The Americas Before 1492

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The Americas Before 1492

  1. 1. The Americas Before 1492 Social Studies Teacher N. M. Kathy Urbina
  2. 2. Cultures Mid-America Mexico -> Central America • Olmec • Zapotec • Mayan • Chichimec – Toltec – Aztecs http://members.fortunecity.es/kaildoc/tenochtitlan/imatenoch/mesoamerica.jpg
  3. 3. Cultures Andes Chavin Paracs Mochica Tiwanaku Incas http://www.tareasya.com/recursos/h5_p_90.gif
  4. 4. Cultures North America Adena Hopewell Mississippi Anasazi http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/99/North_America_satellite_globe.jpg/350px- North_America_satellite_globe.jpg
  5. 5. Cultures From South America to the Caribbean Arawak Columbia Chibcha Tairon Chile - Argentina Mapuche http://www.international.rai.it/diffusione/img/cartine/americalatina.jpg
  6. 6. The Olmecs 2500 BCE – 100 AD
  7. 7. Olmecs The ancient group of America Gulf of Mexico Sculptures Giant Heads Agriculture Beans, pumpkin, and corn Merchants Established routes: Mississippi-Costa Rica
  8. 8. Olmecs
  9. 9. Olmecs Culture Calendar Hieroglyphics Ball Game Urban construction Ceramic Precious Stone: Jade
  10. 10. The Zapotecs 2000 BCE – 750 AD
  11. 11. Zapoteca Monte Alban, Oaxaca, Mexico Calendar (260 days) in function of agriculture seasons Improved the Ball game Goldsmiths Ceramics
  12. 12. Zapotecs
  13. 13. The Mayan 2000 BCE – 1250 AD
  14. 14. Mayan South of Mid-America They are still alive! 6 a 7 millions • Mexico • Guatemala • Honduras • El Salvador Rigoberta Menchu Tum
  15. 15. Mayan One of the most important civilizations on Planet Earth Two great historic moments 2000 BCE - 750 BCE 900 AD – 1250 AD
  16. 16. Mayan Cities Institutional Centers • Temple • Market • Palace • Pyramids (Royal Tombs) • Aqueducts • Irrigation Canals
  17. 17. Mayan Cities Chichen Itza Copan Tikal Palenque Uxmal Kabah
  18. 18. Mayan Hieroglyphs
  19. 19. Mayan Warriors Knowledge Mathematics • Number system Sciences • Astronomy • Biology • Physics
  20. 20. Mayan Calendars MOON • 260 days SUN • 365 days
  21. 21. Mayan Social and Political Organization Dual Government • Halach Uinik or Ahau – King (Civil Chief with religious responsibilities) • Ahuacan (Snake Lord) – High Priest
  22. 22. Mayan Religion Popol Vuh Gucamatz Tepeu Gods Sun Moon Water Land (Soil)
  23. 23. Maya: Popol Vuh (Sacred Text)
  24. 24. Teotihuacan 7th Century AD
  25. 25. A city of Pyramids Sun Moon

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