ATMOS 2013- SciTech Quiz


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ATMOS is the annual national Techno Management festival of BITS Pilani Hyderabad Campus.

SciTech Quiz prepared by Vishwajit, Varun and Madhav

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  • ATMOS 2013- SciTech Quiz

    1. 1. THE ATMOS SCI-TECH QUIZ Prelims
    2. 2. RULES • • • • • 21 questions on total. * marked, to be used in case of ties. Do not shout out answers. Malpractices -> straight DQ. No negatives for wrong answers- feel free to guess.
    3. 3. 1. What? I swear by Apollo, the healer, Asclepius, Hygieia, and Panacea, and I take to witness all the gods, all the goddesses, to keep according to my ability and my judgment, the following Oath and agreement: ...
    4. 4. ANSWER • The Hippocratic Oath
    5. 5. 2. The X was a proposed "high concept" smartphone announced by Canonical Ltd. on 22 July 2013 which had features like 4GB RAM, 128GB storage and saphire crystal display. Canonical was seeking to crowdfund a production run of around 40,000 units through Indiegogo. It had the highest target of any crowdfunded project to date, $32,000,000 over a one-month campaign. It was not intended to go into mass production after the initial run, but rather to serve as a demonstration for new technologies for the industry. It fell short of its funding goal, raising only $12,809,906 and ultimately scrapped. Name X.
    6. 6. ANSWER • Ubuntu Edge
    7. 7. 3. This word, derived from Latin genitive plural form of ‘who’, refers to the minimum number of members necessary for an assembly to function. A similar but unrelated word is the name of a website founded by the people in the picture. Give either word.
    8. 8. ANSWER • Quora
    9. 9. 4. • David Saltzberg is a professor of Physics an Astronomy at the University f California, LA. • He received a Sloan Fellowship , NSF Career Award and Department of Energy Outstanding Junior Investigator Award while an assistant professor. • Saltzberg earned a bachelors degree in physics in 1989 from Princeton University and Ph.D. in Physics from the University of Chicago in 1994. From 1995-97 he worked at CERN in Switzerland. • He now does something very different…. • What does he do?
    10. 10. ANSWER • Technical director on The Big Bang Theory
    11. 11. 5 In engineering, fiction, and thought experiments, X is any fictional, extremely rare, costly, or impossible material, or device needed to fulfill a given design for a given application. The properties of any particular X depend on the intended use. For example, a pulley made of X might be massless and frictionless; however, if used in a nuclear rocket, X would be light, strong at high temperatures, and resistant to radiation damage. In Y, X was supposed to be a potent source of energy which sells for many millions a kilo. Z is the place in Y where X was found. Name X, Y and Z.
    12. 12. ANSWER • Unobtainium from Avatar, Na’vi
    13. 13. *6. • It is at 4550 East Avenue, Livermore, California, and maintained by the Livermore-Pleasanton Fire Department. • It has been noted by The Guinness Book of World Records, Ripley's Believe It or Not!, and General Electric. • It is often cited as evidence for the existence of planned obsolescence in later produced of its ilk. • Previously, it had only been off for short periods, such as a week in 1937 for a renovation, short power outages, etc. • What?
    14. 14. ANSWER • The Centennial Light is the world's longestlasting light bulb.
    15. 15. 7. • What device?
    16. 16. ANSWER • The Pixar Image Computer. Pixar was initially a part hardware company. This was their “flagship” graphics computer, which bombed because it was a bit too expensive.
    17. 17. 8. • What is this?
    18. 18. ANSWER • Google Fiber
    19. 19. *9. • Description from • A piston fires. The next piston fires at 315° . There is a 415° gap. A piston fires. The next piston fires at 315°. There is a 415° gap and the cycle continues. • What is being described?
    20. 20. ANSWER • Harley Davidson engine
    21. 21. 10. xkcd’s tribute to?
    22. 22. ANSWER • Steve Jobs
    23. 23. 11 • At the age of 16, he became a cadet in the École Polytechnique in Paris, where his classmates included Michel Chasles and Gaspard-Gustave Coriolis. • He became an officer in the French army's corps of engineers. • His father Lazare had served as Napoleon's minister of the interior during the "Hundred Days", and after Napoleon's final defeat in 1815 Lazare was forced into exile. • Lazare chose his son's third given name (by which he would always be known) after the Persian poet ___ of Shiraz. • Which illustrious man of science is this?
