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Food and Nutrition Security in Africa, Two innovative approaches for disseminating information to farmers: Volunteer farmer trainers, Steven Franzel & Eija Laitinen
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Food and Nutrition Security in Africa, Two innovative approaches for disseminating information to farmers: Volunteer farmer trainers, Steven Franzel & Eija Laitinen

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Food and Nutrition Security in Africa seminar in Helsinki 16 June 2014, Two innovative approaches for disseminating information to farmers: Volunteer farmer trainers, Steven Franzel, ICRAF & Eija …

Food and Nutrition Security in Africa seminar in Helsinki 16 June 2014, Two innovative approaches for disseminating information to farmers: Volunteer farmer trainers, Steven Franzel, ICRAF & Eija Laitinen, HAMK

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  • 1. 16 June 2014, Helsinki, Finland FoodAfrica Midterm Seminar Food and Nutrition Security in Africa Steven Franzel, World Agroforestry Centre Eija Laitinen, HAMK University of Applied Sciences Two innovative approaches for disseminating information to farmers: Volunteer farmer trainers and video
  • 2. 16 June 2014, Helsinki, Finland Low production & poverty Low adoption of agricultural innovations Ineffective rural advisory services Effective and low cost ways of disseminating agricultural innovations Practices are needed that empower and reach rural women The rationale for conducting research on rural advisory services
  • 3. 16 June 2014, Helsinki, Finland Background • Farmer to farmer extension (FFE): • the provision of training by farmers, to farmers, often through the creation of a structure of farmer trainers • Very few studies are available on FFE, its effectiveness and none on volunteer trainers’ motivations. • Our findings based on our work with 2,000 farmer trainers in the East African Dairy Development Program in Kenya and Uganda training farmers on improved feeds FoodAfrica Midterm Seminar Food and Nutrition Security in Africa 3
  • 4. 16 June 2014, Helsinki, Finland Three key research questions and findings 1. Volunteer farmer trainers train how many farmers? • On average, VFTs train about 20 farmers over a six- month period; • Women train as many farmers as do men, though men cover more villages FoodAfrica Midterm Seminar Food and Nutrition Security in Africa 4
  • 5. 16 June 2014, Helsinki, Finland 2. Does the approach empower women? • Approach suited to women, as it is possible to recruit more of them: • In the East African Dairy Development Project, Kenya, • <10% of extension staff are women while • One-third of farmer trainers are women. FoodAfrica Midterm Seminar Food and Nutrition Security in Africa 5
  • 6. 16 June 2014, Helsinki, Finland Mrs. Sara Kawere, volunteer farmer trainer in Mukono District, Uganda • 54 year old widow • Trains 24 farmers in her group • “My joy comes when I see them appreciate and take on the new fodder technologies to improve milk production” • “I am motivated by the fact that being a farmer trainer has made me popular and respected”
  • 7. 16 June 2014, Helsinki, Finland 3. What motivates farmers to become and remain farmer trainers? (N=99) Motivations For becoming a trainer For remaining a trainer % scoring motivation as important Gain knowledge Help others Social status and networking Project benefits Income from extension activities
  • 8. 16 June 2014, Helsinki, Finland Motivations for farmers to become and remain farmer trainers, (N=99) Motivations For becoming a trainer For remaining a trainer % scoring motivation as important Gain knowledge 61 52 Help others 42 49 Social status and networking 28 28 Project benefits 27 31 Income from extension activities 23 60
  • 9. 16 June 2014, Helsinki, Finland Key lessons • Cash payments/allowances generally not necessary, not sustainable and de-motivate those not receiving them; • Motivations for being a farmer trainer vary; important to find low cost ways of motivating trainers • Practices promoted should be fairly simple and low risk (the cost of error should be low); • Farmer trainers continue actively training farmers even several years after project support ends, indicating sustainability of the approach. FoodAfrica Midterm Seminar Food and Nutrition Security in Africa 9