The Titanic
© Encyclopædia Britannica
The Titanic was the largest and most luxurious
ship of her time, designed to be the fastest way
to cross the Atlantic to A...
Look at:
http://www.britannica.com/titanic/art-165558
for an interactive tour of Titanic.
Click on different parts of the ...
She was said to be the safest ship afloat
Eileen and Neal McNamee were excited to
travel on her maiden voyage, even if the...
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ARMS_Tita
nic_distress_signal_simulated_as_morse_code.wav
N Atlantic Iceberg 1912....
We have an eye-witness account
Of the sinking.
Elizabeth Shutes was a governess,
travelling with a rich family
in a First ...
‘Suddenly a queer quivering ran under me…
Startled by the strangeness of the
shivering motion, I sprang to the floor.
With...
No laughing throng, but on either side (of the
staircase) stand quietly, bravely, the stewards,
all equipped with the whit...
‘Our lifeboat, with thirty six in it, began lowering to
the sea. This was done amid the greatest confusion.
As only one si...
And so we put off
– a tiny boat on a
great sea –
and rowed away
from what had
been a safe
home for five
days.’
Robert G. L...
‘The first wish on the part of all was to stay near the
Titanic. We all felt so much safer near the ship.
Surely such a ve...
Titanic survivors in a collapsible lifeboat
‘The stars slowly disappeared, and in their place came the
faint pink glow of another day.
Then I heard, 'A light, a ship....
Two lifeboats approach the Carpathia
April 15th 1912
Survivors on board the Carpathia
Eileen and Neal were not so lucky.
They did not survive.
Have another look at the plan of the ship
http://www.britannica.com/titanic/art-165558
Plot a route from the third-class c...
What happened to Neal and Eileen?
Eileen’s body was recovered
by the ship the MacKay Bennett .
She was buried at sea.
Neal...
Burial at Sea
The vivid description of what it was like to be on-board the
Titanic and see her sink comes from an eye-witness.
Evidence
...
Why did the mighty ship sink?
Was Captain Smith going too fast?
Had the shipbuilders done a bad job?
Was Bruce Ismay, Mana...
Look at some pictures of the objects and records
from the Titanic.
http://titanic.gov.ns. ca/artifacts-records.asp
Choose ...
Who did this shoe belong to?
How old were they?
Boy or girl?
What else might they be
wearing?
Do you like the style?
Do yo...
Search the list of
3rd class passengers
to find Neal and
Eileen McNamee.
What can you find out
about them?
http://www.ency...
There’s a lot of
evidence about
the sinking of the
Titanic that you can
explore on-line.
http://www.webtitanic.net/menu.ht...
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The Titanic

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This presentation is one of a series of six made by The Milford Street Bridge Project, Salisbury, Wiltshire. The resources are for assisting the teaching of local history and are aimed at Key Stage 2, although they can be adapted for Key Stage 1.

Each presentation mixes archive photos, text and oral history to create an inspirational resource for teachers to share with children.

This presentation looks at The Titanic and links with the presentation on Eileen O'Leary, a young Salisbury woman who died aboard the ship.

All of the images used are either free from copyright, free to use, or from our own archive. If we have inadvertently used an image which is copyrighted please let us know and we will remove it immeiately. More info on the images is on our website (see below).

For more information about the project see our website: www.milfordstreetbridgeproject.org.uk
or e-mail milfordstreetbridgeproject@yahoo.co.uk

If you download this presentation please e-mail us to tell us who you are and how you will be using it. We will be able to keep in touch and let you know of updates.

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  • The Titanic was the wonder of her age, destined to be the fastest and most luxurious ocean liner there had ever been. Tragically she hit an iceberg and sank on her maiden voyage with a tragic loss of life.

    She was built in Belfast at the Harland and Wolff shipyard. Her maiden voyage was to take her from Southampton to New York and she left Southampton on 10th April 1912.

    Two of her unlucky passengers, Eileen and Neal McNamee, had a strong connection with Salisbury. Eileen had spent much of her life living at Winchester Street. Neal McNamee had been manager of Lipton’s Grocery Store near the Poultry Cross, where they had met.
    They are particularly interesting to us because of the Salisbury connection.

