13th january,2014 daily oryza exclusive rice e newsletter by riceplus magazine
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Daily Rice Global Rice e-Newsletter shared by Riceplus Magazine ...

Daily Rice Global Rice e-Newsletter shared by Riceplus Magazine
Riceplus Magazine shares daily International RICE News for global Rice Community. We publish daily two newsletters namely Global Rice News & ORYZA EXCLUSIVE News for readers .You can share any development news with us for Global readers.
Dear all guests/Commentators/Researchers/Experts ,You are humbly requested to share One/Two pages write up with Riceplus Magazine .
For more information visit (www.ricepluss.com + http://publishpk.net/index.php/riceplus).
Share /contribute your rice and agriculture related research write up with Riceplus Magazine to riceplus@irp.edu.pk , mujahid.riceplus@gmail.com
For Advertisement & Specs mujahid.riceplus@gmail.com

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13th january,2014 daily oryza exclusive rice e newsletter by riceplus magazine Document Transcript

  • 1. 13th January, 2014 Share developments in RICE and allied sectors, Promote the Concept of Knowledge Economy Dear Sir/Madam, Daily Rice E-Newsletter by Rice Plus Magazine www.ricepluss.com News and R&D Section mujajhid.riceplus@gmail.com Cell # 92 321 369 2874
  • 2. YOUR IDEA has a great worth---JUST share it through RICE PLUS 10000+ stakeholders of rice industry read & apply various ideas and analysis written by the authors. Be the part of Rice plus authors Visit: www.ricepluss.com,www.publishpk.net mujahid.riceplus@gmail.com riceplus@irp.edu.pk TOP Contents - Tailored for YOU Latest News Headlines…              Oryza Rice Currency Analysis for Today – Brazil Real Up 1.4%; Mexico Peso Up 0.8% Oryza White Rice Index Steady; Thailand Endures Turmoil Oryza Shares Press Release - 63rd Annual Texas Rice Council Meeting & TAMU Southeast Texas Rice Symposium Oryza Rice Currency Analysis for Today – Brazil Real Up 1.4%; Mexico Peso Up 0.8% CONAB to Auction 100,319 Tons of Brazil Paddy Rice on January 14, 2014 Pakistan Rice Export Pace Down from Last Year; Shipments to China, Iran Slow Allow Golden Rice Now!’ Campaign Begins in Europe Oryza Quick Glance at World News India Winter Rice Crop Planting Area Reaches 725,000 Hectares; Up 30% from Last Year FAO 2013 Aromatic Rice Price Sub-Index Averages 21% Higher Than 2012 Poor Logistics Hinder Brazil Rice Exports, Statistics Institute Says Vietnam Rice Exporters Likely to Face Stiff Competition in 2014 Controlling water in rice fields cuts methane emissions Daily Rice E-Newsletter by Rice Plus Magazine www.ricepluss.com News and R&D Section mujajhid.riceplus@gmail.com Cell # 92 321 369 2874
  • 3. NEWS DETAILS: Oryza Rice Currency Analysis for Today – Brazil Real Up 1.4%; Mexico Peso Up 0.8% U.S. dollar index was down -0.45% from the open today, when it traded at 80.644 at the close. Euro was stronger +0.40% today by the close, trading around 1.3664 by end of day, after trading between an intraday high of 1.3687 and low of 1.3572. Thai baht was stronger +0.08%, trading at 32.990 at the close of business. Indian rupee was stronger +0.28%, closing at 62.0775. Brazilian real was +1.37% stronger than the open at today’s close, when it ended at 2.3584 reais per dollar. Pakistan rupee was +0.01% stronger at 105.5325. Vietnamese dong was stronger +0.02% at 21091. Mexican peso was +0.84% stronger today, when it traded at 12.9820 pesos per dollar by the close of business today. Chinese yuan was stronger +0.06%, trading at 6.0521. Argentine peso was -0.48% weaker at 6.6584 pesos per dollar. Tags: foreign exchange rates Oryza White Rice Index Steady; Thailand Endures Turmoil Daily Rice E-Newsletter by Rice Plus Magazine www.ricepluss.com News and R&D Section mujajhid.riceplus@gmail.com Cell # 92 321 369 2874
