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Satisest, ut tria verba Latine vel Graecedicascoramplebe, et eximiusestmedicus.<br />
2nd DECLENSION<br />(O-STEMS)<br />
1) Nouns of Latin origin:<br />masculines: nervus, i, m.<br />neuters: septum, i, n.<br />2) NounsofGreekorigin:<br />masc...
nervus, ī., m.<br />(cancer, crī, m.; puer, erī, m.)<br />sg.				pl.<br />1. nerv-us	1. nerv-ī<br />2. nerv-ī				2. nerv-ō...
nephros, i, m.sg.				        pl.1. nephr-os				1. nephr-ī2. nephr-ī				2. nephr-ōrum4. nephr-on				4. nephr-ōs6. nephr-ō		...
septum, ī., n.<br />	   sg. 				pl.<br />1. sept-um	1. sept-a<br />2. sept-ī2. sept-ōrum<br />4. sept-um	4. sept-a<br />6....
How do wedeclinevīrus, ī,n.?<br />sg.					    pl.<br />1. vīrus					1. vīra<br />2. vīrī2. vīrōrum<br />4. vīrus					4. vī...
Excercise: Whatisthedeclensionandexample<br />ofthefollowingnouns?Declinethem  		in bothsg. andpl.:<br />neonatus<br />dia...
palata<br />angulis<br />oculos<br />ovariorum<br />nephron<br />alvo<br />icterum<br />olecranon<br />atomi<br />signo<br...
ADJECTIVES OF 1st and 2nd DECLENSION<br />Feminine form of adjectives: –a > VENA<br />Masculineformofadjectives: –us/-er> ...
1) Adjectives in which –e- iskeptonly in the<br />masculineformofsg.:<br />dexter, dextra, dextrum<br />sinister, sinistra...
contagiousdisease<br />righteye<br />newmethod<br />leftkidney<br />wideligament<br />long period<br />gooddentist<br />va...
MedicalTerms:<br />1) One-word terms:<br />diphteria, icterus, arteria, humerus<br />2) Two-word terms:<br />a) Noun + clo...
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Prezentace 2. deklinace__aj_

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Transcript of "Prezentace 2. deklinace__aj_"

  1. 1. Satisest, ut tria verba Latine vel Graecedicascoramplebe, et eximiusestmedicus.<br />
  2. 2. 2nd DECLENSION<br />(O-STEMS)<br />
  3. 3. 1) Nouns of Latin origin:<br />masculines: nervus, i, m.<br />neuters: septum, i, n.<br />2) NounsofGreekorigin:<br />masculines: nephros, i, m.<br />neuters: colon, i, n.<br />EXAMPLES:<br />
  4. 4. nervus, ī., m.<br />(cancer, crī, m.; puer, erī, m.)<br />sg. pl.<br />1. nerv-us 1. nerv-ī<br />2. nerv-ī 2. nerv-ōrum<br />4. nerv-um 4. nerv-ōs<br />6. nerv-ō 6. nerv-īs<br />EXCEPTIONS: atomus(f.),methodus(f.),periodus(f.),<br />diameter(f.), alvus(f.),sambucus(f.), virus (n.)<br />!!! musculus(m.) longusX periodus(f.) longaX virus (n.)<br />validum<br />
  5. 5. nephros, i, m.sg. pl.1. nephr-os 1. nephr-ī2. nephr-ī 2. nephr-ōrum4. nephr-on 4. nephr-ōs6. nephr-ō 6. nephr-īs<br />
  6. 6. septum, ī., n.<br /> sg. pl.<br />1. sept-um 1. sept-a<br />2. sept-ī2. sept-ōrum<br />4. sept-um 4. sept-a<br />6. sept-ō6. sept-īs<br />cōlon, ī, n. <br /> sg. pl.<br />1. cōl-on 1. cōl-a<br />2. cōl-ī 2. cōl-ōrum<br />4. cōl-on 4. cōl-a<br />6. cōl-ō 6. cōl-īs<br />A basic rule for neuters of all declensions:<br />Nom. and akuz. of sg. and pl. have the same form!<br />
  7. 7. How do wedeclinevīrus, ī,n.?<br />sg. pl.<br />1. vīrus 1. vīra<br />2. vīrī2. vīrōrum<br />4. vīrus 4. vīra<br />6. vīrō 6. vīrīs<br />!!! virusvalidum !!!<br />
  8. 8. Excercise: Whatisthedeclensionandexample<br />ofthefollowingnouns?Declinethem in bothsg. andpl.:<br />neonatus<br />diastole<br />opthalmos<br />venenum<br />diameter<br />ascites<br />palpebra<br />olecranon<br />
  9. 9. palata<br />angulis<br />oculos<br />ovariorum<br />nephron<br />alvo<br />icterum<br />olecranon<br />atomi<br />signo<br />Exercise: Whatis the case andnumberofthefollowingnouns? <br />
  10. 10. ADJECTIVES OF 1st and 2nd DECLENSION<br />Feminine form of adjectives: –a > VENA<br />Masculineformofadjectives: –us/-er> NERVUS<br />Neutralformsofadjectives: -um > SEPTUM<br />E.g. costavera X nervusexternus X palatum<br />durum<br />Mindtheexceptions: dentista, antagonista;<br />atomus,periodus, diameter, methodus; virus…<br />E.g. dentista(m.) bonus; periodus(f.) longa…<br />
  11. 11. 1) Adjectives in which –e- iskeptonly in the<br />masculineformofsg.:<br />dexter, dextra, dextrum<br />sinister, sinistra, sinistrum<br /> ruber, rubra, rubrum<br />2) Adjectives in which -e- iskeptin allcases:<br /> liber, libera, liberum<br />Adjectives in –er, -a, -um <br />
  12. 12. contagiousdisease<br />righteye<br />newmethod<br />leftkidney<br />wideligament<br />long period<br />gooddentist<br />vagus nerve<br />transversalfissure<br />Exercise: Translatethetermsanddecline in bothsg. andpl.:<br />
  13. 13. MedicalTerms:<br />1) One-word terms:<br />diphteria, icterus, arteria, humerus<br />2) Two-word terms:<br />a) Noun + closeattribute: <br />vesicaurinaria,musculusadductor<br />b) Noun + looseattribute: <br />fracturaulnae, haemorrhagia post operationem<br />3) Multi-word terms:<br />haemorrhagiaposttraumatica in cerebrum propter<br />rupturamvenae<br />
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