15th january,2014 daily global rice e newsletter by riceplus magazine


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15th january,2014 daily global rice e newsletter by riceplus magazine

  1. 1. 15th January, 2014 Share developments in RICE and allied sectors, Promote the Concept of Knowledge Economy Daily Rice E-Newsletter by Rice Plus Magazine www.ricepluss.com News and R&D Section mujajhid.riceplus@gmail.com Cell # 92 321 369 2874
  2. 2. Dear Sir/Madam, YOUR IDEA has a great worth---JUST share it through RICE PLUS 10000+ stakeholders of rice industry read & apply various ideas and analysis written by the authors. Be the part of Rice plus authors Visit: www.ricepluss.com,www.publishpk.net mujahid.riceplus@gmail.com riceplus@irp.edu.pk TOP Contents - Tailored for YOU No ban on rice imports We are a liberal economy - Haruna Minister for Trade and Industry Haruna Iddrisu has said that government’s restriction on the importation of rice to the Kotoka Airport and the Tema and Takoradi seaports should not be misconstrued to mean a ban on the importation of rice.Government, he said, has only banned rice importation by land due to rampant smuggling and also because government wants to get ―reliable statistics‖ on imports.―If you Daily Rice E-Newsletter by Rice Plus Magazine www.ricepluss.com News and R&D Section mujajhid.riceplus@gmail.com Cell # 92 321 369 2874
  3. 3. ask me today as to how much rice was imported into the country, we will struggle to give you a figure…‖ the minister said at the swearing-in of new board-members for the Export Development and Agricultural Investment Fund (EDAIF). ―We have said import rice through accredited ports -- bring rice in through Takoradi, Tema and Kotoka. So, please, there is no ban on rice importation. We are a liberal economy but we encourage rice production in order that we can lower the imports. What is it that somebody wants to carry rice from Ivory Coast to Ghana and cannot do so from Takoradi, Tema or Kotoka International Airport?‖The Trade Ministry served notice to rice importers in October 2013, stating that "with effect from 1st November, 2013, all imports of rice shall be done through only the Kotoka International Airport, Tema and Takoradi Ports".The ministry later relaxed the ban for a group called The Ghana-Ivory Coast Rice Importers and Sellers Association, which made an appeal to government to enable them clear rice they had already made arrangements for. The ban was thus relaxed for those of the importers who had made financial commitments or advance payment for rice from their suppliers abroad.There has since been a certain level of confusion in the public sphere, with media reports that there was a total ban on the importation of rice -- and that the trade ministry, without recourse to parliament, had lifted the ban.―Before Christmas a number of Ghanaian importers had brought rice to the borders. We slapped them with a penalty, and they were not happy about it -- We considered and relaxed the ban. We are not happy destroying businesses; we will not do that. So that window of opportunity should not be misconstrued. We have not sanctioned or authorised lifting of the ban [on rice import by land],‖ Haruna Iddrisu explained.Smuggling and under-declaring of imports has been a bothersome issue at the country’s borders and ports of entry, with government said to be losing millions of cedis through the practice.The porous nature of the country’s borders in particular has facilitated the smuggling of various commodities, including rice, into the country.―There are integrity problems at the borders. We are seeking to have reliable statistics on imports… That must guide our future policy,‖ the minister said Rice, wheat buffer stock move may push market prices up Chetan Chauhan, Hindustan Times New Delhi, January 15, 2014 First Published: 23:48 IST(15/1/2014) | Last Updated: 02:41 IST(16/1/2014) In a final push to the food security law, the Union cabinet on Thursday would consider a proposal to increase buffer stock of two vital food grains, rice and wheat, by about 60% for easy roll-out of the programme.Such stocking may trigger an increase in prices of food grains in the open market.The food security law was enacted in September 2013 and state governments have one year for implementing it.The law provides for priority households (existing below poverty line) getting 5 kg of food grains per month, and Antyodaya (extremely Daily Rice E-Newsletter by Rice Plus Magazine www.ricepluss.com News and R&D Section mujajhid.riceplus@gmail.com Cell # 92 321 369 2874
