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March2012March 2013 FINAL ISSUE Volume 1 Issue 2LIWANAG * *Brightness or luminosityAn AMORE Program Newsletter Off-grid Rural Electrification Intensified
“ It’s been truly an honor and pleasure working with all of you! 2 Communities Radiate AMORE Program Project MapT he Alliance for Mindanao and Multi- 7 Strategies for Sustainability Bringing Modern Energy Sources to Regional Renewable/Rural Energy Development From The COP’s Desk Rural Households Firing Up Students’ Learning throughor AMORE Program is Modern Education And so here we are – after over ten years of doing rurala collaboration among electrification work – near the end of the road. Equipmentthe Department of Pumping Up Healthier Lives through “Rural electrification work” sounds fairly straightforward; but for thoseEnergy, United States outside the sector, the innocent phrase does not quite completely access to Safe WaterAgency for International capture the complexity of the challenge, the necessity for multi-trackDevelopment, SunPower processes in search for solutions, and the richness the experience 13 The Workers has given both us at the Program, and the rural community AMORE Staff SurveyFoundation and Winrock stakeholders. Our PartnersInternational toward What have we really done these past ten years?electrification of remote, I can, of course, say that the Program has brought renewable energy 19 Their Storiesoff-grid rural communities access to over 30,000 households in nearly 500 villages, or that How BRECDAs get to play their we have brought electricity to nearly 400 schools, or that we have CARD rightusing renewable energy given safe water access to nearly 30,000 rural households. But,sources such as solar and indeed, it is that time in every Program life where one looks beyond Rural Schools hold on to new found the figures and statistics, and the glossy newspaper and magazinemicro-hydro. articles and features, and asks oneself: What real legacy are we “power” leaving behind? A Tale of Two Communities Even as we ask ourselves this question, a number of BRECDAs – whose safe water source is harnessed the local community associations that we had organized in each by energy from the sun village – in Davao, Maguindanao, Zamboanga, Basilan, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi are slowly entering the solar PV business in partnership with renewable energy suppliers and microfinance institutions. Even 27 Our two cents’ worth Lessons on Rural Electrification: as we ponder the question of our legacy, members of communities look forward to their new roles – and indeed new life – as skilled the AMORE Experience technician, project manager, or entrepreneur. What we have done is transfer the skills necessary to members of the community so that they may successfully continue where we’re leaving off. We understand that it is only through them that the benefits of rural electrification could sustainably radiate to every household in each of their villages and beyond. It’s been a long, winding, and equally exciting and challenging road. And it is one we are eternally grateful that you, our partners, have r chosen to walk on with us. newslette It’s been truly an honor and pleasure working with all of you! Contents Laurie B. Navarro Chief of Party
CommunitiesRadiateOver the past ten years, AMORE has worked with people from nearly 500 villages in more than100 towns and cities around the country.Find out where these Communities-through which the benefits of renewable energy andsafe water access could Radiate outwards to more rural residents–are.
4 5 GENERAL PROJECT TALLY Household Electrifica- School Electrification and Water, Sanitation tion Distance Education & Hygiene AREA Number of Households Number of Schools Number of Households Phase 3 Phase 3 Phase 3 TOTAL TOTAL TOTAL (2009-2013) (2009-2013) (2009-2013)BASILAN 4220 1520 13 13 2739SULU 9624 5062 59 4 5399 427TAWI-TAWI 6330 3780 59 29LANAO DEL SUR 94 1MAGUINDANAO 10011 6194 74 21 1800 8247SULTAN KUDARAT 791 423 33 25 4633AGUSAN DEL SUR 6 6ZAMBOANGA CITY 437 317 8 6 405 405ZAMBOANGA DEL SUR 810 23 391ZAMBOANGA DEL NORTE 74 25 11 3223 474ZAMBOANGA SIBUGAY 390 12 5 365BUKIDNON 3 3DAVAO CITY 887 781 10 10DAVAO DEL NORTE 120 60DAVAO DEL SUR 85 85SAMAL ISLAND 4 4NORTH COTABATO 2 2SARANGANI 13 13 1076 1076SOUTH COTABATO 250 250 4 4 5215 5215BATANGAS 12 12LAGUNA 1 1NCR 1 1QUEZON 2 2 2000 2000PALAWAN 2 2 465 465 GRAND TOTAL: 34123 18472 367 174 26030 19990
Strategiesfor Sustainability After all the work is done, AMORE withdraws from the community and leaves a people not only with access to electricity, but a community with the power and the ability to further the work that AMORE had begun. Through carefully thought out Strategies for Sustainability, AMORE has transferred appropriate knowledge and skills to community associations, linked them up with relevant organizations, and put in place mainstreaming institutional mechanisms.
