MACMILLAN Macmillan Teacher Training Making Things Better for You! Patrick Hafenstein Canton September 2011
MACMILLAN Publishing Company Making Things Better for You! Working for a Foreign Publisher
Who’s this? MACMILLAN Author of 5 books Examiner of 4 Exams Helped 100,000+ students get an o/s Masters Trained 11,000+ teachers in 11 countries Making Things Better for You!
Hot Spot Capture the imagination of younger teenagers
MACMILLAN Reading Agenda Essential Reading Philosophy Before, While, After Reading Activities Top Down vs. Bottom Up Intensive vs. Extensive Reading Comprehension vs. Skills & Strategies Dictionary Skills Making Things Better for You!
MACMILLAN Which is the most decisive factor in determining the success of a reading class?
MACMILLAN Interesting topics… Are relevant to students’ lives (age appropriate) Provide new information (innate curiosity) Provoke an emotional response (develop imagination) Making Things Better for You!
MACMILLAN How do you teach reading? Intensive vs. Extensive Top Down vs. Bottom Up Skills & Strategies vs. Comprehension Before, During & After Reading Activities Making Things Better for You!
MACMILLAN Pre-Reading Open up to page 96 & start reading Making Things Better for You!
1. Activating Schema MACMILLAN Brainstorming Discussion Questions Input Drawings Freewriting Background info as quizzes. Making Things Better for You!
During Reading Exercises MACMILLAN Step 2: Guided Reading Speedy Turn-taking Emotional Reading Making Things Better for You!
MACMILLAN After Reading Check your answers with your partner Making Things Better for You!
After Reading Exercises MACMILLAN Vocabulary Development Integrated Speaking/ Writing Grammar in Context Task-based Activities/ Project Work Making Things Better for You!
MACMILLAN Top Down vs. Bottom Up What’s the difference? Making Things Better for You!
Top Down vs. Bottom Up MACMILLAN Bottom Up Paying close attention to the language, especially syntax and cohesion to understand difficult text. Top Down Activating all prior knowledge about topic & text type, then skimming to get a rough idea of content & structure. Making Things Better for You!
Top Down vs. Bottom Up MACMILLAN Which process comes first? Making Things Better for You!
Top Down MACMILLAN Step 1: What comes next? Step 2: Summarising Step 3: Underline the unfamiliar words Step 4: What questions is the text trying to answer? Step 5: Check questions have been answered Step 6: Bottom up processing Making Things Better for You!
Bottom Up Processing MACMILLAN The Nation Approach
Identify what the cohesive elements refer to.
Remove coordinating conjunctions & rewrite as 2 sentences.
Find nouns & remove any items following them which are part of the same noun group.
Find participle, infinitive or prepositional clauses & decide who/what does what
Making Things Better for You!
MACMILLAN Intensive vs. Extensive What’s the difference? Making Things Better for You!
Extensive vs. Intensive Reading MACMILLAN Extensive Reading large quantities of material or long texts for global or general understanding with the intention of gaining pleasure from the text. Intensive Reading a text in detail with the intent to understand all structures, lexis and text organisation and at the same time developing reading skills. Making Things Better for You!
Benefits of Extensive Reading… MACMILLAN When (second language learners)read for pleasure, they can continue to improve in their second language without classes, without teachers, without study & even without people to converse with. (Krashen 1993 p.84) Making Things Better for You!
Benefits of Extensive Reading… MACMILLAN Pupils developed a wider active & passive vocabulary. They used more varied sentence structure & were better at spotting & correcting grammatical mistakes in their writing & speaking. They showed an overall improvement in writing skills & increased confidence & fluency in speaking. (Davis1995 p.330) Making Things Better for You!
Reading for Pleasure MACMILLAN As a teacher, your role is to MOTIVATE students to read and this is the most challenging part of Extensive Reading Although there are many benefits of reading, that does not mean students will read. Making Things Better for You!
7 Stories of Mystery & Horror A priceless Egyptian statuette is stolen A Rich Man & A Poor Man This story has been made into many plays, films & movies A Romance on a Rainy Day A B C D Making Things Better for You!
MACMILLAN Reading Comprehension vs. Reading Skills & Strategies What’s the difference? Making Things Better for You!
Comprehension vs. Skills & Strategies MACMILLAN Reading Skills & Strategies Training students to be more effective readers by teaching them to infer meaning, guess vocab from context, distinguishing key points, etc. Reading Comprehension To check learners’ understanding of a text typically through multiple choice questions, true/false statements, wh-questions, gap fills, etc. Making Things Better for You!
Hot Spot Capture the imagination of younger teenagers
Overview ‘Inbetweenies’ (10 > 14) 42 core teaching hours per level Communicative yet traditional approach Provides a focus on UK Culturally rich content Theme based modules (7) (3x2 ~ double pp), plus Integrated skills, Review, Extra! Transparent grammar syllabus Personalisation Practice
USP’s Learner autonomy ~ ‘check your English’ Pronunciation help ~ various activities Integrated skills with cross-cultural focus ‘Groovy/funky’ characters ~ interest/remember Learning diaries ~ AB Grammar explanations/wordlists (SB) Mixed ability/Dyslexia tips (TB)
Motivation Fun approach with lots of humour Engaging characters to capture the interest of teenagers
Grammar Grammar is practised through fun tasks in the context of the lesson Additional grammar practice in an illustrated reference section at the back of the SB
Structure Clear structure and signposting to help guide teachers
Reading practice Extra reading practice is offered at the higher levels in the form of an excerpt from a famous story
Personalisation Communicative practice with lots of controlled personalised practice to build confidence for students
Skills integration The integrated skills lesson has a cross-cultural focus
Fun! Songs and raps found in every unit Lyrics at the back of the Student’s Book Lower levels created specifically Higher levels > known
Teacher’s Book Full colour and interleaved with the Student’s Book pages Strong teacher training element with methodology tips throughout Dyslexia tips to help students with dyslexia and learning difficulties
Teacher’s Book Extra ideas for teaching mixed-ability classes Includes photocopiable worksheets for pair and group work Editable Test CD-ROM included with every Teacher’s Book
Other components Activity Book includes: A complete story Extension and extra practice activities for mixed ability classes Learning Diary Student’s Book includes: CD-ROM with additional practice and interactive games Class audio Teacher’s Website: www.macmillanenglish.com/HotSpot