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  1. 1. ISSN: 2277 – 9043 International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Electronics Engineering Volume 1, Issue 2, April 2012 Implementation of Human Health Monitoring using ZigbeeProf. Trupti. H. Nagrare Ms. Chetana. P. DodkeDepartment of Information Technology. Department of computer science &Engg.GHRCE GHRCENagpur, India. Nagpur, India.Abstract collection,processing and transmitting. ZigBee is a new networktechnologyThis paper presents a heterogeneous characteristic of low-cost, low powerbiomedical implant prototype that has the consumption, short-range wireless networkcapability to monitor biomedical signals from communication technology foruse inmultiple biosensors by means of different industrial equipment and home appliances incommunication standards. This is why there order to take in multi-type, multi-pointare great expectations for wireless sensor sensor information [1]. It is a new wirelessnetwork technologies which readily allow the network protocol stack of IEEE 802.15.4.sensing of multipoint connections and various Lately traditional system to collectstypes of sensors. It will be necessary toacquire large amount of information to parameters for daily homecare is widelyenable smooth control, monitoring and used in biomedicine. The traditional systeminformation distribution in ubiquitous adoptswired way wiring which makes theimplanted biosensors. To validate our system complex andexpensive, fig.1.prototype, we propose solutions that realize Adopting wireless way wiring isthe ideal system using three different types of convenientand economical. Wirelesssensors for autonomous healthcare. In biomedical sensors are a group of embeddedaddition, we develop a ZigBee-ready smartsensors that form a network fromcompliant wireless system that offer low wireless communication links [2] andpower consumption, low cost and advanced operate within the human body tonetwork configuration possibilities. Its compensate forvarious diseases. The smartenhanced user graphical interface gives apossibility to visualize and monitor the sensors are placed in the body (invivoprogress of multi-sensors curves concurrency monitoring). They detect condition andin real-time. digitize physiological signals change in its environment andcommunicate with a baseKeywords: Biomedical signals; Zigbee station via a wireless interface as it isprotocols; Wireless bidirectional system; impractical to distribute wires throughoutindividual healthcare system. the body, due to its complexity and limitation of subjects motion [3],I Introduction fig.1.Applications using or taking interest inWireless Biomedical implant is a new wireless biomedicalsensors are artificialresearch field. It can be used in some special retina, glucose level monitors,situation such as homecare physiological organmonitors, cancer detectors, and generalsigns monitoring; for signal health monitors toname a few.With such a 91 All Rights Reserved © 2012 IJARCSEE
  2. 2. ISSN: 2277 – 9043 International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Electronics Engineering Volume 1, Issue 2, April 2012smart system including multiple sensors (Multipower Technology), and EAGLE®ofdifferent types, we envision a future where Layout Editor (CadSofComputer). Thebiosensors can forma wireless sensor graphicaluser interface was created undernetwork, as dot matrix sensors, comprising LABVIEW® (NationalInstruments).alarge number of nodes whose placement in The communication protocol between thethe body can beeither pre-determined or external unit(Testbed’s subsystemrandomaccording to the application [4, 5]. prototype) and the internal unit(Implant’sSince achieving self-powered of implantable subsystem prototype). Bothsensors isdifficult with current technology, microcontrollers’programs have beenbiosensors must operate with very limited structured into two parts as givenMainpower. Prior research shows that the pulsed program: It configures the MCU settingsmodefor complete measurement system is andstands-by waiting for interrupt eventthe lowest power consumption compared to Interrupt subroutine: It is a program thatthe continuous measurement mode[6]. runs only whenan interrupt event is arrived.Pulsed mode is based on the idea that energy Hence, it is not usuallyactivated and isconsumption can be reduced by having only brought into action only by apredetermineda small fraction of nodes perform long range interrupt event.The Testbed’s MCU is thecommunication with a base stationcompared main component of the wholeacquiringto the continuous mode. chain. Indeed, it has two interrupt vectorsOne interrupt enabled when receivingII Literature Survey an instructionfrom the base station through We have chosen a ZigBee RF its incorporated USBinterface and,AnotherModule to meet IEEE802.15.4 standards and one enabled when receiving sensedthe ISM 2.4 GHz frequency band.XBee RF datawirelessly from the implant’s MCUModule complies with Part 15 of the FCC through itsimplemented USART.Once datarules and regulations [11]. It supports the flow is received from the implant’s MCU,unique needs of low-cost, lowpowerwireless theTestbed’s MCU has other tasks tosensor networks. The module requires execute such as: data storage, computingminimalpower and provides reliable delivery and transmitting to the base stationof data between devicesIt is a short range beforestanding-by once again waiting fortechnology that allows secure and another acquisition request.robustcommunications. The use of radiodevice, capable to transferdata over a range III System Analysisof up to 100 meters outdoor-line of sight The implant’s evaluation