8 9 Microfinance InstitutionsBRINGING O ver the years, the Alliance for Mindanao and Multi- and Renewable Energy Suppliers:MODERN regional Renewable/Rural Energy Development (AMORE) program has slowly built and beefed up the elements constituting sustainable rural electrification. the link to affordable PV technologyENERGY From national, regional and provincial institutions down to the community level, the program has set in motion R olled out in December 2011, and Rural Development-BusinessSERVICES innovative approaches and put in place mechanisms to help ensure that the benefits of renewable energy lighting AMORE’s Business Development Assistance (BDA) scheme delivered Development Services Foundation, Inc. (CARD-BDFSI) to do businessTO RURAL not only be sustained for years to come by AMORE- 2,500 units of various capacities of with them. The MFI loaned out to energized communities, but also be extended to more off- solar PV products to 26 communities each BRECDA an initial 50,000-peso grid rural households in the Mindanao region and beyond.HOUSEHOLDS across Mindanao. Sourced from worth of solar PV products (payable renewable energy suppliers, the PV in six months), which the BRECDAs in products did not only mean start-up turn leased out to members of their capital inventory for the BRECDAs villages. And owing to a high collection but also translated to business for performance by the two BRECDAs, Microfinance Institution the PV companies. More than 6 CARD has recently upgraded their & renewable energy companies – both credit limit to 150,000 pesos. Renewabl e Energy those operating nationally andCommunity Association: Supplier with provincial/regional focus – participated in AMORE activities – e.g. CARD is continuing to expand its solar operations in Mindanao, havingthe pivotal force that drives rural PV electrification product exhibitions – that aim to begun to do business with BRECDAs promote renewable energy technology in Maguindanao, Tawi-tawi and the as a viable energy option for rural Zamboanga Peninsula, while looking A t the core of AMORE’s rural electrification efforts is the local community organizations. Started as mere recipients of development assistance, members Women in the communities were given special attention by the program, and were looked upon as another group that is in a special position to drive areas. to become the primary partner of Parents-Teachers Associations in Solar PV business is catching on so that Sulu and Basilan in the school-based of village associations called the Barangay Renewable electrification efforts in rural areas. In cooperation microfinance institutions (MFIs) have associations’ efforts to join the solar PV Energy and Community Development Association or with activity partners, Asian Development Bank and also ventured into it. With 600,000 business. BRECDA have gone beyond passive acceptance of Copper Alliance-Southeast Asia, AMORE launched pesos total accumulated revenue grants and donations to being the primary drivers a series of all-women training workshops on PV between the Bantol and Magsaysay AMORE has linked the BRECDAs to of rural PV electrification. With members’ technical, installation and servicing where a total of 66 women BRECDAs in the Marilog District of financing and technology sources organizational, financial systems and entrepreneurial from 50 villages across 18 municipalities in Davao, Davao City, the two BRECDAs were so that the communities’ solar PV skills beefed up through appropriate trainings and Maguindanao, Sulu, Tawi-Tawi able to get the Center for Agriculture business may expand beyond AMORE’s capacity-building activities, the BRECDA is the force and the Zamboanga Peninsula, program life. that is well-positioned to spread the benefits of participated. Community renewable energy lighting to off-grid rural villages Association in Mindanao. Of the 474 BRECDAs organized by AMORE since 2002, 50 had been assessed to be still functioning as an organization by 2010. Sixteen (16) of these showed tremendous potential to be entrepreneurs, and they were aptly guided by the program for their new role in rural electrification. TESDA Motolite & Philippine Recycl ers, Inc.Technical Educationand Skills Development Authority: Motolite and Philippine Recyclers, Inc.:institutionalizing solar photovoltaic technology education keeping clean energy technology truly cleanA long with the growth of the solar PV market in in 2011, the Technical Education and Skills Development To systematize the disposal of junk Corporation, and the recycling which then buys the ULABs from the and the environment. Appropriate servicing and design. An initial batch of 21 trainers batteries in AMORE-assisted barangays organization Philippine Recyclers, Inc. BRECDA and transports them for information materials in the form of Mindanao comes the challenge of providing Authority (TESDA) in the Autonomous Region in and assessors graduated under these programmes where solar PV equipment are used, (PRI), for the collection and recycling recycling to PRI. Residents of the village handouts, posters and tarpaulins wereafter-sales services and necessary manpower support Muslim Mindanao (ARMM), with help from AMORE, and now train other would-be PV technicians all the program facilitated the forging of used lead-acid batteries or ULAB. have been trained on proper battery disseminated to the BRECDAs, schoolsfor PV industry development on the areas of PV conducted a training course designed to prepare over the region, helping build a sufficient pool of PV of tripartite partnership agreements Under the agreement, the BRECDA handling, and are aware of the toxic and other local partners, to provideinstallation, servicing and design. For four years, the would-be trainers and assessors in conducting experts that will adequately support the growing PV among the BRECDA, battery distributor, collects ULABs from the households in elements in a battery and its potential these organizations with the procedureprogram worked to mainstream PV education into the the newly promulgated three National PV Training market. Oriental Motolite Marketing the village and then contacts Motolite, harmful effects to human health and system to handle, manage andnational technical-vocational education system, and Certification courses on PV systems installation, dispose the toxic materials.
10 11 PUMPING UP HEALTHEIR LIVES THROUGH ACCESS TO SAFE WATER AMORE went back to the schools and communities that have been using a safe water system for six months or longer, and these are what we found out:Kaya matibay Mag-impok para Residents, especially women and children, spend less timeang walis, sa tag-ulan. 1 fetching water. Rural villagers used to spend as much as an hour and twenty minutes fetching water, and with a newpalibhasa’y (Save for a rainy day.) source for potable water, fetching time now ranges between five and twelve minutes, giving residents an opportunity tonabibigkis. devote more time for more productive activities.(Strong is the broom whosesticks are bound.) A s the solar photovoltaic system saves energy onto the batteries for use beyond daytime, including rainy days, the schools Villagers now have more water at their disposal. From as little as 5 liters per person per day, the volume of water a person and communities that host them are also uses has gone up up to 60 liters, making rural residentsA t the center of AMORE’s efforts on sustainability is the participation fromand cooperation among all stakeholders – enjoined to save up for when technical troubles in the system occurred. able to go about their daily tasks more easily. Prior to the construction of the water systems, residents limited their water use to drinking and cooking owing to the distance ofparents, teachers, students, and education Through policies and mechanisms crafted by To keep the water and benefits continuously flowing from the water sources and the significant cost of buying water frominstitutions. At the very beginning of the the schools and communities themselves, an potable water systems constructed by AMORE and its partners far sources. With a more convenient source of water and aproject, members of the local community operation and maintenance fund is regularly in rural schools and communities, the program once again more abundant supply, villagers now use water for cleaning, doing laundry, gardening, and most important, to maintainare encouraged to take ownership of filled, and this will ensure availability of looks to the very people the safe water projects serve. good hygiene.the project, and are equipped with the funds for the purchase of new batteries (atnecessary technical and organizational least PHP22,500 or USD550) which can run To date the program has facilitated the formation of twelve (12)know-how to make the most out of the out in three years. The Parents-Teachers Barangay Water Associations or BAWASAs that will take care of Households and schools spend less money for water. Tosolar-powered educational television, as Association (PTA) handles the annual the water systems’ operation and maintenance. Of the twelve 3 have water transported to them from neighboring villages, orwell as ICT (Information and Communication collection of fees from parents and safekeeps BAWASAs, ten have been registered with the Department of Labor sometimes, across bodies of water, households and schools the money in a bank account registered spend from 2,000 to 3,000 pesos a month. Fees collectedTechnology), equipment, and for the longest and Employment as people’s organizations. by the BAWASAs and PCTAs (Parents-Community-Teacherspossible time. under name of the PTA. Association) for the use of the water system, meanwhile, Beyond managing the water projects, BAWASAs have all undergone would only range from 100 to 450 pesos monthly.A major achievement for the program is Recently, AMORE performed an O&M fund organizational capacity building trainings to prepare them for theirgetting recognition from the Department collection monitoring, and results indicate an role as catalysts for development in their respective communities.of Education for the impacts that distance average 60 percent collection rate. Schoolseducation technologies cause to the students’ where the solar PV systems and educationaleducation. This recognition has made the equipment were consistently used by thegovernment agency commit to oversee teachers posted good collection rate, whilethe use and maintenance of the facility in schools where some technical problems (e.g.concerned rural schools. Coordinators have busted electric outlet, defective regulator,been assigned from the schools division up etc.) had occurred failed to reach 50 percentto the regional levels to regularly monitor collection.the use and effectiveness of the renewableenergy-powered educational television. Ang kabataan ang pag-asa ng bayan. (Our children are the hope of our future.) T he AMORE program believes in this popular line no less than Jose Rizal himself did, and that is why the program has invested in modern Solar photovoltaic modules power up televisions and computers – all too common in urban areas but still a rarity in these parts of the country – While AMORE’s school electrification projects are all about modernizing education methods, in this issue of LIWANAG, we look towards old adages for technology to help in the education of young to give students, who, until then had relied on hand the wisdom that we will be wise to remember if the students in rural areas, particularly, in Mindanao. drawn visuals, a better and clearer picture of the benefits of modern technology in these rural areas lessons of the modern world. are to be sustained.
