Civil War Battles

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Fort Sumter, Monitor/Virginia, Antietam, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Appomattox Court House

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Civil War Battles

  1. 1. Civil war battles
  2. 2. Fort Sumter <ul><li>April 12, 1861 (SOUTH WINS) </li></ul><ul><li>In harbor, near Charleston, South Carolina </li></ul><ul><li>Federal post running low on supplies </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln resupplies fort </li></ul><ul><li>S.C. wants north to leave the fort </li></ul>
  3. 3. Fort Sumter (cont) <ul><li>Confederates fire on the fort </li></ul><ul><ul><li>34 hours of attack </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No one dies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>North surrenders </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lincoln declares South in rebellion and asks Congress for 75,000 troops </li></ul>
  4. 4. USS Monitor vs. CSS Virginia <ul><li>March 9, 1862 (DRAW) </li></ul><ul><li>North Controls the Sea </li></ul><ul><li>Sets up blockade around Southern harbors </li></ul><ul><li>Confederacy builds IRONCLADS = heavily armored iron ships </li></ul>
  5. 5. USS Monitor vs. CSS Virginia (cont) <ul><li>Confederates capture a Union ship and rename it the CSS Virginia </li></ul><ul><li>Attacks USS Monitor (Union ship) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Has revolving gun turret </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Both ships battle, and both ships claim victory </li></ul>
  6. 6. Antietam (Sept 17, 1862) <ul><li>South enters union land - a win would break the North’s spirit </li></ul><ul><li>Gen. McClellan stopped Lee’s advance, but let him get away </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lincoln takes away his command </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If the North advances, may end C.W. early </li></ul>
  7. 7. Antietam (cont) <ul><li>Bloodiest day of war </li></ul><ul><ul><li>N --> 12,000 dead </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>S --> 13,000 dead </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Casualty every 2 secs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Victory used for Emancipation Proclamation </li></ul><ul><li>Clara Barton - untrained in medicine but helped wounded troops </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Later founded Red Cross </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Chancellorsville (Spring 1863) <ul><li>Lee’s greatest military achievement </li></ul><ul><li>Outnumbered by Union troops 2 to 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Defeats Union! </li></ul><ul><li>Gave the U.S. the sense that the South is winning the war and Gen. Lee CANNOT be defeated </li></ul>
  9. 9. Gettysburg (July 1, 1863) <ul><li>75,000 Confederate troops vs. 90,000 Union troops </li></ul><ul><li>Gen. Lee has multiple victories against the Union --> high morale </li></ul><ul><li>South crosses MD border into PA </li></ul><ul><li>Lee’s army needs supplies and he wants to break North’s morale and turn the tide of war </li></ul>
  10. 10. Gettysburg (cont) <ul><li>Lee wanted to rush Union’s center line </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pickett’s Charge --> Gen. Pickett takes largest group of troops to attack Union </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Troops get mowed down </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All men who reached the Union ridge were captured or killed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Only 6,500 Confederates made it back to their own side </li></ul><ul><li>One of bloodiest battles </li></ul><ul><li>Turning point for North </li></ul>
  11. 11. Appomattox Courthouse <ul><li>Confederates surrounded by Gen. Grant’s army </li></ul><ul><li>Lee trapped in Appomattox Courthouse </li></ul><ul><li>Lee signs surrender docs </li></ul><ul><li>Outcome of C.W. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>620,000 Americans die in 4 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>N and S still bitter over the war </li></ul></ul>

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