  4. 4. poor) households 35 kg per month.The combined coverage of priority and Antyodaya households should be 75% of the total rural population and 50% of the urban population.The food ministry has proposed a change in regulations to maintain a minimum 150 metric tonnes of buffer stock in a year. As of now, the minimum buffer stock is 99.30 metric tonnes in a year. The government maintains buffer stock on quarterly basis for operational and strategic purposes. The operational purpose is to provide food grains for the public distribution system (PDS) as per quota fixed for each state. The strategic stock is for meeting emergency situations such as droughts and natural calamities.The food ministry has proposed a substantial increase in both operational and strategic stock. This is what could possibly affect open market prices.With change in buffer stock requirement, the government will need an increase in capacity of silos to store additional food grains.The cabinet has already approved a policy for public private partnership to build international quality silos. According to an official source, the response of private players to the policy has been poor because of ―inflexible‖ norms.The Food Corporation of India often faces criticism over its storage facilities and large amount of food stock going waste Foodgrains production to touch a new record this year: Pawar VISHWANATH KULKARNI NEW DELHI, JAN 15: India’s foodgrains production, aided by timely and uniform spread of monsoon, is headed for a new record this year, said Agriculture Minister Sharad Pawar.However, he expressed concerns over pulses and edible oilseeds output as the country is still import-dependent to meet the rising demand.―We will be approaching an alltime record production of foodgrains this year when the second advance estimates will be announced sometime in February,‖ Pawar told the 85th Annual General Meeting of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research on Wednesday.―The efforts of scientists in developing the high-yielding, input-efficient, disease-tolerant varieties/hybrids along with widespread adoption by the farmers are visible in increasing the farm productivity, quality and quantity,‖ Pawar said.India’s foodgrains production had touched an all-time high of 259 million tonnes in 2011-12, but fell marginally in the subsequent year to around 255 mt on account of poor rains. Daily Rice E-Newsletter by Rice Plus Magazine www.ricepluss.com News and R&D Section mujajhid.riceplus@gmail.com Cell # 92 321 369 2874
  5. 5. Cultivable area Pawar said despite a stagnant cultivable area at around 142 million hectares, foodgrains production in the country over the past 10 years has increased from 198 mt in 2004-05 to 259 mt in 2011-12 at an average of about 6 mt per annum.During this period, production of wheat and rice — the two main staple cereals have reported an increase of 50 mt. Research programmes Pawar exhorted the ICAR scientists to formulate research programmes that are more focussed and contribute in realising the national goal of 4 per cent growth in agriculture.With climate variability becoming a major issue, Pawar told the scientists that it was the government’s constant endeavour to enhance the resilience of Indian agriculture against natural disasters and climate changes. (This article was published on January 15, 2014) Keywords: Foodgrains production, foodgrains output, timely monsoon, Sharad Pawar, In Snap: A farm worker harvests paddy near Thrissur. India's food grains production is estimated at a record 235.88 million tonnes in the 2010-11 crop year, according to the third advance estimate figures ending June. — K. K. Mustafah Thai Farmers Begin Deserting Government Over Late Rice Updated Jan. 16, 2014 12:27 a.m. ET Antigovernment protesters in Bangkok waved Thai flags on Wednesday in their continuing campaign to force the prime minister from office. Associated Press Thailand's flagship rice subsidy is running out of cash and backfiring at a critical time for Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra, whose political Daily Rice E-Newsletter by Rice Plus Magazine www.ricepluss.com News and R&D Section mujajhid.riceplus@gmail.com Cell # 92 321 369 2874
  6. 6. future hinges on support from farmers and other rural voters as her rivals intensify their campaign to remove her from office. The government has been buying up rice from farmers at about 50% above market prices to boost rural incomes since Ms. Yingluck's Pheu Thai Party took office in 2011. Now, it can't sell the rice fast enough to fund the subsidy. Rival exporters such as India and Vietnam have ramped up production, selling rice cheaper and knocking Thailand off its perch as the No. 1 exporter."Farmers are very angry," said Nipon Poapongsakorn, a rural development specialist at Thailand Development Research Institute, a think tank. "It is the first time in our history that farmers didn't get money for the rice that they already sold to the government,'' The state-owned bank tasked with funding the policy, the Bank of Agriculture and Agricultural Cooperatives, is seeking to raise 20 billion baht ($610 million) in a bond auction Thursday it hopes will make up the shortfall from a 