  • 4. Jan 10, 2014 The Oryza White Rice Index, a weighed average of global rice export quotes, ended the week at $458 per ton, down about $3 per ton from a week ago, down about $3 per ton from a month ago, and down about $20 per ton from a year ago. Below please find our complete weekly report. Tags: Oryza White Rice Index (WRI) pdf: Oryza_Weekly_140110.pdf Oryza Shares Press Release - 63rd Annual Texas Rice Council Meeting & TAMU Southeast Texas Rice Symposium Jan 10, 2014 January 23, 2014 @ 9:00 a.m. Dayton Community Center, Dayton, TX HOUSTON, TX - This year, the 63rd Annual Meeting of the Texas Rice Council will be held in conjunction with the Southeast Texas Rice Symposium organized by Texas A&M AgriLife Extension.The joint meeting will take place on Thursday, January 23, 2014 at the Dayton Community Center at 801 South Cleveland Street in Dayton, TX - 30 minutes east of the Intercontinental Airport.Registration will begin at 9:00 a.m.; the Texas Rice Council program will begin promptly at 10:00 a.m. The famous Bob Papanos of the Houston Rice Group will present a World Rice Market Outlook. Dennis DeLaughter, a well known consultant to farmers and the principal of Vantage RM, a service that provides analysis and recommendations will give a presentation titled “Using Rice Futures in Marketing Rice. ” The US Rice Producers Association will sponsor a catered lunch.Following lunch, the Southeast Texas Rice Symposium will continue the program with Dr. John Saichuk, professor at LSU, presenting the “Factors Affecting Grain Quality in Rice.” Dr. M.O. Way, Entomologist with the Texas A&M AgriLife Research Center will discuss Seed Treatments and Rice Stink Bugs. Finally, the program will conclude with a presentation from Dr. Ted Wilson, Director at Texas A&M AgriLife Research Center at Beaumont. Two (2) Pesticide CEU’s will be available for those with pesticide applicators licenses.The meeting is open to all Texas rice producers and rice industry. Please help us guarantee food and space – RESERVE YOUR FREE MEAL TICKETS ONLINE AT: http://TXRice.eventbrite.com. For more information, please contact the US Rice Producers Association’s office at (713) 974-7423. You may also email Veronica Vargas at: veronica@usriceproducers.com. Tags: press release, rice event, Texas Rice Council Daily Rice E-Newsletter by Rice Plus Magazine www.ricepluss.com News and R&D Section mujajhid.riceplus@gmail.com Cell # 92 321 369 2874
  • 5. Oryza Rice Currency Analysis for Today – Brazil Real Up 1.4%; Mexico Peso Up 0.8% Jan 10, 2014 U.S. dollar index was down -0.45% from the open today, when it traded at 80.644 at the close. Euro was stronger +0.40% today by the close, trading around 1.3664 by end of day, after trading between an intraday high of 1.3687 and low of 1.3572. Thai baht was stronger +0.08%, trading at 32.990 at the close of business. Indian rupee was stronger +0.28%, closing at 62.0775. Brazilian real was +1.37% stronger than the open at today’s close, when it ended at 2.3584 reais per dollar. Pakistan rupee was +0.01% stronger at 105.5325. Vietnamese dong was stronger +0.02% at 21091. Mexican peso was +0.84% stronger today, when it traded at 12.9820 pesos per dollar by the close of business today. Chinese yuan was stronger +0.06%, trading at 6.0521. Argentine peso was -0.48% weaker at 6.6584 pesos per doll CONAB to Auction 100,319 Tons of Brazil Paddy Rice on January 14, 2014 Jan 10, 2014 Brazil's state agency, CONAB, announced today that it will sell about 100,319.132 tons of Brazilian paddy rice from the 2008-09 crop year, in four different auctions on January 14, 2014. The first auction is for about 40,054.325 tons of paddy, the second auction is for about 1,434.32 tons of paddy, the third auction is for about 41,283 tons of paddy and the fourth auction is for 17,547.487 tons of paddy through the electronic trading system of national food supply company, SEC. The selling price will be released in reals per kilogram, VAT excluded, two days from the date of auction. Tags: brazil paddy rice auction, Rice tender Pakistan Rice Export Pace Down from Last Year; Shipments to China, Iran Slow Daily Rice E-Newsletter by Rice Plus Magazine www.ricepluss.com News and R&D Section mujajhid.riceplus@gmail.com Cell # 92 321 369 2874
