Sports and physical education play a crucial role in the holistic development of children, adolescents and youth, who constitute not only about 70 per cent of our population but who, as the Prime Minister has repeatedly emphasized, constitute our single most significant human resource advantage over all aging developed societies even on China.
The major constraint in taking sport activity to the grassroots level is the very limited availability of basic sports infrastructure/ facilities in the country. Furthermore, the existing base is largely concentrated in urban areas, which account for roughly 25 per cent of the population.
700 million youth (including children below the age of 13 years) have little or marginal access to sporting facilities. Of these, about 500 million represent rural youth (including children below the age of 13 years), who are relatively even more deprived than their urban counterparts.
It has been acknowledged by one and all that participation in Physical Education and Sports contributes in the development of an individual.
International bodies like UNESCO, WHO & UNICEF all recognize the power of sports in the development of overall personality of an individual.
Government of India has also recognized the importance of Physical Education and Sports and has stated in its National Sports Policy that the participation in Sporting Activities is a must for each and every citizen of the country for developing Health and Physical Fitness .
In order to realize the objectives of National Sport Policy, one of the step initiated by Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports is the launching of a scheme called PYKKA in the year 2008 which envisages the provision of basic infrastructure and trained Kridashrees for involving masses of rural population in sporting activities thereby bringing a sports revolution in the country.
To encourage and promote sports and games among rural youth by providing them with access to basic sports infrastructure and equipment at the panchayat level, and opportunity to participate in sports competitions at the block and district levels, leading to further opportunities for talented sportspersons emerging from this process to receive advanced training and exposure, and participate and excel in state, national and international tournaments.
In order to make people living in rural areas participate in Games & Sports, MYAS had adopted the following approach:
Convening a meeting of both Government and Non-Government expert organizations for chalking out a plan- A series of such meetings led to preparation of Operational Guidelines for PYKKA.
Convening of a meeting of Sports Ministers and Director of Sports of all the States/UT’s at Delhi to inform about the scheme and the contribution of Centre State in popularizing the scheme for the benefit of the rural population.
The details of break-up of Curriculum content for the Training of Master Trainers is as follows:
S.No. Specific Aspect Percentage 01 Sports Related Theory Topics 15% 02 Sports for Development 24% 03 Sports Practical Classes 51.3% 04 Right to Play 1.7% 05 Classes for Disabled 2.6% 06 Sports Competitions 4.3%
PYKKA Kridashree Master Trainer Module was developed through the resource material supplied by different agencies, namely, LNUPE, Gwalior, Sport Authority of India- NSNIS Patiala, NYKS, UNICEF, Magic Bus, etc.
UNICEF played a pivotal role in bringing out a PYKKA Kridashree Master Trainer Module as well as supplying adequate number of copies for distribution.
PYKKA Mission Directorate provided Training Material for 20 Sports for which all the relevant material was provided by LNUPE, Gwalior and NSNIS, Patiala.
PYKKA Scheme has been able to achieve its objectives for the first year to a great extent as a total of 557 Master Trainers have been produced in the year 2009-10 and about 22000 Kridashrees have been trained in different states/UT’s of the country.
Block, District, State and National Level Competitions have organized.
The Scheme has brought about a Sports Revolution in the Country.
Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports, Govt. of India and all the agencies associated with PYKKA realise that PYKKA is a mammoth task and to ensure its effectiveness, dedication is the key word and it is likely to take time. The stake holders and citizens need to have patience.
There is a need for a coordinated and concentrated effort on the part of different agencies.
In order to make the programme inclusive, a tremendous effort needs to made in order to bring awareness in the society.
A big challenge to be conquered is with regard to monitoring of the programme.
It is realized that a humble beginning has been made, inputs are being collected from various sources, a planning for mid course revision has been undertaken so as to choose a most appropriate path keeping Indian condition in mind. For instance, A Scheme of Games & sports for persons with disability has been started as a result of feedback received from various agencies.