75 billion baht auction in November, when only half of the issue was purchased.The funds will go toward paying rice farmers, some of whom haven't been paid in months. The government on Wednesday extend a deadline for the payment of October's harvest, while local media said that in one northern province, only a small fraction of its nearly 50,000 rice farmers received money from the government.Thailand's rural population comprises the political base for Ms. Yingluck and her elder brotherThaksin Shinawatra, a polarizing former premier who was ousted in a military coup in 2006. The subsidy is one of a raft of policies aimed at benefiting rural voters that has annoyed the mostly middle-class protesters in Bangkok whose taxes pay for it. Opponents of the Shinawatra political empire have turned out by the tens of thousands this week to demand Ms. Yingluck's resignation. The protesters say Ms. Yingluck and her brother's populist policies amount to votebuying, while the government maintains its policy benefits farmers, who are among Thai society's poorest citizens. The expectations raised by the subsidy program have now become a liability for the government, which has also had to face down protests from rubber farmers and other groups demanding equal treatment.The delay in payments highlights how the subsidy program has left the agriculture bank—and the government—in a financially precarious situation. Analysts at CIMB Securities said the Thai state incurs costs of about 300 billion baht ($9.2 billion) a year to support rice prices, amounting to about 2.5% of GDP.Chookiat Ophaswongse, president of the Thai Rice Exporters Association, said approximately 10 million tons of paddy—unprocessed rice—haven't been paid for by the government, worth about 170 billion baht.The bond auction Thursday may go some way to alleviating the pressure. Chut Trakoolngam, a dealer at Kasikornbank, said he would take part in the auction and was fairly optimistic the bond will sell because it offers an attractive yield of about 3.2%, but added that the agriculture bank's debt level is "not sustainable."The International Monetary Fund has warned that the debt has eroded the credibility of Daily Rice E-Newsletter by Rice Plus Magazine www.ricepluss.com News and R&D Section mujajhid.riceplus@gmail.com Cell # 92 321 369 2874
  7. 7. Thailand's public finances and recommended in November that the subsidies be scrapped. Some farmers have even turned out in Bangkok to join in the antigovernment protests. Wasana Yingphon, a 45-year-old rice farmer, drove from the ancient capital of Ayutthaya, a stronghold of support for Ms. Yingluck, to the capital in December to complain about missing payments. Ms. Wasana said many rice farmers are having to go to nonbank lenders and pay high interest rates so they can afford to plant new crops.With such large outstanding payments, Mr. Chookiat of the rice exporters association said he worries how the government will settle its bills long-term."I suspect that the situation will get worse if the government delays their payments any further," he said. Write to Isabella Steger at isabella.steger@wsj.com Feeding China Beijing has rice to go around, but that might not be enough Wednesday, January 15, 2014 more rice than it can consume. Yet, grain imports are rising rapidly and that makes the central government Rice is serious business in China. The country ingested 146 million tons in 2013, making it by far the world's largest consumer of the grain, a longstanding title.What's worrying the government isn't how much rice China will eat this year. That figure is set to slowly decrease as the country urbanizes. Rather, leaders are closely monitoring how much rice China imports, as well as the factors that could make China dependent on foreign grain in the future.During the past four years, rice shipments to China have climbed some 530%. In 2013, China bought 3.4 million tons of rice from abroad, surpassing Nigeria for the first time as the world's biggest importer, according to Index Mundi, an edible commodities tracker.Beijing isn't exactly celebrating the new title. In fact, this year agricultural policymakers will step up their guard on what they consider to be grain self-sufficiency. In early 2014, China's State Council will issue an annual policy report known as ―Document No. 1.‖ The statement, compiled by a special team from the country's cabinet, will likely call for 100% self-sufficiency in edible grain, clarifying one of China's longest-running policies.A less specific definition for self-sufficiency was originally set at 95% in a long-term plan running 12 years through 2020.―[The government is] very, very worried about imports,‖ said Huang Guiheng, research director at BRIC Consultants in Beijing. ―They have increased very rapidly in the past few years.‖ The good earth Daily Rice E-Newsletter by Rice Plus Magazine www.ricepluss.com News and R&D Section mujajhid.riceplus@gmail.com Cell # 92 321 369 2874