  • 6. Jan 10, 2014 Pakistan has exported about 564,103 tons of non-basmati rice and about 173,076 tons of basmati rice in the first four months of fiscal year 2013-14 (starting July 2013), according to the Rice Exporters Association on Pakistan (REAP). Current monthly export pace stands at around 184,000 tons per month, down about 37% from last year’s average pace of about 290,000 tons per month, and down about 40% from the previous year’s pace of about 310,000 tons per month. Pakistan’s slower rice export pace seems to be due to falling Chinese import demand for Pakistan’s non-basmati rice, and lower Iranian demand for Pakistan’s basmati rice.For the four months, July - October 2013, the U.A.E. was the top rice export destination for Pakistan basmati rice, and Kenya was the top rice export destination for Pakistan non-basmati rice.In the fiscal year July 2012 - June 2013, China was the top destination for Pakistan’s non-basmati rice exports, importing nearly 590,000 tons. However, data since then shows that Chinese rice imports from Pakistan have slowed down due to increased competition from Vietnam, including cross border non-official trade. For the four months July - October 2013, China imported about 34,000 tons of non-basmati rice, a pace that suggests a year-end total of just 102,000 tons.Meanwhile, Pakistan basmati rice exports to Iran have declined in the first four months of the current fiscal year 2013-14 (July – June), mainly due to competition from India. During July - October 2013, Iran imported only about 2,700 tons of basmati rice from Daily Rice E-Newsletter by Rice Plus Magazine www.ricepluss.com News and R&D Section mujajhid.riceplus@gmail.com Cell # 92 321 369 2874
  • 7. Pakistan, a pace that suggests year-end exports of about 8,100 tons, down considerably from about 44,000 tons in the year FY 2012 - 13. Tags: Pakistan rice exports Allow Golden Rice Now!’ Campaign Begins in Europe Jan 10, 2014 Canada-based non-profit society, “Allow Golden Rice Now!”, has started a campaign in Europe in favor of Genetically Modified (GM or Golden) rice production which the organization says will help prevent deaths and malnutrition due to Vitamin A deficiency.According to “Allow Golden Rice Now!”, scientists have organized a nine-city European tour led by Dr. Patrick Moore, co-founder of Allow Golden Rice Now! and former leader of Greenpeace, an organization well known for its opposition to GM rice. Greenpeace says that GM rice is unsafe and may lead to monopoly of rice seed business in the hands of few companies. However, “Allow Golden Rice Now!” says that Greenpeace has blocked Golden Rice (a kind of Gm rice being developed by the International Rice Research Institute) using public pressure, and that is the only way they will be convinced to change their position and make an exception for Golden Rice. Dr. Moore says, "Vitamin A deficiency is the largest killer of children in the world today. Those who claim Golden Rice could be harmful provide no evidence, and have blocked it for eight years, during which millions of preventable deaths have occurred."Dr. Moore says that there isn’t any possibility that Golden rice could be harmful to human health. He says, "The only difference with Golden Rice is that it has beta carotene in its grain. Beta carotene is essential for our bodies to make vitamin A. The only possible health effects from this are beneficial, and we demand that Greenpeace and its allies make a humanitarian exception to their zero-tolerance position on genetic modification." Tags: Golden rice, Genetically Modified rice, Allow Golden Rice Now!, Dr. Patrick Moore Oryza Quick Glance at World News Jan 10, 2014 Financial Times – *The ECB on Thursday strengthened its commitment to ultra-low interest rates as its president Mario Draghi said it was too early to declare the euro zone debt crisis over. *The fraught diplomatic stand-off between the U.S. and India appeared to have reached some sort of detente on Thursday when the deputy consul general of India in New York, arrested in the U.S. for falsely acquiring a visa for her maid, was granted diplomatic immunity. *China became the world’s biggest trader in goods for the first time last year, overtaking the U.S. for all of 2013 and finishing the year with record trade figures in December. The total value of China’s imports and exports in 2013 was $4.16 trillion, a 7.6% increase from a year earlier on a renminbi-adjusted basis, according to figures released by the Chinese government on Friday. Daily Rice E-Newsletter by Rice Plus Magazine www.ricepluss.com News and R&D Section mujajhid.riceplus@gmail.com Cell # 92 321 369 2874
