ETEC ZONA LESTE




 INGLÊS
TÉCNICO
 INFORMÁTICA




  Prof Silvana Kanai
Escola Técnica Zona Leste

                         Pesquisa sobre nível de Inglês

                                      ...
Escola Técnica Zona Leste

Exemplos:

Mary hates me – Mary me odeia
Why is she with him? – Por que ela está com ele?
Tell ...
Escola Técnica Zona Leste


                               What is a Computer?
Nowadays, in most modern societies, almost ...
Escola Técnica Zona Leste

                        Preposições de Lugar In / At / On

IN
A preposição in é usada para indi...
Escola Técnica Zona Leste

                                          Exercise

1 - Look at the pictures. Complete the sent...
Escola Técnica Zona Leste

                                           TO BE
                                    (in the pr...
Escola Técnica Zona Leste

                                             Exercise
1. Complete the sentences using the corre...
Escola Técnica Zona Leste

                                       Simple Present

O presente simples é utilizado para fala...
Escola Técnica Zona Leste

No entanto quando houver os pronomes HE, SHE, IT e conteúdo que indique singular,
utilizaremos ...
Escola Técnica Zona Leste

                                                 Hardware

We call hardware the actual physical...
Escola Técnica Zona Leste

                                                       Exercise

1. Complete the sentences usin...
Escola Técnica Zona Leste

4. Translate the sentences below to English, using the structure DO and DOES.

   a) Eu preciso...
Escola Técnica Zona Leste

                                              Keys
Exercício

1) Traduza para inglês as frases ...
Escola Técnica Zona Leste

                                  Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence is the branc...
Escola Técnica Zona Leste

                         Revisão de Conteúdo (Present)
1) Mark the best answer

1) That short g...
Escola Técnica Zona Leste

2) Mark sentences


a) they / play soccer ______________________________________________
b) we ...
Escola Técnica Zona Leste

                                        Modal Can

CAN é utilizado quando queremos dizer que al...
Escola Técnica Zona Leste

                                       Modal Could

COULD é algumas vezes o passado de CAN. É t...
Escola Técnica Zona Leste

                                                 Exercise

1) Write sentences with CAN and COUL...
Escola Técnica Zona Leste

                                        Simple Past

O passado simples é utilizado para falar s...
Escola Técnica Zona Leste

Em inglês, os verbos no passado são divididos em verbos regulares, aqueles que possuem
a termin...
Escola Técnica Zona Leste

                               The ENIAC is created

The Electronic Numerical Integrator and Co...
Escola Técnica Zona Leste

                                Revisão de Conteúdo (Past)

1. Complete the sentences, using th...
Escola Técnica Zona Leste

                  Comparision + ER and MORE THAN
Em inglês dizemos que a comparação é feita de ...
Escola Técnica Zona Leste

                        Superlative + EST and THE MOST

O superlativo é um comparativo, mas um ...
Escola Técnica Zona Leste

Exercise

1) Find the adjective in the following sentences and write it in the correct column i...
Escola Técnica Zona Leste

2) Complete the chart.

                         Adjective                    Comparative Super...
Escola Técnica Zona Leste

                                    Brincando com o Futuro
      Suponhamos que você seja carto...
Escola Técnica Zona Leste

                                    Living in the Future

Our life in the future will be change...
Escola Técnica Zona Leste

                                            FUTURE

Em inglês, há duas maneiras de se expressar...
Escola Técnica Zona Leste

                   FUTURE – TO BE GOING TO

                           Forma Afirmativa



    ...
Escola Técnica Zona Leste

Exercise

1) Number the sentences

                                   ( 1 ) WILL               ...
Escola Técnica Zona Leste

                         Reading: Computing Languages


C++ was developed from the C language. ...
Escola Técnica Zona Leste

                           Basic and Creative Software

Considered the manager of the computer ...
Escola Técnica Zona Leste

                        Revisão de Conteúdo (Future)

Put the verbs into the correct form. Use ...
Escola Técnica Zona Leste

                   HOW TO IMPROVE YOUR PRONUNCIATION

 1. Cons + Cons                          ...
Escola Técnica Zona Leste

                                     GLOSSARIO

              Verbs                            ...
Escola Técnica Zona Leste

                                        Bibliografia

Livro
CRUZ, Decio Torres, SILVA, Alba Val...
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It 1º módulo