  8. 8. For a country that produced more than 200 million tons of rice in 2013, 3.4 million tons in imports seems like a trivial sum. As agricultural policymakers watch import levels rise, they're also tracking the country's long-term capacity to supply its own grain – often in the face of mounting environmental challenges.In 2010, the director of China's Rural Development Institute, Chen Xiwen, first sounded the alarm on the scarcity of water in the northeast, the country's grain basket. Of the increasing shortfall, he wrote, ―It's inevitable that the rate of selfsufficiency will decline.‖China feeds 22% of the world's population with just 7% of the earth's arable land and the second figure is declining steadily as croplands desertify. This week, the State Forestry Administration said that 9% of China's wetlands disappeared during the past 10 years.Chen raised doubts again early last year when, as grain imports hit an all-time high, he announced that the country would not impose curbs on imports in 2013. It's unclear at present if limits will be introduced this year but Document No. 1 could clarify how the government will act on this.Pollution is another bombshell. In May, a government test in rice markets in the southern city of Guangzhou said that half of the tested grain was contaminated with high levels of the heavy metal cadmium, although the scope of those tests was later shown to be quite limited.In the final days of 2013, the Ministry of Land and Resources said about 2.5% of China's arable land was too contaminated by heavy metals to farm. It was a major admission from the government, which hadn't made such data public since 1996. The ministry called the situation ―grim.‖ Legacy policy Anxiety over cadmium-laced rice or drying paddy fields isn't misplaced. Given its history with famine, and its long-term struggle to be self-sufficient, a deteriorating environment gives China good reason to worry.Self-sufficiency has been a guiding light for the country dating back to the early years of New China. In the 1950s, the age-old tradition of household farming was broken apart by the central government and reorganized into collective farms that put hundreds of people working together in the fields.Collective farming for the most part was disastrous. Tens of millions of people starved in the countryside due partly to poor productivity and low yields on farms in 1959 and 1960. Farmers continued to till the fields in that manner until the late 1970s, when villages began spontaneously breaking away to resume household-based cultivation.The opening up of China in the late 1970s and early 1980s was led by reformers striving to stabilize crop yields and keep bellies full. ―Grain self-sufficiency has been the most important challenge since the establishment of People's Republic of China, and it was the main reason of starting the policy of reform and of opening doors,‖ said Chisa Ogura, a Tokyo-based senior consultant at agricultural-focused Promar Consulting, giving a sense of the weight put on agricultural policy in the country.Ogura isn't convinced of the potency of Document No. 1 this time around. The last major central policy statement on self-sufficiency was issued in 2008 after world grain prices surged the year before. Reaffirming and even strengthening the definition of self-sufficiency this year with Document No. 1 wouldn’t be terribly surprising, she said.Fu Zhenzhen, an analyst at Beijing Shennong Kexin Agribusiness Consulting, agreed with that. She said for decades the government has Daily Rice E-Newsletter by Rice Plus Magazine www.ricepluss.com News and R&D Section mujajhid.riceplus@gmail.com Cell # 92 321 369 2874
  9. 9. strived to incrementally raise the rate of self-sufficiency with one goal in mind: ―The first thing it wants to do is protect the edible grain. Everything else is less important.‖ Bushels after bushels The central government isn't just worried about rice. Imports of wheat, corn and soybeans have grown dramatically during the past few years. China is also the world's largest consumer of wheat, putting down 126 million tons of noodles, fried gluten, as well as wheat-based animal feed, in 2013. Imports jumped by 187% last year alone. Corn imports grew by 159% in 2013, after surging by 2,657% in 2009 and some 3,000% in 2005, according to Index Mundi.Because the amount of rice, wheat and corn consumed in the country is so vast, a slight adjustment in China's self-sufficiency rates can lead to upheavals in the amount it imports, Huang at BRIC said. That's why even seemingly small changes in policy can have a great impact on the global market. ―[Consumption] is so huge that if one type of these three main grains' self-sufficiency rate declines a little, it means that China will become the largest importer immediately,‖ he said.This happened