  • 8. *U.S. intelligence experts were worried that Osama bin Laden would be reincarnated in an “immortal” form: as a virtual avatar, controlled by a network of al-Qaeda jihadis in cyberspace. A confidential white paper from 2008, released by the U.S. Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI) this week revealed concerns among members of the U.S. intelligence and security community about the potential use of virtual worlds by extremists and terrorists. *Germany “needs no lectures” from Paris or London over its overseas troop deployments, the outgoing German defense minister has told the country’s European allies in an unusually frank farewell speech. *Portugal issued €3.25 billion of five-year debt on Thursday as a wave of positive sentiment towards the euro zone periphery lifted demand for the placement above €11 billion. *Marine Le Pen, leader of France’s far-right National Front (FN), has promised that nationalist parties will do “the maximum” to block further E.U. integration if they make gains in this year’s European elections, as is widely expected. *Industrial production in France expanded 1.3% month-on-month in November, faster than expected by analysts and a reversal of a revised 0.5% contraction in October. On a yearly basis, industrial production rose 1.5%. Manufacturing production expanded 0.2% in the month. Wall Street Journal*China is trying to bolster the legal basis for its maritime-security forces operating in contested areas of the South China Sea, threatening to complicate fraught relations with southern neighbors, and drawing quick criticism from the U.S. *Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe met Thursday with the sultan of Oman, a key behind-the-scenes mediator between Iran and the world's powers, as Japan tries to solidify ties to the crucial oil-supplying region. *U.S. President Barack Obama is leaning toward extending broad privacy protections to non-U.S. citizens and is seriously considering restructuring the National Security Agency program that collects phone-call data of nearly all Americans, officials familiar with the process said on Thursday. *Japanese regulators' unusual move to seek criminal charges against a unit of Novartis could deal another blow to the Swiss pharmaceutical company's reputation in its second-largest market and further depress sales of its best-selling drug here, experts said. *The U.S. military, planning for future crises in Iraq, has begun pushing for a resumption of U.S. training of Iraqi commandos to blunt a rising insurgency, U.S. defense officials said. *New Jersey Republican Governor Chris Christie battled a rapidly unfolding scandal Thursday that threatened to derail his presidential ambitions, jettisoning two close advisers and apologizing for a traffic jam allegedly orchestrated by aides as retribution against a Democratic mayor. *South Korean steel maker Posco has again received environmental clearance to build a long-delayed steel plant that would involve the largest-ever foreign direct investment in India, a company spokesman said late Thursday. *The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development said Thursday that the annual rate of inflation in its 34 developed-country members rose to 1.5% from 1.3% in October, while in the Group of 20 leading industrial and developing nations it increased to 2.9% from 2.8%. New York Times*Euro zone inflation will remain muted in the coming months as inflationary pressures are hovering near August's 44-month low, an indicator designed to predict cyclical trends showed on Friday. The Eurozone Future Daily Rice E-Newsletter by Rice Plus Magazine www.ricepluss.com News and R&D Section mujajhid.riceplus@gmail.com Cell # 92 321 369 2874
  • 9. Inflation Gauge (EZFIG), published by the Economic Cycle Research Institute, rose to 91.1 in November from October's 90.4. *A leading indicator of capital expenditure in Japan is expected to grow at a faster pace in November, a Reuters survey showed, in a sign that companies are now ramping up investment to meet strong domestic demand. Meanwhile, the deficit in Japan's current account likely widened in November from the previous month, according to the survey, but economists say the balance should quickly return to a surplus due to income from Japan's hefty overseas investments. *Tunisia’s Islamist prime minister resigned Thursday, ending the two-year-old rule of his party, which has