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Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
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Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals

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GHS – It’s Coming Sooner than You May Think… Are You Prepared? …

GHS – It’s Coming Sooner than You May Think… Are You Prepared?

OSHA says it wants to fast-track its proposal to align the Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) with the United Nations’ Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals, commonly known as GHS.

Once adopted, the changes will impact over 40 million workers at more than 5 million U.S. workplaces – primarily in the areas of reclassification of all chemicals, additional training of workers on the new label elements and SDS format, and familiarization of the modified HCS standard – and at an estimated annualized cost of roughly $100 million per year.

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  • 1. 1 GHS Alignment with HCS is coming soon. Are You Prepared? www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007 Photo from www.clker.com by user “OCAL”
  • 2. 1.888.362.2007 www.MSDSonline.com sales@MSDSonline.com 2www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007
  • 3. 3 Goals for this PresentationGoals for this Presentation Brief Review the HCS What is GHS Why Adopt GHS? Discuss OSHA’s Alignment with the GHS www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007
  • 4. An OSHA Regulation What Is HCS?What Is HCS? 4 Also known as… www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007
  • 5. Hazard Communication 1910.12001910.1200 The RegThe Reg HazCom Standard HazComHazCom The HazCom RegThe HazCom Reg 29 CFR 1910.1200 5www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007
  • 6. An OSHA Regulation Adopted in 1983 Covers 100+ Million U.S. Workers 7 Million Workplaces/ 945,000 Chemicals WHAT IS HCS?WHAT IS HCS? 6www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007
  • 7. 7 Purpose of HCSPurpose of HCS “…to ensure hazards of all chemicals produced or imported are evaluated and details regarding their hazards are transmitted to employers and employees” “Ensure requirements are consistent nationwide” www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007 Photo from www.clker.com by user “OCAL”
  • 8. HCS Main Requirements Written Plan Labels & Warnings (M)SDS Documents Training Specific criteria and requirements for the HCS Regulation are available on OSHA’s Web site www.osha.gov 11 22 33 44 8www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007 © Photo from stock.xchng.. User “andreyutzu”
  • 9. 9 Chemicals CoveredChemicals Covered Physical Hazards − Combustible liquids − Compressed gases − Explosives − Flammables − Organic peroxides − Oxidizers − Pyrophorics − Unstable (reactive) materials − Water-reactives www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007
  • 10. 10 • Carcinogens • Toxic agents • Reproductive toxins • Irritants • Corrosives • Sensitizers • Hepatotoxins • Nephrotoxins • Neurotoxins • Agents which act on the hematopoietic system • Agents which damage the lungs, skin, eyes or mucous membranes Health Hazards – Chemicals that may produce acute or chronic health effects in exposed employees Chemicals CoveredChemicals Covered www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007
  • 11. 11 Chemical Manufacturers − Evaluate hazards of chemicals − Provide labels & (M)SDSs to employers to which they ship chemicals Importers & Distributors − Provide labels & (M)SDSs to employers to which they ship chemicals Employers Who “Use” Chemicals − Inventory hazardous chemicals − Prepare and implement written program − Ensure that all in-plant containers are properly labeled − Ensure that (M)SDSs are obtained for all hazardous chemicals − Train employees Who has Responsibilities?Who has Responsibilities? www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007
  • 12. Classifications that Address Various End Uses Vary Within Countries Multiple Labels & (M)SDSs for the Same Product Are Often Required Maintaining Multiple Schemes for Creating Labels & (M)SDSs is Costly/ Time-Consuming Users Often See Different Label Warnings or (M)SDSs for the Same Product Regulations Vary Widely Internationally The ProblemThe Problem 12 CONFUSION HEALTH HAZARDS EMPLOYEE SAFETY RISK www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007
  • 13. Mandated in 1992 (UNCED) Common & Coherent Global Approach: • Definitions • Hazard Classifications Consistent Communication on Labels/ Safety Data Sheets Globally Harmonized System Enter GHS…Enter GHS… 13www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007 © 2006 GNU Free Documentation License user Jankaka August 2011 OSHA to Publish Final Rule on GHS