with rice during the past three years, but not for the most obvious reasons.At the end of 2012, as China closed in on the No. 1 rice-importer title, some analysts questioned if the country's new hunger for imported grain would continue to grow and eventually push the price of rice on the international market sky high.Experts have come out to disprove that notion. Huang Jikun, director at the Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy at the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing, told China Economic Review that China's overall demand for rice is falling as the country urbanizes. Urban dwellers consume about half the amount of rice their counterparts in the countryside eat. As more and more rural folk move to the cities they will slowly diversify their diet and China will eat fewer bowls of rice.―It is not too difficult for China to achieve food grain self-sufficiency because per capita consumption for rice and wheat will fall in the coming decades,‖ Huang said.Pricing is the dominant factor contributing to imported rice. Central planners set grain prices that, in terms of rice, have been higher than international prices since countries such as India and Pakistan flooded the market with the grain in 2012. Many Chinese traders have opted for the cheaper stuff. Global diet ―What rate of self-sufficiency do we have to achieve before we are considered safe?‖ a reporter at Chinese weekly newspaper The Economic Observer asked in December.By the accounts of many experts, the country has long been self-sufficient despite rising imports. Environmentalists, on the other hand, might say that major challenges such as pollution and water shortage stand between China and a full basket of rice in the future.In a Daily Rice E-Newsletter by Rice Plus Magazine www.ricepluss.com News and R&D Section mujajhid.riceplus@gmail.com Cell # 92 321 369 2874
  10. 10. possible indication that leaders doubt China's agricultural capacity at home, they have pushed state firms to buy up farms and companies abroad to help boost supply. In September, state-owned Xinjiang Construction and Production Corporation struck a deal with Ukraine for the rights to farm 3 million hectares of its land for 50 years. The deal more than doubled China's overseas agricultural projects in what analysts said was a new era for Chinese farming abroad.Recently, China's state grain trader Cofco put in a US$250 million bid for a stake in Dutch grain trader Nidera with the hope of securing new access to resources.Whether agricultural resources abroad, when brought under the control of government firms, will be added to China's calculation on self-sufficiency is questionable. What does seem evident is that feeding China – with imports, buyouts or homegrown crops – is a global feat and will not be confined to the country's borders. Ayutthaya farmers demand rice pay Published: 15 Jan 2014 at 20.25 About 70 farmers marched on temporary offices of the Department of Internal Trade (DIT) Wednesday to demand payment for the crops they pledged at the Support Art and Crafts International Centre of Thailand building in Ayutthaya’s Bang sai district on Wednesday.The group was led by Sa-ard Suksuddaen, deputy chairman of the Ayutthaya Farmers Council. He said the state owes over 87 million baht to 400 crop growers who pledged their rice paddy during the 2012-2013 pledging period. Mr Sa-ard submitted the farmers’ petition to DIT deputy director Nopporn Linthong.Ms Nopporn assured the crop growers that they would get their money. However, she said they will have to be patient as there are many ahead of them in line to receive payments from the rice scheme.From 2012-2013, many farmers pledged large amounts of rice worth around 1.57 billion baht. The government has yet to pay out more than 630 million baht.Ms Nopporn added that the Department of Internal Trade will meet with the National Rice Policy Committee and the Bank of Agriculture and Agriculture Co-operatives to find solutions to the nationwide issue Daily Rice E-Newsletter by Rice Plus Magazine www.ricepluss.com News and R&D Section mujajhid.riceplus@gmail.com Cell # 92 321 369 2874
  11. 11. Rice bias in the Philippines ‘neglects soil problems’ CIAT International Center for Tropical Agriculture [MANILA] The Philippines could be neglecting vital environmental soil research in favour of a narrow focus on rice production, a study suggests.Although the country is among the most active publishers of soil research in South-East Asia, the study shows that the great majority (74 per cent) of the 546 soil science papers published from 1970 to 2012 were on rice, with 203 of the papers (37 per cent) produced by foreign soil scientists based at the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), which has its headquarters in the Philippines. Ian Navarrete, a research fellow at Georg-August University of Göttingen, Germany, and lead author of the paper in Scientometrics, says this highlights a need to shift research to other important subjects such as soil pollution, quantifying changes in soil carbon stocks with land-use change, and the nature of degraded soils in the Philippines.He says that poor understanding of other soil science disciplines could explain why soil degradation is a major agricultural and environmental problem in the Philippines, noting that most of the poorest rural communities are located on degraded lands.