  1. 1. ETEC ZONA LESTE INGLÊS TÉCNICO INFORMÁTICA Prof Silvana Kanai
  2. 2. Escola Técnica Zona Leste Pesquisa sobre nível de Inglês Alphabet ABCDEFG HIJKLMNOP QRSTUVWXYZ Now I Know My ABC Next time won’t you sing with me? Pronoun Pronoun é pronome em inglês. E pronome é uma palavra que representa ou substitui um nome. Em inglês, há basicamente três tipos de pronomes. Mas aqui veremos apenas dois tipos mais usados. Primeira lista Esses pronomes são utilizados antes dos I Eu verbos e são os sujeitos das orações. You Você/vocês He Ele (pessoa) She Ela (pessoa) It Ele/ela (neutro) We Nós They Eles/elas Exemplos: I like my family – Eu gosto da minha família. You could go there – Você poderia ir lá. Does he tell a good joke? – Ele conta uma boa piada? Segunda lista Me Eu Esses pronomes são utilizados depois dos You Você/vocês verbos e preposições e são complementos. Him Ele (pessoa) Her Ela (pessoa) It Ele/ela (neutro) Us Nós Them Eles/elas Inglês Técnico – Prof° Silvana Kanai 2
  3. 3. Escola Técnica Zona Leste Exemplos: Mary hates me – Mary me odeia Why is she with him? – Por que ela está com ele? Tell us about the accident – Conte-nos sobre o acidente. Exercício 1) Utilize o pronome correto. a) _________ (I / me) need to work tomorrow morning. b) She plays with _________ (I / me) at the park. c) Did we take _________ (they / them) to have a snack? d) _________ (they / them) followed the instructions and got them. e) _________ (he / him) is very shy. That’s why _________ (he / him) doesn’t talk to_________ (she / her) f) _________ (we / us) develop many kind of projects for _________ (they / them). g) Could _________ (they / them) take some notes? h) _________ (she / her) doesn’t know about computers. i) Do_________ (I / me) have to finish this for _________ (he / him) now? Inglês Técnico – Prof° Silvana Kanai 3
  4. 4. Escola Técnica Zona Leste What is a Computer? Nowadays, in most modern societies, almost everybody has an idea about what a computer is. We depend on computers in every aspect of our lives whether we know how to use one or not. But does everyone really know how a computer works inside? A computer is an electronic machine which processes data and provides the results of the processing as information. There are three basic steps in the computing process. The first one is input, which consists of feeding data into the computer's memory. Then comes the processing: the program is run and the computer processes the data by performing a set of instructions. The third and final step is the output furnished by the computer, which allows the user to see the results either in printed form or on the screen. The world of computers has created a specific language of its own. English words such as software and hardware are used worldwide and have been borrowed by many different languages. Software is information in the form of data and programs, and hardware refers to the electronic and mechanical parts that make up a computer system. Despite the constant presence of computers in most modern societies, it is a great mistake to believe that everybody in the world is computer-literate, is familiar with computers and knows how to use them properly. In some contemporary societies, many people still have no idea about the existence of computers, and even in the so-called developed countries, there are lots of people do not know or do not care about what a computer is. Inglês Técnico – Prof° Silvana Kanai 4
  5. 5. Escola Técnica Zona Leste Preposições de Lugar In / At / On IN A preposição in é usada para indicar posição em relação a espaços definidos - espaços com "limites" (lados, bordas, etc.), tais como um país, uma cidade, um edifício, um aposento, uma caixa, etc. Russia is the biggest country in the world. (não *of the world) A Rússia é o maior país do mundo, There's somebody in the bathroom. Há alguém no banheiro. (In também indica movimento) AT A preposição at é usada com referência a edifícios, instituições públicas, e outros lugares, especialmente se considerados em termos de sua função principal: uma escola, um teatro, um ponto de ônibus, uma estação de trem. He's waiting at the bus stop. Ele está esperando no ponto de ônibus. There's somebody at the door. Há alguém à porta. (At indica posição, e não movimento. Para indicar movimento, usa-se to). ON A preposição on indica posição em relação a superfícies, O significado mais exato de on é "em contato com (uma superfície)", como, por exemplo, o chão, uma parede, o teto, uma prateleira, etc. He's sitting on a towel on the beach. Ele está sentado numa (sobre uma/em cima de uma) toalha na praia. There's blood on your shirt. Há sangue na sua camisa. Use ate in sem o artigo definido the (o/a/os/as), nas seguintes expressões: home / work At school / university / college sea bed In hospital prison / jail My son's at school, my wife's at home, and I'm at work. Meu filho está na escola; minha mulher, em casa; e eu, no trabalho. Yesterday Jack was ill. He stayed in bed all day. (não *the bed) Ontem Jack estava doente. Ficou na cama o dia todo. Inglês Técnico – Prof° Silvana Kanai 5
  6. 6. Escola Técnica Zona Leste Exercise 1 - Look at the pictures. Complete the sentences. 1) There are some lovely apples on the trees in the garden. 2) The pirate's got a parrot __________ his shoulder. 3) The cyclist is waiting _____________ the traffic lights. 4) They live _______ a small house _________ a village called Dingle. 5) There's only a little water __________ the jug _____________ the shelf ________ the cupboard. 6) In England I bought a cup with a picture of the Queen ________ it. 7) Who's that strange man standing ____________ the bar? 8) Sicily which is _____________ Italy Is the largest island _________ the Mediterranean. 2 – Come back to the text “What is a computer?” and write the expressions with IN, AT, ON. a) ______________________________________________ b) ______________________________________________ c) ______________________________________________ d) ______________________________________________ e) ______________________________________________ f) ______________________________________________ g) ______________________________________________ h) ______________________________________________ Inglês Técnico – Prof° Silvana Kanai 6
