Diateza pasiva

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Explicatii si scheme pentru Diateza Pasiva in limba engleza. Pentru explicatii suplimentare vizitati:
www.gramaticaengleza.com

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Diateza pasiva

  1. 1. Diateza pasiva (passive voice) -prezentare -
  2. 2. formare <ul><li>Fiecare timp are o schema de formare la diateza activa (vezi schemele de la timpurile verbale) si o schema de formare la diateza pasiva , ce vor fi prezentate mai jos. </li></ul><ul><li>In diateza activa subiectul este cel care face actiunea .(ex.:Mama uda florile). </li></ul><ul><li>In diateza pasiva actiunea se rasfrange asupra subiectului .(ex. Florile sunt udate de mama). </li></ul>
  3. 3. observatii <ul><li>La absolut toate timpurile verbul este la forma a treia (cel neregulat) sau cu terminatia “-ed” (cel regulat). Ce se schimba pentru fiecare timp este ceea ce exista intre subiect si verb. </li></ul><ul><li>In limba romana exista cel putin 2 modalitati de a exprima o actiune la diateza pasiva (se va ilustra la exemple). In limba engleza se respecta doar schema timpului respectiv. </li></ul><ul><li>Simboluri: </li></ul><ul><li>Verb forma a treia sau cu terminatia </li></ul><ul><li>“ -ed”=> V(III)/ V(-ed) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Present Simple <ul><li>Afirmativ: S + am/is/are + V(III)/ V(-ed)… </li></ul><ul><li>Negativ : S + am/is/are + not + V(III)/ V(-ed).. </li></ul><ul><li>Interogativ: am/is/are + S + V(III)/ V(-ed)…? </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.: </li></ul><ul><li>Lectia este scrisa zilnic./ Se scrie lectia zilnic. </li></ul><ul><li>The lesson is written daily. </li></ul><ul><li>Vasele nu sunt spalate in fiecare seara./ Nu se spala vasele in fiecare seara. </li></ul><ul><li>The dishes aren’t washed every evening. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Present Continuous <ul><li>Afirmativ: S + am/is/are + being + V(III)/ V(-ed)… </li></ul><ul><li>Negativ: S+ am/is/are + not + being + V(III)/ </li></ul><ul><li>V(-ed)… </li></ul><ul><li>Interogativ: am/is/are + S + being + V(III)/ V(-ed)…? </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.: </li></ul><ul><li>Lectia este scrisa acum./ Se scrie lectia acum. </li></ul><ul><li>The lesson is being written now. </li></ul><ul><li>Vasele nu sunt spalate acum./ Nu se spala vasele acum. </li></ul><ul><li>The dishes are not being washed now. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Past Simple <ul><li>Afirmativ: S + was/were + V(III)/ V(-ed)… </li></ul><ul><li>Negativ: S + was/were + not + V(III)/ V(-ed)… </li></ul><ul><li>Interogativ: Was/were + S + V(III)/ V(-ed)…? </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.: </li></ul><ul><li>Lectia a fost scrisa ieri./ S-a scris lectia ieri. </li></ul><ul><li>The lesson was written yesterday. </li></ul><ul><li>Vasele nu au fost spalate acum 2 ore./ Nu s-au spalat vasele acum 2 ore. </li></ul><ul><li>The dishes weren’t washed two hours ago. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Past Continuous <ul><li>Afirmativ: S + was/were + being + V(III)/ V(-ed)… </li></ul><ul><li>Negativ: S + was/were + not + being + V(III)/ V(-ed)… </li></ul><ul><li>Interogativ: Was/were + S + being + V(III)/ V(-ed)…? </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.: </li></ul><ul><li>Lectia era scrisa (Se scria lectia) ieri pe vremea asta. </li></ul><ul><li>The lesson was being written at this time yesterday. </li></ul><ul><li>Vasele nu erau spalate (Vasele nu se spalau) ieri pe vremea asta. </li></ul><ul><li>The dishes were not being washed at this time yesterday. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Present Perfect Simple <ul><li>Afirmativ: S + have/has + been + V(III)/ V(-ed)… </li></ul><ul><li>Negativ: S + have/has + not + been + V(III)/ V(-ed)… </li></ul><ul><li>Interogativ: Have/has + S + been + V(III)/ V(-ed)…? </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: </li></ul><ul><li>S-a scris lectia. </li></ul><ul><li>The lesson has been written. </li></ul><ul><li>Nu s-au spalat vasele. </li></ul><ul><li>The dishes haven’t been washed. