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Pakistan studies for class 9th Notes

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Chapter #1 …

Chapter #1
Ideology of Pakistan.
According to New Syllabus Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Textbook Board Peshawar.

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  • Hello- Are these notes for the Pakistan Studies Textbook published by Punjab Textbook Board in 2007.
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  • dude wats the freaking point of sharing it when ur not actually sharing it .... !!!
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  • i need this copy for printing mr maaz even i called from uae but u didnt give response .i have exam of b.ed no time for writing so want direct print out ..plz send me file
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  • 1. thPak.Studies for Class 9 Chapter.1 IDEOLOGICAL BASIS OF PAKISTANSHORT QUESTIONSQ.1) Define ideology. Discuss the meaning of ideology of Pakistan?ORWhat is meant by ideology of Pakistan?Answer. IDEOLOGYEvery body has a specific aim of life. To achieve the aim, a set of ideas provide guidance.Similarly, in collective life of a group or nation, people struggle collectively in the light ofcommon thinking. That collective thinking is called ideology of the Nation.ORIdeology is a set of ideas on which a political, social, economic system of a nation is based.Ideology expresses the collective thinking of the nation.IDEOLOGY OF PAKISTAN:Every movement has an ideology behind it. Ideology of Pakistan is ideology of Islam. On thebase of which Muslims of sub-continent struggled for a separate homeland.ORIdeology of Pakistan is to mould our individual and collective lives according to the teaching ofIslam and to safeguard ourselves against all those ideologies that are against Islam.Q.2) Mention kinds of ideology?Answer: KINDS OF IDEOLOGYIdeology is of different types, e.g. I. Religious ideology II. Political ideology III. Economic ideologyI. Religious ideology :It deals to establish a social and living system in the light of basic principles of a religion e.g.ideology of Islam is to establish Islamic society.II. Political ideology:Compiled by Maaz, Hayatabad Model School, Hayatabad, Peshawar Page 1
  • 2. thPak.Studies for Class 9 Chapter.1 IDEOLOGICAL BASIS OF PAKISTANIt deals to establish a specific political system for the followers of that ideology, according totheir thinking e.g. democratic system of government etc.III. Economic ideology:It deals to solve the financial problems of the nation e.g. capitalist economic system andcommunist economic system etc.Q.3) What is meant by Two Nations Theory?Answer: TWO NATIONS THEORYTwo Nations Theory means Muslims are separate nation. There were two major nations livingin India, Muslims and Hindus. They were much different from one another in socio-cultural,political and economic system. The differences in religion, history, civilization and every aspectof life were responsible for the partition of India into two independent states. Two nationstheory was presented by Sir Syed Ahamad Khan.Q.4) What Islam says about behavior with minorities?Answer: TEACHING OF ISLAM ABOUT BEHAVIOR WITH MINORITIESAccording to teaching of Islam non Muslim citizens of an Islamic state have equal social statuswith Muslim citizens. They have right of preserving their language, culture, religion and place ofworship etc. Briefly, Islam guarantees equal rights of Muslims and non Muslims minorities.Q.5) Why Hindus opposed the Urdu language?Answer: Hindus were against Urdu language because this language was developed duringMuslim rule and its writing script in Arabic and Persian, that’s why this language was notacceptable to them.Q.6) Why it was felt necessary to form Muslim league?ORWrite a short not on causes and motives which played an important role in the formation ofMuslim league?Answer: FORMATION OF MUSLIM LEAGUE:There were various causes and motives which played vital role in the formation of Muslimleague, such as:Compiled by Maaz, Hayatabad Model School, Hayatabad, Peshawar Page 2