dominated the political scene since the popular uprising here that initiated the Arab Spring. *Iran’s supreme leader harshly denounced the U.S. on Thursday as negotiations to conclude an interim agreement in the Iranian nuclear dispute resumed, saying those talks illustrated what he called the hostility of Americans toward Iran and the Muslim world. *A European Parliament committee has invited Edward J. Snowden, the former National Security Agency contractor who has leaked classified government documents and is now in hiding in Russia, to testify via video link as part of an investigation into how to protect the privacy of European citizens. *The Bank of England on Thursday left its benchmark interest rate unchanged at a record low of 0.5% as Britain’s economy sputtered toward recovery. Tags: World news India Winter Rice Crop Planting Area Reaches 725,000 Hectares; Up 30% from Last Year Jan 10, 2014 Planting area under India’s Rabi rice (winter) crop has reached about 725,000 hectares as of January 10, 2014, up about 30% from around 557,000 hectares rice planted in the same time last year, according to the Ministry of Agriculture.India’s total Rabi planting area (including rice and other grains) stands at around 61.9 million hectares, up about 5.5% from about 58.7 million hectares during this time last year. Tags: India rice crop planting area Daily Rice E-Newsletter by Rice Plus Magazine www.ricepluss.com News and R&D Section mujajhid.riceplus@gmail.com Cell # 92 321 369 2874
  • 10. FAO 2013 Aromatic Rice Price Sub-Index Averages 21% Higher Than 2012 Jan 10, 2014 The FAO rice price sub-index for aromatic rice in the calendar year 2013 averaged at 268 points, up about 46 points or about 21% from 222 points in calendar year 2012.The aromatic rice sub-index shows that average aromatic rice prices were high in 2013, despite the overall decline in rice export prices. According to the FAO, average export prices of Thailand fragrant rice averaged around $1,180 per ton in 2013, up about 8% from around $1,091 per ton in 2012. Average Pakistan basmati rice export price increased to around $1,372 per ton in 2013, up about 21% compared to around $1,137 per ton in 2012.However, the sub-indices for both Indica and Japonica rice declined around 6% to 2% y/y in 2013 mainly due to declining Thai rice prices. Average rice export price of Vietnam 5% rice in 2013 stood at around $391 per ton, down about 9.5% from $432 per ton in 2012, while Thailand 5% rice prices declined around 5% year-on-year from around $573 per ton in 2012 to around $518 per ton in 2013.Overall rice price index in January – December 2013 stands at 233 points, up almost 1% from 231 points in 2012. The FAO says, “Despite their recent weakness, rice export prices averaged 1 percent higher in 2013 than in 2012, sustained by a 21% gain for aromatic rice.”In December 2013, the FAO All Rice Price Index averaged 227 points, up slightly from 224 points in November, partly due to higher aromatic rice prices. Tags: FAO Rice Price Index Daily Rice E-Newsletter by Rice Plus Magazine www.ricepluss.com News and R&D Section mujajhid.riceplus@gmail.com Cell # 92 321 369 2874
  • 11. Poor Logistics Hinder Brazil Rice Exports, Statistics Institute Says Jan 10, 2014 The Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) says that huge investments are required to help exports of rice and other grains achieve maximum potential.Brazil is the world’s tenth largest producer of rice and a major exporter in South America. The IBGE says that a bumper rice crop is expected in Brazil in 2014, with total annual paddy rice production forecast to increase to around 12.2 million tons (about 8.3 million tons, basis milled) this year, up about 5% from around 11.7 million tons (about 7.9 million tons, basis milled) in 2013. Meanwhile, rice consumption is on the decline in Brazil, helping boost rice exports. According to the USDA, Brazil’s rice exports are projected to surge to around 950,000 tons (milled equivalent) in 2014, up around 35% from Daily Rice E-Newsletter by Rice Plus Magazine www.ricepluss.com News and R&D Section mujajhid.riceplus@gmail.com Cell # 92 321 369 2874
