Seeing Nutrition Clearly: Examination of current hot topics & trends

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Seeing Nutrition Clearly: Examination of current hot topics & trends

  1. 1. Cristin Stokes, RD, LN MUS Wellness Spring 2014
  2. 2. Objectives  Are foods labeled "organic" more nutritious? Which sweeteners are best? Should gluten be avoided? Can coconut oil promote weight loss? When it comes to nutrition, labels and marketing often lead to confusion rather than clarity. Focus up by joining Cristin Stokes, RD, Nutrition Specialist with the MUS Wellness Program, in examining the validity of popular nutrition claims and current trends. Cooking demo with taste samples included!
  3. 3. Good or Bad? Eat it or Leave it?
  4. 4. What’s the deal with…?  Gluten  Carbohydrates  Sweeteners  Organic foods  Coconut oil  Supplements  Intermittent fasting
  5. 5. Gluten  Gluten = a protein found in wheat, rye, and barley that is responsible for the elastic nature of dough  Celiac disease : autoimmune disease that causes damage to the lining of the small intestine when gluten is consumed  Gluten intolerance: sensitivity to gluten, typically presenting with GI symptoms
  6. 6. Gluten  Research  Gluten/whey protein/placebo study  Theories  Attention to diet  Lower carbs/less junk  Bottom line: No need to avoid gluten unless you have CD or are gluten intolerant
  7. 7. Carbohydrates
  8. 8. Carbohydrates  Source matters  Eat it: Vegetables, fruits, dairy, legumes, whole grains  Leave it: Refined grains, sugar  Benefits:  Energy  Fiber  Vitamins/minerals  Serotonin!
  9. 9. Carbohydrates  Recommended % of diet  If tracking: 45-65%  Higher-end if training or exercising more  Visually: MyPlate (1/4 of your plate)  Pick one carbohydrate per meal  Whole grain (brown rice, quinoa, etc) OR potatoes OR dessert  Limit sweets
  10. 10. Sweeteners  Granulated sugars  Refined white  Brown  Turbinado – “raw”  Evaporated cane juice  Liquid  Honey  Maple Syrup  HFCS  Agave  Molasses  Brown rice syrup
  11. 11. Sweeteners  Artificial sugars  Aspartame  Stevia  Ace-K  Splenda  Saccharine  Sugar alcohols  -itol  Focus up:  Minor differences exist in type of sugar (i.e. fructose, glucose) and effect on blood sugar  Sugar has little to no nutritional value beyond calories  Minimize all kinds  Artificial sugars may be helpful for diabetics; research regarding weight loss mixed
  12. 12. Organics  Organic foods  Grown/produced without pesticides, herbicides, fertilizers, hormones, or antibiotics  100% organic  Only organic ingredients (excluding water & salt)  Organic  95-99% organic ingredients  Foods made with organic ingredients  70-94% organic ingredients
  13. 13. Organics  “All-natural” foods  Minimally processed with no artificial ingredients or added colors  No standard definition  Are organic foods healthier?  Healthier for the environment  Micronutrients  Fresh > organic  An organic cookie is still a cookie!
  14. 14. Organics Dirty Dozen  celery  peaches  strawberries  apples  domestic blueberries  nectarines  sweet bell peppers  spinach, kale and collard greens  cherries  potatoes  imported grapes  lettuce Clean 15  onions  avocados  sweet corn  pineapples  mango  sweet peas  asparagus  kiwi fruit  cabbage  eggplant  cantaloupe  watermelon  grapefruit  sweet potatoes  sweet onions
  15. 15. Coconut Oil  Purported benefits  Appetite control  Improved digestion  Increased immune function  Reduced cholesterol  Lowered weight & abdominal fat  Improved thyroid function  Skin & hair treatment  Medicinal uses  Very small, short term research studies  High in saturated fat  Lauric acid (medium chain triglyceride)  High in calories  Good for high heat cooking, flavor
  16. 16. Supplements  Billion dollar industry ($32 billion in 2013)  Multivitamins = most commonly used supplement in the developed world  No heart-health benefits or reduced risk of cancer (2014)  Research trials largely disappointing  Fish oil  SELECT trial  Beta-carotene, vitamin E  Avoid mega or super doses  Fat-soluble vitamins: A, D, E, K  Folic acid  Recommendation: vitamin D, multivitamin?
  17. 17. Intermittent Fasting  5:2  5 “feed” days followed by 2 fasting days (400-600 calories)  Evidence limited primarily to animal studies  Cognitive benefits, maintenance of muscle mass  Adherence?  Mood/energy?  Exercise  Long-term harm/benefits?
  18. 18. Cristin’s 6 Nutrition Tenets  1. 80/20 rule of moderation  2. Eat more plants  3. Choose whole foods over processed  4. There’s no hidden secret to weight loss  5. Take advantage of MT grown foods  6. Enjoy your food!
  19. 19.  www.montanamovesandmeals.com  www.wellness.mus.edu  www.facebook.com/MUSWellness  Pinterest  Twitter  @montanameals  @montanamoves Connect with us!
  20. 20. Questions?

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