    24. 24. ANSWER • Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot
    25. 25. 12. • The aim of the whole project is to increase the number of green areas that, subsequently, help reduce carbon dioxide emission and increase overall vegetation and biodiversity in trafficcongested cities. • Landscape artist Marc Grañén, in collaboration with Grupo IRACO, has started implementing his project on the streets of L’Estartit near Girona, Spain. • What unique idea is it?
    26. 26. ANSWER • Rooftop Gardens on buses
    27. 27. 13. What is the only type of invention for which the US Patent Office still insists on seeing a working model?
    28. 28. ANSWER • Perpetual Motion Machine
    29. 29. 14. • The picture of the third generation Pokemon known as Deoxys is in the next slide. • Pokedex number 386 • What is the inspiration to this?
    30. 30. ANSWER • DNA
    31. 31. *15. • Identify. (audio)
    32. 32. ANSWER • The sound of dialup internet
    33. 33. *16. • What is happening?
    34. 34. ANSWER • Wildbeest migration
    35. 35. 17. • World’s largest what at retail store American Science and Surplus in Milwaukee, Wisconsin?
    36. 36. ANSWER • Newton’s cradle
    37. 37. 18. • This Da-Vinci illustration is said to be the first time X was conceived. What is X?
    38. 38. ANSWER • Contact lens
    39. 39. 19. An easy one • Percy Spencer, an American engineer was working on a radar set when he found that the peanut chocolate bar in his pocket had melted. • What did he invent as a result?
    40. 40. ANSWER • Microwave oven
    41. 41. 20. • Connect.
    42. 42. ANSWER • Saturn in different mythologies
    43. 43. *21. • A mathematical symbol owes its name to the musical instrument shown. Name the symbol, name the instrument.
    44. 44. ANSWER • Nabla, the hebrew word for a harp. Commonly called the “del” operator.
    46. 46. ROUND 1 CLOCKWISE. +10,-10 ON POUNCE. +10,-0 ON THE DIRECT.
    47. 47. * Q1. Start with a Tribute *  A transporter is a fictional teleportation machine used in the Star Trek universe. Transporters convert a person or object into an energy pattern (a process called dematerialization), then "beam" it to a target, where it is reconverted into matter (rematerialization). Considering most of the audience for this show consisted of geeky scientists and engineers, a certain addition was incorporated to allow the above mentioned device to "work". Put Funda. Its workable.
    48. 48. AND THE ANSWER IS..
    49. 49. ANSWER  Heisenberg‟s corrector.
    50. 50. 2.  1. Height at the beginning of its parabolic arc, that is, when it left the body.  2. Tangent of the angle at which the first incidence occurs  3. Tangent of the angle at which the second incidence occurs.  4. Horizontal distance of the first trajectory.  5, Horizontal distance of the second trajectory.
    51. 51.  Given a reasonable sample space, and these 5 parameters, why is the formula of use for forensics?
    52. 52. AND THE ANSWER IS..
    53. 53. ANSWER  Blood Spatter analysis  If enough of the pairs of drops approximately agree (indicating that they flew off the victim at a similar angle), then the investigator can say definitively how high the blood was when it exited the body—which could prove a person‟s position when struck.  blood arcs in a parabola, and different parabolic paths from varied heights can end at the same angle.
    54. 54. 3.  Identify and connect the 3 pics.
    55. 55. AND THE ANSWER IS..
    56. 56. ANSWER  When Anders Celsius invented the temperature scale, he put 100 degrees as the point for freezing and 0 degrees as the point for boiling. Carl Linnaeus, waited until Celsius had died to invert the scale to the way we read it today.
    57. 57. 4.  This is a ring worn by Canadian ___________ and it is called _______ Ring. It reminds them of their duties.  A ritual was developed with the assistance of English poet Rudyard Kipling to „present‟ the ring.  FITB and funda.
    58. 58. AND THE ANSWER IS..
    59. 59. ANSWER  This is a ring worn by Canadian Engineers and it is called the Iron Ring. It reminds them of their duties.  The Ritual of the Calling of an Engineer is a ritual for students about to graduate from an engineering program at a university in Canada. The need for the ritual was patently obvious in the light of the Quebec Bridge disasters.
    60. 60. 5.  What is blocked out? and also tell us why this Linux distribution was special? And why that name?