  • 3. thPak.Studies for Class 9 Chapter.1 IDEOLOGICAL BASIS OF PAKISTANI. Urdu- Hindi Controversy:In 1867, Hindus in Banaras started movement against Urdu because it was considered thelanguage of the Muslims of India.II. All India National congress:In 1885 a British retired officer founded all India National Congress to represent all the nationsliving in India, but later on it proved Hindu dominated party.Others: Partition of Bengal in 1905 also played partial role in formation of Muslim league. In a successful meeting of Muslim leaders with Viceroy Lord Minto at Shimla in 1906, the delegation convinced viceroy of Muslim demands.Under these circumstances Muslims felt need of political Party of their own and all IndiaMuslim league was formed in 1906.Q.7) How the Nehru Report affected the political thinking of Muslims?Answer: In May, 1928 all parties’ conference was held in this conference a committee wasconstituted (established) under chairmanship of Pundit Moti Lal Nehru (President of IndiaNational Congress). The aim of this committee was to make a draft for further constitution ofIndia.This committee presented a report known as Nehru Report. Recommendations of this reportwere totally against the interest and wishes of Muslims. That is the historical point whereideology of Pakistan born. On this occasion Quaid-e Azam stated that:“It is nothing but parting of the ways. ““From here our modes are different.”The anti-Muslims mentality of Hindus compelled Muslims to demand partition of India.Q.8) When Lahore Resolution was introduced and what it demanded?Answer: LAHORE RESOLUTIONLahore Resolution was passed on 23rd March, 1940 in an annual session of Muslim league atLahore. Later on this resolution was known as Pakistan Resolution.DEMAND OF LAHORE RESOLUTION:In Pakistan Resolution Muslim league demanded a separate state for the Muslims of India.Compiled by Maaz, Hayatabad Model School, Hayatabad, Peshawar Page 3
  • 4. thPak.Studies for Class 9 Chapter.1 IDEOLOGICAL BASIS OF PAKISTANLONG QUESTIONSQ.1) what are the sources of ideology of Pakistan? Discuss the need and significance ofideology?Answer: IDEOLOGY: Every body has a specific aim of life. To achieve the aim, a set of ideas provide guidance.Similarly in collective life of group or nation, people struggle collectively in the light if commonthinking that collective thinking is called ideology of Pakistan.OrIdeology is a set of ideas on which a political, social, economic or cultural system of a nation isbased. Ideology expresses collective thinking of the nation.SOURCES OF IDEOLOGY OF PAKISTAN:Ideology is not formed in a day. It is a process of growth and evolution. The factors thatdetermine an ideology are called its sources. Many factors play their role in the formation ofideology. These factors include religion, history, social condition, culture and civilization.As the factors of every nation are different from other, there for their ideologies are alsodifferent from each other.NEED AND SIGNIFICANCE OF IDEALOGY:Every nation has specific goals. To achieve national goals, there is need of ideology that leadsthe people of that nation in right direction.To achieve the settled goal(s) ideology proves helpful in following ways:I) Purpose of Life:Ideology persuades a nation towards purposeful live.II) National Unity:Ideology plays a vital role in keeping united the people of a society because when all the peopleof a society or nation have the same thinking, then an exemplary union is found. Iqbal saysabout national unity:Compiled by Maaz, Hayatabad Model School, Hayatabad, Peshawar Page 4
  • 5. thPak.Studies for Class 9 Chapter.1 IDEOLOGICAL BASIS OF PAKISTANIII) National Encouragement:Ideology creates ability in nation to face the hardships. Ideological nation never discourage andsearch solution of the problems in the light of ideology.IV) Preserve Social Values:Ideology preserves the culture, civilization social and religious values of the nation. Ideologicalnation remain protected form negative internal and external effects and wrong tendencies.V) National Legislation:Ideological nation face no problem in legislation because the basic guiding principles alreadyexist in form of ideology.VI) National Constitution:Ideology guides the nation in making national constitution and other laws.VII) National Identity:Ideology plays a vital role in character building of and national identify. It discriminate a nationfrom others.VIII) Key to Success and Development:Ideology guides toward knowledge and action. It shows the path of spiritualism andhumanitarian along with material development.Q.2 Write a note on the basis and elements of Pakistan ideology.Answer: Islam is a philosophy as well as ideology. Islam is the axis of lives of Muslims. Ideologyof Islam became the base and mover of ideology of Pakistan. Following are the elements ofPakistan ideology: I. Faith on Islam and belief on Tauheed II. Brotherhood III. Islamic system of life IV. Islamic concept of sovereignty V. Islamic democracy VI. Social justice and equality VII. Equal right of minorities.Compiled by Maaz, Hayatabad Model School, Hayatabad, Peshawar Page 5
