Mahatma Gandhi

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Presentation about Monhondas Karamchand Gandhi's Life. Check out http://mababoo.net/! Thx

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  • Sources: http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_9UxHwUfG2qQ/TGiyUAVcAOI/AAAAAAAAA0k/QUcHJbggIXI/s1600/mahatmagandhi.jpg http://www.kurzbiografie.info/wp-content/uploads/2010/09/mahatmagandhi.jpg
  • Sources: http://www.slideshare.net/parthav_funny/mahatma-gandhi-presentation-961337 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohandas_Karamchand_Gandhi
  • maps.google.com
  • http://www.mkgandhi.org/gphotgallery/1869-1914/images/d.jpg
  • http://de.academic.ru/pictures/dewiki/80/Putlibai_Gandhi.jpg http://www.mkgandhi.org/gphotgallery/1869-1914/images/d.jpg https://geniusmothers.com/genius-mothers-of/governors-politicians/Putlibai-Gandhi/
  • https://geniusmothers.com/genius-mothers-of/governors-politicians/Putlibai-Gandhi/
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahatma_gandhi
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahatma_gandhi
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Gandhi_and_Kasturbhai_1902.jpg
  • Mahatma Gandhi

    1. 1. Mahatma Gandhi
    2. 2. Structure <ul><li>Vocabulary
    3. 3. Quick Facts
    4. 4. Satyagraha
    5. 5. Biography:
    6. 6. •Early life and Background
    7. 7. •Time in London
    8. 8. •Gandhi in South Africa
    9. 9. •Role in World War I </li></ul>
    10. 10. Structure <ul><li>Indian Independence:
    11. 11. • Champaran and Kheda
    12. 12. • Non-cooperation
    13. 13. • Salt Satyagraha (Salt March)
    14. 14. • Partition of India
    15. 15. Assasination
    16. 16. Sources </li></ul>
    17. 17. Vocabulary <ul>English <li>Faith
    18. 18. Barrister
    19. 19. Landlady
    20. 20. To run foul of
    21. 21. Circumstanses
    22. 22. Poll - tax </li></ul><ul>German <li>Glaube / Vertrauen
    23. 23. Anwalt (Zivilrecht)
    24. 24. Wirtin
    25. 25. Jmd. anfahren
    26. 26. Umstände
    27. 27. Die Kopfsteuer </li></ul>
    28. 28. Vocabulary <ul>English <li>Average
    29. 29. Vow
    30. 30. Litigants
    31. 31. Appeal
    32. 32. Fee
    33. 33. Home-spun </li></ul><ul>German <li>Mittelwert, Havarie
    34. 34. Schwur, Gelöbnis
    35. 35. Prozessführende Patei / Personen
    36. 36. Anziehungskraft
    37. 37. Dues, Payment
    38. 38. Selbst gesponnen </li></ul>
    39. 39. Quick Facts Name: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi Date of Birth: 2 nd October 1869 Place of Birth: Porbandar, Guajarat, British India Date of Death: 30 th January 1948 Place of Death: New Dehli, India (Assassination)
    40. 40. Mahatma Gandhi <ul><li>Political and ideological leader of India during the Indian independence movement
    41. 41. Is called Bapu in India (Bapu = “Father”)
    42. 42. Offically honored in India as “Father of Nation”
    43. 43. 2 Oct. (Birthday of Gandhi) is the “International Day of Non-Violence” </li></ul>
    44. 44. Values <ul><li>Truth (Satya)
    45. 45. Non-Violence (Ahisma)
    46. 46. Vegetarianism
    47. 47. Self-Discipline (Brahmacharya)
    48. 48. Simplicty
    49. 49. Faith
    50. 50. Non-Possession (Aparigraha)
    51. 51. Equality (Savra Dharma Samanata) </li></ul>
    52. 52. Satyagraha <ul><li>Satyagraha (Sanskrit: सत्याग्रह satyāgraha), loosely translated as &quot;Soul Force,&quot;[1] &quot;truth force,&quot; or is a particular philosophy and practice within the broader overall category generally known as nonviolent resistance or civil resistance </li></ul>
    53. 53. Youth and Background
    54. 54. Karamchand Gandhi
    55. 55. His Father <ul><li>Name: Karamchand Gandhi
    56. 56. Lived 1822 – 1885 (63 years)
    57. 57. Hindu
    58. 58. High official serving the state </li></ul>
    59. 59. Putlibai Gandhi
    60. 60. His Mother <ul><li>Name: Putlibai Gandhi
    61. 61. Lived 1839 – 1891 (52 years)
    62. 62. Brought up very devout and under Jain (Hindu) traditions
    63. 63. Highly influcenced Mohondas to have compassions for:
    64. 64. sentient beings, vegetarianism, fasting for self-purification, and mutual tolerance among individuals of different creeds </li></ul>
    65. 65. Youth and Background <ul><li>Also did some Indian classic stories influence Gandhi. </li></ul>
    66. 66. Youth and Background <ul><li>Mohondas father(1822–1885), named Karamchand Gandhi, was a Hindu and a high official.
