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TAEE 2011- State-of-the-Art Remote Laboratories for Industrial Electronics Applications
 

TAEE 2011- State-of-the-Art Remote Laboratories for Industrial Electronics Applications

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  • User InterfaceThe user interface is a virtual end-user workbench that handles all the lab administration process. It is a web site that runs on the user’s web browser and usually requires a server-side programming language to retrieve user’s data from database, along with a Graphical User Interface (GUI), which is built by means of plugins and animation technology embedded in the HTML code to resemble the real lab workbench.Web ServerThe web server is a server-PC that hosts the web site and the database files. The web server sends the user requests to the lab server in the form of XML messages through TCP/IP model over HTTP layer. Lab ServerThe lab server is a server-PC that hosts the instrumentation control software (lab server software) and it is connected directly to the instruments and the controller. The lab server software sends commands to the controller regarding the received requests or the programmed code from the user. The lab server software could be built from scratch with a multi-purpose programming language such as C# and C/C++, or with graphical programming environment such as LabVIEW and MATLAB. Or else, it could be a proprietary software that comes with the controller. The instrumentation control software is connected to the controller and the instruments by standards such as USB, RS-232, Ethernet, General Purpose Interface Bus (GPIB-IEEE-488.2), serial port, parallel port, etc. depending on the controller or the equipment platform. There are several modular types of instrumentation platforms such as PXI (PCI eXtensions for Instrumentation), LXI (LAN eXtensions for Instrumentation), GPIB, and VXI (VME eXtensions for Instrumentation).ControllerThe controller is a programmable device that directly controls the controlled objects and they are suited for all types of applications. In the literature, the controllers that have been typically used in remote laboratories are: Programmable Logic Controller (PLC), Programmable Logic Device (PLD); Field-Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) and Complex Programmable Logic Device (CPLD), and Microcontroller. The controller connection with the instruments and the controlled objects may entail connectors, converters (e.g., A/D, D/A), I2C-based electronic boards, etc.
  • User InterfaceThe user interface is a virtual end-user workbench that handles all the lab administration process. It is a web site that runs on the user’s web browser and usually requires a server-side programming language to retrieve user’s data from database, along with a Graphical User Interface (GUI), which is built by means of plugins and animation technology embedded in the HTML code to resemble the real lab workbench.Web ServerThe web server is a server-PC that hosts the web site and the database files. The web server sends the user requests to the lab server in the form of XML messages through TCP/IP model over HTTP layer. Lab ServerThe lab server is a server-PC that hosts the instrumentation control software (lab server software) and it is connected directly to the instruments and the controller. The lab server software sends commands to the controller regarding the received requests or the programmed code from the user. The lab server software could be built from scratch with a multi-purpose programming language such as C# and C/C++, or with graphical programming environment such as LabVIEW and MATLAB. Or else, it could be a proprietary software that comes with the controller. The instrumentation control software is connected to the controller and the instruments by standards such as USB, RS-232, Ethernet, General Purpose Interface Bus (GPIB-IEEE-488.2), serial port, parallel port, etc. depending on the controller or the equipment platform. There are several modular types of instrumentation platforms such as PXI (PCI eXtensions for Instrumentation), LXI (LAN eXtensions for Instrumentation), GPIB, and VXI (VME eXtensions for Instrumentation).ControllerThe controller is a programmable device that directly controls the controlled objects and they are suited for all types of applications. In the literature, the controllers that have been typically used in remote laboratories are: Programmable Logic Controller (PLC), Programmable Logic Device (PLD); Field-Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) and Complex Programmable Logic Device (CPLD), and Microcontroller. The controller connection with the instruments and the controlled objects may entail connectors, converters (e.g., A/D, D/A), I2C-based electronic boards, etc.
