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Is there a successful ID model?A practitioners perspective on working with models indesigning eLearning environmentsNational Seminar on eLearning and eLearning Technologies(ELELTECH INDIA-2005), Hyderabad. Madhuri Dubey, Ph.D
The Instructional Design perspective An instructional designer designs learnscapes by formulating and implementing appropriate learning strategies. This involves making design decisions under different circumstances to facilitate successful learning.
Some examples Repurposing Learning Objects Blended Learning
What guides our decisions Formal training Theories Experience Models Case studies Informal knowledge sharing
ID Models ADDIE Dick and Carey Gagne and Briggs ModelThese models are built on theories like: Behaviorist theories Cognitive theories Constructivist theories
Why Models Simplify a process Gain from generic and universal knowledge Based on certain principles Exemplary, theoretical constructs Models can be customized …
ADDIE Model Content, context and learner, prepare the course structure, develop instructional strategyCourse evaluation by thelearners, strategies for Design (instructional andfeedback visual) is validated by the SME Storyboarding, graphics, Deployment of the authoring, course, user testing, beta release and review Review of authored lessons, learning objects
Practicing a discipline is different fromemulating a model. Peter M Senge The Fifth Discipline
The Context Where is the learning taking place? Home, office, informal situation When is the learner accessing the content? Time, occasion How is the learner learning the content? Self-learning, community, with colleagues Infrastructure Internet, CD, LMS, kiosk, other delivery media
The Content What is the content? How is it taught, learnt? What are the course goals?
The Learners What is the detailed learner profile? What is the purpose of learning? What are the preferred learning styles?
Applying theory to practice Cognitivis Behaviorism m ConstructivismAdult learningtheory(Andragogy) Design Principles •Information design •Interaction design
Questions for InstructionalDesigners What is the type of content? Why are we designing the course? Who are the learners? When would they learn? Where would they learn? How would they access the course?
Experiential models Practical and eclectic knowledge Getting the big picture Making sense of information Qualitative evaluation Emphasis on team synergies
Practical and eclectic knowledge Action and reflection Asking questions - What, When, Why, Where, Who, How Documenting learning experiences from each project Any other systematic efforts at capturing processes
Getting the BIG picture Evolve holistic approaches to Instructional Design Understand the interdependencies Look for patterns and relationships
Making sense of information Inundated with information on elearning design and technology Meaningful application of knowledge Strategic value from information
Sample grid for information capture Important points new ideas what I know where can I apply it example of an application
Qualitative evaluation Blend quantitative and qualitative techniques of learner / course evaluation Build an on-going feedback mechanism Seek opportunities for informal interactions and inputs
Emphasis on team synergiesWorking towards synergies with other team members Instructional Design Visual Design Technology Subject Expertise