    This presentation gives a brief background to the ship, her sinking and what happened to Eileen and Neal McNamee on that fateful night.

    As part of these resources you will find ideas and lesson planning for dance and drama called ‘Eileen and the Titanic’. Use them to allow your pupils a chance to explore many of the issues arising from this fascinating and tragic subject.
  • Our ideas of speed have changed over the last 100 years. It took six days to get to America then. How long would it take now?
    Can you estimate the size of those propellers, knowing that the men were about 1m70cm tall?
    Ship’s names are usually written in italics.
    Ships are called ‘she’ rather than ‘it’.
    Have you any ideas why that might be?
  • Can you find the third class cabins?
    Where do you think Eileen and Neal were staying?
    Where are the first class cabins?
    Can you describe the third class cabins?
    In what ways were the first class cabins different?

    (Some or all of this exercise, exploring the ship, could be run in the IT suite.
    There is a lot of information to search on these web pages.)
  • Titanic set sail from Southampton docks on April 12th 1912.
    She was owned by the White Star Line. They were in competition with other big shipping businesses for example Cunard, which owned the Mauritania and Lusitania – the fastest passenger ships in the world.
    J Bruce Ismay, chairman of the White Star Line wanted to do better than them and reach America in record time.
    Titanic carried twenty lifeboats, only enough for half of the 2,200 passengers.
    Why do you think the ship had so few lifeboats?
    (There was no rule to say how many a ship should have , and anyway, they were sure the Titanic was unsinkable.)
  • 5
  • Rich families often hired a governess to live in the house and teach the children at home. Boys usually started by being taught at home, then went off to boarding schools when they were old enough. Girls more often stayed at home with their governess.

    (You could print out the following slides so that your class could read through them in small groups before discussing them.

    The eye witness account would also provide a good inspiration for drama and dance. See the Drama Resources which are part of this education resource.
  • Elizabeth Shutes couldn’t believe there was any danger.

    Do you think you would have felt the same?

    Can you imagine how it would feel to watch an iceberg pass the window?

    It must have made a terrible scraping noise as it gouged into the metal hull of the ship.

  • Seventy five feet – a long way down to the water!

    How many metres is that?

    How do you think they got the lifeboats down the side of the ship?
    (pulleys)
  • ‘only one side of the ropes worked’.

    The ropes were attached at the bow (front) and stern (back) of the lifeboat, so if only one side worked the boat would be in danger of spilling the passengers out as it was lowered to the sea.
  • They ‘rowed away from what had been a safe home’.

    Do you think they felt safer in the lifeboat or might they have wished
    they were still on board? Why do you think that?
  • How do you think the survivors felt as they watched the Titanic sink?

    Can you think of some adjectives to describe their feelings?

    It looks very still and quiet. But what sounds might you have heard?
    (People shouting for their friends and families, the splash of the oars, creaks as the hull went further underwater.)

    The ship’s orchestra stayed on board and went on playing music as the ship went down. They played hymns to give people courage.

    Do you think that was a good thing to do? Why?

    What sort of people do you think they were?
  • What do you think people would have been thinking as they sat huddled in the lifeboats?

    Would you have been scared?

    What do you think of the design of this lifeboat? How safe would you feel in it?
  • Elizabeth Shutes would not look before she was sure there really was a ship. Can you understand why not?



  • How do you think the passengers felt as they came alongside the Carpathia?
    What adjectives would describe their feelings then?



  • These survivors must have had very mixed feelings.
    Can you imagine a conversation between two of them?

    Some might have found it hard to speak.
    Can you voice their thoughts for them?
  • Neal and Eileen were a young married couple who left home in Salisbury for a new life in America.

    You can find out more about them in the ‘Eileen O’Leary’ presentation in these resources.

    They were not wealthy, and were travelling Third Class.

    Why do you think they didn’t survive?

    (Most of the survivors were from the first class cabins, and few of the third-class passengers escaped.)




