The English in America Part One:  England’s desire for colonies in America
First Explorations <ul><li>Louis VII, Kind of England, having learned about  the news of Columbus’ successful voyage, deci...
<ul><li>Genoese sailor, Giovanni Gabotto (John Cabot) made a voyage in 1497 </li></ul><ul><li>He arrived in Saint John, an...
<ul><li>The king ordered a second travel. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John and his son Sebastian lead the team. </li></ul></ul><...
<ul><li>Activity 1 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create a map of Cabot’s travels. </li></ul></ul>First Explorations
The English in America Part Two: XVII Century Europe
Religious Matters    in XVII Century Europe <ul><li>King Henry VIII, King of England, and son of Henry VII, married Queen ...
Religious Matters    in XVII Century Europe <ul><li>King Henry VIII wanted a male heir for the throne. </li></ul><ul><li>H...
Religious Matters    in XVII Century Europe <ul><li>King Henry VIII founded the Anglican Church (Church of England) in ord...
Religious Matters    in XVII Century Europe <ul><li>The Appearance of Protestantism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Martin Luther, a...
Religious Matters    in XVII Century Europe <ul><li>Religious wars in Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>Religious persecution in E...
Religious Matters    in XVII Century Europe <ul><li>Queen Elizabeth I of England joins the Anglican Church. </li></ul><ul>...
Religious Matters    in XVII Century Europe <ul><li>Activity 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Compare and contrast Catholicism vs Prote...
The English in America Part Three: First Attempts of English Colonization
First Attempts of English Colonization <ul><li>In 1583, Queen Elizabeth I requested Sir Humphrey Gilbert  to engage in an ...
First Attempts of English Colonization <ul><li>Gilbert arrived to Newfoundland, but was lost at sea in his return. </li></ul>
First Attempts of English Colonization <ul><li>Queen Elizabeth sent another explorer, Sir Walter Raleigh, to America. </li...
First Attempts of English Colonization <ul><li>In 1585, Raleigh took a group of 117 people, including children, to the isl...
First Attempts of English Colonization <ul><li>John White returned to Roanoke three years later, but nobody was there. </l...
The English in America Part Four: Colonizing Actions by King James I
A New Heir <ul><li>Queen Elizabeth I  never married.  </li></ul><ul><li>She named James I,  son of her cousin,  Queen Mary...
Colonizing Actions by King James I <ul><li>In 1606, King James I wrote a  decree  giving two companies, Plymouth and Londo...
Colonizing Actions by King James I <ul><li>In 1607, the first English colony is finally established in Chesapeake Bay:  Ja...
<ul><li>Activity 3 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create a poster to attract the first settlers to Jamestown. Emphasize its locatio...
 
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The English In America

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The English In America

  1. 1. The English in America Part One: England’s desire for colonies in America
  2. 2. First Explorations <ul><li>Louis VII, Kind of England, having learned about the news of Columbus’ successful voyage, decided to join the colonizing venture. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Genoese sailor, Giovanni Gabotto (John Cabot) made a voyage in 1497 </li></ul><ul><li>He arrived in Saint John, an island. </li></ul><ul><li>Cabot returns to England without treasure (gold). </li></ul>First Explorations
  4. 4. <ul><li>The king ordered a second travel. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John and his son Sebastian lead the team. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>John dies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sebastian returns to England </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The English did not go back to America until the reign of Queen Elizabeth I in 1585. </li></ul>First Explorations
  5. 5. <ul><li>Activity 1 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create a map of Cabot’s travels. </li></ul></ul>First Explorations
  6. 6. The English in America Part Two: XVII Century Europe
  7. 7. Religious Matters in XVII Century Europe <ul><li>King Henry VIII, King of England, and son of Henry VII, married Queen Catalina de Aragón, from Spain. </li></ul><ul><li>They had a daughter, Princess Maria. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Religious Matters in XVII Century Europe <ul><li>King Henry VIII wanted a male heir for the throne. </li></ul><ul><li>He asked Pope Clement VII permission to divorce. </li></ul><ul><li>The Pope refused. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Religious Matters in XVII Century Europe <ul><li>King Henry VIII founded the Anglican Church (Church of England) in order to get a divorce. </li></ul><ul><li>He wants to remarry and have a son. </li></ul><ul><li>He would marry six times in his life. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Religious Matters in XVII Century Europe <ul><li>The Appearance of Protestantism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Martin Luther, a German theologian, rebelled against Pope Leon X. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>John Calvin joined the “Protestant Reform”. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Various groups of Christianity appear in Europe. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Religious Matters in XVII Century Europe <ul><li>Religious wars in Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>Religious persecution in England by Queen Mary. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Daughter of Henry VIII and Catalina de Aragón. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Catholic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Protestants escape from England. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Religious Matters in XVII Century Europe <ul><li>Queen Elizabeth I of England joins the Anglican Church. </li></ul><ul><li>Religious tensions end in England. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Religious Matters in XVII Century Europe <ul><li>Activity 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Compare and contrast Catholicism vs Protestantism. </li></ul>P C
  14. 14. The English in America Part Three: First Attempts of English Colonization
  15. 15. First Attempts of English Colonization <ul><li>In 1583, Queen Elizabeth I requested Sir Humphrey Gilbert to engage in an expedition to colonize American lands. </li></ul>
  16. 16. First Attempts of English Colonization <ul><li>Gilbert arrived to Newfoundland, but was lost at sea in his return. </li></ul>
  17. 17. First Attempts of English Colonization <ul><li>Queen Elizabeth sent another explorer, Sir Walter Raleigh, to America. </li></ul><ul><li>Raleigh arrived to North America, and named the region Virginia, in honor of the queen. </li></ul>
  18. 18. First Attempts of English Colonization <ul><li>In 1585, Raleigh took a group of 117 people, including children, to the island of Roanoke. </li></ul><ul><li>John White, their leader, returned to England to get provisions. </li></ul>
  19. 19. First Attempts of English Colonization <ul><li>John White returned to Roanoke three years later, but nobody was there. </li></ul><ul><li>They found a sing on a tree: CROATOAN </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Island on the coast </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. The English in America Part Four: Colonizing Actions by King James I
  21. 21. A New Heir <ul><li>Queen Elizabeth I never married. </li></ul><ul><li>She named James I, son of her cousin, Queen Mary Stuart of Scotland, as her heir. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Colonizing Actions by King James I <ul><li>In 1606, King James I wrote a decree giving two companies, Plymouth and London, the authorization to organize colonies in Virginia. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide the land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(The English did not recognized the natives any right to their homeland.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pay the expenses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Own the colonies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appoint the government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish laws </li></ul></ul>The King The Companies
  23. 23. Colonizing Actions by King James I <ul><li>In 1607, the first English colony is finally established in Chesapeake Bay: Jamestown . </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Activity 3 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create a poster to attract the first settlers to Jamestown. Emphasize its location as well as characteristics of the area such as good land for sowing, marine routes, and mineral resources. </li></ul></ul>Colonizing Actions by King James I

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