Cseb presentation 2nd march 2011 compressed
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Like this? Share it with your network

Share

Cseb presentation 2nd march 2011 compressed

on

  • 1,691 views

The bigger picture about bricks in Pakistan - and the impact of using too many of them...

The bigger picture about bricks in Pakistan - and the impact of using too many of them...

Especially when there are better alternatives

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,691
Views on SlideShare
1,691
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
38
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Cseb presentation 2nd march 2011 compressed Presentation Transcript

  • 1.
    • Introduction of working group
    • Existing brick production – impacts
    • CSEB – the basics
    • Economics and time frame
    • Field challenges
    • Summing up: benefits and disadvantages
    • Follow up – Working Group – Contacts
    Compressed (& stabilised) Earth Blocks – a viable alternative ? Presentation to Peers – early recovery working group: Housing Islamabad, March, 2011
  • 2. Overview of Brick Sector
  • 3. Quantity and location of Brick Kilns Total Kilns: 10,000 Producing: 52 billion Bricks per year Traditional Brick Kilns Baluchistan: 500 KPK: 1500 Punjab: 5000 Sindh: 3000
  • 4. Economic Implications
  • 5.
    • Deforestation
    • Approx 100 trees per year per kiln
    • Total 1 million trees per year (all kilns)
    • Equal to 15 years growth if re-planted
    Environmental Impact
  • 6. Local and Global Emissions Dioxins : 425.88 nanogramme / brick CO 2 Emissions : 37.4 million Tonnes
    • Equal to:
    • 40m Pakistanis CO 2 / year
    • 9 million cars CO 2 / year
  • 7. Social Impact Child Labour Bonded Labour
  • 8.
    • Bricks Needed for One House: 5500
    • Total Bricks Required: 550 million
    • Total Kilns Required: 106 kilns for one year
    • Environmental Impact
    • Top Soil Depletion: 106 Acres ; 3 ft deep top soil
    • Deforestation: 50,770 Acres w/o trees for 10 Yrs
    • CO2 Emissions: 316,470 tons of CO2
    • Carbon Credits Admissible: USD $ 4.75 million
    • REDD Plus Credits: In addition
    • Dioxin: 234 gms
    • Financial Impact : PKRs.2750 million ($32m)
    Impact Assessment: 100,000 One Room Shelters
  • 9. 1.9 million Houses TIME SKILLED LABOUR MATERIALS FUNDS A GREEN ALTERNATE TO FIRED CLAY BRICKS COMPRESSED STABILIZED EARTH BLOCKS (CSEB)
  • 10.
    • Low environmental impact
    • Low cost & local production
    • Robust structures (DRR compliant)
    • Community based, owner driven
    • Decades of experience globally
    • Enhanced Thermal Mass
    Compressed & Stabilised Earth Block Technology
  • 11. Sandy soil being mixed with 5% - 7% cem ent Clayey soil being mixed with 7% - 10% Lime Basic Production Principles
  • 12. Local Production of CSEB Machines Type of Press Cost of Press (Rs) Local Production Potential Time of Manufacturing Normal Press 50,000 Yes 10-15 days Interlocking Press 60,000 Yes 10-15 days
  • 13. CSEB Production capacity per day Type of SCEB Sizes of SCEB No. of SCEB / house* Daily output / machine No. of Labour / machine Compressive Strength Standard Block 12 ” x 6 ” x 6 ” 2100 225 2 550 psi Interlocking 12 ” x 8 ” x 6 ” 1550 190 2 550 psi
  • 14. (Non Compressed) Stabilized Earth Blocks (SEBs)
  • 15. Training and Awareness
  • 16. Two Model Houses with CSEB in KPK Union Council Uthmanzai; Charsadda Union Council Omerzai; Charsadda
  • 17. Practical implementation in Sindh – 50 villages in Jacobabad and Kashmore 5000 shelters Hand-pumps DRR in 50 communities Kitchen gardens and tree planting
  • 18. Opportunities and challenges in the field
    • Positive outcomes
    • Building on indigenous methods
    • Local business stimulation
    • Ownership in reconstruction
    • - Logistics and supply
    • Potential challenges
    • Community acceptance
    • Local brick industries
    • Training
    NEXT STEP - PILOTS
  • 19. International Experiences The Inter America Housing Centre Colombia The CINVA Ram
  • 20. Auroville India Flood test: “ 20 years underwater ”
  • 21. Pros and Cons
    • Benefits
    • Environmental
    • Social
    • Economic
    • Logistics
    • Possible Disadvantages
    • Access to Soil
    • Soil Quality
    • Landlords (?)
    • Machine ownership
    • Quality Control
  • 22. Donor Perspective
    • Limited Budgets
    • Tight time-frames
    • Environment “ Do No Harm ” ?
    • Global CO 2 emissions
    • Future disaster-proof (DRR)
    • Livelihood opportunities
  • 23. Follow up & More Info
    • Technical working group possible
    • Online wiki-site under development
    • Focal Point: Tahir Dar
    • Tel: 0333 515 9090
    • Email: [email_address]