  • 12. about 700,000 tons (milled equivalent) in the previous year. However, grain movement within Brazil remains a matter of concern due to absence of proper roadways and inadequate river and rail transport systems. The country needs huge investments in improving logistics as rice and other grains have to be carried thousands of miles from the central producing areas for exports through coastal ports, IBGE says. Tags: Brazil rice exports, Brazil rice production Vietnam Rice Exporters Likely to Face Stiff Competition in 2014 Jan 10, 2014 Vietnam rice exporters are likely to face severe competition in 2014 due to reduced prices and higher supplies in the global rice market, according to the Vietnam Food Association (VFA). The VFA says that lower rice export prices, particularly in India and Thailand, may result in decline in rice exports by Vietnam this year. The agency adds that the Vietnam rice exporters are likely to face stiff competition from Thai fragrant and white rice as well as Indian basmati, parboiled and broken rice in 2014. The recent trend of increasing rice production in traditional importers is also a matter of concern, the VFA chairman says. However, the VFA says that Vietnam's high quality white and fragrant rice has high demand in Africa, Southeast Asia and some Asian markets such as China. The VFA also notes that the agency will strengthen trade relations with emerging markets and is confident of entering the U.S. and the Japanese markets after Trans Pacific Partnership (TPP) negotiations conclude.According to the VFA, Vietnam’s rice exports are expected to reach around 6.5 - 7 million tons in 2014, compared to around 6.88 million tons in 2013. According to the USDA, Vietnam's 2013-14 rice production is expected to remain at 27.7 million tons while rice exports are likely to reach around 7.5 million tons in 2013-14. Tags: Vietnam rice exports Controlling water in rice fields cuts methane emissions By Henrylito D. Tacio Monday, January 13, 2014 FARMERS, particularly those growing rice, can help reduce methane emissions into the atmosphere by adopting controlled irrigation or alternate wetting and drying (AWD) technology.Developed by the Lagunabased International Rice Research Institute (Irri), AWD is a technology that allowed rice fields to dry for a certain period before applying irrigation water.Also called controlled irrigation or intermittent irrigation, AWD technology can actually save farmers almost one-third of irrigation water without sacrificing yields. It also saves farm inputs like oil, fuel, and labor being utilized on the operation of water pumps.Rice fields using this technology are alternately flooded and dried. The number of days of non-flooded soil can vary from one day to more than 10 days, according to IRRI. Daily Rice E-Newsletter by Rice Plus Magazine www.ricepluss.com News and R&D Section mujajhid.riceplus@gmail.com Cell # 92 321 369 2874
  • 13. It uses an "observation well" that is made of bamboo, plastic pipes, or any hollow indigenous material. Perforations are made in the lower half of the tube.The AWD technology can be started a few days after transplanting (or with a 10-centimeter tall crop in direct seeding). When many weeds are present, AWD can be postponed for two to three weeks until weeds have been suppressed by the ponded water. Local fertilizer recommendations as for flooded rice can be used. Nitrogen fertilizer maybe applied preferably on the dry soil just before irrigation."A practical way to implement AWD technology is by monitoring the depth of the water table in the field using a simple perforated field water tube," Irri explains. "When the water level is 15 centimeters below the surface of the soil, it is time to flood the soil to a depth of around five centimeters at the time of flowering, from one week before to one week after the maximum flowering."The water in the rice field is kept at five centimeters depth to avoid any water stress that would result in severe loss in rice grain yield. The threshold of water level at 15 centimeters is called "safe AWD," as this will not cause any yield decline because the roots of the rice plants are still be able to take up water from the saturated soil and move it to root zone."The field water tube used in this technology will help to measure the water level in the field so that incipient water stress in the rice plants can be anticipated," the Irri points out.As such, the AWD