    61. 61. AND THE ANSWER IS..
    62. 62. ANSWER  Yggdrasil Linux described itself as a "Plug-and-Play" Linux distribution, automatically configuring itself for the hardware.  Yggdrasil is the World Tree of Norse mythology. The name was chosen because Yggdrasil took disparate pieces of software and assembled them into a complete product. Yggdrasil's company motto was "Free Software For The Rest of Us".
    63. 63. 6.  Reference to what?
    64. 64. AND THE ANSWER IS..
    65. 65. ANSWER  Loch Ness Monster
    66. 66. 7. impossibility in its purest form  Stamps commemorating whom? Who else did something similar a lot later?
    67. 67. AND THE ANSWER IS..
    68. 68.  Oscar Reutersvärd.  The mathematician Roger Penrose independently re- created the Penrose triangle impossible figure years later.
    69. 69. 8.  Sketch of?
    70. 70. AND THE ANSWER IS..
    71. 71. ANSWER  Dust- CounterStrike
    72. 72. 9.  The X contest is annually held at Purdue University. The X is named after cartoonist X, the spirit of whose work inspires the contest's weird machines and crazy mechanism. His inventions became so widely known that Webster's Dictionary added “X" to its listing, defining it as "accomplishing by extremely complex, roundabout means what seemingly could be done simply.“  Every year the contestants are given simple mundane tasks like watering a plant, washing a plate and so on.The winners are the guys who achieve this task in the most complicated way.  X?
    73. 73. AND THE ANSWER IS..
    74. 74. ANSWER  Rube Goldberg Machine Contest
    75. 75. 10.  1 and 2 started 3 (logo shown) which has caused huge hue and cry amongst both geeks and artists. Identify them, and what did they start?
    76. 76. AND THE ANSWER IS..
    77. 77. ANSWER  Wikipedia Art  A „conceptual artwork‟ by artists Scott Kildall and Nathaniel Stern, where they edit Wikipedia pages in a way that makes them „artistic‟.  People over at Wikipedia, Jimbo downwards, are pissed because it messes up all that Wikipedia stands for. And the art world is pissed at Wikipedia for being such prudes and pedants.
    78. 78. 11. Just for the heck of it!  Whose voice?
    79. 79. AND THE ANSWER IS..
    80. 80. ANSWER  Alexander Graham Bell
    81. 81. 12.  Montmartre is a hill in the north of Paris. This hilltop location has been made famous in some of the more famous French movies like Amelie and Moulin Rouge.  The surroundings are said to have inspired Dali and Van Gogh among others.  Apart from the fact that the fossil of an extinct equine was discovered about a century ago, this place features in today‟s quiz for another reason. What?
    82. 82. AND THE ANSWER IS..
    83. 83. ANSWER  Plaster of Paris was discovered there!
    84. 84. This lady is Mitchell Baker, often identified due to her unconventional hairstyle, which is said to be her tribute to her post. What post does(rather, did) she hold and what is the deal with her hair? 13
    85. 85. AND THE ANSWER IS..
    86. 86. ANSWER The ex-CEO of Mozilla Corporation . Her hairstyle looks like the firefox logo 
    88. 88. 1.FITB
    89. 89. 2.  What?
    90. 90. 3. Funda?
    91. 91. 4.  What?
    92. 92. 5.  FITB.
    94. 94. 1.FITB
    95. 95. AND THE ANSWER IS..
    96. 96. ANSWER  Cat‟s Schrodinger
    97. 97. 2.  What?
    98. 98. AND THE ANSWER IS..
    99. 99. ANSWER
    100. 100. 3. Funda?
    101. 101. AND THE ANSWER IS..
    102. 102. ANSWER  Klein bottle.
    103. 103. 4.  What?
    104. 104. AND THE ANSWER IS..
    105. 105. ANSWER
    106. 106. 5.  FITB.
    107. 107. AND THE ANSWER IS..
    108. 108. ANSWER
    110. 110. 1. X is a Taiwanese multi-national company that sells and markets consumer electronics, computing and communications devices. Its first mobile phone was M775C and it has launched mobile phones ranging from bar, clamshell to Windows mobile. The slogan of the company is “bring enjoyment to life”.
    111. 111. AND THE ANSWER IS..
    112. 112. ANSWER  BenQ
    113. 113. 2. What is this and who makes them?