  • 6. thPak.Studies for Class 9 Chapter.1 IDEOLOGICAL BASIS OF PAKISTANI. FAITH ON ISLAM AND BELIEF ON TAUHEED:Islam is the most important basic element of ideology of Pakistan. Tauheed means Allah is onewho alone is creator and lord of every thing. The base of Muslim nationality is Tauheed (oneCreed) not the race or country etc.According to Quaid-e-Azam:“Pakistan came into being the day, the first Hindu embraced Islam in India”II. BROTHERHOOD OR FRATERNITY:Holy Quran says “all the believers are brothers”. They are just like part of one body. If there ispain in one part, the whole body feels discomfort. Most brilliant example of brotherhood wassetup by Ansar-e-Madina.An Islamic society based on brotherhood promotes feelings of affection, sacrifice, mutual co-operation and selfless service. In this way the society become a paradise in real sense.To establish such a society the Muslims of India started struggle for separate homelandIII. ISLAMIC SYSTEM OF LIFE:Islam is not a religion but it is a complete code of life which brings the solution of social,political and economic needs of human beings. The aim of creation of Pakistan was thepermanent solution of the problems of Muslims.IV. ISLAMIC CONCEPT OF SOVEREIGNTY :According to Islam Allah is the creator and sovereign of Universe. The position of human beingin this world is of assistant (Naib or Caliph).Fundamental aim of human life is the total subservience of Allah‘s Commands and theobedience of Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W). Muslims of sub-continent wanted such an Islamic statewhere they can exercise the powers granted by Allah as a sacred trust.V. ISLAMIC DEMOCRACY:According the principles of Islamic democracy, only the capable, truthful, careful and piouspersons have the right of public representatives. Holy Quran says “And consult with them uponconduct of affairs” that’s why mutual consultation is very important in Muslim society. Holyprophet also asked the opinion of his companions on important occasions during period ofkhulafa-e-Rashideen (caliphs). Ashura was established for consultation of caliph on importantmatters. Caliph was elected by public representatives, the trustworthy people. Khilafat wasCompiled by Maaz, Hayatabad Model School, Hayatabad, Peshawar Page 6
  • 7. thPak.Studies for Class 9 Chapter.1 IDEOLOGICAL BASIS OF PAKISTANconfirmed through “Bai,at”. Caliph was responsible to use ruling power within limitation ofdivine law. He was responsible before public after Allah. Muslims of the sub-continent wantedsuch a state where they can establish Islamic principles of democracy.V. SOCIAL JUSTICE AND EQUALITY:Social justice is very important feature of a society.Holy Quran says,“We have created all mankind from none male and female and have made your communitiesand clans that you may know one another. The noblest of you in the sight of Allah is the best ofconduct.”Islam rejects discrimination on account of caste, race, color, language, culture or wealth etc.The Holy profit (S.A.W.W) declared on the eve of his Hijatul Wida“All human beings are the offspring of Hazrat Adam. No Arab has any precedence over aPersian and vice versa. Similarly the white have no precedence over the black and vice versa.”Islam teaches perfect equality and setup of such a society where there is no sense of superiorityor inferiority.These were the factors that led ideology of Pakistan.VII. EQUAL RIGHTS OF MINORITIES:According to the teaching of Islam non Muslim citizens of an Islamic state have equal socialstatus with Muslim citizens. They have right of preserving their language, culture, religion andplaces of worship etc.On 11th of Aug, 1947 Quaid-e-Azam told in his speech:“You are free; you are free to go your temples and other places of worship in this country ofPakistan”.He said, “We are taking start form the basic principles that we all are equal citizens of onecountry”.Compiled by Maaz, Hayatabad Model School, Hayatabad, Peshawar Page 7
