Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
  • Like
  • Save
9th Grade Chapter 7 Lesson 2
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.


Now you can save presentations on your phone or tablet

Available for both IPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

9th Grade Chapter 7 Lesson 2


For Student Use Only

For Student Use Only

Published in Technology , Education
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads


Total Views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds



Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

    No notes for slide


  • 1. 9 th Grade Chapter 7 Lesson 2 Pgs. 172-180 For Student Use Only
  • 2. Organic Chemistry
    • Life Chemistry
      • Organic chemistry is the study of living chemistry
      • Inorganic Chemistry is the study of non-living chemistry
        • Organic Chemistry deals with Carbon or carbon containing elements
  • 3. Uniqueness of Carbon
    • Why are we referred to as carbon-based life forms?
    • More elements are formed with carbon than any other elements
    • There are an estimated 5 million carbon compounds
  • 4. Carbon Notes
    • Carbon forms 4 covalent bonds
    • Carbon can bond to form several different shapes.
    • Carbon atoms may form single, double, or triple bonds
    • Carbon may form single or double bonds with atoms of many other elements
    • Carbon may form compounds that contain different structural arrangements and combinations with the same molecular formula (different shape, but same formula)
    • Notes from movie: “When Carbon Combines- Useful Carbon & Element of Life”
  • 5. Hydrocarbons
    • Movies Notes: Hydro-Carbons
    • Many organic compounds contain hydrogen and carbon
    • Hydrocarbons are combinations of hydrogen and carbon
    • Naming:
      • Single bond= -ane
      • Double bond= -ene
      • Triple bond= -yne
    • More naming rules:
      • Prefix tells number of carbons in chain
      • See chart pg. 173
  • 6. Hydrocarbons
    • Hydrocarbons:
      • Alkanes- single bonded carbons
      • Alkenes- have one or more double bonds
      • Alkynes- have one more triple bonds
      • Cyclic Hydrocarbons- found in a circle
      • Aromatic compounds- cyclic in shape but have pleasant smell (but can be posinous like benzene)
    • Movie notes: Elements of Chemistry: The element of life
  • 7. Substituted Hydrocarbons
    • Elements of Life: Function Groups
    • Substituted Hydrocarbons:
      • One or more hydrogens are replaced with something else.
      • Groups of atoms that replace the hydrogen is called a functional group
    • Types of Hydrocarbons:
      • Haloalkanes- hydrogen(s) is replaced with Halogen
      • Alcohols- hydrogen(s) is replaced with an –OH group
      • Carboxylic Acids- contains a COOH (carboxyl group), end in –oic
      • Esters- COO- replaces a hydrogen, end in -ate
  • 8. Other Hydrocarbons
    • Soap:
      • Has a long chain with polar and non-polar ends
      • Detergents- artificial soap that can work in “hard water”
    • Polymers:
      • Molecular chains (think slime lab) of monomers
      • Polymerization creates polymers (links monomers together)
    • Common Polymers:
      • Styrofoam (polystyrene)
      • PVC (polyvinylchloride)
      • Teflon (polytetrafluroethylene)
      • DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid)
    • Movie Notes: