Presentperfect vs pastsimple

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A way to introduce and contrast present perfect and past simple

A way to introduce and contrast present perfect and past simple

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  • 1. Present Perfect vs.Past Simple
  • 2. Present PerfectVerb To SeeAFFIRMATIVEI have seenYou have seenHe/ she/ it has seenWe have seenYou have seenThey have seenI sawYou sawHe/ she/ it sawWe sawYou sawThey sawPast Simplesubject Have/ has Past participleSubject Past Simple - list
  • 3. Present PerfectVerb To SeeNEGATIVEI haven’t seenYou haven’t seenHe/ she/ it hasn’t seenWe haven’t seenYou haven’t seenThey haven’t seenI didn’t seeYou didn’t seeHe/ she/ it didn’t seeWe didn’t seeYou didn’t seeThey didn’t seePast Simplesubject Have/ has +not Past participle Subject Didn’t Infinitive
  • 4. Present PerfectVerb To SeeINTERROGATIVEhave I seenhave you seenhas He/ she/ it seenhave We seenhave you seenhave they seenDid I seeDid You seeDid He/ she/ it seeDid We seeDid You seeDid They seePast SimpleHave/ has subject Past participle Did Subject Infinitive
  • 5. PresentperfectPastsimple
  • 6. We don’t sayexactly whenthe actionhappened.Present PerfectWe say exactlywhen theactionhappened.Past simple
  • 7. PRESENT PERFECT• I have been to Londonbut I haven’t been toOxford.(past experience)• I’ve cut my finger.(recent past action)• They have been marriedfor 20 years.(unfinished states)PAST SIMPLE• I was in London lastsummer.(on one specific ocasion)• I cut my finger last night.(I say when)• He was married to Jane3 years.(he is not married now)
  • 8. With the presentperfect, we talkabout the presentresults or theeffects of the pastactions.Present Perfect Past simpleWith the pastsimple, we talkabout whathappened in thepast.
  • 9. Present PerfectEverNeverJustAlreadyYetSinceForWhen we ask or talk about past experiences. They gobefore the main verb.Have you ever been to Italy?/I’ve never been to Italy.Just and already go before the main verb in+ sentences, yet goes at the ende of-sentences and ?With a point of time: since 2004With a period of time: for two weeks
  • 10. Past simpleYesterdayLast week/month/year/lesson3 years ago1997