Theme3 part3 spanish & portuguese america


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Theme 3, Part 3 - Spanish and Portuguese America

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Theme3 part3 spanish & portuguese america

  1. 1. Theme 3. Part 3 The People of the Portuguese and Spanish Colonies in America By Melissa Skarnas
  2. 2. Portuguese America <ul><li>Female Caiapo Indian </li></ul><ul><li>Lived during 1700s-1831 in Colonial Brazilian frontier – Goias & Sao Jose areas </li></ul><ul><li>Trained from early childhood in the 'outsiders' (Portuguese) ways, learning their language and religion </li></ul><ul><li>Granddaugher of Angrai-oxa who was chief of the Caiapos, therefore she inherited a position of respect among her people </li></ul>Damiana da Cunha
  3. 3. Portuguese America <ul><li>Loyal supporter of church and was an interpreter of it's teachings to her neighbours </li></ul><ul><li>Mediator between the aldeia's inhabitants and the colonial and Brazilian state </li></ul><ul><li>Distinguished herself as a communal leader </li></ul><ul><li>Worked to encourage her people to adapt to a settled way of life and bring peace to the frontier and preserve her people from extinction by the settlers </li></ul><ul><li>Buried as a Brazilian heroine </li></ul>Damiana da Cunha cont'd
  4. 4. Portuguese America <ul><li>Antonio de Gouveia </li></ul><ul><li>Born in Portugal in 1528 </li></ul><ul><li>Azorean priest, mercenary soldier, self-made healer (the latter 2 being forbidden as a priest) </li></ul><ul><li>Received into Jesuit order in Portugal in 1555 but walked away without official separation </li></ul><ul><li>Spent several years in prison for among other things, acts against the Faith, practicing medicine and not properly celebrating mass </li></ul>
  5. 5. Portuguese America <ul><li>Antonio de Gouveia cont'd </li></ul><ul><li>Spent a decade in and out of Inquisition jails – finally freed again in 1566 </li></ul><ul><li>Deported to Brazil for 2 years due to disobedience </li></ul><ul><li>Very controversial in his dealings as a priest in the Americas – many complaints sent back to Portugal </li></ul><ul><li>Sent back to Lisbon to the Inquisition in 1571 and after 1575, Gouveia disappears from history last known to still be in prison. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Spanish America <ul><li>Francisco Baquero </li></ul><ul><li>Male castas/mestizo – non-white </li></ul><ul><li>Born in 1700's in Buenos Aires </li></ul><ul><li>Apprenticed from the age of 12 and became a master Shoemaker </li></ul><ul><li>Joined segregated milita units reserved for Indians and quickly moved up the ranks to become an officer </li></ul>Buenos Aires
  7. 7. Spanish America <ul><li>Francisco Baquero cont'd </li></ul><ul><li>When racial discrimination was suggested and endorsed by other shoemakers, people looked to Baquero for leadership because of his status as militia officer and being considered as one of the best-known non-white shoemakers </li></ul><ul><li>Traveled to Madrid to appeal directly to the king and council of the Indies in 1794, for non-whites to be allowed to be part of guild </li></ul><ul><li>After rejection and downhill spiral for guild Baquero withdrew from public life around 1803 and further history is unknown </li></ul>
  8. 8. Spanish America <ul><li>Cristobal Bequer </li></ul><ul><li>Born in Lima 1693 - Limenos </li></ul><ul><li>Bequer family went back 5 generations of those living in Lima. </li></ul><ul><li>Cristobal's father's service to the crown as an officer established family as part of the lower ranks of Peruvian nobility </li></ul><ul><li>Implicated along with brother and father in the murder of a chief police guard. This would throw Cristobal's life in unexpected direction </li></ul>
  9. 9. Spanish America <ul><li>Cristobal Baquer cont'd </li></ul><ul><li>Joined priesthood several months after event of murder </li></ul><ul><li>Kept on the move and in 1720's wound up in Cuzco, eventually become assistant to the parish priest of Puno </li></ul><ul><li>Became more argumentative, gruff and violent – something that would remain an issue the rest of his life </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually later his behavior became public scandal and news reached the Council of the Indies in Spain. </li></ul><ul><li>Cristobal was confined to the Franciscan monastery and died before any Spanish despatches reached Lima </li></ul>
  10. 10. Spanish America Isabel Moctezuma <ul><li>Born early 1500's in Tenochtitlan, Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Tecuichpotzin was the legitimate daughter to one of the last Aztec emperors, Moctezuma II </li></ul><ul><li>Was in the custody of Conquistador Fernando Cortes before being captured back to her own people </li></ul><ul><li>Later recaptured by Cortes and was most prominent woman in colonial Mexico and pioneer of mestize </li></ul>
  11. 11. Spanish America Isabel Moctezume cont'd <ul><li>Became known as dona Isabel by the Spaniard – named after the queen </li></ul><ul><li>Symbol of Hispanization and Christianization of Mexico and became a devout Catholic. Bridged the worlds between the Spaniards and Indians </li></ul><ul><li>Married several times to both Aztec and Spanish husbands </li></ul><ul><li>5 th husband Juan Cano lasted several decades </li></ul><ul><li>Bore 7 children, one of which was daughter to Cortes </li></ul><ul><li>Died in 1550 and laid to rest in San Agustin church in Mexico City </li></ul>
  12. 12. Spanish America Enrico Martinez <ul><li>Born in Hamburg Germany but raised in Spain from the age of 8 </li></ul><ul><li>Printer from Seville, Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Scientist & cartographer </li></ul><ul><li>Published scientific works – his own “Reportorio de los tiempos e historia natural desta Nueva Espana </li></ul><ul><li>Arrived in Veracruz, Mexico in 1589 from Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted to not only make a fortune in the new world, but also hoped to help make it a better place to live for others </li></ul>
  13. 13. Spanish America Enrico Martinez cont'd <ul><li>Enrico designed a solution for lake drainage of Mexico City as flooding was a major issue. His plan was chosen by the authorites and he was put in charge </li></ul><ul><li>Was a public official in working on the desgue for Mexico City. Did not have political or architectural background and this fact brought many new challenges and enemies due to others wanting his job. </li></ul><ul><li>The desgue was essentially a failure due to inexperience & knowledge of architecture needed, though Enrico's design became the foundation for a better created solution further down the line. (there is a memorialstatue of him in Mexico City) </li></ul>