  • 14. GHS At-A-GlanceGHS At-A-Glance 14 GHS is Not… − A Regulation or Standard − Contains criteria, provisions and explanatory text GHS is… − An approach, not a mandate − Adaptable by country • Select parts of system that apply to their regulations • Implementation consistent with their own requirements www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007
  • 15. Provides Better Worker Protection Specific and Consistent Information Helps Address Workplace Protection Users May See Different Labels, Warnings or Data Sheet Information for the Same Product No Country can Adequately Identify and Regulate every Hazardous Chemical Why is GHS Needed?Why is GHS Needed? 15www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007 © Joanna Kopik © Juha Martikainen © Carlo Winkelmann
  • 16. Better Trade Compliance with Multiple Regulations Is Costly and Time- Consuming Why is GHS Needed?Why is GHS Needed? Regulatory Burden Makes it Difficult for Companies to Compete Internationally 16www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007 © Picture by Hervé Cozanet from the marine-marchande.net
  • 17. 17 Revise HCS to Align with GHS – Maintain HCS framework – Enhance protection – Based on GHS Rev 3 (2009) Proposed Rulemaking in Review – Public hearings, 2010 – Final ruling (2010?) – Adoption possible in 2011 Compliance Enforcement – Training within 2 years of final rule – Full compliance expected with 3 years – Transitional period OSHA Alignment with GHSOSHA Alignment with GHS www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007
  • 18. HCS Requirements Will Not Be Reduced Modifications Made to Support GHS Bulk of Tech Requirements in Appendices – Versus regulatory text – Largely apply to chemical producers vs. users 18 Principles of AlignmentPrinciples of Alignment Not a Total Re-Write of the Regulation www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007
  • 19. 19 HCS AppendicesHCS Appendices Appendix F: Guidance for Hazard Classification regarding Carcinogenicity Appendix A: Health Hazard Criteria Appendix B: Physical Hazard Criteria Appendix C: Allocation of Label Elements Appendix D: Safety Data Sheets Appendix E: Definition of “Trade Secret” www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007
  • 20. Hazard Classification Criteria – Health & Environmental Hazards – Physical Hazards – Mixtures Hazard Communication – Labels – Safety Data Sheets 20 Two Most Prevalent ChangesTwo Most Prevalent Changes www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007 © Sanja Gjenero
  • 21. 21 Hazard ClassificationsHazard Classifications Health & Environmental • Acute Toxicity • Aspiration Toxicity • Skin Corrosion/Irritation • Serious Eye Damage/Eye Irritation • Respiratory or Skin Sensitization • Germ Cell Mutagenicity • Carcinogenicity • Reproductive Toxicity • Target Organ Systemic Toxicity – Single and Repeated Dose • Hazardous to the Aquatic Environment/Aquatic Toxicity • Hazardous to the Ozone Layer Physical • Explosives • Flammable– gases, aerosols, liquids, solids • Oxidizers– liquids, solids, gases • Self-Reactive Substances • Self-Heating Substances • Pyrophoric – liquids, solids • Organic Peroxides • Corrosive to Metals • Gases Under Pressure • Water-Activated Flammable Gases New with GHS is the concept of severity: Most of these hazard classes are also subdivided into “hazard categories” to reflect the degree of severity of the effect www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007
  • 22. 22 Product/Chemical Identifier Hazard Communication – LabelingHazard Communication – Labeling www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007
  • 23. 23 Supplier Identifier Hazard Communication – LabelingHazard Communication – Labeling Product/Chemical Identifier www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007
  • 24. 24 Hazard Pictogram(s)* * Standardized under GHS Hazard Communication – LabelingHazard Communication – Labeling Supplier Identifier Product/Chemical Identifier www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007
  • 25. Current North America (U.S. DOT/ Canada WHMIS) Systems 25 Label PictogramsLabel Pictograms www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007
  • 26. GHS PictogramsTransport Pictograms 26 Label PictogramsLabel Pictograms www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007
  • 27. 27 Signal Word* * Standardized under GHS Hazard Communication – LabelingHazard Communication – Labeling Hazard Pictogram(s)* Supplier Identifier Product/Chemical Identifier www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007
  • 28. 28 Signal Word & Hazard StatementsSignal Word & Hazard Statements www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007
  • 29. 29 Hazard Statement(s)* * Standardized under GHS Hazard Communication – LabelingHazard Communication – Labeling Signal Word* Hazard Pictogram(s)* Supplier Identifier Product/Chemical Identifier www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007
