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The Americas Before 1492
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The Americas Before 1492

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Social Studies, History

Social Studies, History

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  • 1. The Americas Before 1492 Social Studies Teacher N. M. Kathy Urbina
  • 2. Cultures Mid-America Mexico -> Central America • Olmec • Zapotec • Mayan • Chichimec – Toltec – Aztecs http://members.fortunecity.es/kaildoc/tenochtitlan/imatenoch/mesoamerica.jpg
  • 3. Cultures Andes Chavin Paracs Mochica Tiwanaku Incas http://www.tareasya.com/recursos/h5_p_90.gif
  • 4. Cultures North America Adena Hopewell Mississippi Anasazi http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/99/North_America_satellite_globe.jpg/350px- North_America_satellite_globe.jpg
  • 5. Cultures From South America to the Caribbean Arawak Columbia Chibcha Tairon Chile - Argentina Mapuche http://www.international.rai.it/diffusione/img/cartine/americalatina.jpg
  • 6. The Olmecs 2500 BCE – 100 AD
  • 7. Olmecs The ancient group of America Gulf of Mexico Sculptures Giant Heads Agriculture Beans, pumpkin, and corn Merchants Established routes: Mississippi-Costa Rica
  • 8. Olmecs
  • 9. Olmecs Culture Calendar Hieroglyphics Ball Game Urban construction Ceramic Precious Stone: Jade
  • 10. The Zapotecs 2000 BCE – 750 AD
  • 11. Zapoteca Monte Alban, Oaxaca, Mexico Calendar (260 days) in function of agriculture seasons Improved the Ball game Goldsmiths Ceramics
  • 12. Zapotecs
  • 13. The Mayan 2000 BCE – 1250 AD
  • 14. Mayan South of Mid-America They are still alive! 6 a 7 millions • Mexico • Guatemala • Honduras • El Salvador Rigoberta Menchu Tum
  • 15. Mayan One of the most important civilizations on Planet Earth Two great historic moments 2000 BCE - 750 BCE 900 AD – 1250 AD
  • 16. Mayan Cities Institutional Centers • Temple • Market • Palace • Pyramids (Royal Tombs) • Aqueducts • Irrigation Canals
  • 17. Mayan Cities Chichen Itza Copan Tikal Palenque Uxmal Kabah
  • 18. Mayan Hieroglyphs
  • 19. Mayan Warriors Knowledge Mathematics • Number system Sciences • Astronomy • Biology • Physics
  • 20. Mayan Calendars MOON • 260 days SUN • 365 days
  • 21. Mayan Social and Political Organization Dual Government • Halach Uinik or Ahau – King (Civil Chief with religious responsibilities) • Ahuacan (Snake Lord) – High Priest
  • 22. Mayan Religion Popol Vuh Gucamatz Tepeu Gods Sun Moon Water Land (Soil)
  • 23. Maya: Popol Vuh (Sacred Text)
  • 24. Teotihuacan 7th Century AD
  • 25. A city of Pyramids Sun Moon