9 th  Grade Chapter 4 Lesson 4 Pgs. 101-109 For Student Use Only
Oceanography: Study of the Sea <ul><li>Began with Spanish and Portuguese explorers </li></ul><ul><li>Matthew F. Muarry- st...
Oceanography: Study of the Sea <ul><li>In 20 th  century (1900s) new tools helped gather information </li></ul><ul><ul><li...
Oceanography: Study of the Sea <ul><li>Tools of Oceanography </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Knorr- oceanography research ship </li>...
Oceanography: Study of the Sea <ul><li>Tools of Oceanography: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FLIP: Floating Instrument Platform </l...
Oceanography: Study of the Sea <ul><li>Tools of Oceanography: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oceanographic Buoys: </li></ul></ul><u...
Oceanography: Study of the Sea <ul><li>Tools of Oceanography: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SCUBA Gear: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li...
Oceanography: Study of the Sea <ul><li>Subsurface Vessels: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Submersibles: small research submarines <...
Oceanography: Study of the Sea <ul><li>Subsurface Vessels: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Modern Technology has helped create unman...
Oceanography: Study of the Sea <ul><li>Instruments of Oceanography: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sound Measurements: </li></ul></...
Oceanography: Study of the Sea <ul><li>Instruments of Oceanography: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Currents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
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9th Grade Chapter 4 Lesson 4

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9th Grade Chapter 4 Lesson 4

  1. 1. 9 th Grade Chapter 4 Lesson 4 Pgs. 101-109 For Student Use Only
  2. 2. Oceanography: Study of the Sea <ul><li>Began with Spanish and Portuguese explorers </li></ul><ul><li>Matthew F. Muarry- studied wind patterns, ocean currents and temperature </li></ul><ul><li>1870- H.M.S. Challenger collected massive amount of data </li></ul>
  3. 3. Oceanography: Study of the Sea <ul><li>In 20 th century (1900s) new tools helped gather information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diving Suits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Submarines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Satellites- for ocean surface </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tools of Oceanography </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Surface Vessels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Oceanographic Research Ship </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Labs, instruments, library, research team cabins, and crew cabins </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Oceanography: Study of the Sea <ul><li>Tools of Oceanography </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Knorr- oceanography research ship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.whoi.edu/page.do?pid=8157&tid=441&cid=36214&ct=61&article=19611 </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Oceanography: Study of the Sea <ul><li>Tools of Oceanography: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FLIP: Floating Instrument Platform </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Does not move on its own, but is towed where it needs to go </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Image courtesy of Scripps Oceanography http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.ship-technology.com/projects/flip-ship/images/2-FLIP-ship-vertical.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.ship-technology.com/projects/flip-ship/flip-ship2.html&h=907&w=600&sz=118&hl=en&start=4&um=1&tbnid=5Y2lMHAnBHs14M:&tbnh=147&tbnw=97&prev=/images%3Fq%3DFLIP%2B%252B%2BOceanography%26svnum%3D10%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DG </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Oceanography: Study of the Sea <ul><li>Tools of Oceanography: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oceanographic Buoys: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Used to measure sea and weather conditions automatically (cheaper than ships) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Independent Breathing Devices: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1700s – underwater breathing devices were extremely heavy </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jacques Cousteu- invented aqualung on 1943- allowed people to swim freely </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SCUBA- Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus- allows diver to breathe and swim freely </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Oceanography: Study of the Sea <ul><li>Tools of Oceanography: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SCUBA Gear: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.scubacentre.com.au/booking_hire.htm </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Oceanography: Study of the Sea <ul><li>Subsurface Vessels: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Submersibles: small research submarines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Alvin </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Deep Rover </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Deep Flight </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remote Vehicles: controlled by remote control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Argo </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jason Jr. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Oceanography: Study of the Sea <ul><li>Subsurface Vessels: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Modern Technology has helped create unmanned submersibles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ABE- Autonomous Benthic Explorer </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manned undersea labs: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Located on Continental Shelf: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Conshelf 1 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sealab (Navy) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>(See video Clip Notes) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Oceanography: Study of the Sea <ul><li>Instruments of Oceanography: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sound Measurements: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SONAR: Sound Navigation and Ranging </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Uses sound waves </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sonoprobe: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Indicates thickness and composition of sediment </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://marine.usgs.gov/fact-sheets/michigan/sonar.gif </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Oceanography: Study of the Sea <ul><li>Instruments of Oceanography: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Currents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Drift Bottles- original way to study currents </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ALACE- (Autonomous Lagranging Circulation Explorer)- drifts with currents and transmits data </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rosette- clusters of insulated bottles that open and close at different depths </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Piston Corer- brings back core samples of sea floor </li></ul></ul></ul>

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