  • The lifeboats were to be filled in order: First Class, then Second Class, and finally Third Class. This was not so much class distinction, but based on which cabins were closest to the boat decks.

    There were lifeboat places for 1,100 people, but many of the first lifeboats left the ship half empty because a lot of the First Class women refused to get in, preferring to stay on the Titanic.

    If the ship’s officers had insisted they got in the lifeboats, and filled each one, there would have been places for all the women and children on board.

    (This could be another exercise for the children in the IT suite using the website.)
  • Why did men like Neal McNamee let the women and children take the lifeboats?

    How do you feel about that?

    Was it the right thing to do?

    Poor Eileen, like many others, did not survive the cold water.
  • The Carpathia rescued 705 people in lifeboats, but sadly there were many passengers of the Titanic for whom it was too late.

    A funeral service was held for them on board ship and they were buried at sea.

    Looking at the photograph, can you describe the scene? (The weather, the temperature, the atmosphere, the sounds)

    See the Titanic Dance and Drama pages, which are part of this resource, for ways to use this picture as an inspiration for further work.
  • Do you think it oral history is a good way to learn about the past?

    Is there any other way that would give us information like this?

    What might be the problems about relying completely on oral history?

    It is to late to interview people about the Titanic.
    Can you think of other, more recent events that would make a good oral history project?

    See the Introduction to Oral History notes for more information on how to do your own oral history project.
  • Discuss the theories more fully by looking at this website
    Who or what do you think was to blame?
  • http://titanic.gov.ns. ca/artifacts-records.asp

    This site has photographs of artefacts relating to the Titanic , but show your class the next slide before you use the link.



  • This would be a good time to introduce ‘Eileen’s Suitcase’, part of the Milford Street Bridge Project Loan Box.

    It contains some of the things that Eileen and her husband might have packed in their suitcase before they boarded the Titanic.

    There are many ways to make the most of handling these objects:

    Observational drawing helps pupils to really look , and to notice tiny details like wear, clues to how the object was made and used.

    Research the object and others like it to find out more.

    Look at all the objects together. What clues do they give about the owners?

    Which objects would have been of most value to them? ( remember to think of different types of value: personal, sentimental, monetary)
  • (You can miss out this slide out if you are also using the Eileen O’Leary presentation)
    http://www.encyclopedia-titanica.org/titanic-third-class-passengers/
    You can find out more about them by clicking on their names.
    (Or you could print the list out for practice in working with documents.)

    This is a good opportunity to work from documentary evidence .
    Here are several questions pupils could explore:
    How much did their tickets cost?
    How old was Neal McNamee?
    Where was he born?
    Why were he and his wife travelling to America?


  • Find out more about the Titanic from:

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/titanic
    An excellent film about Titanic + other clips about the Iceberg that sunk her.

    http://historyonthenet.com/Titanic/titanicmain.htm
    Which also has a number of quizzes, worksheets and crossword puzzles.

    http://www.webtitanic.net/menu.html
    A list of Titanic topics to choose from.

    http://www.historyonthenet.com/Lessons/worksheets/titanic.htm
    Try the Titanic Timeline activity.

    http://www.britannica.com/titanic/browse?browseId=302992
    Photographs from the Titanic story:
  • The Titanic