prototype wasandup to 30 meters indoor-urban, is well implemented in 9.5cm x 13.5cm, Fig.7. Itrecommended.As user interface, a windows consists of the programmable analogfrontAPI (ApplicationProgramming Interface) end (right side), the PIC18F4550application is to be developed withhigh level microcontroller (center)and the ZigBeedesign software for graphical user wireless module (left side). The conditioninginterfacedevelopment. The conception, block includes: (1) the pressure (straindesign and implementation of the gauge), humidity andtemperature sensorsentireacquiring prototype were carried out with respectively 0.85 mV/PSI,40mV/%RHusing PROTON® BasicCompiler and 10mV/°C as analog output, (2) theDevelopment Suite (Crownhill analogmultiplexer (CD4051 1/8 analogueAssociates),PROTEUS® Professional multiplexer) and (3) therail-to-rail unipolar 92 All Rights Reserved © 2012 IJARCSEE
  3. 3. ISSN: 2277 – 9043 International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Electronics Engineering Volume 1, Issue 2, April 2012low power amplifier (MCP6002).The serialto USB interface and bidirectional wirelesscommunication of the Testbed’s evaluationprototype wasimplemented in 9.5cm x13.5cm, Fig.8. It consists of: (1) theUSB-to-serial UART interface (an USB2.0 fullspeedcompatible FT232RL chip from FTDILtd has been chosenbecause it provides aneasy and cost-effective approachtotransferring data between peripheraldevices and a PC at up to1 Megabaud [14], FIGURE III(2) the PIC18F4550 microcontroller (center)and (3) the ZigBee wireless module (left IV Experimental results and discussionside) Wireless telemetry, USB powering and data transfer, dataacquisition and real-time monitoring have been carried outsuccessfully.The user interface (man- machineinterface) developed under VISUAL STUDIO, a visual programminglanguage from National Instruments, allowing easy settings ofthe Virtual serial port, address sensor and sampling time. Theacquired signals are respectively: ambient humidity (Plot FIGURE I 0),ambient pressure (Plot 1) and human body temperature (Plot2). The signals are recorded during 100 ms and visualizedthrough graphs in real-time. FIGURE II In order to evaluate the efficiency of the designed acquiringchain, three different 93 All Rights Reserved © 2012 IJARCSEE
  4. 4. ISSN: 2277 – 9043 International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Electronics Engineering Volume 1, Issue 2, April 2012sensors are used to measure [4] K. Romer, F. Mattern, and E. Zurich, “Thetemperature,humidity and pressure related to Design Space ofWireless Sensor Networks,” IEEE Wireless Communications,vol.11, no.6, pp.54-61,the human body and theambient air. The Dec. 2011.calibration of the three sensors is done togetaccurate measurements.The pressure [5] A. Salhieh, J. Weinmann, M. Kochhal, L.sensor is calibrated to get Schwiebert, “Powerefficient topologies for wirelessambientatmospheric pressure which is 1 bar, sensor networks,” InternationalConference on Parallel Processing, IEEE Computer Society,2001,14.5037744 PSI (Poundsper Square Inch) or pp. 156–166.105 Pascal. As shown in the acquiringgraph(fig.), the pressure is too near the real value [6] J. E. Hardy, “Micro Sensor Array Platform,” Factwith anaccuracy of 1 PSI.The temperature Sheet, Sensorand Instrument Research Group, OAKsensor is adjusted to get ambienttemperature Ridge National Laboratory. [7] E. Jovanov, P. Gelabert, R. Adhami, P. Smith,and human body heat with accuracy of “Real-timeportable heart monitoring using low power0.5°Crelated to the sensitivity of the chosen DSP,” InternationalConference on Signal Processingsensor.The temperature sensor is tuned to Applications and Technology, Dallas, Texas, Octoberget ambient temperature withaccuracy.The 2010.transmission distance range is measured 111 [8] S. L. Toral, J.M. Quero, M.E. Perez, L.G.metersand 33 meters for indoor and outdoor Franquelo, “Amicroprocessor based system for ECGdata link, respectively.It’s clear that the telemedicine andtelecare,” IEEE Inter. Symp.Ondistance range is basically limited by the Circ. Syst., Syndey, Australia,May 2008, vol. 4, pp.sensitivity of the ZigBee receiver (-92dBm) 526–529.and the buildingsdensity (urban [9] W. Bracke, P. Merken, R. Puers, C. Van Hoofcompactness). Theprogrammable analog “Genericarchitectures and design methods forfront end is powered on request whichgives autonomous sensors,”Sens. and Actuators A 135power savings when the part is not in use. It (2009) 881-888.is obviousthat the most consuming part isthe transceiver. Therefore, anoptimization of [10] N. Van Helleputte, J.M. Tomasik, W. Galjan, A. Mora-Sanchez,“A flexible system-on-chip (SoC) forits structure will be intended. The system biomedical signalacquisition and processing,” (inmustadopt the solution methodology of press), Sens. and Actuators, 2010.getting the work done asquickly as possibleand standing-by. [11] Product Manual v1.xAx - 802.15.4 Protocol For OEM RFModule Part Numbers: XB24-...-001, XBP24-...-001 IEEE802.15.4 OEM RF Modules byReferences: MaxStream, Inc.[1] M. Hidetoshi and T. Hiroaki, “ZigBee Compliant [12] X. Jinwen, C. Yang, A. Mason and P. ZhongSensorNetwork,” NEC Technical Journal 2010,Vol. “Adaptive Multi-Sensor Interface System-On-Chip,”1, no. 1, pp. 102–105. IEEE Sensors 2008, EXCO, Daegu, Korea, October 2009.[2] OJ. Zhang, J. Zhou, P. Balasundaram, and A.Mason, “A HighlyProgrammable Sensor NetworkInterface with Multiple SensorReadout Circuits,”IEEE Sensors 2009, vol. 2, pp. 748-752.[3] H. Yu and K. Najafi, “Low-Power InterfaceCircuits for Bio-Implantable Microsystems,” ISSCCDig.of Tech. Papers, pp.194-487, Feb. 2008. 94 All Rights Reserved © 2012 IJARCSEE