Nation building


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Success and Failure of Nation Building- Political Sociology; Wallerstein; Report

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Nation building

  1. 1. Success and Failure in Nation-Building
  2. 2. Why do some societies achieve great success in creating a modern nation-state whereas others don’t?
  3. 3. • The notion of political order or stability. With no instability or violence. • The notion of change and upheaval. • Anything that resembles the democratic regimes of Western Europe or the United States. • Requires the erection of a communist regime.
  4. 4. BLACK’S DEFINITION: • Policy making has become consolidated and routine. • Regular means of replacing political leadership. • Recognition of the citizen’s interest from the political leaders. • There exists an active machinery of the state.
  5. 5. What is it that accounts for the success of some society and failure of others?
  6. 6. TIME!
  7. 7. The principal obstacle lies not in the realm of time but in the system of economic interdependence among advanced and developing nation- states.
  8. 8. Wallerstein’s World-System Involves core, peripheral and semi-peripheral countries.
  9. 9. Core countries control and benefit from the global market. They are usually recognized as wealthy nations with a wide variety of resources and are in a favorable location compared to other states.
  10. 10. Are the industrializing, mostly capitalist countries which are positioned between the periphery and core countries.
  11. 11. Are less developed than the semi- periphery and core countries. These countries usually receive a disproportionately small share of global wealth. They have weak state institutions and are dependent on developed countries.
  12. 12. What is a WORLD- SYSTEM?
  13. 13. The dominant ones receive greater share of material and symbolic tribute in the world.
  14. 14. A system in which its foundations lie in a world economy that had its origins in capitalist agriculture.
  15. 15. The network of ties is evident in specific forms of economic trade, political relations and social exchanges that flow from one country to another.
  16. 16. There exist a social division of labor in which those individual from each interdepending countries perform different functions.
  17. 17. World-economy The heart of world-system
  18. 18. Constituents may change in the degree of their importance to the system hence their stratification.
  19. 19. Why have some societies been less successful in establishing the qualities of a modern nation- states?
  20. 20. They have occupied subordinate positions in the modern world- system/world economy.
  21. 21. What are the network and hierarchy of relations that relegate some countries to the top position and others to mere followers?
  22. 22. J.A Hobson: Imperialism • He explained how the Western Europe established economic dominance. • Capitalism in Europe had worked through the direction of the government to control territories that is essential to its success.
  23. 23. Important Distinctions Imperialism • Imperialism is described where a foreign government governs a territory without significant settlement. • exercising power over the conquered regions either through sovereignty or indirect mechanisms of control. Colonialism • A term used to describe the settlement of places like India, New Zealand and Brazil, which were all controlled by the Europeans. • one can see great movement of people to the new territory and living as permanent settlers.
  24. 24. Harry Magdoff: a new form of imperialism arose with the end of WWII in which the United States came to replace England as the major figure of economic and political strength.
  25. 25. Some uncertainties of nation-states: • Effort of leaders to submerge ties of commitment to social groups of the nation-state. • Tensions and conflicts between the nation-state and the MNC’s and TNC’s.
  26. 26. END…