    1. 1. The Titanic © Encyclopædia Britannica
    2. 2. The Titanic was the largest and most luxurious ship of her time, designed to be the fastest way to cross the Atlantic to America. The Titanic's gigantic propellers. Harland and Wolff's Belfast shipyard, May 1911 Courtesy Smithsonian Institute
    3. 3. Look at: http://www.britannica.com/titanic/art-165558 for an interactive tour of Titanic. Click on different parts of the ship for some photographs and information.
    4. 4. She was said to be the safest ship afloat Eileen and Neal McNamee were excited to travel on her maiden voyage, even if they were only Third-class passengers.
    5. 5. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ARMS_Tita nic_distress_signal_simulated_as_morse_code.wav N Atlantic Iceberg 1912.Was this the one Titanic hit? The iceberg tears into the Titanic. This is how the hull split open.
    6. 6. We have an eye-witness account Of the sinking. Elizabeth Shutes was a governess, travelling with a rich family in a First Class cabin. Read what she had to say:
    7. 7. ‘Suddenly a queer quivering ran under me… Startled by the strangeness of the shivering motion, I sprang to the floor. With too perfect a trust in the mighty vessel I again lay down. Someone knocked at my door, and the voice of a friend said: “Come quickly to my cabin, an iceberg has just passed our window, I know we have just struck one”’.
    8. 8. No laughing throng, but on either side (of the staircase) stand quietly, bravely, the stewards, all equipped with the white, ghostly life-preservers …. We passed on… the awful goodbyes. The quiet look of hope in the brave men’s eyes as the wives were put into the lifeboats. We left from the sun deck, seventy five feet above the water.’
    9. 9. ‘Our lifeboat, with thirty six in it, began lowering to the sea. This was done amid the greatest confusion. As only one side of the ropes worked, the lifeboat at one time was in such a position that it seemed we must capsize in mid-air. At last the ropes worked together, and we drew nearer the black, oily water.
    10. 10. And so we put off – a tiny boat on a great sea – and rowed away from what had been a safe home for five days.’ Robert G. Lloyd, Marine Artist, England
    11. 11. ‘The first wish on the part of all was to stay near the Titanic. We all felt so much safer near the ship. Surely such a vessel could not sink… But surely the outline of that great, good ship was growing less, the bow of the boat was getting black. Light after light was disappearing.’ Robert G. Lloyd, Marine Artist, England
    12. 12. Titanic survivors in a collapsible lifeboat
    13. 13. ‘The stars slowly disappeared, and in their place came the faint pink glow of another day. Then I heard, 'A light, a ship.' I could not, would not, look while there was a bit of doubt, but kept my eyes away…. Then I looked and saw a ship. A ship bright with lights; strong and steady she waited, and we were to be saved.’
    14. 14. Two lifeboats approach the Carpathia April 15th 1912
    15. 15. Survivors on board the Carpathia
    16. 16. Eileen and Neal were not so lucky. They did not survive.
    17. 17. Have another look at the plan of the ship http://www.britannica.com/titanic/art-165558 Plot a route from the third-class cabins to the lifeboats. Do the same for the First-class cabins. Which is easiest?
    18. 18. What happened to Neal and Eileen? Eileen’s body was recovered by the ship the MacKay Bennett . She was buried at sea. Neal’s body was never found. Like many brave men he would have helped women and children into the boats and stayed on board the sinking liner.
    19. 19. Burial at Sea
    20. 20. The vivid description of what it was like to be on-board the Titanic and see her sink comes from an eye-witness. Evidence like this is called Oral History
    21. 21. Why did the mighty ship sink? Was Captain Smith going too fast? Had the shipbuilders done a bad job? Was Bruce Ismay, Managing Director of the White Star line, trying to beat the speed record to cross the Atlantic? Look at ://www.historyonthenet.com/Titanic/blame.htm For more ideas
    22. 22. Look at some pictures of the objects and records from the Titanic. http://titanic.gov.ns. ca/artifacts-records.asp Choose one object and think of 10 questions you would like to ask about it… (Have a look at the next slide first to give you some ideas)
    23. 23. Who did this shoe belong to? How old were they? Boy or girl? What else might they be wearing? Do you like the style? Do you think it was an expensive shoe ? What is it made of? How did it do up? How did it go missing? Was it made by hand? Here’s an example: Copyright © Nova Scotia Museum
    24. 24. Search the list of 3rd class passengers to find Neal and Eileen McNamee. What can you find out about them? http://www.encyclopedia-titanica.org/titanic-third-class-passengers/
    25. 25. There’s a lot of evidence about the sinking of the Titanic that you can explore on-line. http://www.webtitanic.net/menu.html http://www.historyonthenet.com/Lessons/worksheets/titanic .htm http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/titanic http://historyonthenet.com/Titanic/titanicmain.htm
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