TheGa l l b l a d d e rPr e s e n t e d b y : Ki m CoC N -08 Cl a u d e An gC N -29 B i o l o g y Y r . 2-B
What is the gallbladder? a sac located under the liver collects and stores bile from the activities of the liver releases it at the appropriate time into the duodenum (first section of the small intestine)
Parts of the Gallbladder: Three sections: >neck- the narrower part that tapers into the cystic duct >body- main dilated portion that lies between the fundus and cystic duct >fundus- the bottom that protrudes from under the liver
Location: behind the liver on the right side of the rib cage connected to the liver and upper portion part of the small intestine (duodenum) via a duct system
Functions: the organ that aids mainly in fat digestion collects and stores bile produced by the liver releases the bile into the duodenum*Bile is a digestive liquid continually secreted by the liver that aids in the absorption, digestion, and emulsification of fats. It is stored in the gallbladder until it is needed.*The duodenum is largely responsible for the breakdown of food in the small intestine.
Disease:Cholecystitisinflammation of the gallbladderA. Causes:gallstones stuck in the cystic duct (a tube that carries bilefrom the gallbladder)infection (bacterial)infection or trauma, such as injury from a car accidentirritation and pressure in the gallbladder
*Gallstones are formed when bile hardens and changes to hard pieces of stone-like material.*The gallstone blocks fluid from passing out of the gallbladder. This results in an irritated and swollen gallbladder.
B. Symptoms: pain in your upper right abdomen (can sometimes move around to your back or right shoulder blade) tenderness in the right abdomen fever chills vomiting sweating nausea
Two kinds of cholecystitis:A. acute cholecystitis sudden inflammation of the gallbladder that causes severe abdominal painB. chronic cholecystitis long-standing swelling and irritation of the gallbladder caused by repeated attacks of acute cholecystitis
C. Treatment:acute cholecystitis seek immediate medical attention for severe abdominal pain pain medicines, antibiotics to fight infection, and a low- fat diet surgery to remove the gallbladder (cholecystectomy) -needed when inflammation continues or recurs
chronic cholecystitis Surgery ◦ open procedure - requires a large cut in the upper- right part of the abdomen ◦ laparoscopic procedure - uses instruments and a small camera inserted through a cluster of few small cuts
medication taken by mouth - for those patients who are poor candidates for surgerybecause of other diseases or conditionsWhat happens when you remove yourgallbladder?** You can survive even without a gallbladder, but you willjust have to be careful of what you eat. You should also lookafter your liver.** Diet is the most important factor that needs to beconsidered after the surgery.
Limitations: Do not overeat. Consume a lot of water and liquids. Do not skip meals. Limit the amount of fat consumption. Do not try to lose weight, exercise excessively or exert yourself. Get enough rest and sleep. Follow healthy lifestyle habits. Be positive about your recovery.
Tha nk y ou f or y our a t t e n t i o n !! - Take good care of your health! -