IF Clause prezentare
Tip zero <ul><li>Se refera la actiuni prezente, perfect realizabile. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.: </li></ul><ul><li>Daca  plou ă...
Tip I <ul><li>Se refera la actiuni viitoare, posibil realizabile.  </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.: </li></ul><ul><li>Daca  va ploua...
Tip II <ul><li>Se refera la actiuni prezente, teoretic posibile. Se traduce cu conditional-optativul prezent din romana. <...
Tip III <ul><li>Se refera la actiuni trecute, imposibil de a se mai realiza. Se traduce cu conditional-optativul perfect (...
recapitulare Conditional prezent: S + would + V… (could) (should) (might) Past Simple II Present Present o Conditional per...
would  sau  could  sau  should  sau  might ? <ul><li>Could =>  cand vrem sa exprimam  “ a  putea” </li></ul><ul><li>Might ...
would  sau  could  sau  should  sau  might ? <ul><li>Ex.: </li></ul><ul><li>Daca ai fi vrut,  ai fi putut  merge acolo. (t...
In cadrul frazei, propozitia principala se poate  inversa  cu propozitia conditionala (adica cea introdusa prin “daca”) <u...
Conditionale mixte <ul><li>Daca m-ai fi ascultat ,  nu ai fi acum aici .  – mixta  III  cu  II </li></ul><ul><li>If you ha...
“ unless” in loc de “if” <ul><li>“ unless” inlocuieste  doua negatii  printr-o  negatie si o afirmatie . </li></ul><ul><li...
Conditionala cu “ but for ” in loc de “ daca n-ar fi ”/” daca n-ar fi fost ” <ul><li>Daca n-ar fi  scoala, am pleca in vac...
Inversiuni  <ul><li>Daca el ar fi fost acolo, mi-ar fi adus ceva.(tip III) </li></ul><ul><li>If  he  had  been there he wo...
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If clause

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Prezentarea tipurilor de fraze conditionale in limba engleza.

