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Creating a sustainable biomass supply chain in mozambique   maarten gnoth gdf suez
Creating a sustainable biomass supply chain in mozambique   maarten gnoth gdf suez
Creating a sustainable biomass supply chain in mozambique   maarten gnoth gdf suez
Creating a sustainable biomass supply chain in mozambique   maarten gnoth gdf suez
Creating a sustainable biomass supply chain in mozambique   maarten gnoth gdf suez
Creating a sustainable biomass supply chain in mozambique   maarten gnoth gdf suez
Creating a sustainable biomass supply chain in mozambique   maarten gnoth gdf suez
Creating a sustainable biomass supply chain in mozambique   maarten gnoth gdf suez
Creating a sustainable biomass supply chain in mozambique   maarten gnoth gdf suez
Creating a sustainable biomass supply chain in mozambique   maarten gnoth gdf suez
Creating a sustainable biomass supply chain in mozambique   maarten gnoth gdf suez
Creating a sustainable biomass supply chain in mozambique   maarten gnoth gdf suez
Creating a sustainable biomass supply chain in mozambique   maarten gnoth gdf suez
Creating a sustainable biomass supply chain in mozambique   maarten gnoth gdf suez
Creating a sustainable biomass supply chain in mozambique   maarten gnoth gdf suez
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Creating a sustainable biomass supply chain in mozambique maarten gnoth gdf suez

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Commercially available solid biomass of current geographic origins likely to reach full potential in the future …

Commercially available solid biomass of current geographic origins likely to reach full potential in the future

Incremental demand likely to be covered by biomass from developing countries

Availability of competitively priced and sustainable biomass from these countries is currently low

GDFSUEZ and Solidaridad work together since 2008 to develop basic elements for a sustainable biomass supply chain from Mozambique

Approach:

addressing and solving uncertainties to reduce risk profile and build viable business cases for Triple bottom line torrefied biomass supply chain from Mozambique

Development of a certified, sustainable (triple bottom line) biomass supply chain from agricultural by products and short rotation coppiced trees from smallholder producers in Mozambique, and evaluation of the feasibility of torrefaction under Mozambican circumstances.

Two business cases will be developed:

1. Local-to-local supply chain (sustainable charcoal for local application): stepping stone model and learning vehicle

2. Export supply chain (large volumes export commodity for biopower generation): hypothetical - based on some actual building blocks

For local to local, encroacher bamboo, next to eucalyptus and sawdust will be used as feedstock.

For export, encroacher bamboo will be used.

The feedstock and business concept will be according full sustainability guidelines including sustainability assessment.

