diversity of housing options/housing types
      • Allow moderately higher densities
      • Allow street connectivity
      • Allow multi-functional streets/boulevards
      • Create compact and walkable neighborhoods
      • Create great places
      • …… Become More Urban (“New Urban”)
    • 7. Why Do the Suburbs Need to Evolve?
      • I. Economic Challenges:
      • Housing Over-Supply
      • Commercial Oversupply
      • Implications:
      • Limited/Slow Short-term Growth Potential; Extended Growth Time-lines
      • II. Energy Security/Climate-Change Challenges:
      • Over-dependence on high-carbon fossil fuels/GHG Emissions
      • Over-dependence on cars as sole form of mobility
      • Implications/ Policy Questions:
      • ” Re-Order” Growth Patterns?
      • Reduce Total Car Travel?
      • New Mobility Technologies?
      • III. Community Character Challenge:
      • Little Attention to the Public Realm/Urban Form
      • Implication:
      • Better Character and Quality of Life Can Provide Key Market Advantages
    • 8. Climate Change: “Re-Order” Regional Growth Patterns
      • Recommendations from
      • the Past and other States:
      • Create Growth Boundaries/
      • Stop Suburbanization
      • Limit Infrastructure Spending
      • In Chicago Metro Area:
      • “ Re-ordering” Virtually
      • Impossible for Historical
      • and Political Reasons
      • Most Strategies and
      • Benefits Possible at
      • Local Level
      • LEED-ND
      2010 2020 2040 2030
      • “ Re-Order” Growth Patterns
      Chicago Metro: Over 100 Years of Growth Source:
    • 9. Climate Change: Reduce Total Vehicle Miles Travelled Typical Recommendations: 1. Reduce Total Miles of Travel, 2. Encourage Higher Density Living 3. Encourage Live-Work Units 4. Encourage People to Live Close to Work 5. Build TODs 6. Avoid Car Trips
      • Trip-length shortening
      • not as beneficial as
      • cutting down on number of trips
      • -- Joe Cortright, Impresa Consulting for “CEOs for Cities”
      • California SB 375 Example
      • STAR LINE and TODs will cut down on auto trips
      • By increasing walkability New Urbanism will help achieve Trip Avoidance.
      2010 2020 2040 2030
      • Reduce Total Travel Miles
    • 10. Climate Change: New Mobility Technology 2010 2020 2040 2030
      • New Mobility Technology
      Toyota FCHV in 2015 “ Shockingly Low Price” Honda FCX Clarity: 2009 New Alternate Zero-Emission Fuels and Alternate Vehicle Technologies* My Crystal Ball ???!!!
      • In Another Generation:
      • NMT use wide-spread
      • Less serious concern with GHG
      • emissions/pollution
      • 3. Little change in locational decisions
      • 4. More cars on limited capacity roads
      • MORE TRAFFIC CONGESTION
      • MORE NEED FOR WALKABLE, MIXED-USE COMMUNITIES with
      • TRANSIT OPTIONS
      -Toyota Motors www.autobloggreen.com July 20, 2009 article Image source: www.discoveryresources.com NMT Evolution! (*”Since VMT are not projected to decrease significantly in the near or long-term in the Chicago region, CMAP’s strategies to promote alternative fuels are important to help save energy and mitigate GHG and criteria pollutions” – Volpe Center, U.S. DOT -- October 2008 Action Strategy Paper on Climate Change and Energy)
    • 11. Suburban Evolution with New Urbanism
      • New Urbanism: A 20+ year old Planning and Urban Design Discipline
      • NU learns from the virtues of existing and past cities.
      • NU helps create:
      • Compact, Connected, Walkable, Diverse Neighborhoods with Mixed-Uses
      • Quality Public Realm and High Quality of Life
      • Distinct Transportation Solutions
      • New Codes and Tools for Implementation
      Examples from City of Chicago: Neighborhoods and Boulevards
    • 12. NU Design Principles for Suburban Neighborhoods
      • Create Inter-connected Street Network Between Neighborhoods
      • Create Neighborhoods with Centers with Mixed-Uses within Walking Distance of Most Residents
      • Locate Neighborhood Centers with Exposure and Access to Major Arterials
      • Allow A Variety of Residential Types
      • Allow Moderately High Densities
      • Focus on Urban Design along with concerns with land-use, transportation, finances and services
      • Help Create Quality Places/Stay competitive in market place
      • Evolve as a Suburban Community…Become More Urban – “New Urban”
    • 13. Adopt not just a tax-revenue-based land-use policy… Key NU Design Principles But also an Urban Design Policy...Allow Boulevards with Multiple Transportation Modes, Mixed-Uses and/or Multiple Residential Types (maybe not this dense) along Boulevards
    • 14. Key NU Design Principles For better traffic circulation and less traffic congestion, avoid/minimize cul-de-sacs and dead-end streets as they promote greater car dependence Instead, allow well-connected network of streets that may or may not be in rectilinear grids
    • 15. Suburban Evolution with New Urbanism: Example 1 Harbor Town, Memphis, TN: Variety of Residential Types Mixed-Uses Connected Neighborhoods Boulevard System Strong Sense of Place
    • 16. Suburban Evolution with New Urbanism: Example 2 New Town at St. Charles, MO: Innovative Variety of Residential Types Mixed-Use Center/Civic Center Integrated/Creative Stormwater System High-quality Public Realm/Sense of Place
    • 17. Suburban Evolution with New Urbanism: Example 3 Legacy Center, Plano, Texas Town Center on street grid Commercial, Office, Hotel, Restaurants, Townhomes, Condominiums/Apartments Central Civic Space/Sense of Place
