Universal Design for Learning: Reaching Every Student
Table of Contents UDL: What is it?UDL: Why do we need it?UDL: How do we use it?
UDL: What is it?Universal Design (UD)Universal Design is an architectural movement which promotes designing andconstructing structures that will accommodate the widest spectrum of users, including thosewith disabilities. Prior to the UD movement, buildings were not usually designed withaccessibility in mind, and so many buildings have had to be retrofitted for access. Now thatUD has become more widespread, we are realizing that addressing the needs of specialpopulations increases accessibility for everyone.Principles of Universal Design (poster)Sources:http://www.cast.org/teachingeverystudent/ideas/tes/chapter4_2.cfmhttp://www.ncsu.edu/project/design-projects/udi/2011/05/09/newprinciplesposters/ Table of Contents
UDL: What is it?Universal Design for Learning (UDL)Universal Design for Learning extends the principles of Universal Design to the field ofeducation. UDL seeks to increase access to learning by designing more flexibility intothe curriculum as well as into classroom options for processing and engaging withinformation. The goals are to minimize barriers and maximize learning.UDL asks educators to provide ways forstudents to access three brain networksinvolved in learning: recognition, strategic,and affective networks. This can be donethrough the 3 principles of the UDLframework:1. Provide multiple, flexible methods of presentation.Learners should be given a variety of ways to acquire information and knowledge.2. Provide multiple, flexible methods of expression.Learners should be given a variety of ways to demonstrate what they have learned.3. Provide multiple, flexible options for engagement.Learners should be given options which tap into their interests and motivations. Click here for a video overview of UDL.Source:http://www.cast.org/teachingeverystudent/ideas/tes/chapter4_2.cfm UDL: What is it? Table of Contents
UDL: What is it?Reflection:Look again at these examples of Universal Design.Choose one of these examples and think about how it might support a variety of users,not only those who might have disabilities.How might this example inform your thinking about Universal Design for Learning? UDL: What is it? Table of Contents
UDL: Why do we need it? Learners are diverse. They have individual strengths, needs, interests, learning preferences, and challenges. In the past, we have generally designed one type of curriculum and one type of instruction. The students who did not succeed in this one-size-fits- all model were often labeled "disabled." Differentiation might have taken place, but it was usually more of a retrofit of an existing lesson to address a learning "problem." Sometimes we might even have lowered our expectations, with the best of intentions, instead of maintaining a focus on appropriately challenging each learner. With UDL, educators are challenged to design curriculum and instruction to be accessible to all learners, not only those we have traditionally considered disabled. Instead of waiting for students to fail and then trying to backpedal to accommodate them, we need to anticipate challenges and build supports into the curriculum and instruction. UDL reminds us that learning is the goal... so we need to provide a multiple of pathways for students to successfully reach that goal. Instead of regular education for many with special education for a few, lets work toward accessible education for all! Heres a short videoexplaining why we need UDL.Source:http://udlonline.cast.org/page/module1/l134/ Table of Contents
UDL: Why do we need it?Reflection:Think about some of your students who are not generally successful with the standardcurriculum and standard methods of instruction.What are some of the learning challenges that those students face?What supports might enable those students to have more success?How might those supports also help the students who do not generally share those samelearning challenges? UDL: Why do we need it? Table of Contents
UDL: How do we use it?Now that you know a little bit about what UDL is and why we need it, its time tostart thinking about how to use it.Remember the 3 principles of UDL:1. Provide multiple, flexible methods of presentation.2. Provide multiple, flexible methods of expression.3. Provide multiple, flexible options for engagement.UDL has a set of guidelines for educatorsto assist us in implementing these principles.UDL Guidelines ChecklistHere is brief overview of the guidelines.Source:http://udlonline.cast.org/page/module2/l3/ Table of Contents
UDL: How do we use it?Planning for All Learners (PAL)Step 1: Set goals.Be sure to separate learning goalsfrom procedures or products. Step 2: Analyze current status.Identify the methods, materials, and assessmentsto be used. Think about the barriers these maypresent and options you may provide in order to Status Analysis Toolavoid such barriers.Step 3: Apply UDL to lesson/unit. UDL Guidelines ChecklistUse the guidelines to plan the lesson or unit.Step 4: Teach the UDL lesson/unit.After teaching, evaluate and revise as needed.Sources:http://www.cast.org/teachingeverystudent/toolkits/tk_procedures.cfm?tk_id=21http://udlonline.cast.org/page/module2/l196/ UDL: How do we use it? Table of Contents
UDL: How do we use it? Check your knowledge! Here are a few examples of strategies you might use to address the UDL Guidelines. Sort each strategy into the principle it fits. ClickChecklist UDL Guidelines on the "Check" button to check your answers!Sources:http://www.udlcenter.org/aboutudl/udlguidelines/principle1#principle1_g1http://www.udlcenter.org/aboutudl/udlguidelines/principle2http://www.udlcenter.org/aboutudl/udlguidelines/principle3 UDL: How do we use it? Table of Contents
UDL: How do we use it?Reflection:Think about a lesson you have recently taught.What were some of the challenges that students faced?Think about steps 1, 2, and 3 of the PAL Process.How might these steps have helped you plan a lesson that addressed some of thoselearning barriers? PAL Process UDL: How do we use it? Table of Contents
Review and Next StepsUniversal Design for Learningseeks to remove barriersin order to maximize learning for all students.There are 3 guiding principles:1. Provide multiple means of presentation.2. Provide multiple means of expression.3. Provide multiple means of engagement.By using the PAL process and the Guidelines, educators can plan ahead toremove barriers and provide appropriate support and challenge for all learners.Think of a lesson you are going to teach soon. Use the PAL process to set goals,analyze barriers, and design options to maximize success for your students.Remember that learning is the goal; you design the path to help studentsachieve!