Animal Tissues Biology Year 2
Anatomy and physiology <ul><li>Study of body parts (name and location) </li></ul><ul><li>Study of the organs and the syste...
 
Histology <ul><li>Study of tissues </li></ul>
Epithelial tissues <ul><li>Covers nearly all external and internal body surfaces </li></ul><ul><li>Provide structure </li>...
Terms <ul><li>“ simple”  - single layer </li></ul><ul><li>“ stratified” - two or more layers </li></ul><ul><li>“ squamous”...
Epithelial tissues <ul><li>Simple squamous </li></ul><ul><li>Simple cuboidal </li></ul><ul><li>Simple columnar </li></ul><...
Simple squamous <ul><li>Filtration and diffusion </li></ul><ul><li>Can be for protection </li></ul>
Simple cuboidal <ul><li>Selective permeability </li></ul><ul><li>Protection from abrasion, foreign particles, etc. </li></ul>
Simple columnar <ul><li>Protection </li></ul><ul><li>Also selectively permeable </li></ul>
Stratified epithelium <ul><li>Squamous </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Found in linings of the esophagus </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Colu...
Ciliated columnar epithelium <ul><li>Has cilia (small hair-like projections) </li></ul><ul><li>Found in the trachea, bronc...
Connective tissue <ul><li>Fibrous tissue  </li></ul><ul><li>Cartilage tissue  </li></ul><ul><li>Bone tissue  </li></ul><ul...
Fibrous Tissue <ul><li>Common type </li></ul><ul><li>Loose or dense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fascia (dense) </li></ul></ul><u...
Cartilage tissue <ul><li>Found at joint surfaces, rib ends, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Strong support yet flexible </li></ul>
Bone Tissue <ul><li>Formed by osteoblasts </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristic pattern of hole and lamellae </li></ul><ul><li>...
Blood cells <ul><li>Transports and circulates materials in the body </li></ul><ul><li>Has plasma </li></ul><ul><li>Types a...
Muscular tissue <ul><li>Will be reported   </li></ul>
Adipose Tissue <ul><li>Supporting tissue </li></ul><ul><li>Fat storage and padding </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristic globul...
Nervous tissue <ul><li>Responsible for senses </li></ul>
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Animal tissues

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Animal tissues

  1. 1. Animal Tissues Biology Year 2
  2. 2. Anatomy and physiology <ul><li>Study of body parts (name and location) </li></ul><ul><li>Study of the organs and the systems </li></ul>
  3. 4. Histology <ul><li>Study of tissues </li></ul>
  4. 5. Epithelial tissues <ul><li>Covers nearly all external and internal body surfaces </li></ul><ul><li>Provide structure </li></ul><ul><li>Polarized </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Apical (free surface) and basal membrane (attached surface) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>thin sheet of collagen and glycoproteins </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 6. Terms <ul><li>“ simple” - single layer </li></ul><ul><li>“ stratified” - two or more layers </li></ul><ul><li>“ squamous” - cells are flattened </li></ul><ul><li>“ cuboidal” - box-shaped rather than flat </li></ul><ul><li>“ columnar” - taller than wide, height at least twice its width </li></ul>
  6. 7. Epithelial tissues <ul><li>Simple squamous </li></ul><ul><li>Simple cuboidal </li></ul><ul><li>Simple columnar </li></ul><ul><li>Stratified epithelium </li></ul><ul><li>Ciliated columnar epithelium </li></ul>
  7. 8. Simple squamous <ul><li>Filtration and diffusion </li></ul><ul><li>Can be for protection </li></ul>
  8. 9. Simple cuboidal <ul><li>Selective permeability </li></ul><ul><li>Protection from abrasion, foreign particles, etc. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Simple columnar <ul><li>Protection </li></ul><ul><li>Also selectively permeable </li></ul>
  10. 11. Stratified epithelium <ul><li>Squamous </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Found in linings of the esophagus </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Columnar (rare) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Found in linings of the anus, uterus, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cuboidal (rare) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Found in sweat, mammary, salivary glands, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. Ciliated columnar epithelium <ul><li>Has cilia (small hair-like projections) </li></ul><ul><li>Found in the trachea, bronchial regions, Fallopian tubes, etc. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Connective tissue <ul><li>Fibrous tissue </li></ul><ul><li>Cartilage tissue </li></ul><ul><li>Bone tissue </li></ul><ul><li>Adipose tissue </li></ul><ul><li>Blood cells </li></ul><ul><li>Muscle tissues </li></ul><ul><li>Nervous tissue </li></ul>
  13. 14. Fibrous Tissue <ul><li>Common type </li></ul><ul><li>Loose or dense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fascia (dense) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Holds muscle cells and surrounds cells of the nerves </li></ul>
  14. 15. Cartilage tissue <ul><li>Found at joint surfaces, rib ends, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Strong support yet flexible </li></ul>
  15. 16. Bone Tissue <ul><li>Formed by osteoblasts </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristic pattern of hole and lamellae </li></ul><ul><li>Is still considered living material </li></ul><ul><li>When broken, bone repairs </li></ul>
  16. 17. Blood cells <ul><li>Transports and circulates materials in the body </li></ul><ul><li>Has plasma </li></ul><ul><li>Types are the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Red blood cells or erythrocytes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>White blood cells or leucocytes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Platelets or thrombocytes </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. Muscular tissue <ul><li>Will be reported  </li></ul>
  18. 19. Adipose Tissue <ul><li>Supporting tissue </li></ul><ul><li>Fat storage and padding </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristic globules </li></ul>
  19. 20. Nervous tissue <ul><li>Responsible for senses </li></ul>
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