―The continued use of these problematic soils for agriculture has resulted in unsuitable crop production, leading to low crop yield, failure of the government’s massive forest rehabilitation projects, and widespread soil degradation,‖ he tells SciDev.Net. This suggest, Navarrete adds, ―that basic information about the soils is the key to long-term planning for suitable soil management strategies and sustainable land-use‖.Navarrete says the bias towards rice research can be explained by the presence of a major rice research centre in the country — IRRI. Of 546 papers recorded on the Thomson ISI database, 203 were published by just nine people as first author, all of them foreign scientists and affiliated with IRRI.One recommendation the study makes to increase publication among local researchers is for universities in the Philippines that offer a doctorate degree in soil science to require publication in peerreviewed journal as prerequisite for graduation. It also suggested making it a benchmark for research productivity evaluation in universities, and basis for job tenure, promotion and awards. Neal Menzies, professor of soil and environmental science at the University of Queensland, Australia, says that soil science was traditionally an agricultural science, but it is now an important environmental science as well.He notes that there is much research in the Philippines on organic agriculture, composting and beneficial microorganisms, ―but this research is not producing many papers, and this is strong evidence that the return on investment has been poor‖.Menzies warns of possible funding waste as a result of poor quality research or outcomes that are not being adopted or put to use. This article has been produced by SciDev.Net's South-East Asia & Pacific desk. Daily Rice E-Newsletter by Rice Plus Magazine www.ricepluss.com News and R&D Section mujajhid.riceplus@gmail.com Cell # 92 321 369 2874
  12. 12. Rice is piled high with health benefits There are thousands of varieties of rice, categorized by grain size short, medium and long as well as by color and aroma. (Fotolia / January 15, 2014) By Andrea N. Giancoli, M.P.H., R.D., Environmental Nutrition NewsletterPremium Health News Service 4:30 a.m. CST, January 15, 2014 Rice is the most popular grain worldwide, feeding over half of the globe, according to the USA Rice Federation. In the U.S., consumption of this gluten-free grain has doubled over the last three decades, to more than 25 pounds per person per year. This is good news, as scientists report rice is tied to many health benefits. HEALTHIER DIETS WITH RICE Research examining the dietary patterns of U.S. rice (both white and brown) eaters reveals they tend to make healthier choices than non-rice eaters. A 2009 study published in the Journal of the American Dietetic Association found that compared to nonrice eaters, rice eaters had higher intakes of vegetables, fiber, iron and potassium, with lower intakes of total fat and saturated fat.Another analysis from the journal Nutrition Today in 2010 reported similar findings, and also found that rice fans chose more fruits and legumes, and consumed fewer added sugars than non-rice eaters. Both studies identified rice eaters as those who consumed at least a quarter-cup of rice per day.The results of these studies aren't surprising to nutrition experts; you don't usually eat rice all by itself."Rice eaters are more likely to pair rice with vegetables, such as in a stir-fry, or combining beans and rice," says Rachel Begun, M.S., R.D., spokesperson for the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. THE BROWN RICE ADVANTAGE Most rice eaters in the U.S. choose refined white rice, with a mere 1.3 percent opting for whole grain brown rice, according to Julie Jones, Ph.D., CNS, LN, Professor Emerita at St. Catherine University, St. Paul, Minn., and an international expert on grains. Brown rice is considered a healthier choice because the nutrient-rich germ and bran components are intact. They are removed in the refinement of white rice. Enriched white rice offers Daily Rice E-Newsletter by Rice Plus Magazine www.ricepluss.com News and R&D Section mujajhid.riceplus@gmail.com Cell # 92 321 369 2874