technology does not only save water but can greatly reduce emissions of methane.Studies conducted at the Irri have shown that AWD technology reduces methane emissions by about 30 percent or even up to 70 percent, depending on water usage and management of rice stubble."Rice production also contributes to global warming as it emits methane," said Dr. Constancio Asis Jr., supervising science research specialist at the Philippine Rice Research Institute (PhilRice) in Muñoz, Nueva Ecija.After carbon dioxide, methane is the second most important greenhouse gas that is responsible for trapping the heat from the sun at it radiates back into space. Methane is created naturally as a waste product of anaerobic bacteria (living with little or no oxygen). These bacteria produce methane gas in waterlogged soil and wetland, but also in human-produced environment such as rice paddies.Scientists explain that long-term flooding of the fields cuts the soil off from atmospheric oxygen and causes anaerobic fermentation of organic matter in the soil. During the wet season, rice cannot hold the carbon in anaerobic conditions. The microbes in the soil convert the carbon into methane which is then released through the respiration of the rice plant or through diffusion of water.It wasn't until in 2001, when the United Nation's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) submitted its report that methane was given much attention."One of the most potent greenhouse gases on Earth," the report said."Methane absorbs heat 21 times more than carbon dioxide and it has 9-15 year life time in the atmosphere over a 100-year period," said Dr. Asis Jr., a recipient of the 2011 Norman E. Borlaug International Agricultural Science and Technology Fellowship Award. "The Journal Science" reported that atmospheric concentration of methane has more than doubled during the last 300 years and is increasing at an annual rate of about one percent each year.Although atmospheric methane levels declined during 1983-99, they remained relatively constant during 1999-2006, according to a new report released by the Washington, D.C.-based Worldwatch Institute. "And they have been increasing since 2007," it said.A new study, which appeared in the journal "Geophysical Research Letters," said that methane's effect on warming the world's climate may be double what is currently thought. The new interpretations reveal methane emissions may account for a whopping third of the climate warming "from well-mixed greenhouse gases" between the 1750s and today.Rice fields are one of the major contributors of methane in the atmosphere. Daily Rice E-Newsletter by Rice Plus Magazine www.ricepluss.com News and R&D Section mujajhid.riceplus@gmail.com Cell # 92 321 369 2874
  • 14. "An estimated 19 percent of world's methane production comes from rice paddies," admitted Dr. Alan Teramura, a botany professor at the University of Maryland. "As populations increase in rice-growing areas, more rice, and more methane, are produced."According to Dr. Asis, rice crops emit methane starting from the transplanting to harvesting stage, peaking at two weeks after transplanting up to the tillering stage.The AWD technology is one of the farming systems that can help minimize methane emissions. But there's more: "AWD technology can reduce the number of irrigations significantly compared to farmer's practice, thereby lowering irrigation water consumption by 25 per cent, reducing diesel fuel consumption for pumping water by 30 liters per hectare, and producing 500 kilograms more rice grain yield per hectare," the Irri said in a statement. However, the AWD technology has its shares of disadvantages. For one, rice productivity is reduced using AWD technology if moisture stress condition is induced. But studies have shown that the reduction of yield was less compared to the yield reduction due to the direct moisture stress effect.Another disadvantage: emissions of nitrous oxide, also a greenhouse gas, are increased. Published in the Sun.Star Davao newspaper on January 13, 2014. For Advertising SPECS & RATES Contact: Advertising Department Mujahid Ali mujahid.riceplus@gmail.com +92 321 369 2874 Daily Rice E-Newsletter by Rice Plus Magazine www.ricepluss.com News and R&D Section mujajhid.riceplus@gmail.com Cell # 92 321 369 2874