The Fall of the House of Usher

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The Fall of the House of Usher

  1. 1. “Thefall of the house of usher”<br />By :<br />Edgar Allan Poe<br />
  2. 2. The Fall of the house of Usher<br /><ul><li>The most famous short story of Edgar Allan Poe.
  3. 3. It is the masterpiece of American GothicFiction.
  4. 4. GothicFiction: Dark, strange and melodramatic stories which lead to something evil.</li></li></ul><li>Gothicfiction (features)<br /><ul><li>Horror.
  5. 5. The supernatural.
  6. 6. Death.
  7. 7. Madness.
  8. 8. Hereditary curses.
  9. 9. Medieval-likesettings.</li></li></ul><li>The fall of the house of Usher(firstpublication)<br /><ul><li>Burton’sGentleman’s Magazine. (September 1839).
  10. 10. Tales of the Grotesque and Arabesque (1840).
  11. 11. Period of American Romanticism.
  12. 12. Dark Romanticism. (Pessimisticnature)</li></li></ul><li>Point of view:<br /><ul><li>Firstperson .
  13. 13. A namelessnarrator.
  14. 14. He describes the events as he sawthem.</li></li></ul><li>Maincharacters:<br /><ul><li>Thenarrator: A friend of the master of the House of Usher. He witnessesterrifyingevents.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>RoderickUsher: The master of the house, he suffersfrom a depressingmalaise.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>MadelineUsher: Twin sister of Roderick. Shealsosuffersfrom a strangeillness.</li></li></ul><li>The story:<br /><ul><li>Thenarratorarrives to theUshers’ house ; anoldmansionencircledby a smalltarn (lake). A bridge across the tarnprovidesaccess to the house.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>RoderickUsher, receives the visitor, a boyhoodfriend. Roderick, who is sufferingfrom a strange mental illnes, livestherewithhistwinsisterMadelinewho is neardeathdue to a mysteriousdisease.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>The narratorstayswiththem, he providescompany to Roderickwhile he paints and plays guitar, he spendsallhisdaysinside, avoiding the sunlight. </li></li></ul><li><ul><li>WhenMadelinedies, Roderick decides to buryhertemporarily in one of hishouse’slargevaults. </li></li></ul><li><ul><li> A fewdayslater, during a stormynight, theNarratorcouldn’tsleep, he wasterrified. Roderick comes totheNarrator’sbedroom.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>The narrator attemps to calm Roderick by reading “The Mad Trist”, a story about a Knight , “Ethelred” who slays a dragon and wins a shield of shining brass.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>As thenarratorreadsthebook, they can listen tothesamesoundsrelated in thestory. Roderick declares Madelinewasalivewhentheyburiedher.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Then, Madeline emerges fromher provisional tomb. SheconfrontsRoderick and beginsthrottlinghim to death.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>The house begins to collapse , the narratorfleesforhislife. Roderick is dead. He and Madeline are consumedby the falling house.</li></li></ul><li>Focus:<br /><ul><li> Terminal illness.
  15. 15. Madness.
  16. 16. Incest.</li></li></ul><li>Symbolism:<br />    A “tarn” encircling the Mansion and Reflecting Its Image:<br /><ul><li>Madeline as the twin of Roderick, reflecting his image and personality.
  17. 17. The desire of the Ushers to isolate themselves from the outside world.   </li></li></ul><li>The Bridge Over the Tarn: <br /><ul><li> The narrator as Roderick Usher’s only link to the outside world.   </li></ul>  The name Usher: <br /><ul><li> An usher is a doorkeeper. In this sense, Roderick Usher opens the door to a frightening world for the narrator. </li></ul>The Storm:<br /><ul><li>The turbulent emotions experienced by the characters.  </li></ul>The Collapsing Mansion:<br /><ul><li>Fall of the Usher family. </li></li></ul><li>THE FALL OF THE HOUSE OF USHER QUIZ<br />1. MENTION SOME CHARACTERISTICS OF GOTHIC FICTION.    2. WHEN WAS “THE FALL OF THE HOUSE OF USHER” FIRST PUBLISED ?3. HOW DO USHER AND THE NARRATOR KNOW ONE ANOTHER?4. DESCRIBE MADELINE’S MYSTERIOUS DISEASE.<br />
  18. 18. 5. WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE BOOK THE NARRATOR READS TO USHER?6. WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE BOOK’S PROTAGONIST?7. RELATES THE END OF THE STORY.8. ACCORDING TO THE SYMBOLISM OF THE STORY , WHAT IS THE MEANING OF THE NAME “ USHER”?<br />
  19. 19. THANK YOU!<br />

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