  7. 7. Escola Técnica Zona Leste TO BE (in the present form) O presente simples é utilizado para falar sobre coisas/assuntos em geral. Mas no inglês, de acordo com as pessoas que praticam a ação, a estrutura será diferente. Forma Afirmativa I (eu) AM (sou, estou) YOU (você) ARE (é, está) HE (ele) IS (é, está) SHE (ela) IS (é, está) IT (ele/ela – neutro) IS (é, está) WE (nós) ARE (somos, estamos) YOU (vocês) ARE (são, estão) THEY (eles/elas) ARE (são, estão) Forma Negativa I (eu) AM NOT YOU (você) ARE NOT HE (ele) IS NOT SHE (ela) IS NOT IT (ele/ela – neutro) IS NOT WE (nós) ARE NOT YOU (vocês) ARE NOT THEY (eles/elas) ARE NOT Forma Interrogativa AM I (eu) ARE YOU (você) IS HE (ele) IS SHE (ela) ? IS IT (ele/ela – neutro) ARE WE (nós) ARE YOU (vocês) ARE THEY (eles/elas) Inglês Técnico – Prof° Silvana Kanai 7
  8. 8. Escola Técnica Zona Leste Exercise 1. Complete the sentences using the correct form of TO BE. a) I __________ a dentist. b) __________she a good student? c) They __________ (not) Brazilian. d) __________ the files over there? e) The CD __________ under the notebook. f) The computer __________ (not) in a good condition. g) __________ we at a good proccess? 2. Make sentences using the TO BE. a) he / very handsome ___________________________________ b) I/ not / a rebel person ___________________________________ c) you / the famous person ___________________________________ ? d) Robert De Niro / an actor ___________________________________ e) Rihanna / a soccer player ___________________________________ ? 3. Create sentences using the words below in affirmative, negative form or questions. a) the best soccer player ___________________________________ b) the capital ___________________________________ c) Canadian ___________________________________ d) Arabian ___________________________________ d) Barack Obama ___________________________________ e) the book ___________________________________ f) _________________ ___________________________________ g) _________________ ___________________________________ h) _________________ ___________________________________ Inglês Técnico – Prof° Silvana Kanai 8
  9. 9. Escola Técnica Zona Leste Simple Present O presente simples é utilizado para falar sobre coisas/assuntos em geral. Mas no inglês, de acordo com as pessoas que praticam a ação, a estrutura será diferente. Quando houver os pronomes I, YOU, THEY, WE e conteúdo que indique plural, utilizaremos a estrutura apresentada a seguir: Forma Afirmativa make process I create You go We have They study The boys save Those children play develop get in shut down Forma Negativa make process I create You go We DON’T have They study The boys save Those children play develop get in shut down Forma Interrogativa make process I create You DO go ? We have They study The boys save Those children play develop get in shut down Inglês Técnico – Prof° Silvana Kanai 9
  10. 10. Escola Técnica Zona Leste No entanto quando houver os pronomes HE, SHE, IT e conteúdo que indique singular, utilizaremos a estrutura apresentada a seguir: Forma Afirmativa makeS processeS He createS She goES It haS The child studIES That girl saveS playS developS getS in shutS down Forma Negativa make HeHe process SheShe create It It go The child The child DOESN’T have That girl That girl study save play develop get in shut down Forma Interrogativa make He process She create DOES It go ? The child have That girl study save play develop get in shut down Inglês Técnico – Prof° Silvana Kanai 10
  11. 11. Escola Técnica Zona Leste Hardware We call hardware the actual physical components of a computer system. Here they are: Input devices – they take the information from the outside world and convert it in one way or another into the binary code which the computer can cope with. It may be a card reader or a CRT (cathode ray tube) terminal, for example. Central processor – it is the part of a computer where arithmetic and logical operations are performed. It acts as the brain and processes the information in accordance with program of instructions. Output devices – they receive the messages from the computer as a result of its calculations. This can be given on a television screen, on a printer, or stored on magnetic or disks. VOCABULARY actual: reais Cathode ray tube: tubo de raio catódico (tela de cope with: enfrentar, aceitar. televisão e terminais de computador) card reader: leitora de cartão (perfurado) brain: cérebro; parte importante do sistema. in accordance with: de acordo com Software The “software” of a computer system is the set of program that tells the computer what to do. There are two main types of programs: Systems Software – it includes operating systems, programming languages, utility programs. Applications Programs – they include software that does accounting; word processing; data management, communications and graphics. A software package is a special-purpose computer program that is available for sale. They come on either disks or DVD. Examples of software package include word processing packages, financial planning packages and numerous game programs. VOCABULARY set: conjunto word processing: processador de texto utility programs: programas utilitários management: quadro de gerentes accounting: contabilidade special-purpose: objetivo; intenção especial Inglês Técnico – Prof° Silvana Kanai 11
  12. 12. Escola Técnica Zona Leste Exercise 1. Complete the sentences using the correct form of simple present. Check the explanation about DO. a) They __________________ (to shut down) the computer when they __________________ (to finish) the job. b) You ___________________ (not - to have) to sleep too late. You __________________ (to need) to get up early tomorrow morning. c) ________________ we ________________ (to have) to develop this project this morning? d) _____________ your brothers _______________ (to play) soccer very well? e) The boys __________ (to like) to _____________ (to speak) with their friends. f) The parents usually ___________ (not - to get up) late during the week because their children _______________ (to have) to go to school early. 2. Complete the sentences using the correct form of simple present. Check the explanation about DOES. a) Mariana ___________ (to study) logistic at ETCZL in the morning and she ________________ (not- to go) downtown every day. b) __________ your sister ____________ (to go) to school in the morning? c) __________ he ____________ (to make) many films? d) That girl __________ (to live) near here. She ________ (to live) far from here. e) The dog ________________ (to walk) with its owner on the walk side. f) I am glad because Sally always ____________ (to shut) the computer down 3. Come back to the text “Hardware” and “Software” and copy some examples about the structure DO and DOES. Ex. We call hardware a) ______________________________________________ b) ______________________________________________ c) ______________________________________________ d) ______________________________________________ e) ______________________________________________ f) ______________________________________________ g) ______________________________________________ h) ______________________________________________ Inglês Técnico – Prof° Silvana Kanai 12