The WorkersBringing electricity to rural villages in the far corners of the country is no easy task. But, always,where there is a worthy cause, there will always be people who would be willing to devote time andenergy, the distance and a great many challenges not withstanding.AMORE employed over 200 regular staff members over the course of ten years. Let’s hear from someof The Workers that helped bring light and water to distant communities.
14 15 What are the places you frequently visited while working What are the places you frequently visited while working What are the places you frequently visited while working for What is your most memorable experience at AMORE? for Amore? for Amore? Amore? Site visit to Mindanao with the Accounting guys Maguindanao, Sulu, Basilan, Zamboanga Zamboanga, Davao, Pangapuyan Marbel, South Cotabato; Zamboanga City; Bongao, T awi-Tawi from Zamboanga and Koronadal What is your favorite project site? What is your favorite project site? What is your favorite project site? What are your thoughts about our development efforts Brgy. Renti, North Upi, Maguindanao Pangapuyan, Zamboanga City The beaches of Sulu, Basilan and T awi-Tawi in Mindanao? If personal interest is set aside for real What is your most memorable experience at AMORE? What is your most memorable experience at AMORE? What is your most memorable experience at AMORE? development, not only Mindanao, but the entire Being stranded in a barangay in Upi during a storm. 1) Witnessing the happiness the project brings to 1) staff summer outings; 2) habal-habal and boat rides to our country would prosper. We were also almost hit by a bullet while travelling on a communities, and seeing how their lives change because barangays; 3) On a very brief stopover in an island barangay Cecille Rodriguez habal-habalinterviewed aMarsh. But the most memorable was when I in Ligwasan hardened MILF commander Rowena dela Cruz of these; 2) Working with peopleBeinggenuinelygroup who care Jane Deita in Basilan where the Chapmans had been held hostage, we were instructed to cover our heads and not look at anyone Ramoncito Madridejos Amore Staff from IEC Coordinator; about the program’s mission; 3) part of a M&E Manager Accounting Assistant 2004-present Finance and hiding in a barangay near Ligawasan Marsh who told me that is bound by a strong desire to do good. lest we be mistaken to be spies Documentation Administrative Officer 37 Yrs Old Current Organization & Position in all honesty “War is not the only thing in our minds.” Accounting Assistant at Winrock International Manager 41 Yrs Old What is the most important lesson you’ve learned here What is the most important lesson you’ve learned here in Amore Staff from What is the most important lesson you’ve learned here in AMORE? AMORE? 40 Yrs Old 2006-2009 Amore Staff from 2003-2012 in AMORE? A strong conviction in the cause by everybody is what Always wrap your things in plastic before travelling - more What are the places you frequently visited while working Humility makes a group achieve its objectives. often than not, it will get wet! for Amore? Amore Staff from Current Organization Current Organization & 2003-2006; & Position Position Maguindanao, Sulu, Tawi-Tawi What are your thoughts about our development efforts What are your thoughts about our development efforts What are your thoughts about our development efforts in 2010-present Operations officer at M&E consultant for an in Mindanao? in Mindanao? Mindanao? What is your favorite project site? the World Bank education project Respect for the unique culture and people of Mindanao Mindanao is a very beautiful place. If help continues Peace will be achieved if we work together. Coastal Area in Maguindanao; Lugus, Sulu Current Organization - that is all it takes to achieve peace in this land. The to pour and development is achieved, I’m certain that & Position government and non-Mindanaoans are taking decades to Mindanao will be all the more known, foremost, because What is your most memorable experience at AMORE? AMORE understand that. of its beauty. Being trapped in a sandbar in Sitangkai island, Tawi-Tawi at 10 at night; teaching BRECDAs bookkeeping techniques. Mateo de Guzman What is the most important lesson you’ve learned here M&E Specialist What are the places you frequently visited while working What are the places you frequently visited while working What are the places you frequently visited while in AMORE? for Amore? for Amore? working for Amore? To always act with caution when at a new place, and to 48 Yrs Old South and Central Mindanao; Zamboanga Peninsula; Brgy. Pantawan, Buldon Maguindanao; Brgy. Gadong Jolo, Basilan, Tawi-Tawi, Zamboanga Peninsula observe carefully. Basilan; Quezon Province; Coron, Palawan and Ruminimbang, Barira, Maguindanao; Brgy. Kidama, Amore Staff from Matnog, Maguindanao What is your favorite project site? What are your thoughts about our development efforts 2004-2013 What is your favorite project site? 1) Kamamburingan, Tipo-Tipo, Basilan: this is one in Mindanao? Kahikukuk, Tongkil, Sulu: Its white, virginal beaches What is your favorite project site? area not easily visited by many, especially the If people learned to be not misguidedly dependent untouched by development and man’s greed is truly a All those villages military; 2) Titik, Siayan, Zamboanga del Norte: on politicians for help, and if they practiced discipline, site to behold. The mangroves backdropped by the pastel broke my shoes after five hours of walking; 3) Mindanao has a huge potential for development. colors of the sunset is a perfect setting for a diehard What is your most memorable experience at AMORE? Kahikukuk, Tongkil, Sulu: very accommodating Julius Oliveros romantic like me. Bainot ‘Vines’ When, shortly after giving birth, I travelled from Brgy. Meti, Jayson Llanda residents; 4) Simunol area: good Malay food North Upi, Maguindanao to Lebak, Sultan Kudarat, and What are the places you frequently visited while working Senior Safe Water Kalanganan-Andao Renewable Energy Specialist; Social What is your most memorable experience at AMORE? almost died, first, from falling off a horse, and then from Community the huge waves. I also remember going to a community Engineer What is your most memorable experience at for Amore? Projects Manager; When I had a tough talk with a village captain to make AMORE? Marilog District, Davao City development worker where I had to walk for six hours. WASH Manager sure that project materials were used for what it was 35 Yrs Old People screaming and crying because of huge intended. Twenty bags of cement for water system waves threatening to overturn the boat. What is your favorite project site? construction became 25 after that talk. 30 Yrs Old What is the most important lesson you’ve learned here 46 Yrs Old Amore Staff from Marilog District, Davao City in AMORE? Amore Staff since Sacrifice for a community that’s worse off than you 2003-2012 What is the most important lesson you’ve learned Amore Staff since What is the most important lesson you’ve learned here here in AMORE? What is your most memorable experience at AMORE? in AMORE? 