Maria Francisca RojasVictoriano
Languages                       Contain  Lexicon      Phonology    Morphology           Syntax(Vocabulary)    (Sound)     ...
English                  West                                         Germanic                                         Ger...
World Languages by percentage of                       speakers             1.50%                     3.50%               ...
Some              modern                         similarities            languages                            of twoLangua...
Numbers one, two and        three in some Romance        languages.        Italian   French   Spanish   Portuguese   Latin...
Numbers one, two and        three in some Germanic        languages.        English   Dutch   German   Swedish   YiddishOn...
   Romance languages share an       ancestor language: LATIN. Germanic language’s ancestor must  be inferred, a case dif...
Some Germanic   vocabulary words that   express genetic relationEnglish   Dutch    German   Swedish   YiddishLove      Lie...
The Indo-European                        Language Family A family of languages that where            Identified in the  sp...
Indo-European     Language Family      Anatolian Indo-             IndicIranian           Iranian
Greek ItalicGermanic
CelticTocharian Baltic
SlavicArmenianAlbanian
Fragmentary Languages              (languagesthat only survive in fragments, inscriptions, alsoclassified as IE)   Liguria...
Phonological          correspondencePhonology among some PIE          languages PIE   Sanskrit   Hittite   Latin  p       ...
PIE reconstructions based on   vocabulary from IE languages                     Hittite            Greek    PIE    three  ...
Morphology                        ‘PIE, considered a fusional language,                        is a language were nouns, a...
Such as                                                There is a variety                            In PIE and          ...
English as an indo European language PPT
English as an indo European language PPT
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English as an indo European language PPT

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English as an indo European language PPT

  1. 1. Maria Francisca RojasVictoriano
  2. 2. Languages Contain Lexicon Phonology Morphology Syntax(Vocabulary) (Sound) (Word Structure) (Grammar)
  3. 3. English West Germanic Germanic Indo European Proto-Germanic (IE) (PGmc)Other ProtoLanguages Proto-Indo- European (PIE) Languages
  4. 4. World Languages by percentage of speakers 1.50% 3.50% Indo-European 5% 6% 2% Niger-Congo5% Dravidian 45% Sino-Tibetan Afro-Asiatic 22% Austroasiatic 6% Altaic Austronesian Tai-Kadai 4% Other
  5. 5. Some modern similarities languages of twoLanguages have language share inherited families genes, features are shown from Older in the next languages slideshow
  6. 6. Numbers one, two and three in some Romance languages. Italian French Spanish Portuguese LatinOne Uno Un Uno Um UnusTwo Due Deux Dos Dois DuoThree Tre Trois Tres Tres Tres
  7. 7. Numbers one, two and three in some Germanic languages. English Dutch German Swedish YiddishOne One Een Eins En EynsTwo Two Twee Zwei Två TsveyThree Three Drie Drei Tre Dray
  8. 8.  Romance languages share an ancestor language: LATIN. Germanic language’s ancestor must be inferred, a case different from Latin, because Germanic was never written.
  9. 9. Some Germanic vocabulary words that express genetic relationEnglish Dutch German Swedish YiddishLove Liefde Liebe Ljuv LibeMother Moeder Mutter Mo(de)r MuterHouse Huis Haus Hus Hoyz
  10. 10. The Indo-European Language Family A family of languages that where Identified in the spoken by an important part of 18th and 19th Europe and Asia. centuries. The concept is Of the 11 linguistic; the The IE family term is subgroups, one ofcontains about 140 languages, which them is geographic are classified into Germanic, where (easternmost: English comes India and 11 subgroups. from. westernmost: Europe)
  11. 11. Indo-European Language Family Anatolian Indo- IndicIranian Iranian
  12. 12. Greek ItalicGermanic
  13. 13. CelticTocharian Baltic
  14. 14. SlavicArmenianAlbanian
  15. 15. Fragmentary Languages (languagesthat only survive in fragments, inscriptions, alsoclassified as IE) Ligurian Thracian Messapic Phrygian Sicel and Sicanian Illyrian Venetic Others
  16. 16. Phonological correspondencePhonology among some PIE languages PIE Sanskrit Hittite Latin p p p p Kw k/c ku qu
  17. 17. PIE reconstructions based on vocabulary from IE languages Hittite Greek PIE three teri- treîs *trei- foot pata-x podós° *ped-X: The form is Hieroglyphic Luwian°: The genitive case reveals the stem
  18. 18. Morphology ‘PIE, considered a fusional language, is a language were nouns, adjectives, pronouns, indicate their grammatical relationship to other words in a sentence and mark gender and number agreement among words in phrases’ ‘The protolanguage is reconstructed with 8 or 9 cases Cases: which indicate Nominative, genitive, dative, ac grammatical and cusative, ablative, locative, instsemantic distinction’ rumental and vocative.
  19. 19. Such as There is a variety In PIE and its of syntactic patterns Modern descendants from different English languages or French Syntax Due toWord order is not a grammatical Word order Case endings device Like in ‘Strawberries, I like’ PIE As in Modern English Grammatically While in fix elements in We usually a sentence
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