  13. 13. Escola Técnica Zona Leste 4. Translate the sentences below to English, using the structure DO and DOES. a) Eu preciso salvar este arquivo. b) Eles não têm muito tempo para terminar esse projeto. c) Quando ela vai a escola? d) Elas precisam fazer isto? e) Seu projeto funciona muito bem. Parabéns! f) ______________________________________________ g) ______________________________________________ Do you like rap? Exercise 1 Listen to another example. Listen to a word or phrase. Then ask a question - science fiction with "Do you like…?" like this: - Do you like science fiction? - Jazz - Do you like jazz? Ready. 1. talk shows Listen to another example. - soap operas • 2. comedies - Do you like soap operas? 3. soap operas Ready. Now ask questions with "What…?" Listen to an 1. game shows example. 2. horror movies - music 3. salsa - What music do you like? 4. music videos Listen to another example. Exercise 4 - game shows Listen to a word or phrase. Then ask a question, - What game shows do you like? like this: Ready. - music 4. singers - Do you like music? 5. actors 6. music videos Inglês Técnico – Prof° Silvana Kanai 13
  14. 14. Escola Técnica Zona Leste Keys Exercício 1) Traduza para inglês as frases correspondentes, e utilize os verbos a seguir: To move – To copy – To delete Essa tecla move a tela para baixo. __________________________________________________________ Essa tecla move a tela para cima. __________________________________________________________ Essa tecla move o cursor para direita. __________________________________________________________ Essa tecla move o cursor para esquerda. __________________________________________________________ Essa tecla move o cursor para o início da linha. __________________________________________________________ Essa tecla move o cursor para o fim da linha. __________________________________________________________ Essa tecla apaga caracteres a direita do cursor. ______________________________________________________ Inglês Técnico – Prof° Silvana Kanai 14
  15. 15. Escola Técnica Zona Leste Artificial Intelligence Artificial intelligence is the branch of computer science that deals with using computers to simulate human thinking. It is concerned with building computer programs that can solve problems creatively, rather that simply working through the steps of a solution designed by the programmer. One of the main problems of artificial intelligence (AI) is how to represent knowledge in the computer in a form such that it can be used rather than merely reproduced. A computer that tells you the call number of a library book is not displaying artificial intelligence; it is merely echoing back what was put into it. Artificial intelligence would come into play if the computer used its knowledge base to make generalizations about the library’s holdings or construct bibliographies on selected subjects. Inglês Técnico – Prof° Silvana Kanai 15
  16. 16. Escola Técnica Zona Leste Revisão de Conteúdo (Present) 1) Mark the best answer 1) That short girl ___ four languages. 12) The boys never ___ tea in the morning. a. speak a. drink b. speaks b. drinks 2) Jane is a teacher. She ___ French. 13) You and I both ___ to the radio in the a. teach morning. b. teaches a. listen b. listens 3) When the kettle ___, will you make some tea? 14) Mark Sullivan ___ a big wedding. a. boil a. want b. boils b. wants 4) I always ___ the window at night because it 15) George ___ too much so he's getting fat. is cold. a. eat a. close b. eats b. closes 16) The earth ___ round the sun, doesn't it? 5) Those shoes ___ too much. a. go a. cost b. goes b. costs 17) The shops in England ___ at 9:00 in the 6) The food in Japan is expensive. It ___ a lot morning. to live there. a. open a. cost b. opens b. costs 18) The post office ___ at 5:30 pm. 7) His job is great because he ___ a lot of a. close people. b. closes a. meet b. meets 19) Jackie ___ two children now. a. has 8) He always ___ his car on Sundays. b. have a. wash b. washes 20) Mr. Smith ___ too much. He always has a cigarette in his mouth. 9) My watch is broken and it ___ to be fixed a. smoke again. b. smokes a. need b. needs 21) When the phone ___, please answer it. a. ring 10) I ___ to watch movies. b. rings a. love b. loves 11) I ___ to the cinema at least once a week. a. go b. goes Inglês Técnico – Prof° Silvana Kanai 16
  17. 17. Escola Técnica Zona Leste 2) Mark sentences a) they / play soccer ______________________________________________ b) we / not / sing ______________________________________________ c) she / go _______________________________________________ ? d) the boys / study _______________________________________________ e) the cats / eat _______________________________________________ ? f) the programms/not / work ____________________________________________ g) her mother / cook ______________________________________________ ? It’s a very exciting place! Exercise 1 Listen to this conversation. THOMAS: Can you tell me a little about Mexico City? ELENA: Sure I can. What would you like to know? THOMAS: Well, what's a good time to visit? ELENA: I think you can go anytime. The weather is always nice. THOMAS: Oh, good! And what should I see there? ELENA: Well, you should definitely visit the National Museum and go to the Palace of Fine Arts. THOMAS: And what else? ELENA: Oh, you shouldn't miss the Pyramid of the Sun. It's very interesting. THOMAS: It all sounds really exciting! Inglês Técnico – Prof° Silvana Kanai 17
  18. 18. Escola Técnica Zona Leste Modal Can CAN é utilizado quando queremos dizer que alguma coisa é possível ou que alguém tem habilidade para fazer algo. E quer dizer PODER. Forma Afirmativa I remember You feel We listen They The boys CAN talk move Those children insert He see She understand It escape The child That girl Forma Negativa I You remember We feel They listen The boys talk Those children CAN’T move He insert She see It understand The child escape That girl Forma Interrogativa I remember You feel We listen They talk CAN ? The boys move Those children insert He see She understand It escape The child That girl Inglês Técnico – Prof° Silvana Kanai 18