  • 30. 30 Precautionary Information * Standardized under GHS Hazard Communication – LabelingHazard Communication – Labeling Hazard Statement(s)* Signal Word* Hazard Pictogram(s)* Supplier Identifier Product/Chemical Identifier www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007
  • 31. 31 Workplace LabelingWorkplace Labeling Workplace Labels –Must be prominently displayed –In English –Other languages permitted (additionally) Employers May Continue to Use Current Workplace-Specific Labeling Systems –If they contain required information –If they are consistent with new classifications Labels on Incoming Containers –Must not be removed or defaced –Unless immediately replaced www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007
  • 32. 32 Hazard Communication – SDSHazard Communication – SDS New Appendix D –Details what is to be included in each section Redefined as Safety Data Sheets (SDS) –GHS includes 16-part format –Essentially the ANSI Standard Several Sections may not be Mandatory –Sections 12-15 •Ecological information •Disposal considerations •Transport information •Regulatory information –Outside of OSHA’s jurisdiction www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007
  • 33. 33 Safety Data Sheets – 16 HeadingsSafety Data Sheets – 16 Headings 1. Identification 2. Hazard(s) Identification 3. Composition/Ingredient Information 4. Fist-Aid Measures 5. Fire-Fighting Measures 6. Accidental Release Measures 7. Handling and Storage 8. Exposure Control/Personal Protection 9. Physical & Chemical Properties 10. Stability & Reactivity 11. Toxicological Information 12. Ecological Information 13. Disposal Considerations 14. Transport Information 15. Regulatory Information 16. Other Information www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007
  • 34. 34 Safety Data Sheets – Key ChangesSafety Data Sheets – Key Changes Section 2 – Hazard(s) Identification – GHS Classification – Pictogram(s) – Signal Word – Hazard Statement – Precautionary Statement www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007
  • 35. 35 Resellers or Distributors, Get New (M)SDSs and Labels ASAP & Distribute to Customers MSDSonline offers a GHS compliant authoring solution Chemical Manufacturers Have Some Work to Do Around Re-Authoring (M)SDSs, Labels and Warnings to Make Them GHS Compliant Who’s Affected?Who’s Affected? If You’re an Importer…Ditto www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007
  • 36. 36 Resellers or Distributors, Get New (M)SDSs and Labels ASAP & Distribute to Customers MSDSonline offers a GHS compliant authoring solution Chemical Manufacturers Have Some Work to Do Around Re-Authoring (M)SDSs, Labels and Warnings to Make Them GHS Compliant Who’s Affected?Who’s Affected? If You’re an Importer…Ditto Pretty much everyone who “uses” hazardous chemicals has some responsibility… some more than others www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007
  • 37. 37 Have an HCS plan! Maintain a checklist of key plan components Review it annually Inventory your on-site chemicals Make sure you have a complete library of (M)SDSs Prepare yourself for the eventual (M)SDS churn If you’re still using paper, consider transitioning to electronic system Make sure your secondary labeling system is GHS compliant Start developing a training plan for your employees Stay current on OSHA • Federal • State & local Keep an eye on GHS • Key dates • Impact on your plan Employers…Employers… www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007
  • 38. Enhances Protection of Humans/ EnvironmentEnhances Protection of Humans/ Environment Facilitates International Chemical TradeFacilitates International Chemical Trade Reduces Need for Testing & EvaluationReduces Need for Testing & Evaluation Ensures Sound Management of ChemicalsEnsures Sound Management of Chemicals Summary of GHS BenefitsSummary of GHS Benefits 38www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007 © 2008, Walter Siegmund . Creative Commons License
  • 39. 39 It’s not just about… www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007
  • 40. 40 Avoiding citations… www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007
  • 41. …and fines 41www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007
  • 42. 42 it’s also about… www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007
  • 43. our employees… 43www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007
  • 44. our customers… 44www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007
  • 45. our community… 45www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007 Photo: © 2009 from Wikimedia Commons. User “Reck345”
  • 46. 46www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007
  • 47. 47 Thank You 1.888.362.2007 www.MSDSonline.com sales@MSDSonline.com www.MSDSonline.com 1.888.362.2007

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