    114. 114. AND THE ANSWER IS..
    115. 115.  iPod‟s rotating wheel.
    116. 116. 3. Representation of?
    117. 117. AND THE ANSWER IS..
    118. 118. ANSWER  Google PageRank Algorithm
    119. 119. 4. What is being represented?
    120. 120. AND THE ANSWER IS..
    121. 121. ANSWER  The one and only SNAKE!
    122. 122. 5.  Two of the original lot did not survive the bombing in World War II. Two others were later demolished and replaced by a modern highway. The others remain, although only two of them are from Euler's time (one was rebuilt in 1935). Thus, as of 2000, there are now five in Kaliningrad.  Canterbury University in Christchurch, New Zealand, has incorporated a model of these into a grass area between the old Physical Sciences Library and the Erskine Building, housing the Departments of Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science.  What am I talking about?
    123. 123. AND THE ANSWER IS..
    124. 124. ANSWER  The Seven Bridges of Konigsberg
    125. 125. Q6. 18,446,744,073,709,551,615  The puzzle was first publicized in the West by the French mathematician Édouard Lucas in 1883. There is a history about an Indian temple in Kashi Vishwanath which contains a large room with three diamond needles surrounded by 64 golden disks. Brahmin priests, acting out the command of an ancient prophecy, have been moving these disks, in accordance with the immutable rules of the Brahma, since that time. According to the legend, when the last move of the puzzle will be completed, the world will end.  What‟s the name of the puzzle in question?
    126. 126. AND THE ANSWER IS..
    127. 127.  Tower of Hanoi!
    128. 128. * Q7. Face it we‟ve all used it before * It is built on two basic principles:  A scheduling theory called rarest first, which creates an even distribution of available pieces.  A game theory strategy for persuading users to engage in unselfish behavior: Reward cooperation and punish cheating, Creator Bram Cohen calls these the “Principles of Leech Resistance.”
    129. 129. AND THE ANSWER IS..
    130. 130. ANSWER  Torrents!
    131. 131. Q8. Yahooo!  “The principal components of _________ are millions of tiny microcapsules, about the diameter of a human hair.  In one incarnation, each microcapsule contains positively charged white particles and negatively charged black particles suspended in a clear fluid.  When a negative electric field is applied, the white particles move to the top of the microcapsule ....”  What is being described?
    132. 132. AND THE ANSWER IS..
    133. 133. ANSWER  E-ink!
    134. 134. Q9. One of the Assistants  This product was first marketed by the Gem Manufacturing Company of England.  Norwegians, who believed that this was a Norwegian invention, wore it on the lapel as a symbol of resistance to the Nazis.  What was it?
    135. 135. AND THE ANSWER IS..
    136. 136. ANSWER  Paper clip!
    137. 137. Q10. Factual, sadly  Located near Leh in Ladakh, India. The hill is alleged to have magnetic properties strong enough to pull cars uphill and force passing aircraft to increase their altitude in order to escape magnetic interference, while in fact, this is a purely optical effect caused by layout of the surroundings.
    138. 138. AND THE ANSWER IS..
    139. 139.  Magnet hill! Illusion that it is uphill, but actually downhill.
    140. 140. Q11.  A hypothetical type of nuclear reaction that would occur at, or near, room temperature, compared with temperatures in the millions of degrees that is required in reality. It has been rejected by the mainstream scientific community because the original experimental results could not be replicated consistently and reliably.
    141. 141. AND THE ANSWER IS..
    142. 142. ANSWER  Cold fusion.
    143. 143. 12.  The original formulation for X consisted of 1% CN gas in a     solvent of 2-butanol, propylene glycol, cyclohexene, and dipropylene glycol methyl ether. Chemical X is a tear gas in the form of an aerosol spray which propels a lachrymatory agent mixed with a volatile solvent. This form of X is legal in very few countries, thus its use is becoming uncommon. Most X branded products sold today are Y rather than tear gas. The active ingredient in Y is capsaicin, which is a chemical derived from the fruit of plants in the Capsicum genus, including chilis. X and Y ?
    144. 144. AND THE ANSWER IS..