  19. 19. Escola Técnica Zona Leste Modal Could COULD é algumas vezes o passado de CAN. É também utilizado para dizer que alguém tem uma possibilidade ou permissão, de maneira forma, para fazer algo. E quer dizer PODERIA. Forma Afirmativa I remember You feel We listen They The boys COULD talk move Those children insert He see She understand It escape The child That girl Forma Negativa I You remember We feel They listen The boys talk Those children COULDN’T move He insert She see It understand The child escape That girl Forma Interrogativa I remember You feel We listen They talk COULD ? The boys move Those children insert He see She understand It escape The child That girl Inglês Técnico – Prof° Silvana Kanai 19
  20. 20. Escola Técnica Zona Leste Exercise 1) Write sentences with CAN and COULD and use the verbs. Pay attention to write the correct sentence in the correct form. (can / she / to go to the movies) ______________________________________ (can / they / not – to smoke) ______________________________________ (can / the boys/ to travel) ______________________________________ ? (could / those drivers/ not - to drive) ______________________________________ (could/ the companies/ to pay) ______________________________________ ? (could/ he/ to do me a favor) ______________________________________ 2) Translate the sentences below. a) Eles sabem nadar muito bem. _________________________________________ b) Vocês não podem fazer isso. _________________________________________ c) Jack, poderia vir aqui um instante? _________________________________________ d) Ela pode terminar isso agora? _________________________________________ e) Eu podia fazer! _________________________________________ We had a great time! Exercise 2 Listen to a question followed by a word or phrase, like this: - What did you do on Sunday? - stay home Answer like this: - I stayed home. Listen to another example. - What did you do last night? - watch TV. - I watched TV Ready 1. What did you do on Friday night? (go dancing) _________________________ 2. What did you do on Saturday? (work) _________________________ 3. What did you do after class yesterday? (do my homework) _________________________ 4. Where did you spend your last vacation? (go to Hawaii) _________________________ 5. What did you do last weekend? (drive to the beach) _________________________ Inglês Técnico – Prof° Silvana Kanai 20
  21. 21. Escola Técnica Zona Leste Simple Past O passado simples é utilizado para falar sobre coisas/assuntos em geral, que já aconteceram em um determinado momento. No inglês, utilizaremos a estrutura apresentada a seguir para todas as pessoas que praticam a ação: Forma Afirmativa I maDE You ATE We createD They WENT The boys haD Those children studIED He saveD She playED It developED The child gOt in That girl SHUT down Forma Negativa I make You eat We create They go The boys have Those children DIDN’T study He save She play It develop The child get in That girl shut down Forma Interrogativa make I eat You create We go They DID have ? The boys study Those children save He play She develop It get in The child shut down That girl Inglês Técnico – Prof° Silvana Kanai 21
  22. 22. Escola Técnica Zona Leste Em inglês, os verbos no passado são divididos em verbos regulares, aqueles que possuem a terminação ED; e os irregulares, que não possuem uma regra própria. Essa característica somente aparece na forma afirmativa. TO BE (in the past form) Forma Afirmativa I (eu) WAS (era, fui, estava) YOU (você) WERE (era, foi, estava) HE (ele) WAS (era, foi, estava) SHE (ela) WAS (era, foi, estava) IT (ele/ela – neutro) WAS (era, foi, estava) WE (nós) WERE (éramos, fomos, estávamos) YOU (vocês) WERE (eram, foram, estavam) THEY (eles/elas) WERE (eram, foram, estavam) A forma negativa do verbo TO BE no passado possui o NOT após o verbo, formando assim WASN’T ou WEREN’T. Já a forma interrogativa, troca-se a posição do verbo e o pronome, por exemplo, Was I?, Were you? Inglês Técnico – Prof° Silvana Kanai 22
  23. 23. Escola Técnica Zona Leste The ENIAC is created The Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer, the ENIAC, was constructed between 1943 and 1946 at the University of Pennsylvania. It was the most powerful computer up to that point but was the largest as well, weighing over 30 tons. Additionally it required that almost 50 vacuum tubes be replaced everyday. While operating the ENIAC used almost 150 kilowatts of power, which is equivalent to what many small towns used at that time. The ENIAC was important because of its power, but its many drawbacks made it unrealistic for common use. One of these drawbacks was that it had no memory. The same researchers who created the ENIAC then set out to create a similar computer that allowed for the storing of programs. BASIC is created BASIC, Beginners All Purpose Symbolic Instruction Language, was created by Tom Kurtz and John Kemeny, both professors at Dartmouth. BASIC remained in use for the next twenty five years. One unique quality of basic was that it was developed to be easier to understand than previous computer languages. Even someone not familiar with the language could understand some of what was happening by simply looking at the code. This made programming easier for the mainstream and made it more like speaking commands in plain English. BASIC was the beginning of intuitive programming. Inglês Técnico – Prof° Silvana Kanai 23
  24. 24. Escola Técnica Zona Leste Revisão de Conteúdo (Past) 1. Complete the sentences, using the verbs in the parentheses and in the past form. 1. Last year I __________________ (not - spend) my holiday in Ireland. 2. It __________________ (be) great. 3. I ________________ (travel) around by car with two friends and we ______________ (visit) lots of interesting places. 4. In the evenings we usually __________________ (go) to a pub. 5. One night we even __________________ (learn) some Irish dances. 6. We __________________ (be) very lucky with the weather. 7. It __________________ (not / rain) a lot. 8. But we __________________ (see) some beautiful rainbows. 9. Where __________________ (spend / you) your last holiday? 10. Last summer I __________________ (to go) to Stuttgart. 11. Yesterday Bill __________________ (to play) football in his team. 12. Jenny __________________ (not - to watch) a film about dogs. 13. On Friday last week Andrew and Ron __________________ (to wash) the family’s car. 14. I __________________ (to do) my homework in the afternoon. 15. In 2001 __________ our class __________________ (to make) a trip to Norwich? 16. Paul __________________ (to say) nothing to me. 17. The weather __________________ (to be ) really nice. 2. Find in the chart the corresponding verb in the past. Inglês Técnico – Prof° Silvana Kanai 24