    • 18. Suburban Evolution with New Urbanism: Example 4 Addison Circle, Addison, Texas: Close to suburban train station Primarily Residential with Townhomes and Apartments Major Open Space Central to Plan Moderately High Density High Quality of Space/Strong Sense of Place
    • 19. Suburban Evolution with New Urbanism: Example 5 Southlake Center, Southlake, Texas: Central Civic Space: Foreground to Village Hall Surrounded by Mixed-Use Shopping + Offices, Entertainment, Restaurants and Townhomes Major Innovation from Single-Use Shopping Center (as initially proposed) Highly Successful Community Destination/Community Pride
    • 20. Suburban Evolution with New Urbanism: Example 6 Plano TOD, Texas: New downtown/TOD at a DART station Moderately dense Neighborhoods with Mixed-Use Shopping Economic Development/Transit Ridership Increase/Sustainable Model
    • 21. Public Support for Transit Not Sure: 3% Maintain/Repair Existing Roads, Highways, Bridges: 50% Improve Transit: 31% Expand/Improve Roads: 16% Build New Roads: 20% Improve Public Transportation: 47% Build Walkable Communities: 25% Not Sure: 8% Build commuter rail, light rail and subways: 75% Build highways and freeways: 20% Not Sure: 5% 1 3 2
      • Survey Questions*:
      • Transportation Priorities of Federal Government
      • Best Long-Term Solutions to Reduce Congestion
      • Transportation Approach to Accommodate Growth
      • *January 2009 Growth and Transportation Survey by Hart Assoc.
      • As reported in “Common Ground” Summer 2009,
      • Published by National Association of Realtors
    • 22. Federal Legislative Initiatives: Livable Communities Act
      • The Livable Communities Act will:
      • Create competitive planning grants to create long-term plans
      • Create challenge grants that towns and regions can use to implement these long-term plans
      • Establish a federal Office of Sustainable Housing and Communities at the HUD and oversee
      • the Livable Communities grant programs;
      • Establish a federal Interagency Council on Sustainable Communities to coordinate federal
      • sustainable development policies.
      • August 6, 2009: Senator Christopher Dodd introduced a
      • Livable Communities Act that will help communities:
      • Mitigate traffic congestion
      • Reduce greenhouse gas emissions
      • Cut down on fuel consumption
      • Protect open space
      • Build affordable housing
      • Revitalize existing main streets and urban centers
    • 23. New Urbanism Regulations: Form-Based Codes
      • Relatively New Regulation Tool in Illinois
      • Based on A Community Vision
      • Focus is the Public Realm (Form and Quality of the Outside Built Environment)
      • Place-specific to Retain Existing Character
      • Several Urban Standards
      • Graphic/More Comprehensible
      • Predictable Urban Form and Character
      • Different from Conventional Zoning Regulations
          • FBCs more concerned with Urban Form, Less with Use
          • FBCs facilitate mixing of uses
          • Not concerned with F.A.R.s, Densities and Lot Coverages
          • Allow administrative approval of projects
    • 24.
      • Focus on Quality of the Built Environment for Public Realm
      Project Credit: Dover Kohl & Partners Public realm influenced by the architecture of buildings; the proportions of the size of public places to building heights and the amenities in the public places Form-Based Codes/Regulations
    • 25.
      • Predictable Placement and Bulk of Buildings
      • PREDICTABILITY of massing
      • and bulk of future projects
      • Less public concern about
      • bulk and other impacts
      • Potential benefit:
      • Streamlined project review
      • process
      • Good for developers too
      Project Credit: Dover Kohl & Partners Form-Based Codes/Regulations
    • 26. Form-Based Codes/Regulations
      • An Integrated Code with Standards for:
      • Thoroughfares, Frontages, Building Types, Public Spaces,
      • Landscaping – All Linked to a Regulating Plan
      • Typically Easier to Comprehend and Administer
    • 27. Form-Based Codes/Regulations
      • Based on Adopted Community Vision
      • Mixed Uses
      • Prescribe (What Is Desirable)
      • Predictable Building/Urban Form
      • (Bulk Limits regardless of Lot Size )
      • Vision of Built Form Predetermined based on
      • Site Development Capacity Analyses
      • (Max. Heights, Bulk); Retain existing or
      • create new character
      • Power of Place
      • Based on Abstract Land Use and
      • Zoning Categories
      • Segregated/Isolated Uses
      • Proscribes (What Is Not Allowed)
      • Unpredictable Building Bulk/Form
      • (F.A.R.s and Densities by Lot Size)
      • Unpredictable Character
      • Rarely Any Sense of Place
      • FBCs
      • Conventional/Euclidian
    • 28. Closing Remarks
      • Future of Suburbs :
      • Assumed to Evolve Given Economic, Energy and Climate Challenges
      • Evolution Will be Essential for Survival/Revival/”Thrival”
      • New Urbanism Offers Key Answers for Suburban Evolution
      • NU Design Principles Should be Part of a Suburban Community’s Policy
      • Quality Places and Quality of Life Will be Market Advantages
      • Form-Based Codes/Regulations Provide an Effective Tool
      • to Create Mixed-Use Centers and Achieve Community Vision
    • 29. Thank You! Mahender Vasandani Chairman, Education and Outreach Committee CNU-Illinois President M Square | Urban Design Phone: 630.845.1202 Email: mgv@msqre.com

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