    67. 67. Putlibai G. , his mother, was also a Hindu. She grew up very devout and under Jain traditions. This influenced the young boy and woke his compassion for: sentient beings, vegetarianism, fasting for self-purification, and mutual tolerance among individuals of different creeds. </li></ul>
    68. 68. Gandhi and his wife Kasturba
    69. 69. Marriage / Relationship <ul><li>May 1883 Mohondas was married to Kasturbai Makhanji
    70. 70. Mohondas was 13
    71. 71. Kasturbai was 14
    72. 72. Arranged child marriage </li></ul>
    73. 73. Marriage / Relationship <ul><li>Their first child was born when Gandhi was 15 but only survived a few days
    74. 74. They had four other kids:
    75. 75. Harilal (born 1888)
    76. 76. Manilal (born 1892)
    77. 77. Ramdas (born in 1897)
    78. 78. Devdas (born in 1900) </li></ul>
    79. 79. Academic Career <ul><li>Average student
    80. 80. Problems with entry Test for College
    81. 81. Unhappy: family wanted him to become barrister </li></ul>
    82. 82. Academic Career <ul><li>4 Sept. 1888 goes to study in London
    83. 83. Made vow to be vegetarian, not to drink alcohol etc.
    84. 84. Still experimented with English customs:
    85. 85. took dance lessons </li></ul>
    86. 86. Time in London <ul><li>Could not eat food “at home” => always hungry
    87. 87. Found vegetarian resturant
    88. 88. Joined the vegetarian society
    89. 89. Got elected to executive comittee </li></ul>
    90. 90. Time in London <ul><li>Some vegetarians made him join the Theosophical Society
    91. 91. It studys Buddhist and Hindu literature
    92. 92. Gandhi became interested in religion
    93. 93. Reads Hindu and Christians scriptures </li></ul>
    94. 94. Time in London <ul><li>Passed his final exam 10 June 1891
    95. 95. Went to India 12 June 1891
    96. 96. His mother died while he was in London </li></ul>
    97. 97. Back in India <ul><li>His plan to work in Bombay failed
    98. 98. Returned to Rajkot as he didn't get the job as high scool teacher
    99. 99. Also had to quit making drafts of petitions for litigants when crashed into a British officer with a car
    100. 100. April 1893: Accepts to work in South Africa (British Empire) </li></ul>
    101. 101. Gandhi in South Africa
    102. 102. Gandhi in South Africa <ul><li>Thrown off a train
    103. 103. Gets beaten by driver
    104. 104. Kicked out from several hotels
    105. 105. Ordered to remove his turban
    106. 106. => Exeperienced racsim
    107. 107. => Starts to think about the place he has in society </li></ul>
    108. 108. Gandhi in South Africa <ul><li>Extends stay-over
    109. 109. Wants to support Indian's trying to get the right to vote
    110. 110. Helps to found Natal Indian Congress
    111. 111. Forms a unified Indian political force </li></ul>
    112. 112. Gandhi in South Africa <ul><li>Gets attacked by whites after landing in Durban
    113. 113. Principles: Does not want revenge </li></ul>
    114. 114. Gandhi in South Africa <ul><li>1906: Transvaal government wants to count Indian population
    115. 115. => Mass protest in Johannesbourg 11. September </li></ul>
    116. 116. Gandhi in South Africa <ul><li>Gandhi tells the Indian to be non-violent and resist punishments
    117. 117. His mates follow his request
    118. 118. =>7 year “fight”: Many get jailed (Monhondas included) or even executed </li></ul>
    119. 119. Gandhi in South Africa <ul><li>Government was succsessful repressing Indian
    120. 120. Public was shocked of violence used against peaceful Indians