  25. 25. Escola Técnica Zona Leste Comparision + ER and MORE THAN Em inglês dizemos que a comparação é feita de uma maneira, para adjetivos ou advérbios curtos, e de outra para longos. Essa medição é feita por meio de contagem de sons. Veja a seguir exemplos curtos e seu correspondente na comparação: Forma Tradução Adjetivo comparativa +ER mal bad worse grande big bigger barato cheap cheaper frio cold colder cedo early earlier rápido fast faster engraçado funny funnier bom good better feliz happy happier duro, difícil hard harder alto high higher quente hot hotter tarde late later longo long longer perto near nearer novo new newer quieto quiet quieter pequeno small smaller forte strong stronger novo (pessoas) young younger Veja a seguir exemplos dos longos e seu correspondente na comparação: Tradução Adjetivo Forma comparativa Bonito beautiful beautiful Confortável comfortable comfortable Lotado crowded crowded Difícil difficult difficult bonito (somente homem) handsome MORE handsome THAN Importante important important Interessado interested interested pacífico, tranquilo peaceful peaceful sério serious serious Inglês Técnico – Prof° Silvana Kanai 25
  26. 26. Escola Técnica Zona Leste Superlative + EST and THE MOST O superlativo é um comparativo, mas um item que se destaca entre um grupo. No caso dos adjetivos e advérbios curtos, seguem exemplos e seus correspondentes na forma do superlativo: Forma Tradução Adjetivo superlativa THE +EST mal bad THE worst grande big THE biggest barato cheap THE cheapest Veja a seguir exemplos dos longos e seu correspondente na forma do superlativo: Tradução Adjetivo Forma comparative bonito beautiful beautiful confortável comfortable THE MOST comfortable lotado crowded crowded Practicing text 1 There computers were smaller, faster and more reliable than the first generation’s. They cost less money, used less power and generated less heat. Practicing text 2 These tiny integrated circuits were smaller and more dependable than the second generation’s transistors. (…) Third generation computers were smaller, faster, less expensive, more powerful and more reliable than the previous generation’s. Inglês Técnico – Prof° Silvana Kanai 26
  27. 27. Escola Técnica Zona Leste Exercise 1) Find the adjective in the following sentences and write it in the correct column in the table below. Then see if you can fi ll in the other forms of the adjective. 1. Rachel is the tallest girl in the class. 2. Ronaldo Gaucho is better at football than I am. 3. John’s family is richer than mine. 4. I was given the best birthday present ever! 5. I think French is the most difficult subject. 6. Mum is more worried about me than Dad is. 7. Today is colder than yesterday. 8. Maya is the most attractive that I have ever seen. Adjective Comparative Superlative 1_______________ _______________ _______________ 2_______________ _______________ _______________ 3_______________ _______________ _______________ 4_______________ _______________ _______________ 5_______________ _______________ _______________ 6_______________ _______________ _______________ 7_______________ _______________ _______________ 8_______________ _______________ _______________ Inglês Técnico – Prof° Silvana Kanai 27
  28. 28. Escola Técnica Zona Leste 2) Complete the chart. Adjective Comparative Superlative Ex. A big bigger than  the biggest Ex. B busy  busier than  the busiest Ex. C exciting  more exciting than the most exciting 1. pretty   2. tall   3.   most interesting the 4. good   5.  happier than  6.   saddest the 7. unusual   8.  worse than  9.   shortest the 10. amazing   11.  redder than  12.   greenest the 13. sleepy   14. wonderful   15.   the most terrible 16.   largest the 17.  hotter than  18. expensive   19.   oldest the 20. fascinating   Inglês Técnico – Prof° Silvana Kanai 28
  29. 29. Escola Técnica Zona Leste Brincando com o Futuro Suponhamos que você seja cartomante. O colega ao seu lado é um cliente que está fazendo uma consulta. Peça-lhe que escolha cinco números de I a 10. Anote os números em um papel. Das previsões abaixo, quais você vê em sua bola de cristal? Confira os cinco números escolhidos pelo seu cliente e diga-lhe o que o futuro lhe reserva traduzindo as frases de acordo com a numeração por ele escolhida. Depois inverta os papéis. Escolha cinco números de I a 10 e confira as previsões que o seu colega fez para você, para saber quais as surpresas que o aguardam no futuro. Cartomante 1) You're going to win the lottery this weekend. 2) You're going to pass all your courses with the best grades in class. 3) A virus will destroy many important files on your PC. 4) Someone will offer you a job you can't refuse. 5) You're going to lose some money on the street. 6) You're going to win the best color laser printer on the market in a contest. 7) Your girl/boyfriend (husband/wife) is going to fight with you tonight. 8) The transportation you' re using to get home after class will break down, and you're going to spend hours in the rain. waiting for repair. 9) A Hollywood star will take you to Court for using her/his unauthorized nude photos on the Internet. 10) You're going to find your soul-mate in a chat-room. 11) You’ll have a personal date with your chat partner for the first time. You’ll discover he/she is terribly ugly. 12) Your printer will have a problem and you won't be able to print your school papers before the deadline. 13) Your significant other is going to betray you with your best friend. 14)You're going to marry a famous top model and TV star. Blogging on Microsoft Office 2010 Microsoft Office will give Johnson and Derryberry the reporting, editing and communication tools they’ll need across the PC, mobile phone and browser at the Winter Games. Because blogs and online reporting are an increasingly popular way for sports fans to consume news about their favorite events, Microsoft will equip the two bloggers with Microsoft Office 2010 Professional to help them report with ease right from the sidelines. Fonte: http://www.microsoft.com/presspass/features/2010/jan10/01-26OlympicBlogWinners.mspx Inglês Técnico – Prof° Silvana Kanai 29