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  • 1. CREATING A SUSTAINABLEBIOMASS SUPPLY CHAIN IN MOZAMBIQUE World Biofuel Markets 13-15 March 2012, Rotterdam, The Netherlands Maarten Gnoth Manager Sustainability Projects GDF SUEZ Energie Nederland
  • 2. CONTEXT Commercially available solid biomass of current geographic origins likely to reach full potential in the future Incremental demand likely to be covered by biomass from developing countries Availability of competitively priced and sustainable biomass from these countries is currently low GDF SUEZ and Solidaridad work together since 2008 to develop basic elements for a sustainable biomass supply chain from Mozambique Approach: addressing and solving uncertainties to reduce risk profile and build viable business cases GDF SUEZ Energie Nederland
  • 3. (JOINT) TRACK RECORD2008 – 2009: Solidaridad project in Mozambique with Biopec funding. Main results:  Improved understanding of Mozambican market potential and challenges for solid biomass  Establishment by Solidaridad of Fair Biomass Mozambique (FBM) Lda. (farmer association company with currently 12 members)  Development of web-based traceability system2009 -2012: Solidaridad project with EC funding Main objectives:  Development of viable biomass supply chains for domestic and/or export markets  Installation of biomass pelletizer at FBM Lda.  Pilot and role out of agro forestry program  Policy support to Government of Mozambique GDF SUEZ Energie Nederland
  • 4. THE NEXT STEP2010-2012: joint project ‘Triple bottom line torrefiedbiomass supply chain from Mozambique’Funding from Global Sustainable Biomass Fund:  Commissioned by Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs  Executed by Agentschap NL / Agency NL  Goal: promote production of sustainable biomass for energy purposes in developing countries  50% co-financing for companies, 75% for NGO’sOur proposal is one of 16 approved,out of a total of 56 GDF SUEZ Energie Nederland
  • 5. OBJECTIVE & ACTIVITIESObjective:• Development of a certified, sustainable (triple bottom line) biomass supply chain from agricultural by products and short rotation coppiced trees from smallholder producers in Mozambique, and evaluation of the feasibility of torrefaction under Mozambican circumstancesActivities:• Developing a bankable business plan for torrefied biomass from Mozambique Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Sourcing and selection biomass (sustainable, applicable, feasible) Building a sustainable biomass supply chain incl. agro forestry Torrefaction sampling and power station testing Sustainability assessment, certification and traceability Financial modeling / Business Case development• Sharing lessons learned with Government of Mozambique and others GDF SUEZ Energie Nederland
  • 6. BIOMASS IDENTIFICATION • Origination of biomass • Selection on sourcing, availability & logistics • Selection available on sustainability criteria • Selection on local stakeholders • Sample lab testing on chemical & physical comp. • Selection on technical applicability for torrefaction • Selection on technical applicability for co-firing • Selection on commercial feasibility • Integrated in business modeling GDF SUEZ Energie Nederland
  • 7. BIOMASS SUPPLY CHAIN BIOMASS FEEDSTOCK LOCAL TO LOCAL Local cement Soil Storage Transport Charcoal factory / amendment Other (Bamboo, bush etc.) power plant ?Wood (soft/exotic) EXPORTAgro residues Smallholders / Outgrowers Transport Prepared carbon Storage Storage at port CONVERSION Briquetting Pelletizing Sea vessel loading Chipper / cuttermill SCENARIO 2Harvesting & collecting Torrefaction Shipping Transport Blending & Storage SCENARIO 1 GDF SUEZ Energie Nederland
  • 8. Business case Local-to-LOCAL GDF SUEZ Energie Nederland
  • 9. Business case Local-to-EXPORT GDF SUEZ Energie Nederland
  • 10. Business case Local-to-EXPORT BIOMASS FEEDSTOCK Transport SCENARIO 1 Bamboo Nacala corridor Storage EXPORT CONVERSION SCENARIO 2 Storage at port Harvesting &collecting by local population Chipper / cuttermill Torrefaction & pelletization Sea vessel loading Storage Farmers cooperation in Shipping bamboo storage Bamboo collection fixed route GDF SUEZ Energie Nederland
  • 11. Business case Local-to-EXPORT GDF SUEZ Energie Nederland
  • 12. TORREFACTION &POWER STATION TESTING GDF SUEZ Energie Nederland
  • 13. SUSTAINABILITY Principle Clarification Cramer Corbey RED UK Belgium IWPB (NTA 8080) (LBE) GHG1 BALANCE Positive CO2 balance of total biomass supply chain (against conventional)      Will CARBON     Production of biomass not impacting2 STOCKS high carbon stocks in vegetation & soil X Will BIO-3 DIVERSITY No production of biomass at protected or vulnerable biodiversity     X Will4 SOIL Soil (quality) is maintained or improved   X X X Aim to5 WATER Water not exhausted and water quality maintained or improved  X X X X Aim to6 AIR Air quality is maintained or improved  X X X X Aim to   Preserve food- and local biomass7 SOCIAL applications from unfair competition X X X Aim to LOCAL8 WELFARE Production of biomass contributes to local prosperity  X X X X Aim to GDF SUEZ Energie Nederland
  • 14. BUSINESS CASE DEVELOPMENTMain findings:• Theoretical potential biomass in Mozambique is high• Availability of underutilized biomass does not match minimum scale for export• Security of large-scale supply requires nucleus estate• Logistics and infrastructure are challenging• Availability of qualified people and service industry is limited• Complicated legislation for shipping/import torrefied biomass (MSDS, self-heating test, export/import permits, REACH, IMO etc.)What is needed to develop an export supply chain of torrefiedbiomass from Mozambique?Our approach:1. Local-to-local supply chain: stepping stone model and learning vehicle2. Export supply chain: hypothetical - based on some actual building blocks GDF SUEZ Energie Nederland
  • 15. GDF SUEZ Energie Nederland

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