J ust as scholars speculate that Christmas and Easter holidays coincide with pagan holidays they ques- tion whether Valentine’s Day was chosen to usurp the Lupercalia festival of puriﬁcation held on Feb-ruary 15, originating from a pastoral festival before thefoundation of Rome. Although Lupercalia has its rootsin Lupus, the wolf, it is more speciﬁcally connected tothe goat god Pan, Baphomet, and Azazel, god of victory;equivalent to the Greek god Prometheus who gave thespark of life to mankind.T he goat in ancient animal symbology signiﬁed regeneration and reproductive power. Accord- ing to the Zohar, the goat-men mingled with mortal women, having come to earth to do so(Genesis 6:2-4). Baphomet, the Sabbatic Goat, is alsoknown as the Great God Pan, Abraxas,Thanateros, or theHorned God.
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