MUC109 LEC 8.Music Publishing


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Introduction to Music Publishing

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MUC109 LEC 8.Music Publishing

  1. 1. Music Business Essentials MUSIC PUBLISHING © 2006
  2. 2. What is Music Publishing? • Music Publishers are companies that derive income from promoting g and managing copyright-protected Musical Works-a.k.a songs. • Music publishers are responsible for: – Acquiring songs – Marketing Songs – Managing the business and legal side of song copyrights © 2006
  3. 3. The Business • Music publishing revenues represent one of the fastest growing sectors in the US powerful g p growth engine g • Music Publishers earn money from the Film, TV, Advertising, Video Game, Sheet Music, Software, Technology, Radio, and Record businesses--> Multiple Revenue Streams • In Music Publishing, overheads are low and profit margin i potentially hi h d fit i is t ti ll high--> Good investment opportunity © 2006
  4. 4. Publishing Companies • Major Label Publisher- Warner-Chappell Universal Music Group Publishing EMI Sony/ATV Publishing • Independent- Cherry L Ch Lane Peer Music Bug Music g • Full Service • Administrative © 2006
  5. 5. Publishing Process Songwriter Copyright ownership Writes a song is automatic Makes the song Becomes the Music Publisher publicly available automatically t ti ll Song is divided into Songwriter s Songwriter’s Share/50% equal portions or “shares” shares Publisher s Publisher’s Share/50% © 2006
  6. 6. Ownership in Publishing The Song Is publicly available i.e. “Published” Songwriter’s 50% Share Published songs always have a Publisher’s 50% “Songwriter Share” Share and a “Publisher Publisher Share” © 2006
  7. 7. Publisher Services • Music Publishers provide their songwriter clients a range of administrative and marketing services: – Register new copyrights with Performing Rights & Mechanical Societies & – License the use of copyrights – Collect and track royalties- provide accounting – Promote songs for placement songcasting g g – Develop new songwriting talent © 2006
  8. 8. Publishing Revenue • Music Publishers earn money with their copyrights via: py g –Mechanical Licenses –Performing Rights Licenses Performing –Synchronization Licenses –Print Licenses –Foreign Licenses Foreign –NOTE: a li NOTE license= permission to use a song © 2006
  9. 9. Licenses – Mechanical License= gives a record company or other party the right to reproduce a song in a recorded format, like a CD. – Performing Rights Licenses= gives live li performers and those f d th presenting sound recordings in public the right to publicly perform a song. © 2006
  10. 10. Licenses – Synchronization License= authorizes the use a song (in synch) with visual images-->i e in TV Film Video images >i.e. TV, Film, – Print Licenses= A print license aut o es t ce ses p t ce se authorizes the sale of a song in printed form--> i.e. Sheet Music – Foreign Licenses= authorizes agents located in foreign countries (aka sub-publishers) to collect royalties generated in their country, • These agents retain about 15-25% g % as their fee © 2006
  11. 11. Publishing Deal Types –Individual Song Agreements- I di id l S A t contract for rights to one song at a time; full o e s p o pub s e s e; u ownership of publisher’s share of income; 100% ownership of copyright –Exclusive Songwriter Agreements— Agreements contract for songwriters to write for the company; full ownership of publisher’s share of income; 100% ownership of copyright © 2006
  12. 12. Single Song & Exclusive Songwriter Agreements Songwriter Writes and makes Owns 100% of a song publicly Income I available Splits Makes a deal income with a publisher with publisher 50%/50% Transfers 100% ownership of copyright to publisher © 2006
  13. 13. How it works : Single Song & Exclusive Songwriter Agreements Songwriter’s =50% of total Share income Publisher’s Share =50% of total income 100% ownership of copyright for duration of term © 2006
  14. 14. Publishing Deal Types – Co-Publishing Agreements- songwriters have song riters ha e their income share and take a partial portion of publisher’s income share; publisher s partial ownership of the copyright © 2006
  15. 15. Co-Publishing Deals Songwriter Writes and makes Owns 100% of a song publicly Income I available Splits Makes a deal income with a publisher with publisher 75%/25% Splits ownership of copyright with publisher- 50/50 © 2006
  16. 16. How it works : Co-Publishing Songwriter’s =50% of income Share Co-Publisher’s Co-Publisher’s Share/ Share/ writer publishing co. =50% of 25% 25% income Songwriter Publisher 75% of total income 25% of total income © 2006
  17. 17. Publishing Deal Types – Administration Agreements- Agreements providing administrative/business management for copyrights; no ownership – Sub-Publishing deals- leasing rights to foreign catalogues or songs. Or, contracting with a foreign , g g publisher to manage US copyrights abroad – Acquisition deals- purchasing full ownership rights of a catalogue of songs © 2006
  18. 18. Self Publishing – Self- publishing: • Songwriter creates own publishing company • More creative control; 100% ownership of copyright and i d income stream t •M Must provide or arrange f marketing, id for k i promotion and administration © 2006
  19. 19. Good Publishers • Music Publishers should: – Be well connected & respected in diverse industries – Able to recognize outstanding songs – Match artists with songs and artists with other artists – Have a pool of talent demo artists p and producers © 2006
  20. 20. Good Publishers • Music Publishers should: – Understand contracts and licenses – Have excellent financial skills – Have a strong administration systems – Be financially sound & of high integrity © 2006
  21. 21. Company Structure • Music Publishers are similar to Record Labels • A&R Dept.- Talent/Song Acquisition & ept a e t/So g cqu s t o • Marketing- Song plugging • Business Affairs • Administration- Copyrights, royalties © 2006
  22. 22. A Cautionary Tale • The Beatles & The Northern Songs Catalog: – Deal with Publisher Dick James – Tried, unsuccessfully to renegotiate ownership several times – Catalog sold to ATV – Paul McCartney start MPL Communications – Outbid for ATV catalog by Michael Jackson- $47MM – Michael Jackson merges ATV with Sony for $95MM © 2006
  23. 23. Key Take Aways – Music Publishing is the business of making money from songs that are copyright protected – Music Publishing deals with songwriting/songwriters only ( (not sound recordings) g ) – As soon as a song is publicly distributed in the marketplace and sold as a product, it is considered “published” © 2006
  24. 24. Key Take Aways – Every song contains a “Songwriter’s Share”=50% and Songwriter s Share =50% a “Publisher’s Share”=50% – A songwriter can be his/her own publisher, or hire an outside publisher company to manage the publishing g © 2006
  25. 25. For Educational Use Only This slide presentation is part of the Music Business Essentials series. Contact for more information © 2006