Learning How to Learn Developing Independent young learners Presented by Lee Knight
Successful language learners (Teachers’ thoughts) <ul><li>is prepared to take risks </li></ul><ul><li>is motivated to lear...
Successful language learners (Teachers’ thoughts) <ul><li>does not give up </li></ul><ul><li>is keen to communicate </li><...
Successful language learners (Students’ thoughts) <ul><li>All types of pupil regardless of character (Positive) </li></ul>...
What can you do to help yourself become a successful learner? Games and songs Books and Tales Playing Paper Teacher Writin...
What does ‘Learning how to learn’ mean? <ul><li>How do I learn?   </li></ul><ul><li>Learners need to be aware of strategie...
What does ‘Learning how to learn’ mean? <ul><li>How shall I manage my learning? </li></ul><ul><li>They need to manage lear...
Developing pupils’ capacity to ‘Learn how to Learn’ <ul><li>What activity am I doing?   </li></ul><ul><li>If students know...
Developing pupils’ capacity to ‘Learn how to Learn’ <ul><li>How shall I do it? </li></ul><ul><li>If students know how you ...
Teachers’ concerns about implementing ‘Learn how to Learn’ goals and how to combat them <ul><li>Use of mother tongue   </l...
Teachers’ concerns about implementing ‘Learn how to Learn’ goals and how to combat them <ul><li>Takes time / Lack of time ...
Summary <ul><li>Teachers’ views   </li></ul><ul><li>Various types of learners are all able to learn in their own way </li>...
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Developing independent young learners through learning how to learn

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Macmillan Teacher Training 2010

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Developing independent young learners through learning how to learn

  1. 1. Learning How to Learn Developing Independent young learners Presented by Lee Knight
  2. 2. Successful language learners (Teachers’ thoughts) <ul><li>is prepared to take risks </li></ul><ul><li>is motivated to learn English </li></ul><ul><li>is creative </li></ul><ul><li>is well organized </li></ul><ul><li>pays attention </li></ul><ul><li>has concentration </li></ul><ul><li>is curious </li></ul><ul><li>is confident </li></ul>
  3. 3. Successful language learners (Teachers’ thoughts) <ul><li>does not give up </li></ul><ul><li>is keen to communicate </li></ul><ul><li>participates actively </li></ul><ul><li>corrects own mistakes </li></ul><ul><li>takes every opportunity to use English </li></ul><ul><li>is willing to plan and review work </li></ul>
  4. 4. Successful language learners (Students’ thoughts) <ul><li>All types of pupil regardless of character (Positive) </li></ul><ul><li>Shy pupils will have more difficulty because he/she doesn’t dare to ask. (Negative) </li></ul>
  5. 5. What can you do to help yourself become a successful learner? Games and songs Books and Tales Playing Paper Teacher Writing and Reading Video/TV Practice it Studying Pay attention in class Make an effort Complete your homework Translate a bit of text each day Travel abroad Practice at home Songs Books with examples Listen to tapes Watch films Read books 7 year olds 10 year olds 13 year olds
  6. 6. What does ‘Learning how to learn’ mean? <ul><li>How do I learn? </li></ul><ul><li>Learners need to be aware of strategies they are using and how effective they are. </li></ul><ul><li>What are my goals? </li></ul><ul><li>They need to know why they are learning so they can set their own goals and plan their learning </li></ul>
  7. 7. What does ‘Learning how to learn’ mean? <ul><li>How shall I manage my learning? </li></ul><ul><li>They need to manage learning, feelings and make choices so they are using time and skills in most appropriate way </li></ul><ul><li>How am I getting on? </li></ul><ul><li>Be able to monitor learning and evaluate progress so can take appropriate steps to improve it </li></ul>
  8. 8. Developing pupils’ capacity to ‘Learn how to Learn’ <ul><li>What activity am I doing? </li></ul><ul><li>If students know what learning task they are going to do, they can make use of previous knowledge about such tasks </li></ul><ul><li>Why am I doing it? </li></ul><ul><li>If pupils understand the significance of what they are doing, they can co-operate in working towards a particular outcome and know whether their work is relevant to goal that has been set </li></ul>
  9. 9. Developing pupils’ capacity to ‘Learn how to Learn’ <ul><li>How shall I do it? </li></ul><ul><li>If students know how you want them to work and how long they have to do the activity, they have better chance of being effective </li></ul><ul><li>How do I know when I am successful? </li></ul><ul><li>If you tell pupils how you are going to assess their performance, they will know what to aim for. They will be able to monitor when they have been successful. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Teachers’ concerns about implementing ‘Learn how to Learn’ goals and how to combat them <ul><li>Use of mother tongue </li></ul><ul><li>Set aside some time for use of L1 for reflection on learning. Separate this time from the lesson. </li></ul><ul><li>Colleagues don’t work like this in their classes </li></ul><ul><li>Convince other teachers by being open about your methods. Ask their advice, convince boss to develop whole school policy </li></ul><ul><li>Parents’ attitudes – ‘wasting their children’s time ’ </li></ul><ul><li>Send letter to parents. Invite them to see what you are doing at parents’ evening </li></ul>
  11. 11. Teachers’ concerns about implementing ‘Learn how to Learn’ goals and how to combat them <ul><li>Takes time / Lack of time to finish work </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a systematic program throughout the year. </li></ul><ul><li>Develop reusable materials. Use stronger pupils to help. </li></ul><ul><li>Integrate with usual teaching. </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed-ability classes </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage pair and group work and peer tutoring </li></ul><ul><li>Bad behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiate classroom rules Reinforce and praise positive behaviour. </li></ul><ul><li>Constraints of textbooks/curriculum – textbooks are not ‘learn how to learn’ orientated </li></ul><ul><li>Adapt to fit your needs. Build in an explicit ‘learning to learn’ focus. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Summary <ul><li>Teachers’ views </li></ul><ul><li>Various types of learners are all able to learn in their own way </li></ul><ul><li>Pupils’ views </li></ul><ul><li>Important to know your students inside out </li></ul><ul><li>What ‘learning how to learn’ means?! </li></ul><ul><li>Being aware and conscious of how you learn a language </li></ul><ul><li>Ways of developing capacity to ‘learn how to learn’ </li></ul><ul><li>Start from what you do every day in the lesson. What, how, why and expected outcomes. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers’ worries about ‘learning how to learn’ </li></ul><ul><li>Think positively and team work difficulties. Communicate! </li></ul>

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