  • User InterfaceThe user interface is a virtual end-user workbench that handles all the lab administration process. It is a web site that runs on the user’s web browser and usually requires a server-side programming language to retrieve user’s data from database, along with a Graphical User Interface (GUI), which is built by means of plugins and animation technology embedded in the HTML code to resemble the real lab workbench.Web ServerThe web server is a server-PC that hosts the web site and the database files. The web server sends the user requests to the lab server in the form of XML messages through TCP/IP model over HTTP layer. Lab ServerThe lab server is a server-PC that hosts the instrumentation control software (lab server software) and it is connected directly to the instruments and the controller. The lab server software sends commands to the controller regarding the received requests or the programmed code from the user. The lab server software could be built from scratch with a multi-purpose programming language such as C# and C/C++, or with graphical programming environment such as LabVIEW and MATLAB. Or else, it could be a proprietary software that comes with the controller. The instrumentation control software is connected to the controller and the instruments by standards such as USB, RS-232, Ethernet, General Purpose Interface Bus (GPIB-IEEE-488.2), serial port, parallel port, etc. depending on the controller or the equipment platform. There are several modular types of instrumentation platforms such as PXI (PCI eXtensions for Instrumentation), LXI (LAN eXtensions for Instrumentation), GPIB, and VXI (VME eXtensions for Instrumentation).ControllerThe controller is a programmable device that directly controls the controlled objects and they are suited for all types of applications. In the literature, the controllers that have been typically used in remote laboratories are: Programmable Logic Controller (PLC), Programmable Logic Device (PLD); Field-Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) and Complex Programmable Logic Device (CPLD), and Microcontroller. The controller connection with the instruments and the controlled objects may entail connectors, converters (e.g., A/D, D/A), I2C-based electronic boards, etc.
  • User InterfaceThe user interface is a virtual end-user workbench that handles all the lab administration process. It is a web site that runs on the user’s web browser and usually requires a server-side programming language to retrieve user’s data from database, along with a Graphical User Interface (GUI), which is built by means of plugins and animation technology embedded in the HTML code to resemble the real lab workbench.Web ServerThe web server is a server-PC that hosts the web site and the database files. The web server sends the user requests to the lab server in the form of XML messages through TCP/IP model over HTTP layer. Lab ServerThe lab server is a server-PC that hosts the instrumentation control software (lab server software) and it is connected directly to the instruments and the controller. The lab server software sends commands to the controller regarding the received requests or the programmed code from the user. The lab server software could be built from scratch with a multi-purpose programming language such as C# and C/C++, or with graphical programming environment such as LabVIEW and MATLAB. Or else, it could be a proprietary software that comes with the controller. The instrumentation control software is connected to the controller and the instruments by standards such as USB, RS-232, Ethernet, General Purpose Interface Bus (GPIB-IEEE-488.2), serial port, parallel port, etc. depending on the controller or the equipment platform. There are several modular types of instrumentation platforms such as PXI (PCI eXtensions for Instrumentation), LXI (LAN eXtensions for Instrumentation), GPIB, and VXI (VME eXtensions for Instrumentation).ControllerThe controller is a programmable device that directly controls the controlled objects and they are suited for all types of applications. In the literature, the controllers that have been typically used in remote laboratories are: Programmable Logic Controller (PLC), Programmable Logic Device (PLD); Field-Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) and Complex Programmable Logic Device (CPLD), and Microcontroller. The controller connection with the instruments and the controlled objects may entail connectors, converters (e.g., A/D, D/A), I2C-based electronic boards, etc.
  • User InterfaceThe user interface is a virtual end-user workbench that handles all the lab administration process. It is a web site that runs on the user’s web browser and usually requires a server-side programming language to retrieve user’s data from database, along with a Graphical User Interface (GUI), which is built by means of plugins and animation technology embedded in the HTML code to resemble the real lab workbench.Web ServerThe web server is a server-PC that hosts the web site and the database files. The web server sends the user requests to the lab server in the form of XML messages through TCP/IP model over HTTP layer. Lab ServerThe lab server is a server-PC that hosts the instrumentation control software (lab server software) and it is connected directly to the instruments and the controller. The lab server software sends commands to the controller regarding the received requests or the programmed code from the user. The lab server software could be built from scratch with a multi-purpose programming language such as C# and C/C++, or with graphical programming environment such as LabVIEW and MATLAB. Or else, it could be a proprietary software that comes with the controller. The instrumentation control software is connected to the controller and the instruments by standards such as USB, RS-232, Ethernet, General Purpose Interface Bus (GPIB-IEEE-488.2), serial port, parallel port, etc. depending on the controller or the equipment platform. There are several modular types of instrumentation platforms such as PXI (PCI eXtensions for Instrumentation), LXI (LAN eXtensions for Instrumentation), GPIB, and VXI (VME eXtensions for Instrumentation).ControllerThe controller is a programmable device that directly controls the controlled objects and they are suited for all types of applications. In the literature, the controllers that have been typically used in remote laboratories are: Programmable Logic Controller (PLC), Programmable Logic Device (PLD); Field-Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) and Complex Programmable Logic Device (CPLD), and Microcontroller. The controller connection with the instruments and the controlled objects may entail connectors, converters (e.g., A/D, D/A), I2C-based electronic boards, etc.

