MUC110. LEC2.The Producer's Role

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Record Production Basics: The Producer's Role

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MUC110. LEC2.The Producer's Role

  1. 1. Record Production: The P d Th Producer’s Role ’ R l © 2007 musicbizclasses.com
  2. 2. The Producer & The Recording Process The producer is the key driver in directing the record production process •The Producers Goal: The • “Getting to a commercially viable, marketable master” •The Producers Responsibility: • Work with Artists, Manager & Label to create the vision & creative direction for a sound recording di © 2007 musicbizclasses.com
  3. 3. Key Functions: What a Producer does… •Finds the talent •Stimulates and nurtures artists creativity Stimulates •Creates the sonic image •Delivers hit songs •Manages the finances/ develops budget Manages •Selects and books recording studio •Oversees production logistics •Hires outs de ta e t/ egot ates contracts es outside talent/negotiates co t acts © 2007 musicbizclasses.com
  4. 4. Producers Need Creative Skills: •Strong Musical E St M i l Ear •Understanding of musical structure & theory •Understanding of production, arrangement concepts •Ability to select songs and create feel •Ability to coach singers and musicians •Ability to c eate so c at osp e e b ty create sonic atmosphere •Studio Selection •Engineering background or strong understanding of Technical concepts © 2006 musicbizclasses.com
  5. 5. Producers Need Business skills: •Ability to plan, manage and organize complex projects •Ability to negotiate diverse contracts-artists, recording, y g , g, production, union/talent, distribution, etc. •Ability to secure record label deals •Ability to create and manage production budgets & schedules h d l •Strong Understanding of Copyright, Music Publishing and Licensing/Royalties © 2006 musicbizclasses.com
  6. 6. The Producer’s Work: Planning Pre-planning- Questions to ask: •C Creative Vi i ti Vision- Wh i th artist? Wh t l k/ Who is the ti t? What look/sound/final d/fi l product am I/we trying to achieve? • Budget- How much money is available to spend? Who do I have to pay? • Funding/Splits- Where is the money coming from? Record label advance/financing, other fundraising. How will I be paid? id? • Studio Selection/Team- Where do I want to complete this p project? © 2007 musicbizclasses.com
  7. 7. Producers: Preparing to Record: • Song selection • Arranging • Additional Studio Musicians • Background vocals • Rehearsals • Testing & improving studio sound quality © 2007 musicbizclasses.com
  8. 8. The Producer’s Work: Recording In the Studio- Questions to ask: • Which additional artists-- vocals/instruments do I need t complete the sonic picture? d to l t th i i t ? • Do I need an arranger to rework the basic song structures? • What sonic effects do I want to achieve? How do I need to tune the room? © 2007 musicbizclasses.com
  9. 9. Supporting Roles in the Studio: Roles: •Arrangers •Orchestrators •Conductors Skills needed: •Understanding of diverse musical styles •Leadership skills •Ability to write, compose and edit songs and compositions •Ability to direct diverse instruments © 2006 musicbizclasses.com
  10. 10. Support Roles in the Studio: Job: Record Production Role: Engineers Skills needed: • Expertise with equipment for mixing and masteringg • Excellent technical and musical sense of what works and what doesn’t •CCommunication skills i ti kill • Planning and management skills © 2006 musicbizclasses.com
  11. 11. Engineers Capture the Sound: • Recording basic rhythm elements of a song song- backing tracks • Adding vocals/additional instruments, fixing or “sweetening”- Overdubbing • Deciding on tonal qualities, selecting which takes ill be final, dealing ith levels- Mi i t k will b fi l d li with l l Mixing • Cleaning up the mixes creating the song mixes, sequence- Mastering © 2007 musicbizclasses.com
  12. 12. The Producer’s Work Post-Production: Questions to ask: P t P d ti Q ti t k • What permissions/licenses and approvals do I need? • Who needs to get paid and how much? • Where will I do final mastering? • Am I ready to show this to the record label team? • A all th administrative d t il t k care of? Are ll the d i i t ti details take f? © 2007 musicbizclasses.com
  13. 13. Producers: Finalizing the Details •The final administrative phase of the project. •Payment •Filing union contracts •Clearances and sign-offs •Filing f mechanical li Fili for h i l licenses •Permissions for guest artists •Permissions f samples P i i for l © 2007 musicbizclasses.com
  14. 14. How the Producer gets paid •Royalties Points on sales •Advances Producer fees Deal Types: Work For Hire Development Deal Record Label Deal Spec D l S Deal © 2007 musicbizclasses.com
  15. 15. FOR EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY DO NOT COPY OR DISTRIBUTE © 2007 musicbizclasses.com

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