  13. 13. essential B-vitamins and iron, but whole grain rice contains more fiber, minerals and phytonutrients.One such phytonutrient in whole grain rice is oryzanol, which may have an important impact on lowering cholesterol, according to Jones. Michio Shimabukuro, M.D., Ph.D., Designated Professor at the University of Tokushima and co-author of a review on oryzanol and brown rice published this year in Obesity Research and Clinical Practice, goes further, stating, "Oryzanol exerts a variety of biological effects, including cholesterol-lowering, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-diabetic and anti-oxidant activities."Shimabukuro reports that brown rice and oryzanol could play a role in treating obesity. He co-authored research in mice, published in the journal Diabetes (2012) that showed oryzanol led to a significant shift in preference from fatty to healthier foods. Whether humans would respond in the same way and consequently eat fewer calories remains to be seen.Brown rice does hold promise, as evidenced by Shimabukuro's 2013 research in the British Journal of Nutrition. In this study, he reported weight loss and lower abdominal fat in subjects with metabolic syndrome who switched from white to brown rice.There's no need to wait for the research to play itself out before deciding to choose brown rice. It's a nutrient-dense food and is counted toward your whole grain intake by the U.S. Dietary Guidelines, which recommend you make half your grains whole grains to reduce the risk of chronic diseases.Enjoy brown rice with steamed or stir-fried vegetables, in soups and salads, or top with fruit and milk for a brown rice breakfast. BEYOND BROWN AND WHITE RICE The USA Rice Federation asserts there are over 120,000 varieties of rice, categorized by grain size--short, medium and long--as well as by color and aroma. 1. ARBORIO. Named after the Italian town from where it originates, this rice is traditionally used to make risotto. Arborio is typically a refined white rice that when cooked releases starch, yielding a creamy consistency. Its firm center imparts a characteristic chewy bite when eaten. Arborio rice itself is bland, but absorbs flavors exceptionally well. 2. JADE OR BAMBOO Not a variety of rice, but rather a white rice that has been dyed green with bamboo juice, jade rice is short to medium grain and has a sticky texture. You may see it added to sushi rice for a splash of color. It has a subtle flavor of green tea. 3. BASMATI. Common in Indian cuisine, this long grain variety is an aromatic rice, giving off a flavor and aroma reminiscent of popcorn or roasted nuts. The grains elongate with cooking and don't cling together. Daily Rice E-Newsletter by Rice Plus Magazine www.ricepluss.com News and R&D Section mujajhid.riceplus@gmail.com Cell # 92 321 369 2874
  14. 14. Basmati can be found as a white or a whole grain rice. It works well for pilaf, stuffing, salads or entrees.4. JASMINE. Another aromatic long grain rice, jasmine rice hails from Thailand. Its tender moist texture allows the grains to cling to one another. Jasmine rice, which is great for curries or as a side dish, has a mild flavor sometimes described as nutty or slightly sweet. Look for whole grain (brown) jasmine rice. 5. BLACK. There are many varieties of whole grain black rice, the glutinous (see below) and aromatic black Japonica may be the most well recognized. Their color comes from anthocyanin pigments found in the bran layer, which imparts a dark purple hue to the rice when cooked. Naturally sweet glutinous black rice is often used for desserts. Medium grain black Japonica has a subtle spiciness, and it's versatile as an ingredient in entrees, soups, rice bowls, salads, and pilaf. 6. RED. A little chewy with a savory nutty flavor, red rice is whole grain, acquiring its unique color from the anthocyanins in the outer bran layer. Not to be confused with red yeast rice, which is fermented white rice treated with a mold that results in a red color, the naturally red rice variety can be short, medium or long, making it a versatile culinary delight. 7. GLUTINOUS OR SWEET. Also referred to as "sticky rice," the short grains of this variety are plump and almost round. Composed primarily of the starch component amylopectin, the rice gelatinizes, giving it a gluelike consistency after cooking. Glutinous rice can be purchased as refined white or intact as a whole grain. It is perfect for sushi or desserts, such as the Asian delicacy, mochi. 8. WILD. Whole grain wild rice is from a different plant species than all other rice varieties, but is still a grain. It has a hardy flavor with a chewy texture. Mix wild rice with brown or red varieties to make a colorful whole grain dish. Add wild rice to soups and salads for a gourmet flair. (Reprinted with permission from Environmental Nutrition, a monthly publication of Belvoir Media Group, LLC. 800-829-5384. http://www.EnvironmentalNutrition.com Daily Rice E-Newsletter by Rice Plus Magazine www.ricepluss.com News and R&D Section mujajhid.riceplus@gmail.com Cell # 92 321 369 2874