Safety is an important aspect of any product or business activity, and in daily life everybody will have some idea of what safety means. What does it mean that a product or process is safe? Can anything be 100% safe? And if not, are there any criteria to determine how safe a product or process should be?
1. Identify Hazards & Assesses Risks2. Identify Desired People Requirements3. Identify Compliance Requirements4. Ensure Safe Physical Work Environment5. Develop Safe System of Work6. Assesses Competency7. Monitor & Review Performance
According to Sklet (2006), factors that prevent transitions between phases in the accident sequence may be regarded as safety barriers. The concept of safety barriers, which is often related to an accident model known as the energy model. The basic principle of the energy model, which was originally introduced by Gibson (1961), is to separate hazards (energy sources) from victims (vulnerable targets) by safety barriers (Haddon 1980).
61. Safety of building and machinery62. Precaution in case of fire63. Fencing of machinery64. Work on or near machinery in motion65. Striking gear and devices for cutting offpower66. Self – acting machines67. Casing of new machinery68. Cranes and other lifting machinery69. Hoists and lifts
70. Revolving machinery71. Pressure plate72. Floors , Stairs and means of access73. Pits-.sumps ,opening in floors etc.74. Excessive weights75. Protection of eyes76. Powers to require specifications of defectiveparts or tests of stability77. Precaution against dangerous fumes78. Explosive or inflammable dust, gas etc.
Measures to be taken as regards the safety measures related to building and machineries. If it appears to an Inspector that any building or part thereof or any passageway or machine of the factory is in such a condition which is injurious for the life and health of the workers working therein, the Inspector may issue an order to the owner of the factory to take necessary steps immediately within the specified time therein.
Section 62 deals with the provisions for measures to be taken by a factory to avoid dangers and damage due to fire. Measures should be taken under this section: At least one alternative exit with staircases connected No door affording exit can be locked The doors affording exit must be open outwards Effective and clearly audible means of fire- warning system There shall be a free passage-way
Factories are required to secure the following parts of machinery in order to ensure safety of the workers: Every moving part of a prime mover and every fly wheel connected to a prime mover The head-race and tail-race of every water wheel and water turbine Every part of an electric generator, transmission machinery and other dangerous part of any machinery. The fencing is required to prevent the machineries from harming the workers coming in close contact to them.
Provisions of the labor law: In case of examining, adjusting and lubricating part of machinery in motion, it is required to employ a well-trained adult male worker. Women and adolescent are not allowed to do work near machineries when on motion The Government may prohibit the cleaning, lubricating and adjusting, of any machinery in motion, by any person.
Energy isolation (Section 65) Emergency power cut off switch must be installed with all movable equipment. Crane and other lifting equipment (Section 68) All such equipment shall be inspected, tested and certified annually by a competent person Inspection, testing and certification documentation of such equipment shall be kept in a register. Equipment shall not be used to lift excessive weight than the operation capacity of that equipment.
All such equipment shall be maintainedproperly All such equipment shall be inspected, tested and certified every after six months by a competent person Inspection, testing and certification documentation of such equipment shall be kept in a register. Safe load carrying capacity must be clearly written on to the equipment body.
All floors, staircases, and passages shall be of sound construction and properly maintained, and if it is necessary to ensure safety, hand- railings shall be provided with them. Reasonable safe passageway or access shall be maintained in a place where employees work. All the floors, passageways, and staircases shall be maintained in a neat and clean manner, wide enough, and free from any blockade.
Excessive Weights (Section 74) No person shall be employed in any factory to lift, carry or move any load so heavy as to be likely to cause him injury. Personal protective equipment (Section 75) Effective screens or suitable goggles shall be provided for the protection of person’s eye where there is a risk: Of injury to eyes from particles or fragments thrown off in the course of the processing To the eyes, by reason of exposure to excessive light or heat.
No person shall be allowed to enter potentially hazardous chambers, containing dangerous fumes, such as tank, vat, pit, pipe, flue or confined spaces if there is not any manhole of adequate size. No portable light of voltage exceeding 24 volts shall be permitted to use inside places mentioned above. No person shall be allowed to enter the places mentioned above until the following measures are taken: A certificate in writing has to be given by a competent person stating that the space is free from dangerous fumes and is fit for persons to enter.
The following practicable measures must be taken in factories to avoid explosions caused by inflammable dust, gas or vapor produced during the manufacturing process: Effective enclosure of the plant or machinery used in the process Removal or prevention of the accumulation of inflammable objects Proper enclosure of all possible sources of ignition.
Dangerous Work (Section 79) Providing for the protection of all persons employed in the operation or in the vicinity of the places where it is carried on, and Providing notice about the hazardous chemical to the workers. Risk assessment and prevention (Section 40 & 79) The government shall, by notification in the official gazette, provide a list of the dangerous machines and risky operations for the adolescent workers (Section 40) The workers employed in such machines and/or operations shall be sufficiently trained and supervised
Company No. of Employee Protective Training EmergencyName workers Satisfaction Equipment ExitGlobe Drugs 400 35% X 5LimitedGlobe 330 55% X 3Biscuit &Dairy MilkLtd.Globe Soft 580 65% X X 4Drinks Ltd.Globe Agro 350 70% X X 4vet Ltd.Globe 450 50% X 3fisheries LtdGetex 600 45% X 5Plastic Ltd.
Company No. of Employee Protective Training EmergencyName workers Satisfaction Equipment ExitAST 500 65% X 3BeverageLtd.Abdul 650 45% 5Monem Ltd
Health Certificate Not providedMedical Check up Sometime providedCompensation for injury ProvidedInformation about safety ProvidedSafety equipments ( working clothes, Provided to some employeesfootwear, gloves etc)Consult evaluation of risk Not frequentlyTraining about risk Not sufficientRefusal of work by the employees Cannot be doneNumber of smokers ModerateInvestigation of safety failure AdequateDocumentation of safety failure No documentation
To inspect the safety system by the government agency properly. Law must be implemented in an appropriate way. To make aware both the employee and employer about safety system.
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