  30. 30. Escola Técnica Zona Leste Living in the Future Our life in the future will be changed forever by multimedia. The way we live, work, and play will be totally different from what it is now. Bert C. Roberts, Jr. states in on article that soon we will probably be answering our televisions and watching our phones. Our interactive TVs will actually be some combination of television, telephone, and computer through which we will have access to shopping, movies, and other types of information whenever we want them. Videophones will enable us to communicate instantly in voice, picture and text with loved ones or business associates anywhere in the world. We will probably be talking to intelligent devices. At a voice command, cars will be able to guide us to pre-programmed destinations such as movies, theaters, and restaurants. And once we arrive at our destination, ours cars will even be able to park themselves. We will use our personal electronics mail box to send and receive letters through our telephone lines – all without paper. The classrooms of the future will have audio, video and interactive multimedia, and kids will be watching, listening to and talking to on-line encyclopedias. Education will be revolutionized by distance learning - the use of video teleconferencing when the teacher and student are in different places. Multimedia will make it easier to work at home – to telecommute - which means less traffic and less air pollution. In this multimedia era, life will be a little easies, traffic a little lighter, the environment a little healthier, and everything more accessible. Although many of Roberts` predictions are still likely to happen some of them are already present reality. At the rate technology is evolving nowadays, it is difficult for the future not to become an instant present the moment it is imagined and conceived by contemporary scientists. Inglês Técnico – Prof° Silvana Kanai 30
  31. 31. Escola Técnica Zona Leste FUTURE Em inglês, há duas maneiras de se expressar o tempo futuro, com intenções diferentes: Will (quando eu decido fazer algo no momento da fala) To be going to (eu já decidi fazer algo e tenho intenções de fazer) FUTURE - WILL Forma Afirmativa I You send We do They The boys WILL receive write Those children type He organize She It The child That girl Forma Negativa I You We send They do The boys receive Those children WON’T write He type She organize It The child That girl Forma Interrogativa I You We send They do WILL The boys receive ? Those children write He type She organize It The child That girl Inglês Técnico – Prof° Silvana Kanai 31
  32. 32. Escola Técnica Zona Leste FUTURE – TO BE GOING TO Forma Afirmativa I am send You are do He is GOING TO receive She is write It is type We are organize They are Forma Negativa I am not send You are not do He is not GOING TO receive She is not write It is not type We are not organize They are not Forma Interrogativa Am I send Are you do Is he GOING TO receive ? Is she write Is it type Are we organize Are they Inglês Técnico – Prof° Silvana Kanai 32
  33. 33. Escola Técnica Zona Leste Exercise 1) Number the sentences ( 1 ) WILL ( 2 ) GOING TO a) ( ) Ela vai entregar o programa a tempo. b) ( ) Eles virão amanha com os resultados? c) ( ) Quem vai levar o formulário? d) ( ) Eu estarei aqui amanha. e) ( ) As empresas não devolverão a diferença. 2) Complete the sentences using the correct form, according to the structure WILL. a) - The phone is ringing! - Don't worry, _______________________ (I, answer) it. b) - I need to leave now. Is there a bus stop nearby? - No, but _______________________ (I, give) you a ride. c) _______________________ (we, not, get) to the school on time. Look at the traffic! d) Paul just called: _______________________ (he, be) here soon. e) _______________________ (we, not, start) the meeting before 2 pm. Everybody is busy right now. f) I think _______________________ (Sandy, have) a great time in Greece. It's a wonderful country. g) If we don't give our friends a map, _______________________ (they, not, know) how to get here. h) - Do you really have to leave? - Ok, _______________________ (I, stay) for a few more minutes. i) - I can't wait to see Mary! - Oh, _______________________ (she, not, be) at the party. She had to go on a trip. k) - These bags are really heavy! - Here, _______________________ (we, help) you carry them. 3) Complete the sentences using the correct form, according to the structure TO BE GOING TO. a) There are lots of dark clouds in the sky. _______________________ (it, rain). b) - Do you all want to come to the beach with us? - Thanks, but we can't. _______________________ (we, choose) our new house this weekend. c) - So, what time _______________________ (we, meet) tomorrow? - Sorry, _______________________ (we, not, go) to the theater after all. Our car isn't working very well. d) Our sales are going very well. _______________________ (we, make) big money this month. e) _______________________ (I, not, shop) at Willow Mall anymore. I was there this morning and the prices were absurd! f) Yesterday, Tammy decided to buy a new car. _______________________ (she, go) to a dealership tomorrow. g) So, what did you decide? _______________________ (you, join) the club? Inglês Técnico – Prof° Silvana Kanai 33
  34. 34. Escola Técnica Zona Leste Reading: Computing Languages C++ was developed from the C language. It was designed as a systems programming language with features that make it easy to control the computer hardware efficiently. It was used to produce the Microsoft Windows operating system. It is portable, and programs written in C++ can be easily adapted for use on many different types of systems. HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language. It is a page description language used for creating websites. HTML uses a system of tags to mark page links and formatting. For example, the tag <u> tells the program to start underlining a text. Although programs cannot be created using HTML, small programs can be embedded in HTML code using a scripting language like Java Script. Java is a programming language originally designed for programming small electronic devices such as mobile phones. It can run unchanged on any operating system that has a Java Interpreter program. Java is used for writing programs for the World Wide Web. Visual Basic is a programming environment, not simply a language. It uses the language BASIC, a simple language developed to make it easy for people to learn how to program. Visual Basic has predefined objects such as dialog boxes, buttons, and text boxes which can be chosen from a toolbox and dragged across the screen using the mouse and dropped into the required position. BASIC programming code is attached to form a complete program. Visual Basic is used to write general purpose applications for the Windows operating system. Inglês Técnico – Prof° Silvana Kanai 34