  • 8. thPak.Studies for Class 9 Chapter.1 IDEOLOGICAL BASIS OF PAKISTANQ.3) Mention the Evolution of Pakistan Ideology?Answer: IDEOLOGY:Every body has a specific aim of life. To achieve the aim, a set of ideas provide guidance.Similarly, in collective life of a group or nation, people struggle collectively in the light ofcommon thinking. That collective thinking is called ideology of the nation.ORIdeology is a set of ideas on which a political, social, economic system of a nation is based.Ideology expresses the collective thinking of the nation.IDEOLOGY OF PAKISTAN:Every movement has an ideology behind it. Ideology of Pakistan is ideology of Islam. On thebase of which Muslims of subcontinent struggled for a separate homeland.ORIdeology of Pakistan is to mould our individual and collective lives according to the teaching ofIslam and to safeguard ourselves against all those ideologies that are against Islam.EVALUTION OF PAKSITAN IDEOLOGY:Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah traced the historical background of ideology of Pakistanas under:“Pakistan cam into being the day, the first Hindu embraced Islam in India.”Thus ideology of Pakistan originated with the arrival of Muslims in the sub-continent. The firstpreachers were Arab traders.Muslim Rule in Sub-Continent:The first permanent Muslim rule in sub-continent was formed in 712AD by Muslim GeneralMuhammad Bin Qasim. Muslim rule was continued till 1858 when last Mughal king BahadurShah Zafar was dethroned.British East India Company:Many of the last Mughal Kings were incapable. Taking advantage of weakness of these rulers,East India Company (a trading company) gradually became master of the country.Compiled by Maaz, Hayatabad Model School, Hayatabad, Peshawar Page 8
  • 9. thPak.Studies for Class 9 Chapter.1 IDEOLOGICAL BASIS OF PAKISTANWar of Independence:Although this war was fought by Hindus and Muslims, but whole responsibility was laid on theMuslims and they became victims of British. British adopted harsh policies toward the Muslims.Hindu-Urdu Controversy:In 1867 Hindus started movement against Urdu because this language was developed duringMuslim rule.Anti-Muslim Attitude of Hindu Extremists:Hindu extremist groups like Arya samaj, and shudi etc tried to eliminate Muslims, either bymaking them leave or get them converted. It compelled the Muslims to think about separatehome land.Two Nations Theory:In start Sir. Syed Ahmad Khan beloved in Hindu Muslim unity. But attitude of Hindus andCongress convened sir syed to reshape his idea. After Hindi-Urdu controversy he said: “I amconvinced now that Hindus and Muslims are two separate nations and could never become onenation as their religion and way of living is quite distinct form each other.”The Shimla Deputation:On Oct 1906 a delegation met with viceroy lord Minto at Shimla. The delegation convincedviceroy of Muslims demand. After this Muslim leaders felt the need of a political party of theirown.Establishment of Muslim League:To protect Muslims from Hindu dominancy and represent Muslims as separate nation, all IndiaMuslim League was formed on Dec, 1906.Nehru Report and Its Recommendations:In 1928 a committee was made under chairmanship of Moti Lal Nehru to make a draft forfuture constitution of India. Recommendations made by this committee were totally againstMuslims. That is the historical point where ideology of Pakistan born.Struggle of Muslim Leaders: In 1922 Sardar Muahammad khan, the President of “ Anjumin Islamia “ D.I.khan Proposed the solution of India into two parts.Compiled by Maaz, Hayatabad Model School, Hayatabad, Peshawar Page 9
  • 10. thPak.Studies for Class 9 Chapter.1 IDEOLOGICAL BASIS OF PAKISTAN In 1930, in annual meeting of Muslim league Allama Iqbal in his presidential address demand for partition of India. In 1933 Choudry Rehmat Ali and his colleagues suggested the name “ Pakistan” for the new state of the Muslims of India On 23rd March, 1940 at Lahore Muslim League passed a resolution and demanded for a separate Islamic state in India.Q.4) How did Allama Iqbal and Quaid-e-Azam explained Pakistan Ideology?Answer: INTRODUCITON:Poet of the east and dreamer of Pakistan Allama M.Iqbal and father of the nation Quaid-e –Azam M.Ali Jinnnah Played vital role in establishment of Pakistan . They explained ideology ofPakistan in a better way. Allama Iqbal gave the concept of separate state for Muslims of Indiawhile Quaid-e-Azam gave it a practical shape and guided Muslims in their political struggle.ALLAMA IQBAL AND IDEOLOGY OF PAKISTAN:In the beginning Allama iqbal was a great supporter of Hindu Muslims unity and united Indiannationality. But in the light of later coming events he gave the concept of separate homelandfor Muslims of sub-continentIn his address at Allahabad in 1930 he said.