From the Visegrád summit to the V4 Pálmai Edina, Béres Renáta
The Visegrád summit
It was held in 1335.
Charles Robert ( Hungary ) invited John of Luxemburg ( Bohemia ) , Casimir III ( Poland ), Charles ( Moravian ), Heinrich Wittelsbach, ( Bavarian Prince), Rudolph ( Saxon Prince )
They agreed not using trade routes, which led through Vienna to avoid paying high c u st o ms duty.
They agreed to cooperate closely in the field of politics and commerce, inspiring their late successors to launch a successful Central European initiative.
Mutual military assistance.
The Visegrád group (from 1991)
V4 – Hungary, the Czech Republic , Poland and Slovakia
To abolish the remnants of totalitarian systems
Protection of democracy
Long-term cooperation in agriculture
Common foreign- and safety-politics were worked out
The Visegrád Group
Has no fixed centre
The the wheel of the EU’s rotating presidency is turning to Hungary then to Poland in 2011.
It also has a rotating presidency according to which in 2010–2011 Slovakia is going to take the lead.
International Visegrád Fund
Strengthens the cooperation in spheres of culture, science, reseach and eduction
Visegrád Scholarship Programme
Central European Free Trade Association ( CEFTA)
It is a trade agreement between non-EU countries in Central and South-Eastern Europe.
Members: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Serbia and Kosovo (UNMIK).
Originally it was signed by Visegrád group countries: Poland, Hungary and C z ech and Slovak republics on 21 December 1992 in Krakow, Poland. It entered into force since July 1994.
They hoped to mobilize efforts to integrate Western European institutions and through this, to join European political, economic, security and legal systems, thereby consolidating democracy and free-market economics. Slovenia joined CEFTA in 1996, Romania in 1997, Bulgaria in 1999, Croatia in 2003 and Macedonia in 2006.
CEFTA 2006 agreement
All of the parties of the original agreement had now joined the EU and thus left CEFTA. On 6 April 2006, at the South East Europe Prime Ministers Summit in Bucharest, a joint declaration on expansion of CEFTA to Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, United Nations Interim Administration Mission on behalf of Kosovo, Moldova, Serbia and Montenegro was adopted. The new enlarged agreement was signed on 19 December 2006 at the South East European Prime Ministers Summit in Bucharest. The agreement aims at establishing a free trade zone in the region by 31 December 2010.
The future of the V4
According to Marko Papic, there are three principal areas where cooperation between the V4 states could bear fruit: energy, defense and European policy.
Lately declared to r educe dependence on Russian gas
However is not composed of equals. Poland, with a population larger than the other three countries combined, inevitably dominates the alliance.
It is important to harmonise their relationship with Germany and Russia.
They should form a deeper cooperation within the EU.