2004-2007 I learned to value what I have after seeing so 2004-2013 Waiting for three hours for the fog to clear so I can Know who your friends are. What are your thoughts about our development efforts many people, especially children, without the resume my journey home from the village Current Organization & in Mindanao? conveniences that I enjoy. What are your thoughts about our development efforts Position So long as so many more people are poor in Mindanao, Eduardo Tuscano What is the most important lesson you’ve learned here in Mindanao? Youth Organizer at development could never be achieved. What are your thoughts about our development Community in AMORE? Unless the people of Mindanao display unity, harmony Kadtuntaya efforts in Mindanao? development worker Always be punctual, courteous and honest. Most of all, and peace among themselves (particularly for Muslim Foundation, Inc. I’m not very positive at the moment about exercise common sense. Mindanao), development will still have a long way to go development in Mindanao. 48 Yrs Old What are your thoughts about our development efforts Amore Staff from in Mindanao? 2012-present Get to the root of conflict so that development could ensue. Develop human capital, livelihood, and practice good governance. What are the places you frequently visited while working for What are the places you frequently visited while working Amore? What are the places you frequently visited while working for Amore? ARMM DepEd Regional, Division and District Offices; Agusan for Amore? Maguindanao; Cotabato City del Sur, Maguindanao, Tawi-T (most often) awi All over Mindanao What are the places you frequently visited while working for Amore? What is your favorite project site? What is your favorite project site? What is your favorite project site? All project areas (including those outside Mindanao) Bongo Island Isla Verde and Tingloy Island in Batangas; Tawi-Tawi; Davao Roxas, Zamboanga del Norte: when you get to the village some hundreds of meters above sea level, you feel that What is your favorite project site? What is your most memorable experience at AMORE? you’re so close to the skies that if you reached out you The islands comprising the new municipality of Taboan-Lasa in What is your most memorable experience at AMORE? the Province of Basilan with their unspoiled beaches and extra My first encounter/meeting with MILF commanders 1) Seeing a machine gun for the first time on my way to can touch the sky. large curachas! What is the most important lesson you’ve learned here Elisa Benafin a project site in New Israel, Agusan del Sur. Military was What is your most memorable experience at AMORE? What is your most memorable experience at AMORE?Maria Isabel Navarro in AMORE? School Electrification patrolling the area following a confrontation between two Madelline Romero 1) five-hour boat ride from Zamboanga to Kahikukuk in Being confronted by an irate barangay chairman of an island Livelihood/Natural Continue helping others and Education families; 2) The beauty of corals in T awi-T and Batangas; 3) awi IEC Specialist/Manager open sea; 2) two-hour habal-habal ride to Panampalay, barangay in Basilan, who was in the company of about two Resource Management Manager The warm reception by teachers, school heads and DepEd Zamboanga del Norte David Balleza dozen armed-to-the-teeth bodyguards. He was complaining Coordinator officials, especially at the ARMM regional office 30 Yrs Old Director, Technical/ about the inclusion of his barangay in the DOE’s “energized What are your thoughts about our development efforts in Mindanao? 58 Yrs Old What is the most important lesson you’ve learned here Engineering barangays list” and therefore not in AMORE’s list of potential 38 Yrs Old What is the most important lesson you’ve learned here in Amore Staff from barangays for solar electrification in spite of the fact that it Mindanao is complicated. But I take my hats off to people in AMORE? remains without electricity service. Honestly, I cannot recall how and programs that continue to work in areas stricken by Amore Staff from AMORE? 2007-2013 Humility will take you a long way. 51 Yrs Old exactly I managed to get out of that very frightening situation. Amore Staff from disasters and conflicts. I am from Mindanao, and I believe 2008; 2010-2013 Working for development is always so much easier and 2003-2007 effective when all stakeholders – including government Current Amore Staff from What is the most important lesson you’ve learned here that, indeed, in due time it will prosper. officials – buy into the project. What are your thoughts about our development efforts Organization & Position 2004-2007; in AMORE? in Mindanao? Current Reporting officer at the 2009-2013 In development work, one must be extremely careful not to What are your thoughts about our development efforts in I feel positive with the recent signing of peace framework Organization & Position International Committee commit on something or anything that he/she cannot deliver. Mindanao? agreement. And people in communities are quite capable Food Security and of the Red Cross Current Organization If fighting stops and all resources and talent are poured into to work for their own development if they are only given Livelihoods & Position What are your thoughts about our development efforts development, development will surely be achieved. the chance and a little bit of handholding Head of Department Still w AMORE in Mindanao? ith at ACF International- There is still a long way to go for development in Mindanao. All- Afghanistan Mission in-all, this is not wasted land. In fact, there is no other way for the region to go but up. Development initiatives must be continued.
