Mozambique

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All about the country of Mozambique

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Mozambique

  1. 1. MOZAMBIQUE
  2. 2. Demographics: Capital: Maputo Total Land Area: 801,590 km2 Population: 23,929,708(2011 est.) Net migration rate: -2.13 migrant(s)/1,000(2012 est.) Official Language: Portuguese Life expectancy: male: 51.26 years female: 52.8 years (2012 est.) Literacy Rate: total population: 56.1% male: 70.8% female: 42.8% (2010 est.) Religion: Christians 56.1%; Muslims 17.9%; 7.3% Others; 18.7% None
  3. 3. The Politics of Mozambique
  4. 4. Government: Presidential Representative Democratic Republic Two Major Political Parties: 1. FRELIMO Party- Frente de Libertação de Moçambique 2. RENAMO Party- Mozambican National Resistance
  5. 5. The Executive Branch
  6. 6. PRESIDENT Aramando Guebuza Functions: • Head of the State • Head of the Government • Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces • A symbol of national unity • Elected every five years for a maximum of two terms
  7. 7. PRIME MINISTER Alberto Vaquina Functions: • Convening and chairing the Council of Ministers (cabinet) • Advising the President • Assisting the President in governing the country • Coordinating the functions of the other Ministers
  8. 8. The Legislative Branch
  9. 9. ASSEMBLY OF THE REPUBLIC President: Eduardo Joaquim Mulembwe Secretary General: Carlos Manuel Speaker of the Assembly: Macamo Veronica Nataniel
  10. 10. • 250 members who are directly elected through a system of Party-list proportional representation and serve five-year terms. • Parties must receive at least five percent of the vote nationally to gain parliamentary representation.
  11. 11. Currently only three parties are represented in the Parliament: FRELIMO, RENAMO and Democratic Movement of Mozambique
  12. 12. The Judicial Branch
  13. 13. The judiciary comprises a Supreme Court and provincial, district, and municipal courts.
  14. 14. The Economy of Mozambique
  15. 15. Currency: Mozambican Metical (MZN) Minimum legal salary: US$60 GDP : total: $26.257 Billion (2012 est.) per capita: $1,169 GDP composition by sector: agriculture: 31.8% industry: 24.6% services: 43.6% (2012 est.) Budget: revenues: $4.37 Billion expenditure: $5.324 Billion Budget Surplus (+) or deficit (-): -6.5% of GDP Inflation: 3.5% (2012 est.)
  16. 16. AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS cotton, cashew nuts, sugarcane, tea, cassava (tapioca), corn, coconuts, sisal, citrus and tropical fruits, potatoes, sunflowers; beef, poultry INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS aluminum, petroleum products, chemicals (fertilizer, soap, paints), textiles, cement, glass, asbestos, tobacco, food, beverages
  17. 17. EXPORTS $3.516 billion (2012 est.) Commodities: aluminum, prawns, cashews, cotton, sugar, citrus, timber; bulk electricity Partners: (2011 est.) South Africa 28.9% Belgium 15.1% Italy 11.8% Spain 8.5% China 6.6%
  18. 18. IMPORTS $5.373 billion (2012 est.) Commodities: machinery and equipment, vehicles, fuel, chemicals, metal products, foodstuffs, textiles Partners: (2011 est.) South Africa 35.4% China 10.2% India 8.4% US 6.6% Australia 6.1% Portugal 4.4%
  19. 19. • In 2000 and 2001 Mozambique was hit by floods which affected about a quarter of the population and destroyed much of its infrastructure. • In 2002 a severe drought hit many central and southern parts of the country, including previously flood-stricken areas.
  20. 20. • The devastating floods slowed GDP growth to 2.1% but a full recovery was achieved with growth of 14.8%. • In 2012, large natural gas reserves were discovered in Mozambique, revenues from which might dramatically change the economy.
  21. 21. END

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