A BALANCED DIET, ALCOHOL, ANDFATTY FOODSBy Cindy Liao Johnelie To
WHAT IS A BALANCED DIET? Eating a balanced diet means choosing a wide variety of foods and drinks from all the food groups. It also means eating certain things is moderation, like saturated fat, trans fat, cholesterol, salt and alcohol. It helps you take in nutrients you need for health.
A BALANCED DIET MUST HAVE: Energy nutrients Carbohydrates proteins fats nonenergy nutrients vitamins mineral salts fiber
ALCOHOL Is a liquid which contain ethyl (a flammable, colorless liquid) 20 percent is absorbed in stomach and the 80 percent goes to the small intestines Once the alcohol is absorbed into the tissue, it affects your mind and body
BAD EFFECTS High amounts of alcohol may cause breathing to stop, then it will cause death Inflammation (immune response to injury or infection causing pain) and destruction of liver cells (hepatitis) Edema (is the swelling caused by fluid retention) Osteoporosis (the bones become thin and weak) Irregular heartbeat and heart enlargement
FATTY FOODS Fatty foods are food nutrients in the form of carbohydrates that are not utilized at once to sustain your body’s energy needs are converted into fats. That’s why if you eat too much rice, bread, or corn every day, you will gain weight.
TYPES: Saturated fat (immerse with is hydrogen atoms) trans fat (the result of an artificial process converting vegetable oil into a more stable form of shortening) polyunsaturated fat (no hydrogen atoms at every available bonding site on the molecule. ) monounsaturated fat (have one of these bonds which lack hydrogen.)
FUNCTIONS: Fat furnish your body with energy Fats provides more body energy than carbohydrates because fats contain more food calories per unit of mass Fats can be stored in the body so when the body needs energy, it uses the stored fats.
Fats also become a very important structure of your cell membrane—phospholipids layer. They are also used in the conduction(movement) of nerve impulses.
BAD EFFECTS saturatedand trans fat are linked to high LDL (bad) cholesterol, heart disease, and diabetes.