    145. 145.  X- Pepper spray  Y- Mace
    146. 146. 13. X do indeed have a much higher ______ resistance than vertebrates, with the lethal dose perhaps 6 to 15 times that for humans. However, they are not exceptionally ______-resistant compared to other insects, such as the fruit fly. The X's ability to withstand ______ better than human beings can be explained through the cell cycle. Cells are most vulnerable to the effects of ______ when they are dividing. A X's cells divide only once each time it molts, which is weekly at most in a juvenile X. Since not all X would be molting at the same time, many would be unaffected by an acute ______ but lingering ______ would still be harmful. This is the scientific explanation for what ?
    147. 147. AND THE ANSWER IS..
    148. 148.  Cockroaches surviving nuke attacks.
    149. 149. 14.  Zbtb7 is a gene that may act as a master switch for cancer, and is responsible for the proliferation of cancer throughout surrounding cells.  The gene is unique in that it is needed for other oncogenes to cause cancer.  Discovery of the gene was first published in the January 2005 issue of Nature.  It was originally called "POK erythroid myeloid ontogenic factor" but was renamed to Zbtb7.
    150. 150. AND THE ANSWER IS..
    151. 151. ANSWER  POK erythroid myeloid ontogenic factor~~ POKemon!  Nintendo‟s lawsuit, et al.
    152. 152. 15.  When John Glenn was orbiting in the Friendship 7 in 1962,he took a short speech with him rendered phonetically  I am a stranger. I come in peace. Take me to your leader, and there will be a massive reward for you in eternity."
    153. 153. AND THE ANSWER IS..
    154. 154. ANSWER  When John Glenn went into orbit aboard Friendship 7 in 1962, mission planners weren‟t certain where he‟d come down. The most likely sites were Australia, the Atlantic Ocean, and New Guinea, but it might be 72 hours before he could be picked up.  Glenn worried about spending three days among aborigines who had seen a silver man emerge from “a big parachute with a little capsule on the end,” so he took with him a short speech rendered phonetically in several languages.
    155. 155. 16.  The below excerpt is the Physics behind which common object      ? Lift is generated in primarily the same way as a traditional asymmetric airfoil, that is, by accelerating upper airflow such that a pressure difference gives rise to a lifting force. Small ridges near the leading edge act as turbulators, reducing flow separation by forcing the airflow to become turbulent after it passes over the ridges. The rotating ____ has a vertical angular momentum vector, stabilizing its attitude gyroscopically. Depending on the cross-sectional shape of the airfoil the amount of lift generated by the front and back parts of the may be unequal. If the ____ were not spinning this would tend to make it pitch.
    156. 156.  When the ____ is spinning, however, such a torque would cause it to precess about the roll axis, causing its trajectory to curve to the left or the right.  Most ____ are designed to be aerodynamically stable so that this roll is self-correcting for a fairly broad range of velocities and rates of spin.  Many ____ however, are intentionally designed to be unstable. Higher rates of spin lead to better stability and, for a given rate of spin, there is generally a range of velocities that are stable.  Even a slight deformation in a ____ (called a "Taco," which in extreme cases looks like a tacoshell) can cause adverse effects when throwing long range. It can be observed by holding the ____ horizontally at eye level and looking at the rim while slowly rotating the ____
    157. 157. AND THE ANSWER IS..
    158. 158. ANSWER  The frisbee
    159. 159. 17.  Small cylindrical mammals adapted to a subterranean      lifestyle. They have velvety fur; tiny or invisible ears and eyes; and short, powerful limbs with large paws oriented for digging. A melanocytic nevus (aka "Nevocytic nevus") is a type of lesion that contains nevus cells (melanocytes). The majority of these appear during the first two decades of a person‟s life, while about one in every 100 babies is born with one. A massive structure, usually of stone, used as a pier, breakwater, or a causeway between places separated by water. The word comes from Middle French and ultimately Latin meaning a large mass, especially of rock. What connects ?
    160. 160. AND THE ANSWER IS..
    161. 161.  Mole!
    162. 162. 18.  It is a natural carotenoid chemical compound that is     found in the flowers crocus and gardenia. has a deep red color & forms crystals with a melting point of 186 °C. When dissolved in water, it forms an orange solution. It is the chemical ingredient primarily responsible for the color of saffron. It has been shown to be a potent antioxidant and anticarcinogenic. In rodents, it has been shown to have antidepressant properties and one study reports aphrodisiac properties. What ?
    163. 163. AND THE ANSWER IS..
    164. 164. ANSWER  Crocin!