8 th  Grade Chapter 6 Lesson 4 Pgs. 258-268 For Student Use Only
Bird Behavior <ul><li>Bird Singing:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Syrnix: organ located at base of birds trachea </li></ul></ul><...
Bird Behavior <ul><li>Visual Communication:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Besides vocal communication birds also communicate visu...
Bird Behavior <ul><li>Avian Actions:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bird Baths: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Aquatic birds- scoo...
Bird Behavior <ul><li>Avian Actions:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bird “Baths”: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Birds also rub in...
Bird Behavior <ul><li>Avian Actions:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bird Migration: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Travel from one...
Bird Behavior <ul><li>Avian Actions:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bird Migration: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flyways:  track...
Bird Behavior <ul><li>Movie Notes:  </li></ul>
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8th Grade Chapter 6 Lesson 4

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Transcript of "8th Grade Chapter 6 Lesson 4"

  1. 1. 8 th Grade Chapter 6 Lesson 4 Pgs. 258-268 For Student Use Only
  2. 2. Bird Behavior <ul><li>Bird Singing: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Syrnix: organ located at base of birds trachea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Creates sound by </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Causing the air to vibrate </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Causing the walls to vibrate </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Bird Calls: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Made with syrnix </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Short characteristic calls specefic to bird species </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bird Calls- Encarta </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Bird Behavior <ul><li>Visual Communication: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Besides vocal communication birds also communicate visually </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use visual displays- body language </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Head Bobbing and Tail Flicking- danger </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Raising Crest- dominance </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wings spread, head up, and bill up- displeasure at rival </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Head thrust forward, mouth open, and wings drooping- protecting territory </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Bird Behavior <ul><li>Avian Actions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bird Baths: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Aquatic birds- scoop water on selves </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Get feathers slightly wet and then shake dry </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Some birds dust themselves to rid of parasites </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sun self to dry or for enjoyment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anting: (not sure why this happens) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ants crawl over bird and into feathers- usually when molting (ants release formic acid which may rid birds of mites, etc.) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Bird Behavior <ul><li>Avian Actions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bird “Baths”: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Birds also rub interesting things in feathers (mostly acidic substances , possibly to kill mites) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>i.e. chokecherries, mothballs, hot chocolate, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobbing and Fighting: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mobbing: small birds harass a predator away </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Diving: Mocking birds dive and attack </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Faking injuries: (Killdeer) to distract predators </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rodent running: sneaking away from the nest to draw predators away </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Bird Behavior <ul><li>Avian Actions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bird Migration: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Travel from one place to another for food, mating, or warmer weather </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Some birds travel far and other travel short distances </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Arctic tern travels from one pole to the other </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Some birds make halting migrations (fly and stay in areas for awhile) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Altitudinal Migration: from higher perches to lower perches </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Bird Behavior <ul><li>Avian Actions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bird Migration: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flyways: tracks that birds follow from year to year </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Birds have great senses of direction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Birds can recognize landmarks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Some birds use constellations to navigate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Some birds have built in compasses that sense Earth’s magnetic field </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Bird Behavior <ul><li>Movie Notes: </li></ul>

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