“I would like to see, the Punjab, the North West Frontier Province (KPK) Sind and Baluchistanamalgamated into a single state. It appears to be the destiny of the Muslims of North Westernareas”.In 1937 he writes to quaid-e-Azam:“How it is possible to solve the problems of Muslim poverty? (The whole future of leaguedepends on this Question). Happily there is a solution in the enforcement of the laws of Islamand its further development in the light of modern ideas (under Ijtehad). But the enforcementand development of the Shariat of Islam is impossible in this country with out a free MuslimState”.QUAID-E-AZAM AND IDEOLOGY OF PAKISTAN:The famous saying of Quaid-e-Azam:“Pakistan came into being the day, the first Hindu embraced Islam in India”.During the crucial phase of Pakistan Movement, he explained the meaning of Pakistan as,Compiled by Maaz, Hayatabad Model School, Hayatabad, Peshawar Page 10
  • 11. thPak.Studies for Class 9 Chapter.1 IDEOLOGICAL BASIS OF PAKISTAN“Pakistan means not only freedom and independence, but the Muslim ideology, which has tobe preserved.” The concept of Pakistan is really base on the supremacy of Quran and Sunnah. It was, however,impossible to achieve this objective in the Hindu Dominated society. So in presidential addresson 23rd 1940, in a historical session of Muslim league in Lahore, Quaid said:“Hinduism and Islam are not only two religion but two different social systems that is why thisidea should be understand as a dream that Muslims and Hindus could ever be adopted thestatus of united nation. Hindus and Muslims belong to two different civilizations which arebased on such ideas and thinking that are against each other.”After establishment of Paksitan Quaid-e-Azam explained ideology of Pakistan as:“Our mission was the establishment of a state where we can live like free people in our ownculture setup necessary for the promotion of social justice and Islamic Ideology”.CONCLUSION:Both the leaders Quaid and Iqbal explained ideology of Pakistan. As religion and social valuesdifferentiate Muslims from Hindus as a separate nation, therefore the Muslims have the rightto have their own separate homeland, where they can live according to their religious andsocial values.Compiled by Maaz, Hayatabad Model School, Hayatabad, Peshawar Page 11
  • 12. thPak.Studies for Class 9 Chapter.1 IDEOLOGICAL BASIS OF PAKISTANMultiple Choice Questions1) Pakistan is what type of state? A) Political B) Conceptual C) ideological D) Economic2) The factors form an ideology is called? A) Elements B) Parts C) Means D) Sources3) How does an ideological Nation live? A) Meaningful B) Purposeful C) respectful D) Ethical4) What was the aim of life of the Muslims of south Asia? A) Pakistan ideology B) Economic prosperity C) Pakistan Movement D) Islam5) What was the Basis of separate Muslim Nationality? A) Prayer B) Tauheed C) Social Justice D) Sovereignty6) What are the principles of the establishment of Islamic state? A) Political B) Economic C) Democratic D) Universal7) When Quaid-e-Azam addressed the Shahi Darbar Sibbi (Baluchistan)? A) 12th Feb, 1948 B) 14th Feb, 1948 C) 14th March, 1948 D) 14th July, 19488) Where Sir Syed Ahmad khan was born? A) Agra B) Madras C) Bengal D) Delhi9) Who was the last Mughal Emperor? A) Zahee-ud-Din Babar B) Jalal-ud-Din Akbar C) Aurangzeb Alamgir D) Bahadur Shah ZafarCompiled by Maaz, Hayatabad Model School, Hayatabad, Peshawar Page 12
  • 13. thPak.Studies for Class 9 Chapter.1 IDEOLOGICAL BASIS OF PAKISTAN10) What was the name of Trade Company of English Merchants? A) East India Company B) British India Company C) Anglo India Company D) Royal India Company11) When did Urdu Hindi controversy take place? A) 1867 B) 1767 C) 1866 D) 186512) Which party was founded in 1985? A) Muslim League B) Indian National Congress C) Muslim Student Federation D) Anjuman Himayat-e-Islam13) When did Nehru Report come? A) 1926 B) 1927 C) 1928 D) 192914) Which branch of All India Muslim League introduced the resolution of Indian partition in1938? A) Punjab B) KPK (NWFP) C) Sindh D) Baluchistan15) Who deliverd the Allah Abad Address in 1930 A) Liaqat Ali Khan B) Allama Iqbal C) Quaid-e-Azam D) Moulvi Fazl-e-Haq16) Which type of ideology aim to establish a social and living system in the light of a specificreligion? A) Religious B) Political C) Economic D) NoneAnswers1) Ideological 2) Sources 3) Purposeful 4) Pakistan Ideology5) Tauheed 6) Democratic 7) 14th Feb, 1948 8) Delhi9) Bahadar Shah 10) East India 11) 1867 12)Indian NationalZafar Company Congress13) 1928 14) Sindh 15) Allama Iqbal 16) ReligiousCompiled by Maaz, Hayatabad Model School, Hayatabad, Peshawar Page 13

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