16 17 Our Partners Water, Sanitation Household Electrification School Electrification and Education and HygieneRural Electrification/ Community-based: ZamSur: Funders • Keytodac National High • Puas Inda ES • Datu Jaafar CES Culture & Arts Barangay Water and Funders • Panosolen • Panampalay School • Sambolawan ES • Nunukan ES • Kalawit ESInstitutional • Bantol • Bagumbayan • New Calinog ES • Baital ES • Malamawi ES • Batangas Province Science Sanitation Associations • SunPower Foundation • Coca-Cola Foundation, Inc.Development Partners • Magsaysay • San Antonio • Department of Education • Villamonte ES • Masdar ES • Tagpange ES HS (BAWASAs) • Langgonuan Barangay LGU • Pedagan • Tinago • Villamonte National High • Baya PS • Tamion ES • Babagbato ES • Energy Development • National Grid Corporation of•T echnical Education and Skills • Sagacad • Titik Corporation • School • Gagadanan ES • Sibuktuk ES • Mahayahay ES • Upper Muslim (Bantol) • Marawir ES • Sifaran ES • Talaga ES • Port Holland ES the Philippines• Development Authority • Upper Lasanga • Bacunan • Intel Philippines • Bangkal (Bantol) • Dapulan ES • Bagoinged ES • Linguisan ES • Subaan Primary School • Rotary Club of Dipolog (TESDA)-ARMM • Kalian • Balunokan • Lawang Bato National • Mawato (Bantol) • Legodon ES • Bagumbayan ES • San Vicente ES • Lawi-Lawi ES • Rotary Club of Downtown• International Copper • Daladagan • Pange • Highschool-Valenzuela • Magsaysay • Salumping ES • Maitong ES • Tigbucay ES • Akbar ES Davao Alliance – Southeast Asia • Parangan • Paraiso City • San Antonio • Tapudi ES • Tenongol ES-Annex • Taruc ES • Batobato ES • Rotary International• Department of Energy • Parang Pantay • Licuroan • Library Renewal • Malakiba (Bantol) • Posadas ES • Kapilit ES • Tilasan ES • Linongan Primary School • Save the Children• Aboitiz Power • Tukkai • Pawan Partnership • Panampalay • Nabagbag ES • Ranao Pilayan ES • Tukanakuden PS • Banah ES International-Philippine• Asian Development Bank • Himba • Piwan • Malampaya Foundation, • Pangapuyan • Datu Wasay ES • Renti ES • Langgapanan ES • Bohebith ES Country Office• Technical Education and • Banguingui, Kahikukuk • Pili Inc. • Angkayamat PS • Langgonuan (Bantol) • Tinandok ES (St. Andrew’s • Datu Hadji Amilbangsa • Kabungkol PS Skills Development • CMBFI • Balonai • One Meralco Foundation Mission School) CES • Bulod PS • Kaubulak PS • Libas (Kamanga) Authority (TESDA) • MWSA • San Jose • PhilCarbon • R Cabaluna ES • Hadji Abdulkarim Amalul • Tunggol ES • Angilan PS • Kalaong (Maguling-• Sultan Kudarat Electric • PAP MPC • Princesa Freshia • Quezon Power Philippines • RD Talapian Sr. MES ES • Bagong Silang ES • Hadji Hassan Idon ES Mindupok) Cooperative • Dumara • San Miguel Corporation • Hinalaan ES • Panglima Erong Kamasi • Decabobo ES • Maslabeng ES • Cagbalete• Philippine Recyclers, Inc. • Tagpangai PTA • Zamboanga City • Cagbalite ES-Annex ES • Lajala ES • Kalem ES • Quiopao• Triple V Services BRECDAs/Local • Tamion PTA Government • Lawang Bato National • Hadji Akbar Ulama ES • Datal Bila ES • Blala ES• Yamog Renewable Organizations • Tulan High School • Omar Ali Memorial ES • Datal Dlanag ES Energy Group • New Tuburan Schools and PCTAs • Kalonkambing ES • Bakong ES • Bulol Lahak ES Parents-Teachers Davao: • Edsa ES • Panglima Hussin Arupin ES • Tbuyong ES• Zamboanga del Norte • Sibulan • Mate BRECDA • New Visayas ES • Tampakan ES • Kalonbarak ES Associations (PTAs) Electric Cooperative • Maguindanao • Marilog CES • Coronon • Balite ES • Kasapa ES • Hadji Usman Dumahul ES • Upper Lumabat Integrated • Lao-lao • Kibangay ES • Baganihan • Bantol ES • Tandang Sora ES • Hadji Hussin Hassan ES • SchoolLocal/National • Tonggol • Datu Lompipi ES • Experimental IP’s of • Panglima Ibrahim ES • Bangkal ES • Marilog ESCompanies • Bulod Odiong ES • Ratag Harun CES • San Juan ES • Columbio ES Tawitawi: • Uper Idtig • Kibalang ES • Palembang ES • Sumangat • Kibangay ES • Kauswagan ES • Hadji Aluk ES • Kyumad IS• Edward Marcs • Palao sa Buto • San Patricio ES • Buan ES • Columbio ES • Salangsang ES • Tonggusong • Tinambulan • Lumatag ES• Gendiesel • Magsaysay ES • Lipa ES • Matolo ES • Arcal ES • Tapudi ES • North Larap • Panapan • Panglima Allian ES • Kiahe ES • Villamonte ES• SURE • Masawang ES • Tiga-ason ES • Paniongan • Palitan • Impahanong ES • Imam Banjal ES • Panamin ES • Lugan ES• CAUSE • Lato-lato • Salaysay ES• Physics Research • Talitay • Cogon ES • Lower Tinaplan ES • Panglima Hapi ES • Danao ES • Laconon ES • Sumangat • Kabuling Mid pandakan • Delucot ES • Panglima Nadduha ES • Lampinigan ES • Hanoon ES• Propmech • Dadatan ES • Sandangan • Linosutan ES • Sitoy ES • Manukmangkaw CES • Lukbuton ES • Haliland ES• Adtel Basilan: • Imam Alam ES • Gulo ES • Lepak • Sta Cruz ES • Carupay ES • Upper Maculan ES• One Renewable • Kanbulak PTA • L imbonga ES • Imam Ulama ES • Gamaw ES• Del Genta • Tumbao • Binawing ES • T’bong ES • Kabungkol PTA • Damakling • Cawi-Cawit ES • Tumalutab ES • Imam Uyong Dastala ES • Papaya ES • Denlag ES• Hystra Hybrid Strat • Angilan PTA • Talon Talon ES • Sheik Makdum Memorial • Tingloy CS• Dumalag • Sapad • Mantivoh ES • Malamawi ES • Andalan, Sulu • Pangian ES • Parang Cueva ES ES • Batangas Province HS for• Motolite • Tandubanak ES • Port Holland ES • Brgy. Lugus Proper Sultan Kudarat: • Paniran ES • Parang ES• Barefoot • San Agustin Silangan ES • Taungoh ES • San Jose ES • Pang BRECDA • Colube • Sta. Maria ES • Buenavist ES• Toughtstuff • Lower Sampunay • Tinonggos ES • Liponpon ES • Talisay ES• Tenaga Renewable • Butril Lam-alis • San Agapito ES • Davuy ES • Upper Sinumaan • Christianuevo ES • Gubaan ES• Pharos Off-grid • Anak Jati • SA Balabagan ES • San Agustin Kanluran ES • Cagsiay 3 ES • Del Monte ES • Tubig Jati • Dimapitan ES • Datu Pedro Mantawil ES • Abdurauf ES • Kansipat • Bululawan ESMicro-entrepreneurs • Salangsang ES • Kilangan ES Sulu: • Mangudadatu NHSPrivate: • Capilan ES• STT • Port Holland PTA • Upper Bato-bato PTA • Keytodac CES• Mahardika• Zenar• Naz Renewable• Paglaum• CSDO• CARD• SolarMaxx Thank You!
