Maslow's Theory Of Hierarchy Of Needs

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Maslow's Theory Of Hierarchy Of Needs

  1. 1. Maslow’s Theory of Hierarchy of NeedsMunif Ahmad Abraham Maslow (April 1, 1908 – June 8, 1970)
  2. 2. Needs Something that is necessary for an organism to live a healthy life Deficiency would cause a clear negative outcome - deficiency or death Can be Objective/Physical or Subjective Objective needs - food, shelter, sleep Subjective needs – affection, acceptance, self-esteem
  3. 3. Ten Fundamental Human Needs Protection Idleness affection Creationsubsistence Understanding transcendence Participation freedom Identity
  4. 4. The needs - MeaningNeed Meaning (having things)subsistence food, shelter, workprotection social security, health systems, workaffection friendships, family, relationships with natureunderstanding literature, teachers, policies, educationalparticipation responsibilities, duties, work, rightsleisure games, parties, peace of mindcreation abilities, skills, work, techniquesidentity language, religions, work, customs, values, normsfreedom equal rights
  5. 5. The Hierarchal Model Being Need Deficit Needs
  6. 6. Physiological Needs
  7. 7. Physiological Needs Mostly, literal requirements for human survival If not met, the human body cannot function Metabolic needs – air, water, food, rest Clothing, shelter – needed by even animals Could be classified as basic animal needs
  8. 8. Safety Needs
  9. 9. Safety Needs Once physical needs are met, safety needs take over Personal including emotional Health and well-being Financial, job security Safety of property against natural disasters, calamities, wars, etc Law & order
  10. 10. Social Needs
  11. 11. Social Needs Need to love and be loved Need to feel a sense of belonging and acceptance Small groups – clubs, office teams, school/college houses Large groups – political parties, Sports teams, facebook
  12. 12. Esteem Needs
  13. 13. Esteem Needs Need to be respected by others and in turn respect them Sense of contribution, to feel self-valued, in profession or hobby Lower - respect of others, the need for status, recognition, fame, prestige, and attention Higher - self-respect, the need for strength, competence, mastery, self- confidence, independence and freedom
  14. 14. Self Actualization Needs
  15. 15. Self Actualization Needs What a man can be, he must be Intrinsic growth of what is already in a person Growth-motivated rather than deficiency- motivated Cannot normally be reached until other lower order needs are met Rarely happens - < 1% Acceptance of facts, spontaneous, focused on problems outside self, without prejudice

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