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English as an indo European language PPT
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English as an indo European language PPT

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  • 1. Maria Francisca RojasVictoriano
  • 2. Languages Contain Lexicon Phonology Morphology Syntax(Vocabulary) (Sound) (Word Structure) (Grammar)
  • 3. English West Germanic Germanic Indo European Proto-Germanic (IE) (PGmc)Other ProtoLanguages Proto-Indo- European (PIE) Languages
  • 4. World Languages by percentage of speakers 1.50% 3.50% Indo-European 5% 6% 2% Niger-Congo5% Dravidian 45% Sino-Tibetan Afro-Asiatic 22% Austroasiatic 6% Altaic Austronesian Tai-Kadai 4% Other
  • 5. Some modern similarities languages of twoLanguages have language share inherited families genes, features are shown from Older in the next languages slideshow
  • 6. Numbers one, two and three in some Romance languages. Italian French Spanish Portuguese LatinOne Uno Un Uno Um UnusTwo Due Deux Dos Dois DuoThree Tre Trois Tres Tres Tres
  • 7. Numbers one, two and three in some Germanic languages. English Dutch German Swedish YiddishOne One Een Eins En EynsTwo Two Twee Zwei Två TsveyThree Three Drie Drei Tre Dray
  • 8.  Romance languages share an ancestor language: LATIN. Germanic language’s ancestor must be inferred, a case different from Latin, because Germanic was never written.
  • 9. Some Germanic vocabulary words that express genetic relationEnglish Dutch German Swedish YiddishLove Liefde Liebe Ljuv LibeMother Moeder Mutter Mo(de)r MuterHouse Huis Haus Hus Hoyz
  • 10. The Indo-European Language Family A family of languages that where Identified in the spoken by an important part of 18th and 19th Europe and Asia. centuries. The concept is Of the 11 linguistic; the The IE family term is subgroups, one ofcontains about 140 languages, which them is geographic are classified into Germanic, where (easternmost: English comes India and 11 subgroups. from. westernmost: Europe)
  • 11. Indo-European Language Family Anatolian Indo- IndicIranian Iranian
  • 12. Greek ItalicGermanic
  • 13. CelticTocharian Baltic
  • 14. SlavicArmenianAlbanian
  • 15. Fragmentary Languages (languagesthat only survive in fragments, inscriptions, alsoclassified as IE) Ligurian Thracian Messapic Phrygian Sicel and Sicanian Illyrian Venetic Others
  • 16. Phonological correspondencePhonology among some PIE languages PIE Sanskrit Hittite Latin p p p p Kw k/c ku qu
  • 17. PIE reconstructions based on vocabulary from IE languages Hittite Greek PIE three teri- treîs *trei- foot pata-x podós° *ped-X: The form is Hieroglyphic Luwian°: The genitive case reveals the stem
  • 18. Morphology ‘PIE, considered a fusional language, is a language were nouns, adjectives, pronouns, indicate their grammatical relationship to other words in a sentence and mark gender and number agreement among words in phrases’ ‘The protolanguage is reconstructed with 8 or 9 cases Cases: which indicate Nominative, genitive, dative, ac grammatical and cusative, ablative, locative, instsemantic distinction’ rumental and vocative.
  • 19. Such as There is a variety In PIE and its of syntactic patterns Modern descendants from different English languages or French Syntax Due toWord order is not a grammatical Word order Case endings device Like in ‘Strawberries, I like’ PIE As in Modern English Grammatically While in fix elements in We usually a sentence