TAEE 2011- State-of-the-Art Remote Laboratories for Industrial Electronics Applications TAEE 2011- State-of-the-Art Remote Laboratories for Industrial Electronics Applications Presentation Transcript

  • State-of-the-Art Remote Laboratoriesfor Industrial ElectronicsApplications• Mohamed Tawfik• Elio Sancristobal• Sergio Martin• Gabriel Díaz• Manuel Castro• Rosario GilElectrical & Computer Engineering DepartmentSpanish University for Distance Education (UNED)
  • The implementation of practical sessions in engineering education:• Paves the way for students to be familiar with the instruments and thus, with the industrial real-world.• Augment the learning outcomes by strengthening the understanding of scientific concepts and theories.
  • Unfortunately, there exist a wide gap between the engineeringeducational curricula and the industrial real-world owing to: • The lack of experimentation availability. • The high cost of equipment and administration burdens.
  • • Remote laboratories addresses these needs providing on-line ubiquitous workbenches unconstrained by neither temporal nor geographical considerations.• Recently, hundreds of remote laboratories for industrial electronics applications have been developed at many universities.
  • • Despite this, the design of remote laboratories has not received too much attention; most of the published literature focus only on the objectives of a certain application, within a conducted course or on their functional and operational aspects.• To fill this gap, in this contribution we present a generic study on state- of-art remote laboratories for industrial electronics applications and their development addressing all the design process stages and cutting edge technologies adopted.
  • Remote laboratories are those laboratories that can be controlled andadministrated online. They differ from the virtual simulatedlaboratories as they are interacting with physical instruments.
  • e.g. Virtual Instrument Systems in Reality (VISIR)VISIR is a remote laboratory for wiring and measurement of electroniccircuits remotely.
  • The common generic architecture design of today’s remote laboratoryfor industrial electronics applications.
  • There exist two major challenges in building remote laboratories:• Selecting the lab server software.• Selecting the client-server communication technology.
  • The common outstanding technologies applied for remote laboratorieslab server software development are LabVIEW and MATLAB.
  • VSBoth possess rich and powerful features:• Data exchange with other GUI applications such as COM, ActiveX, CGI, Java and .Net applications, and web services.• Support for standard Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) such as IVI, VISA, PXI, GPIB, VXI, USB, LXI, and others.• Connection with ODBC or OLEDB compliance database; compilation as DLL files to be called from the Lab server software as a driver to execute the experiments on the hardware.• Support for OPC Servers to enable HMI and SCADA.
  • VS• LabVIEW is the most popular remote laboratory environment and it is the most outstanding representative of graphical programming language visualization and parameter tuning for remote operation.• MATLAB is the most powerful computing language for control algorithm development and simulation• Full using of their advantages can achieve high efficiency programming. In numerous remote laboratories applications, a hybrid method was adopted; the signal acquisition and the GUI were developed with LabVIEW, while numerical calculation and signal processing were developed with MATLAB.
  • LabVIEW can support several ways of hybrid programming with MATLAB by means of: • ActiveX automation technology • DLL technology • COM technology • MathScript RT ModuleMathscript module allowsembedding .m file scripts in LabVIEWapplications by connecting the text-based I/O variables with the inputsand outputs of LabVIEW.
  • The client-server layer is responsible for the communication betweenuser interface and the lab server
  • • The client-server layer is responsible for the communication between user interface and the lab server User Interface Lab Server Software
  • There exist a wide variety of technologies for the communicationbetween client-server:  Desktop Sharing security problems • Virtual Network Computing (VNC)very slow • Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) limited to a single connection  Common Gateway Interface (CGI) performance problems  ActiveX and Java Applets plugins required  Rich Internet Applications (RIAs) plugins required  LabVIEW Web server only with LabVIEW applications  Asynchronous JavaScript and XML (AJAX) the actual trendEach of these solutions have its relative advantages and disadvantages,which are well discussed in the paper. However, the trend is more shiftedtowards web standards such as AJAX and Web services. On the mean timefor LabVIEW applications LabVIEW web interface is the common choice.
  • Research on Technologies for Engineering Education http://ohm.ieec.uned.es/For more information about remote laboratories, we invite you to access tothe web page of the Electrical & Computer Engineering department of theUNED.
  • Thanks for your Attention! Rosario GilElectrical & Computer Engineering Department (DIEEC) Spanish University for Distance Education (UNED)