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Success and Failure of Nation Building- Political Sociology; Wallerstein; Report

Success and Failure of Nation Building- Political Sociology; Wallerstein; Report

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  • 1. Success and Failure in Nation-Building
  • 2. Why do some societies achieve great success in creating a modern nation-state whereas others don’t?
  • 3. • The notion of political order or stability. With no instability or violence. • The notion of change and upheaval. • Anything that resembles the democratic regimes of Western Europe or the United States. • Requires the erection of a communist regime.
  • 4. BLACK’S DEFINITION: • Policy making has become consolidated and routine. • Regular means of replacing political leadership. • Recognition of the citizen’s interest from the political leaders. • There exists an active machinery of the state.
  • 5. What is it that accounts for the success of some society and failure of others?
  • 6. TIME!
  • 7. The principal obstacle lies not in the realm of time but in the system of economic interdependence among advanced and developing nation- states.
  • 8. Wallerstein’s World-System Involves core, peripheral and semi-peripheral countries.
  • 9. Core countries control and benefit from the global market. They are usually recognized as wealthy nations with a wide variety of resources and are in a favorable location compared to other states.
  • 10. Are the industrializing, mostly capitalist countries which are positioned between the periphery and core countries.
  • 11. Are less developed than the semi- periphery and core countries. These countries usually receive a disproportionately small share of global wealth. They have weak state institutions and are dependent on developed countries.
  • 12. What is a WORLD- SYSTEM?
  • 13. The dominant ones receive greater share of material and symbolic tribute in the world.
  • 14. A system in which its foundations lie in a world economy that had its origins in capitalist agriculture.
  • 15. The network of ties is evident in specific forms of economic trade, political relations and social exchanges that flow from one country to another.
  • 16. There exist a social division of labor in which those individual from each interdepending countries perform different functions.
  • 17. World-economy The heart of world-system
  • 18. Constituents may change in the degree of their importance to the system hence their stratification.
  • 19. Why have some societies been less successful in establishing the qualities of a modern nation- states?
  • 20. They have occupied subordinate positions in the modern world- system/world economy.
  • 21. What are the network and hierarchy of relations that relegate some countries to the top position and others to mere followers?
  • 22. J.A Hobson: Imperialism • He explained how the Western Europe established economic dominance. • Capitalism in Europe had worked through the direction of the government to control territories that is essential to its success.
  • 23. Important Distinctions Imperialism • Imperialism is described where a foreign government governs a territory without significant settlement. • exercising power over the conquered regions either through sovereignty or indirect mechanisms of control. Colonialism • A term used to describe the settlement of places like India, New Zealand and Brazil, which were all controlled by the Europeans. • one can see great movement of people to the new territory and living as permanent settlers.
  • 24. Harry Magdoff: a new form of imperialism arose with the end of WWII in which the United States came to replace England as the major figure of economic and political strength.
  • 25. Some uncertainties of nation-states: • Effort of leaders to submerge ties of commitment to social groups of the nation-state. • Tensions and conflicts between the nation-state and the MNC’s and TNC’s.
  • 26. END…