    121. 121. => South African General had to negotiate a compromise with Gandhi
    122. 122. Satyagraha got delveloped </li></ul>
    123. 123. Zulu War <ul><li>1906 British introduce new poll – tax
    124. 124. Zulus kill two British officers
    125. 125. British declare war against Zulus </li></ul>
    126. 126. Zulu War <ul><li>Gandhi wants to help
    127. 127. Government refuses to have Indian army officers but allow Indian stretcher-bearer corps
    128. 128. Corps: 23 members, lead by Gandhi </li></ul>
    129. 129. Zulu War <ul><li>Mohondas wanted Britians to see that Indians are “useful”, Indians get training in warfare
    130. 130. Describes Zulu war as Man-hunt
    131. 131. Even English think same </li></ul>
    132. 132. Back in India <ul><li>Back 1915 Mahatma was introduced to Indian issues, politics and people
    133. 133. Spoke at the Indian National Congress </li></ul>
    134. 134. Role in World War I <ul><li>Recruits Indians for war
    135. 135. Will not hurt / kill anybody
    136. 136. Says that it is important to know how to use weapons </li></ul>
    137. 137. Champaran and Kheda
    138. 138. Champaran and Kheda <ul><li>First big succsess (1918) Champaran and Kheda Satyagraha
    139. 139. Bad situation: dirty, unhygenic, alcoholism
    140. 140. British want to increase tax
    141. 141. Opens ashram </li></ul>
    142. 142. Champaran and Kheda <ul><li>Has confidence of villagers
    143. 143. Starts clean-up, bulding schools
    144. 144. Gets arrested because of causing unrest
    145. 145. => Big protest
    146. 146. Freed he negotiates contract which gives farmers more rights </li></ul>
    147. 147. Champaran and Kheda <ul><li>Gets famous
    148. 148. => Names like Bapu (= Father) and Mahatma (= Great Soul) develop </li></ul>
    149. 149. Non-cooperation <ul><li>Gandhis weapons: non-cooperation, non-violence, peaceful resistance
    150. 150. Violence from British side => Indian react with violence
    151. 151. Gandhi critises both sides
    152. 152. Holds speech: No violence can be justified </li></ul>
    153. 153. Non-cooperation <ul>=> Gandhi's objective: complete individual, spiritual, political independence of India (Swaraj) <li>1921 Gandhi becomes Leader of National Indian Congress
    154. 154. => Reorganises, for national mass appeal
    155. 155. => Membership for little fee </li></ul>
    156. 156. Non-cooperation <ul><li>Swadeshi policy: Boycott of forgein made goods, especially British
    157. 157. Khadi: Should wear home-spun cloth
    158. 158. Also boycott British educational institutes, jobs, law-courts, titles and honors </li></ul>
    159. 159. Non-cooperation <ul><li>Campain has great sucsess
    160. 160. Called of because of violence
    161. 161. 3th time big campaign gets called off by Gandhi
    162. 162. 15.000 Supporters jailed
    163. 163. Arrested 10 March 1922 => 6 years jail because of sedition, released February 1924 (illness) </li></ul>
    164. 164. Non-cooperation <ul><li>National Congress splinters in 2 sections: Make laws <=> use British laws
    165. 165. Hindu and Muslim cooperation reduces
    166. 166. Gandhi couldn't restore old state </li></ul>
    167. 167. Salt Satyagraha (Salt March)
    168. 168. Salt Satyagraha (Salt March) <ul><li>Stays out of active politics in 1920s
    169. 169. 1928 returns to the fore
    170. 170. British govornement: New constitution commission with out Indian
    171. 171. =>Boycott of commission by Indian partys </li></ul>
    172. 172. Salt Satyagraha (Salt March) <ul><li>Congress (Dec 1928): Dominion status or non-cooperation with complete Independence
