Reproductive system day2
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Reproductive system day2

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this will be tested on friday FEB 17

this will be tested on friday FEB 17

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Reproductive system day2 Reproductive system day2 Presentation Transcript

  • Reproductive System Day 2: Puberty and Other concerns
  • Puberty: What do you know about it?
    • Girls develop breasts.
    • Boys look more like men.
  • Puberty
    • 2 nd fastest rate of growth (similar to when you were a baby)
      • Height can increase from 4 inches+ in a year.
    • Ages 8 to 13 in females
    • Ages 10 to 15 in males
  • What happens in males?
    • Pituitary gland signals your testes.
    • Signals to produce testosterone and sperm.
  • Body changes in males
    • Hair develops in the pubic areas, armpits and face.
    • Shoulders grow wider and body becomes more muscular.
    • Voice cracks and deepens.
    • The penis grows longer and wider, and testes become bigger.
  • What happens in females?
    • Hormones signal the ovaries to produce estrogen.
    • The hormones start the menstrual cycle.
  • Body changes in females
    • Hair grows in the same regions but not too much.
    • Grows curves, hips get wider and breasts develop
    • Monthly menstrual cycle starts (they can get pregnant already)
  • Consequences that people don’t like generally
    • weight gain
    • acne
    • oily skin
    • body odor
    • temper and anxiety
    • confused about sex
  • Why do adolescents behave the way they do?
    • angst
    • idiocy
    • haste
    • impulsiveness
    • selfishness
    • reckless bumbling
  • The traits do not define adolescence.
    • We notice this because it annoys us the most.
    • We also find the previous traits to be dangerous.
  • Adolescence
    • “ highly functional, unique period for adaptation”
  • “ Love of the thrill”
    • Sensation seeking
      • Unusual, unexpected
  • Risk-taking
    • risky adventures, ugly outcomes
    • age 15-25, usually dies
    • “ They’re not thinking. Puny brains fail them.”
  • Teens and adults reason the same way.
    • Teens overestimate risk.
    • Risk vs. reward, teens value the reward more than adults.
    • Teens are more affected when someone is watching them perform.
  • Hormones!
    • dopamine
      • “ fire up” reward circuits
      • learning patterns and making decisions
    • oxytocin
      • make social interactions rewarding
  • “ Teens prefer the company of people their own age.”
    • Family is old news. New friends are better.
    • Our first world is created by our parents.
    • Our second world is what we create with our peers.
    • *The more social you are, the better success you may have.
  • “ Peer relations take top priority.”
    • If you are excluded, you feel as if your health is in danger.
    • Threat to existence!
    • “ I do not want to live.”
  • “ Excitement, novelty, risk and the company of peers”
    • Foolish but adaptive
    • Over the world, the culture is prevalent.
    • If they’re not necessary, natural selection will be against it.
    • Goal: To get you out of the safety of your home to the unfamiliar. (wherever that may be)
  • “ For parents, the adolescence years are the most trying, contrary and scary moments of being parents.”
    • They “do not want” you to grow up yet.
    • Are they helping or hindering?
  • In the US, billions are spent!
    • Counseling programs for
      • violence
      • gangs
      • suicide
      • sex
      • drugs
      • etc. (other problems that Americans can think of)
  • What can parents do?
    • Helping hand that encourages independence.
    • Teens want to learn from their peers, but sometimes “older” people (your parents) know more.