Their Stories AMORE is the Italian word for love. But for the people whose lives have been changed by the impact of rural electrification, AMORE could very well mean joy, hope and strength for these words are what best describe Their Stories.
20 21 Business partnership with a microfinance institution F ive months after the Magsaysay BRECDA’s initial capital inventory CARD Business Development Services Operations Director Julius Alip says that the strength capacities that the “bottom of the pyramid” – what the poorest of the poor in the consumer remaining balance to the MFI within six months. of the BRECDA as CARD’s market is called – could afford. The Magsaysay BRECDA had got distributed among business partner lies in the fact less than a month to go in their households on a lease-to- that they are a sufficiently able With 360,000 pesos cash on six-month agreement to pay own scheme, microfinance enterprising organization that hand, the Magsaysay BRECDA for the remaining balance to lives right at the community, had enough confidence – not to CARD when they placed new institution Center for right within the market that mention cash – to expand the orders for solar products. In Agriculture and Rural CARD hopes to reach with its business. Testing the neophyte October 2012, they placed new Development or CARD solar PV business. The retail entrepreneurs’ credit-worthiness, orders for 61 units of lighting entered the picture with its model which they had piloted CARD initially loaned out products. Solar PV products in the island of Mindoro years 50,000-peso worth of solar PV were selling like the ubiquitous own solar PV loan portfolio. back had an inherent structural products to the BRECDA, which eggplants in the village, and CARD had previously weakness which was bound to the BRECDA then loaned out the orders did not only come ventured into the solar PV render the business too costly, among village residents under from within the community; business some six years and therefore, unviable in a lease-to-own scheme that residents from neighboring remote, dispersed rural villages. allowed the residents to pay villages, including at the North ago in the island of Mindoro, Their Mindoro experience taught the remaining balance – after Cotabato border, and villagersHow BRECDAs get and was enticed to do the same – albeit following a them to add other items to their solar PV products offerings paying a small downpayment – within a year. After paying a from as far away as Toril District, some 40 kilometers fromto play their CARD right different business model – in Mindanao following too: from selling only high- capacity solar home systems, down payment amounting to 20 percent of the total loan value, Magsaysay, all come to cash in on the revolutionary lighting they eventually added to their the BRECDA was to pay the technology. improving their lives and earning from it! discussions with AMORE. portfolio solar lanterns of various 1G ina Anunciado, the 36-year old mother 1 The Magsaysay BRECDA is all of five, and the eight-year treasurer of too happy to supply the village’s the Barangay Magsaysay Renewable lighting needs. In fact, residents Energy and Community Development from neighboring villages and Association (BRECDA), gets away from from other districts have started her duties at her sari-sari (variety) store momentarily to attend to two men who had to purchase solar PV products from the BRECDA. BRECDAs and travelled from the North Cotabato side of 2 A resident from a village at the North Cotabato border CARD blaze the trail Mt. Sinaka across the border to Davao City’s Marilog District, to take a look at “solar” items inspects the solar PV product that he plans to buy from the towards sustainable they had recently seen at their neighbors’ Magsaysay BRECDA for rural household homes. A few of their neighbors in the village of Salasang had bought solar lamps from selling in his own village. 3 Solar PV products of electrification. Brgy. Magsaysay, which they now use for various capacities meet each their lighting needs instead of kerosene. household’s lighting needs and capacity to pay. 2 3 Organized by the Alliance for Mindanao and Multi- Regional Renewable/Rural are solar home systems (six units of 40-watt peak SHS and two units of 25-watt Earning capacity is in fact the AMORE program’s primary consideration in choosing After conducting a survey among AMORE-energized villages that determined their program in crafting the Business Development Assistance scheme Because offor solar products, demand the growing the Magsaysay BRECDA thought The BRECDA’s customers pay 120 pesos (USD3), 160 pesos (USD4) and 200 pesos (USD5) Solar PV lending constitutes less than 1 percent of the more than 6 billion-peso portfolio of Maguindanao, and is poised to expand operations through partnerships with BRECDAs in Energy Development peak SHS). “People here like the type of solar PV product monthly energy expenditures through which select of supplying as well components monthly for a low-, medium-, CARD, yet they are most proud the Zamboanga Peninsula, Sulu, or AMORE Program in ‘solar’ very much. It’s very that will be commercially and willingness and ability to BRECDAs – one of such as lamps, even batteries. and high-capacity solar lantern, of what the around 7,000 units Basilan and Tawi-Tawi. 2004, the Magsaysay convenient,” Gina says. attractive and viable among pay for a solar PV product, which is the Magsaysay They have started construction respectively, and 250 pesos - including those sold to the BRECDA has recently the rural household market. the program reached the BRECDA – that showed of what would be the village’s (USD6.25) for a 20-watt peak Magsaysay BRECDA and two transformed itself into an conclusion that the poorest organizational integrity hardware store which will solar home system. “People other BRECDAs in Marilog District enterprising association of the poor rural households and a huge potential for double as the BRECDA office. pay,” Gina says, “because (Bantol and Marilog) – of solar involved in the solar photovoltaic (PV) business. From a start-up A nd it is that desirability of the technology among community members that Gina and her association are all too happy to capitalize on. Ranging from full- – the very households that constitute AMORE-energized barangays – spent for entrepreneurship were slowly guided to lead the way away from grant- While fees collection has never really been a problem (the longest delay in payment they appreciate the value of the equipment to their lives. They – we – use it in all aspects PV units that they had sold since 2011 have meant: light for those who purchased the PV systems, capital inventory of 73 on solar home systems that can power up lights, an lighting as low as 30 pesos dependent, and on to a by a customer that she has of our lives – our livelihood, and business and livelihood for units of solar lanterns up to 150 pesos a month, and commercial, sustainable experienced as treasurer is two our children’s education, our their partners – the women and FM radio and a small black-and-white television to of various capacities that portability and reliability renewable energy rural months), according to Gina, everyday life.” community associations that provided by AMORE in 5-watt-peak four-lamp solar lanterns to portable, low- are especially important electrification. regular meetings are important serve as their connection to the early 2012, the BRECDA capacity desk lamp-type lanterns, the BRECDA’s array among those that use light to constantly remind BRECDA Indeed, it is this social benefit rural household. has since added to their of solar PV products correspond to every household’s for livelihood activities, for members of their commitment that Magsaysay’s partner MFI list of sold merchandise lighting needs, and most important, capacity to pay. example, for fishing and and responsibilities, and a CARD has identified as the MFI’s As of this writing, CARD has 75 units more of solar PV farming. permanent BRECDA office will primary motivation for getting sold 110 units of different solar products, eight of which This knowledge guided the host those meetings. into the solar PV business. PV models to BRECDAs in