    173. 173. Ultimatum: 1 year, Mahatma refers to views of Subhas Chandra Bose, Jawaharlal Nehru </li></ul>
    174. 174. Salt Satyagraha (Salt March) <ul><li>British don't respond
    175. 175. => 31 Dec 1929 India declares it's Independence
    176. 176. 26 January 1930: Indian Independence Day </li></ul>
    177. 177. Salt Satyagraha (Salt March) <ul><li>Satyagraha, cause: Tax on salt in March
    178. 178. Salt March( 12 Mar – 6 April): </li><ul><li>388 km Ahmedabad to Dandi (coast)
    179. 179. Wants to make salt himself
    180. 180. Thousands join
    181. 181. One of most succsessful campaign </li></ul><li>Britains jail over 60.000 people </li></ul>
    182. 182. Salt Satyagraha (Salt March) <ul><li>Lord Edward Irwin negoiates with Gandhi
    183. 183. => Gandhi – Irwin Pact </li><ul><li>Britain: Frees all political prisoners
    184. 184. India: Stops civil disobedience </li></ul><li>Mahatma invited to Round Table Congress London </li><ul><li>Disappointment: no discussion of power transfer </li></ul></ul>
    185. 185. Salt Satyagraha (Salt March) <ul><li>Sucsessor of Irwin: New campaign subduing nationalist movement
    186. 186. => Gandhi gets imprisoned and isolated from followers (no use) </li></ul>
    187. 187. Salt Satyagraha (Salt March) <ul><li>1932: Role in granting rights to vote to the class of untouchable ends in 3 assassination attempt (1934)
    188. 188. => Leaves congress party </li></ul>
    189. 189. Salt Satyagraha(Salt March) <ul><li>Returns to politics 1936
    190. 190. Wants focus on independence
    191. 191. Accepts socialism as goal
    192. 192. Conflict with Subhas Bose (president 1938): Contra Democracy, Non-violence </li><ul><li>Bose resigned. Cause: Mass-resignment because of abandoment of Gandhis priciples </li></ul></ul>
    193. 193. Partiton of India <ul><li>Gandhi and Indian National Congress wanted independent India
    194. 194. Muslim League wanted to divide India
    195. 195. Compromise: provisional government with Indian and Muslim League </li></ul>
    196. 196. Partition of India <ul><li>Plebiscite (=Volksabstimmung) about partiton
    197. 197. Riots => Gandhi goes and stops them
    198. 198. Gandhi makes strong efforts to unite the Indian Hindus, Muslims and Christians </li></ul>
    199. 199. Assasination <ul><li>30 January 1948: Shot by Nathuram Godse
    200. 200. His last words maybe: “Oh God”
    201. 201. Godse and his co-conspirator Narayan Apte executed on 15 November 1949 </li></ul>
    202. 202. Assasination <ul><li>Ashes were sent all over India, even to the Nil </li></ul>
    203. 203. Raj Ghat, Delhi memorial of his cremation
    204. 205. Gandhi nursing
    205. 206. Gandhi having tea with Lord Mountbatten
    206. 207. Young Gandhi
    207. 208. Sources http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_9UxHwUfG2qQ/TGiyUAVcAOI/AAAAAAAAA0k/QUcHJbggIXI/s1600/mahatmagandhi.jpg http://www.kurzbiografie.info/wp-content/uploads/2010/09/mahatmagandhi.jpg http://www.slideshare.net/parthav_funny/mahatma-gandhi-presentation-961337 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohandas_Karamchand_Gandhi dict.leo.org translate.google.com http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Satyagraha en.wikipedia.org maps.google.com
    208. 209. Sources http://de.academic.ru/pictures/dewiki/80/Putlibai_Gandhi.jpg http://www.mkgandhi.org/gphotgallery/1869-1914/images/d.jpg https://geniusmothers.com/genius-mothers-of/governors-politicians/Putlibai-Gandhi/
    209. 210. Gandhi

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