Pentru explicatii suplimentare: www.gramaticaengleza.com

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If clause

  1. 1. IF Clause prezentare
  2. 2. Tip zero <ul><li>Se refera la actiuni prezente, perfect realizabile. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.: </li></ul><ul><li>Daca plou ă , imi iau umbrela. </li></ul><ul><li>If it rains I take my umbrella. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Tip I <ul><li>Se refera la actiuni viitoare, posibil realizabile. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.: </li></ul><ul><li>Daca va ploua , imi voi lua umbrela. </li></ul><ul><li>If it rains I’ ll take my umbrella. </li></ul><ul><li>Observatie : Chiar daca in romana folosim viitor dupa “daca”, in engleza se foloseste doar prezentul! </li></ul>
  4. 4. Tip II <ul><li>Se refera la actiuni prezente, teoretic posibile. Se traduce cu conditional-optativul prezent din romana. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.: </li></ul><ul><li>Daca ar ploua , mi- as lua umbrela. </li></ul><ul><li>If it rained , I would take my umbrella. </li></ul><ul><li>! Atentie la urmatoarea exprimare: </li></ul><ul><li>Daca as fi in locul tau , m-as duce acolo. </li></ul><ul><li>If I were you I would go there. </li></ul><ul><li>Observatie : in cazul conditionalei tip II se foloseste “ were ” la toate persoanele, inclusiv “he”,”she”,”it”! </li></ul>
  5. 5. Tip III <ul><li>Se refera la actiuni trecute, imposibil de a se mai realiza. Se traduce cu conditional-optativul perfect (trecut) din romana. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.: </li></ul><ul><li>Daca ar fi plouat , mi- as fi luat umbrela. </li></ul><ul><li>If it had rained I would have taken my umbrella. </li></ul><ul><li>Atentie !!! Se mai poate traduce si cu imperfectul din romana, insa exprima tot o conditie , nu o actiune in desfasurare: </li></ul><ul><li>Daca ploua, imi luam umbrela. </li></ul><ul><li>If it had rained I would have taken my umbrella. </li></ul>
  6. 6. recapitulare Conditional prezent: S + would + V… (could) (should) (might) Past Simple II Present Present o Conditional perfect: S + would + have + V(III) (could) (should) (might) Past Perfect III Future (viitor) Present I Pro poz itia principala IF tip
  7. 7. would sau could sau should sau might ? <ul><li>Could => cand vrem sa exprimam “ a putea” </li></ul><ul><li>Might => cand vrem sa exprimam “ s-ar putea” </li></ul><ul><li>Should => cand vrem sa exprimam “ar trebui” </li></ul><ul><li>Would => in restul situatiilor </li></ul>
  8. 8. would sau could sau should sau might ? <ul><li>Ex.: </li></ul><ul><li>Daca ai fi vrut, ai fi putut merge acolo. (tip III) </li></ul><ul><li>If you had wanted, you could have gone there. </li></ul><ul><li>Daca ai fi vrut, s -ar fi putut sa reusesti. (tip III) </li></ul><ul><li>If you had wanted, you might have succeeded. </li></ul><ul><li>Daca ai fi vrut cartea, ar fi trebuit sa-mi spui. (tip III) </li></ul><ul><li>If you had wanted the book, you should have told me. </li></ul><ul><li>Daca ai fi vrut, te-ai fi dus acolo. (tip III) </li></ul><ul><li>If you had wanted, you would have gone there. </li></ul>
  9. 9. In cadrul frazei, propozitia principala se poate inversa cu propozitia conditionala (adica cea introdusa prin “daca”) <ul><li>Atentie la ordinea de aplicare a coloanelor din tabelul anterior! </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: </li></ul><ul><li>Te duci daca doresti. (tip 0) </li></ul><ul><li>You go if you want . ( present in princip .+ present in “ if ”) </li></ul><ul><li>Te vei duce daca vei dori. (tip I) </li></ul><ul><li>You will go if you want . ( future in princip .+ present in “ if ”) </li></ul><ul><li>Te-ai duce daca ai dori (tip II). </li></ul><ul><li>You would go if you wanted . ( condit.present in princip .+ past in “ if ”) </li></ul><ul><li>Te-ai fi dus daca ai fi dorit. (tip III) </li></ul><ul><li>You would have gone if you had wanted . ( condit.perfect in princip .+ past perfect in “ if ”) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Conditionale mixte <ul><li>Daca m-ai fi ascultat , nu ai fi acum aici . – mixta III cu II </li></ul><ul><li>If you had listened to me , you wouldn’t be here now. </li></ul><ul><li>Observatie : </li></ul><ul><li>propozitia conditionala se refera la trecut (daca m-ai fi ascultat). </li></ul><ul><li>propozitia principala se refera la prezent (nu ai fi acum aici). </li></ul>
  11. 11. “ unless” in loc de “if” <ul><li>“ unless” inlocuieste doua negatii printr-o negatie si o afirmatie . </li></ul><ul><li>* Ex. de informatie care poate fi exprimata prin “if” sau prin “unless”, cu schimbare din negativ in afirmativ: </li></ul><ul><li>Nu mi-as lua palaria daca tie nu ti-ar placea (tip II). </li></ul><ul><li>I wouldn’t take the hat if you didn’t like it . </li></ul><ul><li>Sau </li></ul><ul><li>I wouldn’t take the hat unless you liked it . </li></ul><ul><li>Obs .: fraza cu “unless” mai poate fi tradusa “ nu as lua palaria fara ca tie sa-ti placa ” – in acest caz se vede clar la care verb avem afirmatia si la care negatia. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Conditionala cu “ but for ” in loc de “ daca n-ar fi ”/” daca n-ar fi fost ” <ul><li>Daca n-ar fi scoala, am pleca in vacanta.(tip II) </li></ul><ul><li>If it weren’t for school, we would leave on holiday. </li></ul><ul><li>Sau: </li></ul><ul><li>But for school, we would leave on holiday. </li></ul><ul><li>Daca n-ar fi fost scoala, am fi plecat in vacanta.(tip III) </li></ul><ul><li>If it hadn’t been for school we would have gone on holiday. </li></ul><ul><li>Sau: </li></ul><ul><li>But for school, we would have gone on holiday. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Inversiuni <ul><li>Daca el ar fi fost acolo, mi-ar fi adus ceva.(tip III) </li></ul><ul><li>If he had been there he would have brought me something. </li></ul><ul><li>Sau </li></ul><ul><li>Had he been there, he would have brought me something. (mai ales in limbaj formal) </li></ul><ul><li>Obs .: la conditionala tip III “had” trece in locul lui “if”, care dispare. </li></ul><ul><li># Acelasi lucru se poate aplica si in cazul conditionalei de tip II, dar doar cand avem “were”dupa “daca”. </li></ul><ul><li>Daca as fi in locul tau, as invata mai mult.(tip II) </li></ul><ul><li>If I were you I would learn more. </li></ul><ul><li>Sau </li></ul><ul><li>Were I you, I would learn more. (mai ales in limbaj formal) </li></ul>

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