22 23 1 Coach and student duo reviewed Math lessons using the solar-powered educational television. 2 The excitement that students of Kibalang ES had displayed towards their new learning tool was, according to Rural Schools hold Principal Eric Amistad, all the more reason why the stolen equipment should on to new found 4 be immediately replaced. “power” 3 Grade 6 student Norhaya Gani holds the distinction to be the first student at Baital ES to ever win first place at both the schools district and division levels. 4 Baital ES celebrates its first ever victory with the entire community. 5 The jam packed E-TV room with avidly watching students. 3 5 1 Ericdid not hesitate to Principalthethe Kibalang Arellano-Amistad, at After only five months of using one tragedy after another: first Holding on to “power” some 5,000 pesos intended for the basic education curriculum- by the war that raged between small system parts repair and Elementary School in Marilog District in Davao based television programs as the Philippine government and TThe establishment of an replacement of the battery, which City, write to Department learning tool, Norhaya Gani, a the Moro Islamic Liberation Front O&M fund is something will run out in two to three years. of Education Division Superintendent to implore Grade VI student, would give to between 1995 and 2000, and that administrators of But as that money is especially the Baital Elementary School in second by a severe flooding of schools energized by a solar allocated for maintenance, the latter to allow him to use funds allotted for the photovoltaic system have Rajah Buayan, Maguindanao its the Lake Maugan, which, until Amistad did not even think of school’s maintenance and operating expenses biggest achievement to date. 2007 had rendered the village committed to. If schools to purchase a new television set and DVD player. touching the funds. In November 4, 2012, twelve uninhabitable. religiously put into the fund Shortly after classes ended in March, a string of year-old Norhaya won first place the agreed upon amount by A month after Amistad wrote the robberies occurred in the area, and Kibalang ES is at the Math category of the Many of the more than 3,000 the school and community letter, the superintendent’s office but one of the 14 schools that got robbed of various schools’ division level contests, residents who had evacuated every month, a fund of at least finally agreed to the purchase prevailing over representatives have since returned, but the PhP22,500.00 (USD550) will equipment. His letter said, “If the equipment is not of at least 300 schools coming of the stolen equipment. Not community is still not spared have been available to more wanting a repeat of the theft and replaced immediately, so much more will be lost.” from 29 districts in the whole of difficult circumstances. The than pay for the used solar Maguindanao province. This is school, for instance, has for a not taking any chances, Amistad photovoltaic system battery had one teacher bring home And by that he meant the time that the school’s the first time that the school had long time now been relying only when it runs out after three students could spend learning from watching ever placed so high at the annual on one regular teacher (the both the new television and DVD years of use. player every after school day, educational television – something that had become contests. Principal) and five volunteer quite the primary teaching and learning tool for the off- teachers. The salaries of the until a special grilled cage was AMORE went back to some of set up in the school’s E-TV room grid school since the installation of a solar photovoltaic Warda Saavedra, the school’s volunteer teachers came from the the schools it energized from system by the Alliance for Mindanao and Multi-regional Grade 2 teacher and the winning official village budget, making the where the equipment were to be student’s coach, had no doubt 2009 to 2010 and discovered housed. And as added security Renewable/Rural Energy (AMORE) Program in 2010. whole system unstable. Often the that the revisited schools that the win was largely due to village funds were not sufficient to measure, the school and the the E-TV. “We’d study by first show an average 60 percent parents’ association began to The interest and excitement that students displayed cover the meager compensation collection rate. Schools where watching the subject on television, of the volunteer teachers that both contribute from their own (Amistad says he had to shoo away students who were and then I’d ask her questions,” the volunteers would find it the PV and multimedia system pockets a total of 3,000 pesos a supposed to be in another class, but who would watch Saavedra said. Sometimes she impossible even to get to the were consistently used by the month to hire someone to guard by the door and windows) towards watching class would leave the student alone school, in the process, leaving in teachers and students posted the equipment at night. lessons acted out and presented visually on television to watch so that Saavedra could the lurch the school’s more than a good collection rate, while had been producing results in many levels: student attend to her other teaching 400 students. The Principal also schools that experienced some Such is the cost of ensuring that attendance had greatly improved especially on “E-TV” duties. The win was made sweeter spent from her own pocket just technical problems failed to the benefits of solar-powered day; the school’s overall performance at the DepEd- by the knowledge that they so the volunteers could come to reach 50 percent collection. educational television will be facilitated National Achievement Test increased nearly bested schools that are supposed school. continued to be enjoyed by the seven percentage points from S.Y. 2010-2011 to S.Y. 2011- to have an advantage over them, At the time of the equipment connected as they are to the students, but it is a cost that 2012, with all the subjects – except Filipino – registering robbery, Kibalang Elementary the entire community is all too electricity grid. School had in its coffers at least six percentage points increase; and in 2011, willing to foot just so their children for the first time in the school’s history, a student from So happy and proud were the could hold on to their new found Grade V won first place at the District level-contest, teachers and students of Baital “But no matter how difficult the circumstances are, the “power.” besting students from 40 other schools in the Math that they had a huge tarpaulin category. printed with Norhaya’s picture community’s parents and teachers manage to save up and felicitations from the school – according to an agreed operation and maintenance Unenergized schools display “power” in school contests and the community. Indeed it was an achievement worth (O&M) scheme – for the solar powered-distance Kibalang Elementary School is in fact not the only celebrating by a community education system’s eventual wear and tear.” previously unenergized school to go on and win in whose recent history had not academic contests after using for quite some time the given them a lot to celebrate. solar-powered educational television. 2 The village had been affected by