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Past Perfect Simple <ul><li>Afirmativ: S + had+ been + V(III)/ V(-ed)… </li></ul><ul><li>Negativ: S + had + not + been + V(III)/ V(-ed)… </li></ul><ul><li>Interogativ: Had + S + been + V(III)/ V(-ed)…? </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.: </li></ul><ul><li>Se scrisese lectia inainte de ora 6. </li></ul><ul><li>The lesson had been written by six o’clock. </li></ul><ul><li>Nu se spalasera vasele inainte de ora 6. </li></ul><ul><li>The dishes hadn’t been washed by six o’clock. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Future Simple <ul><li>Afirmativ: S + will + be + V(III)/ V(-ed)… </li></ul><ul><li>Negativ: S + will + not + be + V(III)/V(ed)… </li></ul><ul><li>Interogativ: Will + S + be + V(III)/ V(ed)…? </li></ul><ul><li>Observatie : will + not = won’t </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.: </li></ul><ul><li>Se va scrie lectia. </li></ul><ul><li>The lesson will be written. </li></ul><ul><li>Nu se vor spala vasele. </li></ul><ul><li>The dishes won’t be washed. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Future Continuous <ul><li>Afirmativ: S + will + be + being + V(III)/ V(-ed)… </li></ul><ul><li>Negativ: S + will + not + be + being + V(III)/ V(-ed)… </li></ul><ul><li>Interogativ: Will + S + be + being + V(III)/ V(-ed)…? </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.: </li></ul><ul><li>Se va scrie lectia maine pe vremea asta. </li></ul><ul><li>The lesson will be being written at this time tomorrow. </li></ul><ul><li>Nu se vor spala vasele maine pe vrema asta. </li></ul><ul><li>The dishes won’t be being washed at this time tomorrow. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Future Perfect <ul><li>Afirmativ: S + will + have + been + V(III)/ V(-ed)… </li></ul><ul><li>Negativ: S + will + not +have + been + V(III)/V(-ed)… </li></ul><ul><li>Interogativ: Will + S + be + V(III)/ V(-ed)…? </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.: </li></ul><ul><li>Se va scrie lectia pana la ora 7. </li></ul><ul><li>The lesson will have been written by seven c’clock. </li></ul><ul><li>Nu se vor spala vasele pana la ora 7. </li></ul><ul><li>The dishes won’t have been washed by seven c’clock. </li></ul>
  13. 13. “ going to” Future <ul><li>Afirmativ: S + am/is/are + going to be + V(III)/ V(-ed)… </li></ul><ul><li>Negativ: S + am/is/are + not going to be + V(III)/V(ed)… </li></ul><ul><li>Interogativ: am/is/are + S + going to be + V(III)/ V(ed)…? </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.: </li></ul><ul><li>Se intentioneaza scrierea lectiei. </li></ul><ul><li>The lesson is going to be written. </li></ul><ul><li>Nu se intentioneaza spalarea vaselor. </li></ul><ul><li>The dishes aren’t going to be washed. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Future-in-the-Past <ul><li>Afirmativ: S + would + be + V(III)/ V(-ed)… </li></ul><ul><li>Negativ: S + would + not + be + V(III)/V(ed)… </li></ul><ul><li>Interogativ: would + S + be + V(III)/ V(ed)…? </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.: </li></ul><ul><li>El a intrebat daca se va scrie lectia. </li></ul><ul><li>He asked if the lesson would be written. </li></ul><ul><li>Noi am spus ca nu se vor spala vasele. </li></ul><ul><li>We said that the dishes wouldn’t be washed. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Verbe modale (can, may, must, should etc.) <ul><li>Afirmativ: S + modal + be + V(III)/ V(-ed)… </li></ul><ul><li>Negativ: S + modal + not + be + V(III)/V(ed)… </li></ul><ul><li>Interogativ: modal + S + be + V(III)/ V(ed)…? </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.: </li></ul><ul><li>Lectia trebuie scrisa pana la ora 7. </li></ul><ul><li>The lesson must be written by seven c’clock. </li></ul><ul><li>Nu ar trebui sa fie spalate vasele a doua zi. </li></ul><ul><li>The dishes shouldn’t be washed the next day. </li></ul><ul><li>Vasele ar putea fi spalate repede. </li></ul><ul><li>The dishes could be washed quickly. </li></ul>

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