  35. 35. Escola Técnica Zona Leste Basic and Creative Software Considered the manager of the computer system, it comprises a set of program files, that control all the hardware devices, such as monitor, keyboard, printer; and the software resources, such as commands and data to and fro programs and applications. A database is the electronic equivalent of an indexed file cabinet. It is a collection of organized information contained in records that are made up of fields that contain a specific item of information. The records are organized in files, in such a way that information can be easily stored, organized and retrieved. Originally designed to edit text documents, these programs have become sophisticated incorporating several features of a publishing program. For example they can import graphics, etc. Features such as Search/Replace allow users to find any string of letters in a text. Automatic hyphen splits a word between two lines so that the text will fit better on the page. Thus, processing is more than just typing. This is the electronic equivalent of an accountant's handwritten worksheet with arranged in rows and columns. The difference is not only the automation but also the flexibility of uses, because even the simplest spreadsheet can be used as a data base and can produce visual representations in the form of graphics, pie charts, etc. Desktop publishing programs are meant to design, implement and publish books, flyers, magazines and other printed pieces. They are, in fact, a combination of different tasks including word processor, graphic and information design, printing technology and image manipulation. They are also supported by many other applications, such as font creation and type manipulation applications. Inglês Técnico – Prof° Silvana Kanai 35
  36. 36. Escola Técnica Zona Leste Revisão de Conteúdo (Future) Put the verbs into the correct form. Use will. 1. You _________________ (earn) a lot of money. 2. You _________________ (travel) around the world. 3. You _________________ (meet) lots of interesting people. 4. Where _________________ (she/ to stay) in Florida? 5. Everybody _________________ (adore) you. 6. You _________________ (not / have) any problems. 7. When _________________ (you/ to come) back here? 8. Many people _________________ (serve) you. 9. They _________________ (anticipate) your wishes. 10. There _________________ (not / be) anything left to wish for. 11. Everything _________________ (be) perfect. 12. But all these things _________________ (happen / only) if you marry me. Put the verbs into the correct form. Use going to. 1. It _________________ (rain) . 2. They _________________ (eat) stew. 3. I _________________ (wear) blue shoes tonight. 4. We _________________ (not / help) you. 5. Jack _________________ (not / walk) home. 6. _________________ (cook / you) dinner? 7. Sue _________________ (share / not) her biscuits. 8. _________________ (leave / they) the house? 9. _________________ (take part / she) in the contest? 10. I _________________ (not / spend) my holiday abroad this year. Inglês Técnico – Prof° Silvana Kanai 36
  37. 37. Escola Técnica Zona Leste HOW TO IMPROVE YOUR PRONUNCIATION 1. Cons + Cons 3. Vowel + T/D (R) + Vowel Ex.: What did they drink this morning? Ex.: It is all a matter of telling her the truth. I had to talk to her about that little He had a heart attack, but I think he is OK. problem we had. Don’t let it get you down. 2. Cons + Vowel 4. Final E Ex.: Did you hear about her accident? Ex.: I’ll write as soon as possible. I guess the four of us could go out again. Some people are friendly, some aren’t. Breakaway Wanna feel the warm breeze Kelly Clarkson Sleep under a palm tree Feel the rush of the ocean Grew up in a small town Get onboard a fast train And when the rain would fall down Travel on a jetplane I'd just stare out my window Far away Dreaming of what could be And break away And if I'd end up happy I would pray [CHORUS] Trying hard to reach out Buildings with a hundred floors But when I tried to speak out Swinging with revolving doors Felt like no one could hear me Maybe I don’t know where they’ll take me Wanted to belong here but But something felt so wrong here Gotta keep movin on movin on So I'd pray Fly away I could break away Break away [CHORUS] I'll spread my wings and I'll learn how to fly. I'll spread my wings and I'll learn how to fly. Though it’s not easy to tell you goodbye I'll do what it takes till i touch the sky. I gotta take a risk, take a chance, Make a wish, take a chance, Make a change, and break away. Make a change, and break away. Out of the darkness and into the sun. Out of the darkness and into the sun. But I won't forget the place I come from But I won't forget all the ones that I love. I gotta take a risk, take a chance, I'll take a risk, take a chance, Make a change, and break away Make a change, and break away Breakaway Break away Inglês Técnico – Prof° Silvana Kanai 37
  38. 38. Escola Técnica Zona Leste GLOSSARIO Verbs Vocabulary English Portuguese English Portuguese close fechar although embora control controlar branch area convert converter cable cabo create criar component component develop desenvolver computer system sistema do fazer data dado, informação escape escapar data base banco de dados feel sentir device dispositivo finish terminar dialog box caixa de dialogo get in entrar, acessar drawback defeito go ir environment ambiente have ter, conseguir file arquivo insert inserir formatting formatação listen ouvir information informação make fazer key tecla move mover keyboard teclado open abrir knowledge conhecimento organize organizar language linguagem play jogar, tocar, rodar operating system sistema operacional print imprimir printer impressora process processar procedure procedimento read ler process processo receive receber program programa remember lembrar programming programacao replace recolocar, substituir screen tela run correr, rodar programa set conjunto save salvar sheet folha, planilha search procurar spreadsheet planilha see ver system sistema send enviar text box caixa de texto set out pretender type tipo show mostrar use uso shut down desligar which que store armazenar study estudar take pegar, levar, conseguir talk conversar tell dizer, contar type digitar understand entender use usar work trabalhar, funcionar write escrever Inglês Técnico – Prof° Silvana Kanai 38
  39. 39. Escola Técnica Zona Leste Bibliografia Livro CRUZ, Decio Torres, SILVA, Alba Valeria, ROSAS, Marta. Inglês.com.textos para informática. ed Disal. 2003. RICHARDS, Jack C. Interchange – Lab Guide. Third Edition. Ed Cambridge. 2005 MURPHY, Raymond – Basic Grammar in Use – 5 Ed- 1996 Cambridge University Press Internet www.google.com Inglês Técnico – Prof° Silvana Kanai 39

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