24 25 A tale of two communities whose safe water source is harnessed by energy from the sun 2 Kahikukuk, Tongkil, Sulu - 2006 Isolar-powered potable water –system in the villagethe n 2006 the AMORE program in cooperation with Peace and Equity Foundation – constructed its first of Kahikukuk in an island in Sulu some 80 nautical miles off the coasts of Zamboanga City. The logistical and security challenges (the part of the open seas that one has to journey on to get to the island was a typical playground among pirates) notwithstanding, a 320-watt peak solar module soon powered up an engine capable of pumping up from the ground up to 18 cubic meters of 3 water per day, that then goes into an overhead tank for storage before going out into any of the six communal tap stands dispersed throughout the village. Six years later the solar-powered water pump still stands proud on the island, serving not only the 75 households that are in the immediate vicinity of the system, but the at least 170 other households from neighboring villages that now get their water from Kahikukuk instead of from traditional ground wells. The seaborne lifestyle-living Badjaos come to the island, too, for water, trading some of their valuables as an expression of gratitude. Cagbalete, Mauban, Quezon – 2012 Teachers at the island’s elementary school no longer have to do that now. And they Resting alongPacific Ocean,the east the waters of Lamon have more reasons to be happy – a pipe The solar-powered water pump And everybody is indeed grateful for the water; so much so Bay and the connected to the water tank directly leads has for years been serving nearly that when the village became a battle ground between two Cagbalete island, located on to their quarters, and makes water readily 200 more households than the feuding families having a dispute over land ownership in of the Quezon province, does not available at the spin of a faucet. original 77 household beneficiaries October 2010, bullets seemed to have hit everything – the 1 have reliable access to basic social in Tongkil, Sulu. trees, the houses – except the water reservoir and the solar panels. “It’s almost as if the two camps had both agreed to services such as electricity and water. The school and all the teachers also have a avoid damaging the projects,” a resident reflects. Even these To access water from the ground, new “business” to manage. A water refilling If even only 5 percent of the fighters could have remembered how it was making do with AMORE in cooperation with Quezon station has been opened for business and more than 2,000 households in unclean water from the well, or how expensive a 20-liter Power and the municipal government of now serves the island’s households with the island bought water from container of water was, or how terrible it was that children Mauban, utilized solar power to run the safe potable water, and at a cheaper price, the water refilling station every should be sick – or even die – of treatable diseases caused by system’s submersible pump. Two units too, than when water is ferried from town. day, the water system is poised contaminated water. of 210-watt peak solar photovoltaic The school sells at 25 pesos for a 20-liter to generate a revenue of at least panels provide the requisite electricity container, a big 30-peso savings to their 900,000 pesos annually. 2 to pump water up a 12-cubic meter usual water expenditure. concrete water reservoir. Two units of 210-watt peak solar panels provide the electricity to “The Kahikukuk BRECDA (Barangay Renewable The village’s more than 2,000 households If even only 5 percent of the total pump water up a 12-cubic meter have always bought drinking water from households in the island bought water reservoir. 3 Energy and Community Development town, or otherwise, drank water from the water from the school-managed Association) is not about to let the community shallow wells found all over the island. They water refilling station everyday, paid nearly 55 pesos for every 20-liter return to its pre-safe water days. Enforcing container of water, including labor and the water system is poised to fairly simple policies on fees collection and the 1 generate a revenue of more than transportation costs. use of the water system, the BRECDA is able to 900,000 pesos annually. The engage the services of a technician that takes income-generating project w ill care of system repair and maintenance.” provide the necessary leverage for more development initiatives in the island.
Lessons on RuralElectrification:the AMORE ExperienceT years of doing rural electrification was as exciting as it was challenging. enAMORE is in a privileged position to share with you its Lessons on Rural Electrification.
28 29 Our two cents’ worth““ Give man a fish and you feed him for a The kingdom “ “ day; teach him how to fish, and he’ll not should not have only feed himself for a long time, but he’ll sell you fish in no time as well. to be lost all for the want of a The “weaker” sex is not so weak nail.C ommunity-based rural electrification A participative process of implementation is best done with – you guessed where the community contributes to it! – the community as its driver. the project - for example, the labor DAMORE had in its core the organizing of counterpart from the community safe o you remember thecommunity members into an association water projects - develops in community old proverb that goes,(BRECDA or Barangay Renewable Energy members a sense of ownership. “For want of a nail theand Community Development Association) shoe was lost; for want of athat will capably manage both technically In the final few years of the Program it shoe the horse was lost; forand administratively the renewable energy also started to provide the impetus for want of a horse the battleand safe water systems. a commercial community-driven rural was lost; for the failure of electrification. Helping community members battle the kingdom was lost sure that these three – supply, MTransfer of technical, organizational, become solar photovoltaic entrepreneurs – all for the want of a horse financing, maintenance – are any of the community associations that haveadministrative and financial skills to the required a long time for mentoring and shoe nail.” within the reach of even the performed very well in terms of organizationcommunity associations – to the BRECDAs coaching and a lot of handholding until remotest community either in and sustaining the projects have in theirfor rural electrification, and the BAWASAs they felt comfortable launching their own All components in the mountains or islands. The leadership a woman. The benefits of having womenor Barangay Water and Sanitation entrepreneurial activities, even apart from renewable energy service least that the Program wants actively participate – either as technicians or projectAssociation for the safe water projects - the original solar photovoltaic (PV) business. delivery – supply, financing, to happen is for electrification managers – in rural electrification have beenwas critical. maintenance – make up to fail in one village because of proven. The women themselves found a new sense one whole system that, want of a “nail” – or in this case of hope and purpose. More time and confidence- if functioning well, could – a lamp replacement. building efforts must be invested in women drive rural electrification community leaders so that their aspirations are forward. The Program maintained and realized. initiated some work to make Fifty years ago nobody thought that You don’t have to go it’ll be possible to send a “mail” with a it alone. few clicks on the computer keyboard. F T ortunately, it didn’t have Assistance (BDA) scheme, an had provided has resulted here are many activities more difficult. Relationships Development Authority to take the Program that innovation in financing that in concrete business for the that are better done is a cliché, but shouldn’t be have all been critical in the long to realize that a lot had provided the community community associations, now alone like reading or underrated in development. Program’s success. of creativity was necessary associations an initial capital serving as they are not only bathing, but development Good working relationships to provide a kick-start to a inventory of solar PV systems, households in their respective work is not one of them. between the Program and the commercial community-based and an entirely flexible and villages, but residents from The level of cooperation community – parents, teachers, rural electrification. comfortable way of working neighboring villages as well. among Program staff, local government units – and with service providers such as project partners, community relevant government agencies AMORE rolled out in 2011 microfinance institutions and stakeholders and relevant such as the Department the Business Development renewable energy suppliers. government agencies can of Education and the The impetus that the BDA either make the job easier or Technical Education and Skills
Head Office Unit 68 6/F Landco Corporate Center J.P. Laurel Avenue, Ba jada, Davao City 8000 T/F: (63 82)2822517 Satellite Office 2401 Jollibee Plaza Bldg., F. Ortigas, Jr. Road Ortigas Center, Pasig City 1600 T: (63 2)6879283/6321233 F: (63 2)6312809 www.amore.org.ph This publication is made possible by the supportof the American people through the United States Agency for International Development. The contents are the responsibility of Winrock International and do not necessarily reflect the views of USAID or the United States Government.